Identify Probabaly True

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| By Tanmay Shankar
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Tanmay Shankar
Community Contributor
Quizzes Created: 491 | Total Attempts: 1,797,485
Questions: 12 | Attempts: 708

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Identify Probabaly True - Quiz

Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    There are three boxes of different colours – Green, Blue and Red; and 6 toys of which 2 are of Greencolour, 2 are of Blue colour and 2 are of Red colour. The toys are packed in the three boxes such that each box has 2 toys of  different colours in it and also the colour of the box is different from the toys packed in it. Now, 10 chocolates are kept in three different boxes in such way that the Green box has the maximum possible chocolates whereas the Red box has the least possible chocolates in it. Each box should have at least one chocolate. Which of the following is probably true?

    • A.

      The Green box, the Blue box and the Red box have 6, 3 and 1 chocolates/s in them respectively.

    • B.

      The box which has the toys of Red and Blue colours has 8 chocolates in it.

    • C.

      The box which has the toys of Blue and Green colours has 3 chocolates in it.

    • D.

      The box which has the toys of Green and Red colours has 2 chocolates in it.

    Correct Answer
    B. The box which has the toys of Red and Blue colours has 8 chocolates in it.
    Explanation
    The answer is probably true because it states that the box which has the toys of Red and Blue colors has 8 chocolates in it. This aligns with the condition given in the question that the Red box has the least possible chocolates, and the Green box has the maximum possible chocolates. Since the Green box already has 6 chocolates, it is unlikely that it would have an additional 2 chocolates from the Red and Blue toys. Therefore, the box with the Red and Blue toys is more likely to have the remaining chocolates, making the statement probably true.

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  • 2. 

    Directions for question 2: These questions are based on the data given below. Eight persons – A, B, C, D, E, F, G and H – are sitting in eight chairs all of which are facing the same directions. The eight chairs are arranged in two rows and four columns. Also, the following information is known. (i)  A and F sit at either ends but in different rows and different columns. (ii) G and C sit at either ends but in different rows. (iii) E and B sit in different rows and in different columns (iv) D sits in the same row as F, but to the right of G. (v)  A sits ahead of G. If E sits adjacent to A, then which of the following statements must be true?

    • A.

      B sits adjacent to G

    • B.

      H sits adjacent to B

    • C.

      B sits exactly between F and D

    • D.

      E sits exactly between H and C

    Correct Answer
    B. H sits adjacent to B
    Explanation
    If E sits adjacent to A, it means that E and A are sitting next to each other. According to statement (v), A sits ahead of G. Therefore, G must be sitting behind A. Since G and C sit at either ends but in different rows according to statement (ii), C must be sitting behind E. Therefore, E, A, G, and C are sitting in a row.

    According to statement (iv), D sits in the same row as F, but to the right of G. Since G is sitting behind A, and A is sitting ahead of G, D must be sitting to the right of A. Therefore, the only available position for D is to be sitting next to B. This means that H must be sitting adjacent to B, making the statement "H sits adjacent to B" true.

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  • 3. 

    Directions for questions 3 to 7: These questions are based on the data given below. Mill, John, Rad and Pam are four executives of a company. Each of them must visit exactly two of the eight cities – Delhi, Chennai, Kolkata, Hyderabad, Bangalore, Mumbai, Bhopal and Jaipur and each city is visited by only one person. Rad does not visit Mumbai and Delhi, while Pam does not visit Kolkata and Hyderabad. John does not visit Bhopal and Jaipur, whereas Mill does not visit Bangalore and Chennai. Jaipur and Bangalore are visited neither by John nor Rad. If Delhi and Bhopal were visited by Mill, then which one of the city could Jon visits?

    • A.

      Delhi

    • B.

      Bangalore

    • C.

      Bhopal

    • D.

      Mumbai

    Correct Answer
    D. Mumbai
    Explanation
    If Delhi and Bhopal were visited by Mill, then the remaining cities that are available for John to visit are Chennai, Kolkata, Hyderabad, and Jaipur. However, it is stated in the given information that Jaipur is not visited by John. Therefore, the only remaining city that John can visit is Mumbai.

