John Glenn Latin Test

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John Glenn Quizzes & Trivia

This is a test of latin/greek roots and their meanings.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Bio

    • A.

      Life

    • B.

      Small

    • C.

      Large

    • D.

      Study of

    • E.

      Cell

    Correct Answer
    A. Life
    Explanation
    The term "bio" refers to biology, which is the study of life. It encompasses the study of living organisms, their structure, function, growth, evolution, and distribution. Therefore, the correct answer is "life."

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  • 2. 

    Multi

    • A.

      Twist

    • B.

      Put together

    • C.

      Food or nutrition

    • D.

      Many units

    • E.

      Alive

    Correct Answer
    D. Many units
  • 3. 

    Viro

    • A.

      Same

    • B.

      Producing

    • C.

      Poison

    • D.

      Disease

    • E.

      Eat

    Correct Answer
    C. Poison
    Explanation
    The word "poison" is the correct answer because it is the only word in the given list that relates to the concept of producing a harmful substance that can cause disease or death when consumed. The other words in the list, such as "viro," "same," "producing," and "eat," do not have any direct connection to the concept of poison. Therefore, "poison" is the most appropriate answer based on the given information.

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  • 4. 

    Gymno

    • A.

      Naked

    • B.

      Green

    • C.

      Leaf

    • D.

      Plant

    • E.

      Within

    Correct Answer
    A. Naked
    Explanation
    The word "naked" is the correct answer because it is the only word in the given list that is not related to the other words. "Gymno" means naked, "green" and "leaf" are both related to plants, and "within" indicates a location or position. Therefore, "naked" stands out as the odd word in this group.

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  • 5. 

    Exo

    • A.

      Skin

    • B.

      First

    • C.

      Outside or outer

    • D.

      Land

    • E.

      Self

    Correct Answer
    C. Outside or outer
    Explanation
    The word "exo" is a prefix that means "outside" or "outer." It is often used to describe something that is located or originates from outside or on the outer side of something. In this context, "exo" is used to indicate a position or location that is external or beyond the usual boundaries.

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  • 6. 

    Plasm

    • A.

      Form

    • B.

      Dissolving

    • C.

      Center

    • D.

      Network, net-like

    • E.

      Color

    Correct Answer
    A. Form
  • 7. 

    Strepto

    • A.

      Double or two

    • B.

      Chain

    • C.

      Bunch

    • D.

      Dark blue

    • E.

      Rod

    Correct Answer
    B. Chain
    Explanation
    The word "strepto" means "chain" in Greek. The other words in the question, such as "double or two," "bunch," "dark blue," and "rod," do not have any direct connection to the word "strepto." Therefore, the correct answer is "chain."

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  • 8. 

    Phyll

    • A.

      Naked

    • B.

      Green

    • C.

      Leaf

    • D.

      Plant

    • E.

      Within

    Correct Answer
    C. Leaf
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "leaf" because the word "Phyll" is likely a misspelling of "phyll," which means "leaf" in Greek. Additionally, the words "naked," "green," and "plant" are all associated with leaves, further supporting the answer choice. The word "within" doesn't provide much context, but it could be interpreted as referring to the location of the leaf within a plant.

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  • 9. 

    Epi

    • A.

      Tree-like

    • B.

      Upon or above

    • C.

      Body

    • D.

      Joint

    • E.

      Stomach

    Correct Answer
    B. Upon or above
  • 10. 

    Proto

    • A.

      Blood

    • B.

      Bone

    • C.

      Capsule or pouch

    • D.

      Skin

    • E.

      First

    Correct Answer
    E. First
    Explanation
    The word "first" is the correct answer because it is the only word in the list that can be associated with the given word "Proto". It can be inferred that "Proto" is referring to something that is at the beginning or initial stage, and "first" is the most fitting word in the list to describe this. The other words in the list do not have a clear connection or association with "Proto".

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  • 11. 

    Heli

    • A.

      Twist

    • B.

      Put together

    • C.

      Food or nutrition

    • D.

      Many units

    • E.

      Alive

    Correct Answer
    A. Twist
  • 12. 

    Hetero

    • A.

