# Project Cost Management Planning

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Babjam
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Quizzes Created: 14 | Total Attempts: 31,019
Questions: 20 | Attempts: 260

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• 1.

### ____ estimates use the actual cost of a previous, similar project as the basis for estimating the cost of the current project.

• A.

Actual

• B.

Parametric

• C.

Bottom-up

• D.

Analogous

D. Analogous
Explanation
Analogous estimates use the actual cost of a previous, similar project as the basis for estimating the cost of the current project. This technique is based on the assumption that projects with similar characteristics will have similar costs. By comparing the current project to the previous one, the estimator can make an educated guess about the cost based on historical data. This method is useful when there is limited information available for the current project or when there is a need for a quick estimate.

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• 2.

### Many projects, particularly information technology projects, do not have good planning information, so tracking performance against a plan might produce misleading information

• A.

True

• B.

False

A. True
Explanation
This statement suggests that many projects, especially in the field of information technology, lack proper planning information. As a result, tracking the performance of these projects against a plan could lead to inaccurate or misleading information. This implies that the statement is true, indicating that tracking performance against a plan might not be reliable in such situations.

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• 3.

### Parametric models are most reliable when the historical information that was used to create the model is accurate, the parameters are readily quantifiable, and the model is flexible in terms of the size of the project.

• A.

True

• B.

False

A. True
Explanation
Parametric models are considered reliable when the historical information used to create the model is accurate, the parameters used in the model can be easily quantified, and the model can be adjusted to accommodate projects of different sizes. This suggests that the statement is true, as these factors contribute to the reliability of parametric models.

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• 4.

### ____ is a method for determining the estimated annual costs and benefits for a project and the resulting annual cash flow.

• A.

Life cycle costing

• B.

Profit margin analysis

• C.

Cash flow analysis

• D.

Cost estimating

C. Cash flow analysis
Explanation
Cash flow analysis is a method used to determine the estimated annual costs and benefits for a project, as well as the resulting annual cash flow. It involves analyzing the inflows and outflows of cash over a specific period of time to evaluate the financial viability of a project. By examining the timing and magnitude of cash flows, cash flow analysis helps in assessing the profitability and financial feasibility of an investment or project.

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• 5.

### ____ is the ratio of revenues to profits

• A.

Profit

• B.

Profit margin

• C.

Cost structure

• D.

Cost margin

B. Profit margin
Explanation
Profit margin is the ratio of revenues to profits. It is a financial metric that indicates the percentage of each dollar of revenue that is converted into profit. It is calculated by dividing the net profit by the total revenue and multiplying by 100. A higher profit margin indicates that a company is generating more profit for each dollar of revenue, which is generally a positive sign of financial health and efficiency. Therefore, profit margin is the correct answer to the question.

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• 6.

### The ____ is the ratio of earned value to actual cost and can be used to estimate the projected cost of completing theproject

• A.

SV

• B.

CV

• C.

CPI

• D.

SPI

C. CPI
Explanation
The Cost Performance Index (CPI) is the ratio of earned value to actual cost. It is a measure of the project's cost efficiency and can be used to estimate the projected cost of completing the project. A CPI value greater than 1 indicates that the project is under budget, while a value less than 1 indicates that the project is over budget. Therefore, CPI is the correct answer as it directly relates to estimating the projected cost of completing the project.

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• 7.

### When deciding what projects to invest in or continue, you should include sunk costs

• A.

True

• B.

False

A. True
Explanation
Including sunk costs when deciding what projects to invest in or continue is important because sunk costs are costs that have already been incurred and cannot be recovered. These costs should not be considered in the decision-making process because they are irrelevant to the future profitability of the project. By including sunk costs, decision-makers may fall into the trap of making irrational decisions based on past investments rather than focusing on the potential future benefits and costs of a project. Therefore, it is advisable to exclude sunk costs when making investment decisions.

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• 8.

### ____ involves developing an approximation or estimate of the costs of the resources needed to complete a project

• A.

Cost budgeting

• B.

Cost consolidation

• C.

Cost control

• D.

Cost estimating

D. Cost estimating
Explanation
Cost estimating involves developing an approximation or estimate of the costs of the resources needed to complete a project. This process helps in determining the overall budget for the project and assists in making informed decisions regarding resource allocation and cost control. By estimating the costs accurately, project managers can plan and manage the project's finances effectively, ensuring that it stays within budget and meets the desired objectives.

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• 9.

### Cost budgeting provides information for project funding requirements.

• A.

True

• B.

False

A. True
Explanation
Cost budgeting is the process of estimating and allocating the costs required for a project. This includes determining the financial resources needed for the project and providing information on project funding requirements. Therefore, it is true that cost budgeting provides information for project funding requirements.

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• 10.

### Preparing cost estimates is a job for accountants.

• A.

True

• B.

False

B. False
Explanation
This statement is false because preparing cost estimates is not exclusively a job for accountants. While accountants may be involved in the process, cost estimates can also be prepared by project managers, engineers, or other professionals with knowledge and expertise in the specific industry or project.

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• 11.

### ____ allow for future situations that are unpredictable

• A.