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  • 4. 

    Directions for questions 3 to 7: These questions are based on the data given below. Mill, John, Rad and Pam are four executives of a company. Each of them must visit exactly two of the eight cities – Delhi, Chennai, Kolkata, Hyderabad, Bangalore, Mumbai, Bhopal and Jaipur and each city is visited by only one person. Rad does not visit Mumbai and Delhi, while Pam does not visit Kolkata and Hyderabad. John does not visit Bhopal and Jaipur, whereas Mill does not visit Bangalore and Chennai. Jaipur and Bangalore are visited neither by John nor Rad. If Pam visits Bhopal and Mill visits Hyderabad, then which of the following must be true?

    • A.

      Rad visits Chennai and Kolkata

    • B.

      John visits Delhi, but does not visit Mumbai

    • C.

      Mill visits Bhopal in addition to Hyderabad

    • D.

      Pam does not visit Bangalore but visits Jaipur

    Correct Answer
    A. Rad visits Chennai and Kolkata
    Explanation
    If Pam visits Bhopal and Mill visits Hyderabad, it means that Rad cannot visit Bhopal or Hyderabad. Since Rad does not visit Mumbai or Delhi, the only remaining cities for Rad to visit are Chennai and Kolkata. Therefore, the statement "Rad visits Chennai and Kolkata" must be true.

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  • 5. 

    Directions for questions 3 to 7: These questions are based on the data given below. Mill, John, Rad and Pam are four executives of a company. Each of them must visit exactly two of the eight cities – Delhi, Chennai, Kolkata, Hyderabad, Bangalore, Mumbai, Bhopal and Jaipur and each city is visited by only one person. Rad does not visit Mumbai and Delhi, while Pam does not visit Kolkata and Hyderabad. John does not visit Bhopal and Jaipur, whereas Mill does not visit Bangalore and Chennai. Jaipur and Bangalore are visited neither by John nor Rad. If Rad does not visit Chennai and Hyderabad and Pam visits Chennai, then which of the following could be true?

    • A.

      John visits Hyderabad and Mumbai

    • B.

      Mill visits Kolkata, but does not visit Jaipur

    • C.

      Rad visits Bhopal and Bangalore

    • D.

      Mill visits Delhi and Bhopal

    Correct Answer
    A. John visits Hyderabad and Mumbai
  • 6. 

    Directions for questions 3 to 7: These questions are based on the data given below. Mill, John, Rad and Pam are four executives of a company. Each of them must visit exactly two of the eight cities – Delhi, Chennai, Kolkata, Hyderabad, Bangalore, Mumbai, Bhopal and Jaipur and each city is visited by only one person. Rad does not visit Mumbai and Delhi, while Pam does not visit Kolkata and Hyderabad. John does not visit Bhopal and Jaipur, whereas Mill does not visit Bangalore and Chennai. Jaipur and Bangalore are visited neither by John nor Rad. If John visits Hyderabad and Chennai, then all the following could be true, except

    • A.

      Pam visits Mumbai

    • B.

      Rad visits Bhopal and Bangalore

    • C.

      Mill visits Delhi

    • D.

      Delhi is visited by Pam, who does not visit Hyderabad

    Correct Answer
    B. Rad visits Bhopal and Bangalore
    Explanation
    Since John visits Hyderabad and Chennai, it means that Rad cannot visit Bangalore because neither John nor Rad visit Bangalore. Therefore, the statement "Rad visits Bhopal and Bangalore" cannot be true.

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  • 7. 

