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Which number should come next in this series?
25,24,22,19,15
A.
14
B.
5
C.
30
D.
10
E.
0
Correct Answer
D. 10
Explanation The series is decreasing by different amounts each time. It starts at 25 and decreases by 1, then decreases by 2, then decreases by 3, and so on. Therefore, the next number should be 15 - 4 = 11. However, this number is not given as an option. The closest option is 10, which is only 1 less than the expected number.
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2.
Which one of the five is least like the other four?
A.
Cow
B.
Tiger
C.
Snake
D.
Dog
E.
Bear
Correct Answer
C. Snake
Explanation All the given options are animals, except for snake. The snake is the only one that does not have four legs like the other four options.
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3.
If you rearrange the letters "BARBIT", you would have the name of a:
A.
Ocean
B.
Country
C.
State
D.
City
E.
Animal
Correct Answer
E. Animal
Explanation By rearranging the letters "BARBIT", we can form the word "RABBIT", which is the name of an animal.
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4.
Which one of the five is least like the other four?
A.
Potato
B.
Carrot
C.
Bean
D.
Corn
E.
Apple
Correct Answer
E. Apple
Explanation The other four options (potato, carrot, bean, and corn) are all vegetables, while apple is a fruit. Therefore, apple is the least like the other four options in terms of their classification as vegetables.
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5.
Nia, twelve years old, is three times as old as her sister. How old will Nia be when she is twice as old as her sister?
A.
15
B.
18
C.
16
D.
20
E.
21
Correct Answer
C. 16
Explanation Nia is currently 12 years old and three times as old as her sister, who is 4 years old. To determine when Nia will be twice as old as her sister, we need to find the age gap between them. Currently, the age gap is 8 years (12 - 4 = 8). As time passes, both Nia and her sister will age. For Nia to be twice as old as her sister, the age gap needs to remain constant at 8 years. Therefore, when Nia is 16 years old (12 + 4 = 16), her sister will be 8 years old (4 + 4 = 8), and Nia will be twice as old as her sister. Hence, the correct answer is 16.
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6.
Which one of the five makes the best comparison? Brother is to sister as niece is to:
A.
Mother
B.
Daughter
C.
Aunt
D.
Uncle
E.
Nephew
Correct Answer
E. NepHew
Explanation The best comparison for "niece" is "nephew" because both terms refer to the children of someone's siblings. Just as a brother is a male sibling, a sister is a female sibling, and a niece is the daughter of a sibling, a nephew is the son of a sibling. Therefore, "nephew" is the most appropriate choice for completing the analogy.
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7.
Which one of the five makes the best comparison? Milk is to glass as the letter is to:
A.
Stamp
B.
Pen
C.
Envelope
D.
Book
E.
Mail
Correct Answer
C. Envelope
Explanation Milk is commonly served in a glass, just as a letter is commonly placed in an envelope for delivery. The relationship between milk and glass is that one is contained within the other, and the relationship between a letter and an envelope is the same. Therefore, the best comparison is "Milk is to glass as the letter is to envelope."
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8.
LIGHT BULB is to FILAMENT as WHEEL is to:
A.
Electricity
B.
Road
C.
Spoke
D.
Automobile
E.
Pulley
F.
Car
Correct Answer
C. Spoke
Explanation The analogy in this question is based on the relationship between a light bulb and its filament. The filament is an essential component of a light bulb that produces light when electricity passes through it. Similarly, a spoke is a crucial part of a wheel that helps support the structure and provides stability. The other options do not have a similar relationship with the given words. Therefore, the correct answer is "Spoke."
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9.
Two people can make 2 bicycles in 2 hours. How many people are needed to make 12 bicycles in 6 hours?
A.
6
B.
4
C.
2
D.
1
E.
0
Correct Answer
B. 4
Explanation If two people can make 2 bicycles in 2 hours, it means that each person can make 1 bicycle in 2 hours. Therefore, in 6 hours, each person can make 3 bicycles. To make 12 bicycles in 6 hours, we would need 4 people, as each person can make 3 bicycles in that time frame.
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10.
A store reduced the price of one of its products by 25 percent. What percentage of the reduced price must it be increased by putting the product back to its original price?
A.
33 percent
B.
20 percent
C.
23 percent
D.
35 percent
E.
40 percent
Correct Answer
A. 33 percent
Explanation When a product is reduced by 25 percent, it means that the price is now 75 percent of its original price. To find the percentage increase needed to bring the price back to its original value, we need to calculate the difference between the reduced price (75 percent) and the original price (100 percent). This difference is 25 percent. Therefore, to increase the reduced price back to its original value, it must be increased by 33 percent (25 percent of the original price).
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11.
SOLICITOR is to ADVISOR as SYCOpHANT is to:
A.
Blackmailer
B.
Fawner
C.
Flautist
D.
Nobleman
E.
Ruffian
Correct Answer
B. Fawner
Explanation The relationship between SOLICITOR and ADVISOR is that of a profession and a person who provides guidance or counsel. Similarly, the relationship between SYCOPHANT and FAWNER is that of a person who flatters and seeks favor from someone in a subservient manner. Therefore, FAWNER is the correct answer as it is the term that best corresponds to the given analogy.
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12.
Which one of the five makes the best comparison?
CAACCAC is to 3113313 as CACAACAC is to:
A.
31313113
B.
31311313
C.
31311131
D.
13133313
E.
13133131
Correct Answer
B. 31311313
Explanation In the given question, the pattern is that the letters "CA" are repeated in the same order, and the numbers are repeated in the reverse order. Applying this pattern to the second set of letters "CACAACAC", we can see that the numbers should be repeated in reverse order, resulting in "31311313". Therefore, the correct answer is 31311313.
