# Information Technologies In Pharmacy, Topic 5.

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• 1.

### Universality algorithm means that:

• A.

Algorithm can be used by any user

• B.

An algorithm terminates after a finite numbers of steps

• C.

Commands and tasks of algorithm are clearly defined

• D.

The process of tasks solving can be divided on separate operations, which are performed by individual commands

• E.

A. Algorithm can be used by any user
Explanation
The explanation for the given correct answer is that universality algorithm means that the algorithm can be used by any user. This implies that the algorithm is not specific to a particular user or group of users, but can be applied universally by anyone.

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• 2.

### Certainty (accuracy) of the algorithm means that

• A.

Algorithm commands and tasks are clearly defined

• B.

The process of task solving can be divided into several operations that are performed by separate commands

• C.

Algorithm is structured into elements in order of importance

• D.

The algorithm must be completed by a certain number of commands

• E.

Algorithm can be used by any user

A. Algorithm commands and tasks are clearly defined
Explanation
The certainty (accuracy) of an algorithm refers to the clarity and precision with which the algorithm's commands and tasks are defined. This means that each step and instruction in the algorithm is clearly outlined and leaves no room for ambiguity or confusion. Having clearly defined commands and tasks ensures that the algorithm can be executed correctly and consistently, leading to accurate and reliable results.

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• 3.

### How the algorithm can be represented:

• A.

All menthion

• B.

By text

• C.

By grapHic

• D.

By table

• E.

By pseudocode using

A. All menthion
Explanation
The correct answer is "All menthion." This means that the algorithm can be represented in various ways, including through text, graphics, tables, and pseudocode. The question is asking for all possible ways to represent the algorithm, and the answer suggests that all of these options are valid choices.

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• 4.

### Algorithm finiteness if means that:

• A.

An algorithm terminates after a finite numbers of steps

• B.

Commands and tasks of algorithm are clearly defined

• C.

The process of tasks solving can be divided on separate operations, which are performed by individual commands

• D.

Algorithm is structured into elements in order of importance

• E.

Algorithm can be used by any user

A. An algorithm terminates after a finite numbers of steps
Explanation
This answer is correct because it accurately describes the concept of algorithm finiteness. Finiteness in an algorithm means that it will eventually stop or terminate after a finite number of steps. This ensures that the algorithm does not run indefinitely and allows for predictable and manageable execution.

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• 5.

### The basis of modern information technologies used in medicine and pharmacy are algorithms. Algorithm - is:

• A.

Clear and accurate instructions performer to do a sequence actions aimed at achieving the goals

• B.

Oriented schedule that indicates the order of execution of a set of commands

• C.

Rules of specific actions performance

• D.

Computers command set

• E.

Computer network protocol

A. Clear and accurate instructions performer to do a sequence actions aimed at achieving the goals
Explanation
The correct answer is "Clear and accurate instructions performer to do a sequence actions aimed at achieving the goals". This answer accurately defines an algorithm as a set of instructions that are clear and accurate, guiding the performer to carry out a sequence of actions in order to achieve specific goals. Algorithms form the basis of modern information technologies in medicine and pharmacy, providing a systematic and organized approach to problem-solving and decision-making processes.

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• 6.

### The medication is prescribed for patient for administration so long until symptoms disappear. Such algorithm of medication using is called:

• A.

Cyclical

• B.

Liner

• C.

With repetition

• D.

Ramous

• E.

Structural

A. Cyclical
Explanation
The medication is prescribed for the patient until their symptoms disappear, which suggests that the medication is being administered in a cyclical manner. This means that the medication is being given in a repeated pattern or cycle until the desired outcome is achieved.

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• 7.

### Discreteness – is the algorithm property, which consists in:

• A.

Distribution the task solving process on separate operation that are performed by individual commands

• B.

Clearness of commands and tasks formulation

• C.

Prediction, that the algorithm must be completed after a certain number of commands

• D.

Possibility of algorithm application of any users

• E.