      Double or two

    • B.

      Not or without

    • C.

      Other or different

    • D.

      Reproduction or heredity

    • E.

      Display

    Correct Answer
    C. Other or different
    Explanation
    The word "hetero" is a prefix that means "other" or "different." It is commonly used in scientific terms to indicate diversity or variation. In this context, it suggests that the word "hetero" refers to something that is not the same or similar to something else.

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  • 13. 

    Phage

    • A.

      Same

    • B.

      Producing

    • C.

      Poison

    • D.

      Disease

    • E.

      Eat

    Correct Answer
    E. Eat
    Explanation
    Phages are viruses that infect and replicate within bacteria. They do not produce poison or cause disease themselves. Instead, they "eat" or consume bacteria by injecting their genetic material into the bacterial cell and using the host's machinery to replicate and produce more phages. This eventually leads to the lysis or destruction of the bacterial cell, releasing new phages to infect other bacteria.

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  • 14. 

    Macro

    • A.

      Life

    • B.

      Small

    • C.

      Large

    • D.

      Study of

    • E.

      Cell

    Correct Answer
    C. Large
    Explanation
    The term "Macro" refers to something large in scale or size. Therefore, the correct answer is "large" because it is the opposite of "small" and aligns with the meaning of "Macro".

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  • 15. 

    Derm

    • A.

      Blood

    • B.

      Bone

    • C.

      Capsule or pouch

    • D.

      Skin

    • E.

      First

    Correct Answer
    D. Skin
    Explanation
    The word "derm" is a root word that refers to the skin. It is derived from the Greek word "derma" which means skin. Therefore, the correct answer is "skin".

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  • 16. 

    Di or Bi

    • A.

      Double or two

    • B.

      Not or without

    • C.

      Other or different

    • D.

      Reproduction or heredity

    • E.

      Display

    Correct Answer
    A. Double or two
    Explanation
    The word "Di" or "Bi" can mean "double" or "two" in this context. It suggests that the word can have a prefix indicating a quantity of two or a doubling effect.

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  • 17. 

    Path

    • A.

      Same

    • B.

      Producing

    • C.

      Poison

    • D.

      Disease

    • E.

      Eat

    Correct Answer
    D. Disease
    Explanation
    The given path is related to the concept of producing poison and its connection to disease. It suggests that the path leads to the understanding that the production of poison can result in the occurrence or spread of a disease. The word "eat" at the end of the path could indicate that consuming something poisonous can lead to the development of a disease. Therefore, the correct answer is "disease."

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  • 18. 

    Gast

    • A.

      Tree-like

    • B.

      Upon or above

    • C.

      Body

    • D.

      Joint

    • E.

      Stomach

    Correct Answer
    E. Stomach
    Explanation
    The word "Gast" is not a commonly used English word, but it is similar to the word "Gastric" which is related to the stomach. Therefore, the correct answer "stomach" can be inferred as the most relevant option based on the given words.

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  • 19. 

    Bacillus

    • A.

      Double or two

    • B.

      Chain

    • C.

      Bunch

    • D.

      Dark blue

    • E.

      Rod

    Correct Answer
    E. Rod
    Explanation
    The term "Bacillus" refers to a type of bacteria that is characterized by its rod-like shape. This shape is often used to describe the bacteria, as it resembles a small rod or cylinder. Therefore, the correct answer for this question is "rod."

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  • 20. 

    Pheno

    • A.

      Double or two

    • B.

      Not or without

    • C.

      Other or different

    • D.

      Reproduction or heredity

    • E.

      Physical or display

    Correct Answer
    E. Physical or display
    Explanation
    The word "pheno" is a prefix that means "physical" or "display". It is used to describe something that is related to the outward appearance or characteristics of an organism. Therefore, the correct answer is "physical or display".

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  • 21. 

    Homo

    • A.

      Same

    • B.

      Producing

    • C.

      Poison

    • D.

      Disease

    • E.

      Eat

    Correct Answer
    A. Same
  • 22. 

    Osteo

    • A.

      Blood

    • B.

      Bone

    • C.

      Capsule or pouch

    • D.

      Skin

    • E.

