Ions And Ionic Bonding

13 Questions

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Ions And Ionic Bonding

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Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    During bonding, atoms try to gain a ____ valence shell
  • 2. 
    Select the 3 ways atoms can bond
    • A. 

      Ionic bond

    • B. 

      Covalent bond

    • C. 

      Metallic bond

  • 3. 
    Match the terms with their respective definitions
    • A. Cation
    • A.
    • B. Anion
    • B.
  • 4. 
    A metal and non-metal bond. The metal wants to give badly, the non-metal wants to take badly. The metal gives the non metal an electron. The metal is now a postitive cation and the non-metal is a negative anion. Since they are opposite charges, they attract. What bond is this?
    • A. 

      Ionic bond

    • B. 

      Covalent bond

    • C. 

      Metallic bond

    • D. 

      Technically, its none of the above

  • 5. 
    What's a lattice?
    • A. 

      A green, edible leaf found on burgers and in salads

    • B. 

      An arrangement of cations and anions attracted to each other

    • C. 

      A huge structure

    • D. 

      A skyscraper

  • 6. 
    Study this image. The magnesium gave 2 electrons, and became a _____ with a ___ charge 
    • A. 

      Cation, +2

    • B. 

      Cation, -2

    • C. 

      Anion, +2

    • D. 

      Anion, -2

  • 7. 
    Match the equations with their solutions. Remember that if its (+) it wants to give. If its (-) it wants to take. The gives and takes should add to 0. 
    • A. Na^(+) F^(-)
    • A.
    • B. Na^(+) O^(2-)
    • B.
    • C. Mg^(2+) Cl^(-)
    • C.
    • D. Li^(+) O^(2-)
    • D.
    • E. Al^(3+) Br^(-)
    • E.
    • F. Al^(3+) O^(2-)
    • F.
  • 8. 
    Ionic compounds
    • A. Nitrate
    • A.
    • B. Sulphate
    • B.
    • C. Ammonium
    • C.
    • D. Hydroxide
    • D.
    • E. Carbonate
    • E.
    • F. Phosphate
    • F.
  • 9. 
    Calcuate Li^(+) (NO_3)^(-) 
  • 10. 
    The atoms above are sharing electrons to imitate a full valence shell. What is this an example of?
    • A. 

      Ionic bond

    • B. 

      Covalent bond

    • C. 

      Metallic bond

    • D. 

      Technically, its none of the above

  • 11. 
    Generally, halogens such as oxygen (O) and fluorine (F) hang around in pairs, (O_2) and (F_2) due to a covalent bond. 
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 12. 
    Let's find out what Al + O_2 is. The Al ion has a ___ charge. The O_2 ion has a ___ charge. Thus, when we combine them, we get 
    • A. 

      2-, 3+, Al_2 O_3

    • B. 

      3+, 2-, Al_3 O_2

    • C. 

      3+, 2-, Al_2 O_3

    • D. 

      2-, 3+, Al_3 O_2

  • 13. 
    Unfortunately, Al + O_2 --> Al_2 O_3 makes no sense because it isn't balanced. Balance it