Algorithm structuring on the elements in order of importance

A. Distribution the task solving process on separate operation that are performed by individual commands
Explanation
The correct answer is "Discreteness - is the algorithm property, which consists in distribution the task solving process on separate operation that are performed by individual commands." This means that in a discrete algorithm, the task is broken down into separate operations or commands that are performed one at a time. This allows for clear and specific instructions to be given, making the algorithm easier to understand and follow. Additionally, the algorithm is designed to be completed after a certain number of commands, ensuring that it will eventually reach a solution.

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• 8.

### The essence of such properties of algorithm as the EFFECTIVENESS is mean:

• A.

During exact execution of all algorithm commands, the process must be stoped after a finite number of steps, leading to a particular result

• B.

Writing an algorithm for a particular user, you can use only the commands, which are included in the its system teams

• C.

Algorithm should provide solving not only specific problem, but a class of problems of this type

• D.

Algorithm must be divided into a sequence of individual steps

• E.

Algorithm performer should not make decisions not covered compiler of algorithm

A. During exact execution of all algorithm commands, the process must be stoped after a finite number of steps, leading to a particular result
Explanation
The correct answer is "During exact execution of all algorithm commands, the process must be stopped after a finite number of steps, leading to a particular result." This means that an effective algorithm should have a clear and defined set of instructions that, when followed correctly, will produce a specific outcome within a finite amount of time. This ensures that the algorithm is reliable and can be completed within a reasonable timeframe.

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• 9.

### Point the basic properties of the algorithm:

• A.

Effectiveness

• B.

Illogic

• C.

Safety

• D.

Individuality

• E.

Unpredictability

• F.

Finiteness

A. Effectiveness
F. Finiteness
Explanation
The basic properties of an algorithm include effectiveness, which means that it should solve the problem it is designed for; and finiteness, which means that it should terminate after a finite number of steps. These two properties are crucial for an algorithm to be considered correct and useful.

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• 10.

### Algorithm is cyclic if:

• A.

Folded so that the its implementation involves multiple repetition of the same action

• B.

Its progress depends on the truth of certain conditions

• C.

Its commands are executed in the order of their natural passing one by one regardless of any conditions

• D.

Its presented as a table

• E.

It includes an auxiliary algorithm

A. Folded so that the its implementation involves multiple repetition of the same action
Explanation
The correct answer is "Folded so that its implementation involves multiple repetition of the same action." This means that the algorithm is designed in a way that it repeats a specific action multiple times. This repetition can be achieved through loops or recursive functions. The other options mentioned in the question do not specifically indicate the cyclic nature of an algorithm.

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• 11.

### How the algorithm of new chemical compounds obtaining can be represented by using the structural formula:

• A.

GrapHiclly

• B.

Wordy

• C.

On the table

• D.

By pseudocoed using

• E.

pHoto

A. GrapHiclly
Explanation
The algorithm of obtaining new chemical compounds can be represented graphically by using structural formulas. This means that the process of creating these compounds can be visually depicted using diagrams and symbols that represent the atoms and bonds involved. This graphical representation allows for a clear and concise understanding of the steps involved in the algorithm. It helps chemists visualize the structure and arrangement of atoms in the compound, aiding in the design and synthesis of new compounds.

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• 12.

### Implementation of modern information technology is based on the construction and use of algorithms. Indicate which of the documents is the algorithm:

• A.

Instructions for money obtaining from an ATM

• B.

Rules of safety

• C.

Timetable

• D.

List of students

• E.

Picture

A. Instructions for money obtaining from an ATM
Explanation
The correct answer is "Instructions for money obtaining from an ATM" because an algorithm is a step-by-step set of instructions for solving a problem or completing a task. The instructions for obtaining money from an ATM provide a clear sequence of steps to follow in order to withdraw money from the machine, making it an algorithm. The other options, such as rules of safety, timetable, list of students, and picture, do not provide a set of instructions for solving a problem or completing a task, and therefore do not qualify as algorithms.

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• 13.

### The algorithm includes ramification if:

• A.

Its progress depends on the truth of certain conditions

• B.

Folded so that the its implementation involves multiple repetition of the same action

• C.

Its commands are executed in the order of their natural passing one by one regardless of any conditions

• D.