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13.
The price of an article was cut 20% for a sale.
By what percent must the discounted item be increased to again sell the article at the original price?
A.
15%
B.
20%
C.
25%
D.
30%
E.
35%
Correct Answer
C. 25%
Explanation When the price of an article is cut by 20%, it means that the sale price is now 80% of the original price. To find the percent increase needed to sell the article at the original price, we need to calculate what percent 80% is of the original price.
Let's assume the original price is 100. If the sale price is 80, then the percent increase needed is (100 - 80)/80 * 100 = 20/80 * 100 = 25%. Therefore, the discounted item must be increased by 25% to sell the article at the original price.
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14.
Which one of the five is least like the other four?
A.
Brass
B.
Copper
C.
Iron
D.
Tin
E.
Lead
Correct Answer
A. Brass
Explanation Brass is the only material in the list that is an alloy, while the other four options are pure metals. Brass is a combination of copper and zinc, which gives it different properties compared to the other metals. Copper, iron, tin, and lead are all individual elements and have distinct characteristics. Therefore, brass stands out as the least like the other four materials.
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15.
Mary had a number of cookies. After eating one, she gave half the remainder to her sister. After eating another cookie, she gave half of what was left to her brother. Mary now had only five cookies left. How many cookies did she start with?
A.
11
B.
22
C.
23
D.
45
E.
46
Correct Answer
C. 23
Explanation Mary started with 23 cookies. After eating one, she had 22 cookies left. She then gave half of the remainder (11 cookies) to her sister, leaving her with 11 cookies. After eating another cookie, she gave half of what was left (5 cookies) to her brother, leaving her with 5 cookies. Therefore, Mary started with 23 cookies.
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16.
Is there a 4th of July in England?
A.
Yes
B.
No
Correct Answer
A. Yes
Explanation The 4th of July is a date that is specifically associated with the United States, as it commemorates their Independence Day. However, this does not mean that there is no 4th of July in England. The date itself exists in the calendar, but it does not hold the same significance or celebration as it does in the United States. Therefore, while there is a 4th of July in England, it is not observed as a national holiday like it is in the United States.
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17.
How many birthdays does the average man have?
A.
1
B.
Every year.
Correct Answer
A. 1
Explanation The average man has one birthday because a birthday refers to the day a person is born. Although a person celebrates their birthday every year, it does not mean they have multiple birthdays. Each year, they are celebrating the anniversary of their birth, but the actual birthday remains the same.
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18.
Some months have 31 days; how many have 28?
A.
1
B.
3
C.
6
D.
9
E.
12
Correct Answer
E. 12
Explanation All months have at least 28 days, as the shortest month, February, has 28 days. Therefore, the correct answer is 12, as all 12 months have 28 days or more.
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19.
How many animals of each sex did Moses take on the ark?
A.
3
B.
1
C.
2
D.
0
Correct Answer
D. 0
Explanation The question is a trick question because it is referring to Moses, who is not associated with the story of Noah's Ark. In the story of Noah's Ark, Noah is the one who built the ark and brought animals on board. Therefore, the correct answer is 0 because Moses did not take any animals on the ark.
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20.
Which one of the five letters is least like the other four?
A.
N
B.
F
C.
D
D.
Z
E.
E
Correct Answer
E. E
Explanation The letter E is the only vowel in the given options, while the other four letters (N, F, A, Z) are consonants. This makes E least like the other four letters.
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21.
In the context of standard IQ tests, which of the following types of reasoning is typically assessed by a "Raven's Progressive Matrices" test?
A.
Verbal reasoning
B.
Numerical reasoning
C.
Abstract reasoning
D.
Mechanical reasoning
Correct Answer
C. Abstract reasoning
Explanation Raven's Progressive Matrices are designed to measure abstract reasoning, which is a key component of fluid intelligence. This type of test presents a series of patterns with a missing piece and asks the test-taker to identify the correct piece that completes the pattern. It assesses the ability to think logically and solve problems without relying on language or numerical skills. Verbal reasoning, numerical reasoning, and mechanical reasoning are evaluated by other types of IQ test components.
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22.
Which of the following words is closest in meaning to APPREHENSIVE?
A.
Thorough
B.
Foolish
C.
Anxious
D.
Distraught
E.
Comprehensive
Correct Answer
C. Anxious
Explanation The word "apprehensive" means to feel anxious or uneasy about something that is going to happen. The word "anxious" also means to feel worried or uneasy about something. Therefore, "anxious" is the word that is closest in meaning to "apprehensive".
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23.
Which word is to "despondent" as "joyful" is to "sorrowful"?
Correct Answer Elated, elated
Explanation The relationship here is one of antonyms. "Joyful" is the opposite of "sorrowful". Similarly, "despondent" means feeling a loss of hope or confidence, which is a state of being downhearted or dejected. The opposite of being despondent, which captures the sense of being extremely happy and uplifted, is "elated". Thus, just as "joyful" is the antonym of "sorrowful", "elated" is the antonym of "despondent".
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24.
3, 9, 27, 81, ...
What is the next number in the sequence?
A.
162
B.
243
C.
324
D.
405
Correct Answer
B. 243
Explanation The sequence presented is a geometric progression where each term is obtained by multiplying the previous term by 3. Starting from 3, successive multiplications by 3 yield 9, 27, and 81 respectively. Continuing this pattern, the next term is 81 multiplied by 3, which calculates to 243. This tests pattern recognition skills.
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