    Directions for questions 3 to 7: These questions are based on the data given below. Mill, John, Rad and Pam are four executives of a company. Each of them must visit exactly two of the eight cities – Delhi, Chennai, Kolkata, Hyderabad, Bangalore, Mumbai, Bhopal and Jaipur and each city is visited by only one person. Rad does not visit Mumbai and Delhi, while Pam does not visit Kolkata and Hyderabad. John does not visit Bhopal and Jaipur, whereas Mill does not visit Bangalore and Chennai. Jaipur and Bangalore are visited neither by John nor Rad. If Rad visits Hyderabad and Bhopal then all the following could be true, except? Mumbai is vistedneither by Pam or by Mill and Jaipur is not visited by Mill.

    • A.

      Kolkata is visited by Mill

    • B.

      Pam is visiting Jaipur and Bangalore

    • C.

      Hyderabad is visited by Mill

    • D.

      John is visiting Chennai and Mumbai

    Correct Answer
    C. Hyderabad is visited by Mill
    Explanation
    If Rad visits Hyderabad and Bhopal, it means that Rad cannot visit Mumbai or Delhi. Therefore, it is possible that Mumbai is not visited by Pam or Mill. It is also possible that Jaipur is not visited by Mill. However, it is not possible for Hyderabad to be visited by Mill, as Mill does not visit Bangalore or Chennai. Therefore, the statement "Hyderabad is visited by Mill" is the only statement that cannot be true.

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  • 8. 

    Directions for questions 8 to 12: Select the correct alternative from the given choices. Without doubt, the confusion and the controversy in the power sector is a dark reminder of the government’s patchy approach to privatization. Perhaps the only area where the government has come shining through is in the successful removal of the barriers to the entry of corporates into the sector. Concerns about the trade-off between growth and inflation are dogging the Malaysian economy. The government has outlined steps to curb inflationary pressures while sustaining economic growth at a lower rate. Which of the following, if true, would confirm that the Malaysian government has taken a sub-optimal approach to solving its problem?

    • A.

      Inflationary pressure have been known to ebb after periodic spurt

    • B.

      Several countries have managed to sustain high growth in the economy even as supply-side measures were used to douse inflationary pressure

    • C.

      There is a need to curb inflation because inflation hurts the poor the most

    • D.

      Investments in the Malaysian economy will slow down if the government pursues a low growth policy

    Correct Answer
    B. Several countries have managed to sustain high growth in the economy even as supply-side measures were used to douse inflationary pressure
    Explanation
    The fact that several countries have managed to sustain high growth in the economy while using supply-side measures to control inflationary pressure suggests that the Malaysian government's approach of curbing inflation while sacrificing economic growth is sub-optimal. This implies that there are alternative strategies that can be employed to achieve both objectives simultaneously, indicating that the Malaysian government's approach is not the most effective or efficient way to solve the problem.

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  • 9. 

    Directions for questions 8 to 12:  Select the correct alternative from the given choices. Without doubt, the confusion and the controversy in the power sector is a dark reminder of the government’s patchy approach to privatization. Perhaps the only area where the government has come shining through is in the successful removal of the barriers to the entry of corporates into the sector. Brooke Bond Lipton is India’s No.1 Foods and Beverages company with annual sales of almost ` 2000 crores. It has state of art manufacturing facilities in instant coffee, tomato processing and frozen desserts. Which of the following, if true, will show that the conclusion drawn above is unwarranted?

    • A.

      Godrej Foods has investments of more than `2000 crores in its business

    • B.

      India’s food market is fragmented with a very large unorganized sector

    • C.

      Kellogs Foods sold cereals worth ` 1500 crores last year. It also sold other foods worth`600 crore last year

    • D.

      Brooke Bond Lipton’s manufacturing facilities cannot be compared with international food processing plants

    Correct Answer
    C. Kellogs Foods sold cereals worth ` 1500 crores last year. It also sold other foods worth`600 crore last year
    Explanation
    The conclusion drawn above is unwarranted because the fact that Kellogs Foods sold cereals worth `1500 crores last year and other foods worth `600 crore last year does not provide any information about the barriers to entry of corporates into the power sector or the government's approach to privatization in the power sector. The conclusion is about the government's success in removing barriers to entry in the power sector, not about the sales of Kellogs Foods.