Its presented as a table

• E.

It includes an auxiliary algorithm

A. Its progress depends on the truth of certain conditions
Explanation
The correct answer is that the algorithm includes ramification if its progress depends on the truth of certain conditions. This means that the algorithm has different paths or branches based on whether certain conditions are true or false. This allows for different actions or steps to be taken depending on the specific conditions that are met during the execution of the algorithm.

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• 14.

### If the algorithm commands executed sequentially, then the algorithm is called:

• A.

Liner

• B.

Ramous

• C.

With repetition

• D.

Cyclical

• E.

Structural

A. Liner
Explanation
The correct answer is "Linear" because when an algorithm commands are executed sequentially, it means that each command is executed one after another in a straight line without any repetition or branching. Therefore, the algorithm follows a linear path of execution.

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• 15.

### Which of these is an algorithm:

• A.

• B.

Medicines using rules

• C.

The process of medicines choice and prescribing

• D.

The process of medicines preparing

• E.

The process of medicines sales

B. Medicines using rules
C. The process of medicines choice and prescribing
D. The process of medicines preparing
E. The process of medicines sales
Explanation
An algorithm is a set of rules or instructions to solve a problem or perform a specific task. In this case, all the options mentioned involve a set of rules or processes related to medicines. "Medicines using rules" indicates the use of specific guidelines or protocols for administering medicines. "The process of medicines choice and prescribing" refers to the steps involved in selecting and prescribing appropriate medications. "The process of medicines preparing" involves the procedures for preparing medications. "The process of medicines sales" indicates the steps involved in selling medicines. Therefore, all the options mentioned can be considered algorithms as they involve a set of rules or processes related to medicines.

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• 16.

### Point the algorithm basic structural element:

• A.

Order

• B.

Cell

• C.

Test

• D.

Sign

• E.

Symbol

A. Order
Explanation
The algorithm's basic structural element is the "Order". This suggests that the algorithm follows a specific sequence or arrangement in order to perform a task or solve a problem. It implies that there is a predefined order or set of steps that need to be followed in order to achieve the desired outcome. The other options, such as "Cell", "Test", "Sign", and "Symbol", do not convey the same sense of structure or sequence as the concept of "Order" does.

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• 17.

### When medicine prescribing physicians stopped on two drugs, that can be used under certain conditions. This algorithm is called:

• A.

Ramous

• B.

Liner

• C.

With repetition

• D.

Cyclical

• E.

Structural

A. Ramous
Explanation
The algorithm described in the question is called "Ramous".

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• 18.

### When choosing a medicine the physician used the algorithm presented in the form of consecutive sentences. This algorithm representation is described as:

• A.

Text

• B.

GrapHic

• C.

Table

• D.

By pseudocoed using

• E.

pHoto

A. Text
Explanation
The physician used the algorithm represented in the form of consecutive sentences, which means that the algorithm was described using text. This implies that the steps and instructions for choosing a medicine were presented in written form, allowing the physician to follow the algorithm by reading and understanding the sentences provided.

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• 19.

### Why is this not an algorithm: Start the car - Put in key - Turn key - Drive away.

• A.

The instructions are in the wrong order

• B.

There are spelling mistakes

• C.

The instructions are in the correct order

• D.

The instructions are computer program

• E.

The instructions are presented  as a picture

A. The instructions are in the wrong order
Explanation
The given instructions for starting the car are in the wrong order. The correct order should be: Put in key - Turn key - Start the car - Drive away.

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• 20.

### What step is missing?

• A.

Divide the number by 2

• B.

Multiple the number by 3

• C.

Multiply the number by 2

• D.

Divide the number by 3

A. Divide the number by 2
Explanation
The missing step in the given sequence is to multiply the number by 2. The other steps mentioned are to divide the number by 2, multiply the number by 3, and divide the number by 3. Therefore, the missing step is to multiply the number by 2.

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• Current Version
• Nov 20, 2023
Quiz Edited by
ProProfs Editorial Team
• Oct 07, 2020
Quiz Created by
Oksana.lo

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