Contingency reserves

• B.

Management reserves

• C.

Known unknowns

• D.

Indirect reserve

B. Management reserves
Explanation
Management reserves are set aside to account for future situations that are unpredictable. These reserves are used as a buffer to address any unforeseen events or risks that may arise during the course of a project. They provide flexibility and allow the project manager to respond effectively to unexpected circumstances, such as changes in scope, schedule delays, or budget overruns. By allocating management reserves, organizations can ensure that they have the necessary resources to handle uncertainties and maintain project success.

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• 12.

### In an earned value chart, when the actual cost line is right on or above the earned value line, costs are equal to or less than planned.

• A.

True

• B.

False

B. False
Explanation
In an earned value chart, when the actual cost line is right on or above the earned value line, it indicates that costs are higher than planned. This means that the project is over budget and the actual costs have exceeded the estimated costs. Therefore, the correct answer is False.

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• 13.

### Many projects that are started never finish because of cost management problems.

• A.

True

• B.

False

A. True
Explanation
Many projects fail to finish due to cost management problems. This could mean that the project runs out of budget, exceeds the allocated funds, or encounters unexpected expenses that cannot be managed effectively. Inadequate cost management can lead to financial difficulties, which ultimately hinder the completion of the project. Therefore, it is true that many projects do not finish due to cost management issues.

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• 14.

### A(n) ____ estimate is used for making many purchasing decisions for which accurate estimates are required and for estimating final project costs.

• A.

Budgetary

• B.

Definitive

• C.

Rough order of magnitude

• D.

Final

B. Definitive
Explanation
A definitive estimate is used for making many purchasing decisions for which accurate estimates are required and for estimating final project costs. This type of estimate provides a detailed and precise calculation of costs based on specific project requirements and detailed analysis. It is typically used when a project is well-defined and there is enough information available to make accurate calculations. A definitive estimate is considered the most accurate and reliable estimate for decision-making purposes.

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• 15.

### ____ is a project performance measurement technique that integrates scope, time, and cost data.

• A.

Cost baseline

• B.

Earned value management

• C.

Constructive Cost Modeling

• D.

Parametric modeling

B. Earned value management
Explanation
Earned value management is a project performance measurement technique that integrates scope, time, and cost data. It allows project managers to assess the project's actual progress and performance by comparing it to the planned values. By analyzing the earned value, which represents the value of work completed, and comparing it to the planned value and actual cost, project managers can determine if the project is on track, behind schedule, or over budget. This technique provides a comprehensive view of the project's performance and helps in making informed decisions to ensure successful project delivery.

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• 16.

### If a project manager gets sick for two weeks or an important supplier goes out of business, management reserve could be set aside to cover the resulting costs.

• A.

True

• B.

False

A. True
Explanation
The statement is true because management reserve is a contingency fund that is set aside by the project manager to cover unexpected costs or risks that may arise during the project. If the project manager gets sick or an important supplier goes out of business, these events can have a significant impact on the project and result in additional costs. Therefore, the management reserve can be used to cover these costs and ensure the successful completion of the project.

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• 17.

### The ____ is an estimate of what it will cost to complete the project based on performance to date.

• A.

CPI

• B.

SV

• C.

EAC

• D.

SPI

C. EAC
Explanation
The EAC (Estimate at Completion) is an estimate of what it will cost to complete the project based on performance to date. It takes into account the Cost Performance Index (CPI) and Schedule Performance Index (SPI) to determine the projected final cost. By analyzing the project's current performance and comparing it to the initial budget, the EAC provides an updated estimate of the total cost required to finish the project.

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• 18.

### A(n) ____ is a time-phased budget that project managers use to measure and monitor cost performance.

• A.

Budget baseline

• B.

Ledger

• C.

Cost baseline

• D.

Cost line

C. Cost baseline
Explanation
A cost baseline is a time-phased budget that project managers use to measure and monitor cost performance. It serves as a reference point for comparing actual costs against planned costs throughout the project. By tracking and analyzing the variances between the cost baseline and actual costs, project managers can identify any deviations and take appropriate corrective actions to ensure the project stays on budget.

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• 19.

### The WBS is not a required input to the cost budgeting process.

• A.

True

• B.

False

B. False
Explanation
The Work Breakdown Structure (WBS) is a required input to the cost budgeting process. The WBS provides a hierarchical breakdown of the project deliverables and activities, which is essential for estimating and allocating costs to each work package. Without the WBS, it would be difficult to accurately estimate the costs associated with each component of the project. Therefore, the given statement is false.

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• 20.

### If the cost performance index is less than one or less than 100 percent, the project is under budget.

• A.

True

• B.

False

B. False
Explanation
If the cost performance index is less than one or less than 100 percent, it means that the project is over budget, not under budget. A cost performance index measures the efficiency of a project by comparing the actual costs to the budgeted costs. If the index is less than one, it indicates that the project is spending more than planned, resulting in being over budget. Therefore, the given statement is false.

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• Current Version
• Mar 18, 2023
Quiz Edited by
ProProfs Editorial Team
• Dec 11, 2010
Quiz Created by
Babjam

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