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  • 10. 

    Directions for questions 8 to 12: Select the correct alternative from the given choices. Without doubt, the confusion and the controversy in the power sector is a dark reminder of the government’s patchy approach to privatization. Perhaps the only area where the government has come shining through is in the successful removal of the barriers to the entry of corporates into the sector. Coalition government is headed by Atal Bihari Vajpayee, which consists BJP. Its allies and other small groups is likely to take office at the centre in the next few days, though the NF-left was also making efforts yesterday to put together the required numbers by splitting the Congress. Which of the following, if true, would most damage the author’s prediction?

    • A.

      The Congress was split in a leadership row.

    • B.

      The NF-Left won enough seats in Bihar and UP had bridge the required gap and attain a simple majority

    • C.

      Some of the BJP allies decide to sit in opposition

    • D.

      The Congress remained stable but the NF-left split and one splinter group decided to support the Congress

    Correct Answer
    B. The NF-Left won enough seats in Bihar and UP had bridge the required gap and attain a simple majority
    Explanation
    The author predicts that the coalition government, headed by Atal Bihari Vajpayee and consisting of BJP allies and other small groups, will take office at the center. However, if the NF-Left won enough seats in Bihar and UP to bridge the required gap and attain a simple majority, it would damage the author's prediction. This is because the NF-Left would then have the potential to form their own government, potentially excluding the coalition government from taking office.

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  • 11. 

    Directions for questions 8 to 12: Select the correct alternative from the given choices. Without doubt, the confusion and the controversy in the power sector is a dark reminder of the government’s patchy approach to privatization. Perhaps the only area where the government has come shining through is in the successful removal of the barriers to the entry of corporates into the sector. The price of a colour TV in Hyderabad is ` 500 less than that in Nizamabad for the BPL brand. Service is provided at all locations directly by the company. The above statement, if true, points to which of the following as the best course of action for a resident of Nizamabad who wants to buy a BPL TV?

    • A.

      A person should be BPL TVs in Hyderabad and sell them in Nizamabad

    • B.

      A person should not buy any of the brands of TVs sold in Nizamabad

    • C.

      A person from Nizamabad should buy his BPLTV in Hyderabad if he can transport it to Nizamabad for less than ` 500

    • D.

      It is better to buy the BPL TV from Bombay where the price is ` 700 less than that in Nizamabad.

    Correct Answer
    C. A person from Nizamabad should buy his BPLTV in Hyderabad if he can transport it to Nizamabad for less than ` 500
    Explanation
    The statement mentions that the price of a BPL TV in Hyderabad is `500 less than in Nizamabad. Therefore, it would be more beneficial for a person from Nizamabad to buy the BPL TV in Hyderabad if they can transport it to Nizamabad for less than `500. This way, they would save money compared to buying the TV in Nizamabad.

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  • 12. 

    Directions for questions 8 to 12: Select the correct alternative from the given choices. Without doubt, the confusion and the controversy in the power sector is a dark reminder of the government’s patchy approach to privatization. Perhaps the only area where the government has come shining through is in the successful removal of the barriers to the entry of corporates into the sector. Five people Pradeep, Qutub, Raj, Sandy and Tej are in a row. Raj sits to the immediate right of Tej. If Pradeep and Qutub have only two persons sitting between them, which of the following must be true?

    • A.

      Pradeep is at one extreme end of the row

    • B.

      Qutab is sitting beside Pradeep

    • C.

      Tej or Raj must be at one extreme end of the row

    • D.

      Sandy must be at one of the ends of the row

    Correct Answer
    D. Sandy must be at one of the ends of the row
    Explanation
    Sandy must be at one of the ends of the row because Raj sits to the immediate right of Tej. Since Pradeep and Qutub have only two persons sitting between them, and Raj is to the right of Tej, it means that either Pradeep or Qutub must be at one extreme end of the row. Therefore, Sandy must be at the other end of the row.

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  • Mar 21, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
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    Quiz Created by
    Tanmay Shankar
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