      First

    Correct Answer
    B. Bone
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "bone" because "oste-" is a prefix that refers to bone, such as in terms like osteoporosis or osteogenesis. The other options, like blood, capsule or pouch, skin, and first, do not relate to the prefix "oste-" and are therefore incorrect.

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  • 23. 

    Cyto

    • A.

      Life

    • B.

      Small

    • C.

      Large

    • D.

      Study of

    • E.

      Cell

    Correct Answer
    E. Cell
    Explanation
    The word "cyto" is a prefix that refers to cells, so the correct answer in this case is "cell." The other options, such as "life," "small," "large," and "study of," do not directly relate to the term "cyto."

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  • 24. 

    A or An

    • A.

      Double or two

    • B.

      Not or without

    • C.

      Other or different

    • D.

      Reproduction or heredity

    • E.

      Physical or display

    Correct Answer
    B. Not or without
    Explanation
    The word "not" is used to indicate negation or the absence of something. It is often used to express the opposite of a condition or action. In this context, "not" is being compared to "without," which also conveys the absence or lack of something. Both words can be used interchangeably to indicate the absence of a particular element or condition.

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  • 25. 

    Troph

    • A.

      Twist

    • B.

      Put together

    • C.

      Food or nutrition

    • D.

      Many units

    • E.

      Alive

    Correct Answer
    C. Food or nutrition
    Explanation
    The given words "troph", "twist", "put together", "food or nutrition", "many units", and "alive" suggest the concept of trophic levels in an ecosystem. Trophic levels represent the different levels in a food chain, where organisms obtain their energy and nutrients. The word "food or nutrition" directly relates to trophic levels, as they involve the transfer of energy and nutrients from one organism to another. The mention of "many units" and "alive" further supports the idea of trophic levels, as they involve multiple organisms interacting in a food chain to sustain life.

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  • 26. 

    Diplo

    • A.

      Double or two

    • B.

      Chain

    • C.

      Bunch

    • D.

      Dark blue

    • E.

      Rod

    Correct Answer
    A. Double or two
    Explanation
    The word "Diplo" is associated with the meaning of "double or two." It suggests that the word "Diplo" represents something that is in twos or has a double nature. The other words in the options do not align with this meaning, making "double or two" the correct answer.

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  • 27. 

    Lyso

    • A.

      Form

    • B.

      Dissolving

    • C.

      Center

    • D.

      Network or net-like

    • E.

      Color

    Correct Answer
    B. Dissolving
    Explanation
    The word "dissolving" is the correct answer because it is the only word in the given options that relates to the action of dissolving. The other words do not have any direct connection to the concept of dissolving.

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  • 28. 

    Staphlo

    • A.

      Double or two

    • B.

      Chain

    • C.

      Bunch

    • D.

      Dark blue

    • E.

      Rod

    Correct Answer
    C. Bunch
  • 29. 

    Auto

    • A.

      Skin

    • B.

      First

    • C.

      Outer

    • D.

      Land

    • E.

      Self

    Correct Answer
    E. Self
    Explanation
    The word "self" is the correct answer because it is the only word in the list that can be used as a prefix to form other words. For example, "selfish" and "selfless" are formed by adding the prefix "self" to "ish" and "less" respectively. The other words in the list do not have this prefix usage.

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  • 30. 

    Geno

    • A.

      Double or two

    • B.

      Not or without

    • C.

      Other or different

    • D.

      Gene or heredity

    • E.

      Physical or display

    Correct Answer
    D. Gene or heredity
    Explanation
    The given answer is "gene or heredity". A gene is a unit of heredity that is passed down from parents to offspring and determines certain traits or characteristics. Heredity refers to the passing of these genes from one generation to another. Therefore, gene or heredity is the correct answer as it accurately represents the meaning of these terms.

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  • 31. 

    Endo

    • A.

      Naked

    • B.

      Green

    • C.

      Leaf

    • D.

      Plant

    • E.

      Inside or within

    Correct Answer
    E. Inside or within
    Explanation
    The word "Endo" means inside or within. In the given context, it suggests that something is located internally or contained within something else. This explanation is supported by the words "naked," "green," "leaf," and "plant," which imply that the subject being referred to is a part of a plant and is situated internally.

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  • 32. 

    Corp

    • A.

      Tree-like

    • B.

      Upon or above

    • C.

      Body

    • D.

      Joint

    • E.

      Stomach

    Correct Answer
    C. Body
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "body". The given words "Corp", "tree-like", "upon or above", "joint", and "stomach" all relate to different parts or aspects of the human body. Therefore, "body" is the most appropriate and fitting answer.

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  • 33. 

    Pod

    • A.

      Finger

    • B.

      Whip-like

    • C.

      Foot

    • D.

      Light

    • E.

      Tree

    Correct Answer
    C. Foot
    Explanation
    The word "foot" is the correct answer because it is the only word in the given list that is related to the body. The other words, such as "pod," "finger," "whip-like," "light," and "tree," do not have a direct association with the human body. Therefore, "foot" stands out as the only option that fits the category.

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  • 34. 

    Cyano

    • A.

      Double or two

    • B.

      Chain

    • C.

      Bunch

    • D.

      Dark blue

    • E.

      Rod

    Correct Answer
    D. Dark blue
    Explanation
    The word "cyano" is often used as a prefix in chemistry to indicate the presence of a cyanide group (-CN). Cyanide compounds are known for their dark blue color, hence the association with "dark blue" in the answer. The other words in the question, such as "double or two," "chain," "bunch," and "rod," do not provide any relevant information to explain the correct answer.

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  • 35. 

    Arbor

    • A.

      Finger

    • B.

      Whip-like

    • C.

      Foot

    • D.

      Light

    • E.

      Tree

    Correct Answer
    E. Tree
    Explanation
    Arbor is a Latin word that translates to "tree" in English. The other words provided in the question, such as finger, whip-like, foot, and light, do not have any direct connection to the word "arbor" except for the word "tree". Therefore, the correct answer is "tree".

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  • 36. 

    Micro

    • A.

      Life

    • B.

      Small

    • C.

      Large

    • D.

      Study of

    • E.

      Cell

    Correct Answer
    B. Small
    Explanation
    The given answer "small" is the correct answer because the word "micro" means small or tiny. It is commonly used as a prefix to indicate something that is very small in size or scale. Therefore, in the context of the given words, "micro" is associated with "small" rather than "large" or any other option.

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  • 37. 

    Chloro

    • A.

      Naked

    • B.

      Green

    • C.

      Leaf

    • D.

      Plant

    • E.

      Within

    Correct Answer
    B. Green
    Explanation
    The word "green" is the correct answer because it is the only word in the given list that is associated with plants and leaves. Chloro, naked, and within do not have direct associations with plants or leaves.

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  • 38. 

    Nucleo

    • A.

      Form

    • B.

      Dissolving

    • C.

      Center

    • D.

      Network or net-like

    • E.

      Color

    Correct Answer
    C. Center
  • 39. 

    Herb

    • A.

      Naked

    • B.

      Green

    • C.

      Leaf

    • D.

      Plant

    • E.

      Inside or within

    Correct Answer
    D. Plant
    Explanation
    The given words "Herb, naked, green, leaf" all relate to plants. "Inside or within" also suggests something being contained within something else, which can be applied to a plant as well. Therefore, the correct answer is "plant".

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  • 40. 

    Digit

    • A.

      Finger

    • B.

      Whip-like

    • C.

      Foot

    • D.

      Light

    • E.

      Tree

    Correct Answer
    A. Finger
    Explanation
    The word "finger" is the correct answer because it is the only word in the given list that is related to the human body. The other words, such as "whip-like," "foot," "light," and "tree," do not have any direct connection to the concept of a digit or body part. Therefore, "finger" stands out as the only appropriate choice.

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  • 41. 

    Dendron

    • A.

      Tree-like

    • B.

      Upon or above

    • C.

      Body

    • D.

      Joint

    • E.

      Stomach

    Correct Answer
    A. Tree-like
    Explanation
    The word "dendron" refers to a tree-like structure. This suggests that the given word is related to trees or has a similar shape or structure as a tree. The other options, such as "upon or above," "body," "joint," and "stomach," do not have any connection to the word "dendron." Therefore, the correct answer is "tree-like."

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  • 42. 

    Reticul

    • A.

      Form

    • B.

      Dissolving

    • C.

      Center

    • D.

      Network or net-like

    • E.

      Color

    Correct Answer
    D. Network or net-like
    Explanation
    The word "reticul" suggests a network or net-like structure. This is further supported by the word "form" which indicates the shape or structure of something. Therefore, the correct answer is network or net-like.

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  • 43. 

    Flagell

    • A.

      Finger

    • B.

      Whip-like

    • C.

      Foot

    • D.

      Light

    • E.

      Tree

    Correct Answer
    B. Whip-like
    Explanation
    The word "flagell" is associated with the term "whip-like." This suggests that "flagell" is describing something that resembles a whip in its appearance or movement. The other words in the question, such as "finger," "foot," and "tree," do not have any relation to the term "whip-like." Therefore, the correct answer is "whip-like."

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  • 44. 

    Arthro

    • A.

      Tree-like

    • B.

      Upon or above

    • C.

      Body

    • D.

      Joint

    • E.

      Stomach

    Correct Answer
    D. Joint
    Explanation
    The term "arthro" refers to joints, which are connections between bones in the body. Therefore, the correct answer is "joint".

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  • 45. 

    Syn

    • A.

      Twist

    • B.

      Put together

    • C.

      Food or nutrition

    • D.

      Many units

    • E.

      Alive

    Correct Answer
    B. Put together
    Explanation
    The word "syn" means to combine or put together. Therefore, the correct answer "put together" aligns with the meaning of "syn" in the given context. The other options, such as "twist," "food or nutrition," "many units," and "alive," do not accurately reflect the meaning of "syn" and are unrelated to the given word.

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  • 46. 

    Hemo

    • A.

      Blood

    • B.

      Bone

    • C.

      Capsule or pouch

    • D.

      Skin

    • E.

      First

    Correct Answer
    A. Blood
    Explanation
    The word "Hemo" is a prefix that means "blood" in medical terminology. Therefore, the correct answer is "blood".

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  • 47. 

    Gen

    • A.

      Same

    • B.

      Producing

    • C.

      Poison

    • D.

      Disease

    • E.

      Eat

    Correct Answer
    B. Producing
    Explanation
    The given words "Gen", "same", "producing", "poison", "disease", and "eat" suggest a connection between the act of producing and the concept of poison or disease. From these words, it can be inferred that the correct answer is "producing" as it is the only word that relates to the idea of creating or generating something, which could be poison or disease in this context.

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  • 48. 

    Cyst

    • A.

      Blood

    • B.

      Bone

    • C.

      Capsule or pouch

    • D.

      Skin

    • E.

      First

    Correct Answer
    C. Capsule or pouch
    Explanation
    A cyst is a term used to describe a capsule or pouch that forms in the body. It can occur in various parts of the body, such as the skin, bones, or even internally, and is typically filled with fluid, air, or semi-solid material. The formation of a cyst can be caused by a variety of factors, including infection, injury, or a blockage in the ducts or glands. Therefore, the answer "capsule or pouch" accurately describes the nature of a cyst.

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  • 49. 

    Vivo

    • A.

      Twist

    • B.

      Put together

    • C.

      Food or nutrition

    • D.

      Many units

    • E.

      Living or alive

    Correct Answer
    E. Living or alive
    Explanation
    The word "Vivo" means living or alive in Spanish. The other words in the question, such as "twist," "put together," "food or nutrition," and "many units," do not provide any context or connection to the word "Vivo." Therefore, the correct answer is "living or alive" based on the meaning of the word in Spanish.

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  • 50. 

    Chrom

    • A.

      Form

    • B.

      Dissolving

    • C.

      Center

    • D.

      Network or net-like

    • E.

      Color

    Correct Answer
    E. Color
    Explanation
    The word "chrom" refers to color. This can be inferred from the fact that the other words in the list, such as "form," "dissolving," "center," and "network or net-like," do not have any direct association with color. Therefore, "color" is the most suitable explanation for the given word.

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