Human Behaviour And The Social Environment I Quiz 3

20 Questions

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Human Behaviour And The Social Environment I Quiz 3

This quiz covers chapters 6-8 and 10-12 of Understanding Human Behavior and the Social Environment (8th Edition) by Zastrow and Kirst-Ashman.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    The typical growth spurt during puberty is between _________ inches.
    • A. 

      Two and five

    • B. 

      Three and six

    • C. 

      One and three

    • D. 

      None of these choices

    • E. 

      One and six

  • 2. 
    All breasts are functionally equipped with ___________ clusters of mammary or milk-producing glands.
    • A. 

      15 to 20

    • B. 

      5 to 10

    • C. 

      30-40

    • D. 

      2 to 5

  • 3. 
    Approximately  __________ percent of all males have nocturnal emissions at one time or another.
    • A. 

      90

    • B. 

      30

    • C. 

      100

    • D. 

      60

  • 4. 
    Emergency contraceptive pills:
    • A. 

      Taken within 72 hours after intercourse will remain 95% effective.

    • B. 

      Taken within 72 hours after intercourse will remain 95% effective, and may cause nausea and vomiting, only.

    • C. 

      Should be called "morning after" pills.

    • D. 

      May cause nausea and vomiting

    • E. 

      All of these choices.

  • 5. 
    The second stage of Erikson's psychosocial theory is characterized by the crisis of:
    • A. 

      Autonomy vs. shame and doubt.

    • B. 

      Basic trust vs. basic mistrust.

    • C. 

      Initiative vs. guilt.

    • D. 

      Intimacy vs. isolation.

  • 6. 
    Erikson uses the term psychosocial __________ to describe a period of free experimentation before a final sense of identity is achieved.
    • A. 

      Intermission

    • B. 

      Moratorium

    • C. 

      Interlude

    • D. 

      Freedom

  • 7. 
    According to Marcia's categories of identity, people fall who into the _______ category never experience an identity crisis as such --- they glide into adulthood without experiencing much turbulence or anxiety.
    • A. 

      Generativity

    • B. 

      Moratorium

    • C. 

      Oblivion

    • D. 

      Foreclosure

  • 8. 
    During _________ of Fowler's Theory of Faith Development, people have not critically evaluated the fundamental basis of their faith. Rather, they adhere to conventional ideology.
    • A. 

      Stage 4: Synthetic Conventional Faith

    • B. 

      Stage 4: Mythic-Literal Faith

    • C. 

      Stage 7: Universalizing Faith

    • D. 

      Stage 6: Conjunctive Faith

    • E. 

      Stage 5: Individuative-Reflective Faith

  • 9. 
    A score of four on the SAD PERSONS scale indicates the following clinical action:
    • A. 

      Send home with follow-up.

    • B. 

      Strongly consider hospitalization.

    • C. 

      Hospitalize.

    • D. 

      Close follow-up; consider hospitalization.

    • E. 

      Consult another qualified professional

  • 10. 
    __________ independence involves becoming self-directed rather than other-directed, but not becoming selfish.
    • A. 

      Emotional

    • B. 

      Social

    • C. 

      Economic

    • D. 

      Quintessential

  • 11. 
    The __________ theory suggests that the weaker the social bonding, the greater the likelihood that an adolescent will become involved in delinquent gang activities.
    • A. 

      Control theory

    • B. 

      Anomie theory

    • C. 

      Differential association theory

    • D. 

      Deviant subcultures theory

  • 12. 
    Middle-aged adults:
    • A. 

      Have higher rates of hypertension.

    • B. 

      Are typically not very healthy.

    • C. 

      Are best at tasks that require rapid bursts of energy rather than endurance.

    • D. 

      Develop an increase in reserve capacity.

  • 13. 
    Middle-aged adults are apt to develop _____, which means they become farsighted.
    • A. 

      Myopia

    • B. 

      Myxedema

    • C. 

      Presbycusis

    • D. 

      Presbyopia

  • 14. 
    • A. 

      Some men have greater hormonal fluctuations.

    • B. 

      All of these choices.

    • C. 

      None of these choices.

    • D. 

      Production of testosterone increases.

    • E. 

      Men lose the potential to reproduce.

  • 15. 
    Peck theorizes that successful adjustment in middle adulthood includes:
    • A. 

      Sexualizing in human relationships.

    • B. 

      Emotional impoverishment.

    • C. 

      Mental flexibility.

    • D. 

      Valuing physical powers.

  • 16. 
    According to Maslow:
    • A. 

      Self-esteem is the highest in the hierarchy of needs.

    • B. 

      A self-actualized person is self-directed.

    • C. 

      Most people attain a state of self-actualization.

    • D. 

      Self-esteem is the sense that one is fulfilling one's potential and is doing what one is individually suited for and capable of.

  • 17. 
    Conflict theory:
    • A. 

      Views society as a system composed of interdependent and interrelated parts.

    • B. 

      Is the philosophical base of labeling theory.

    • C. 

      Views society as a struggle for power among various social groups.

    • D. 

      Views institutions and groups as fitting into a unified harmonious whole.

  • 18. 
    The following is true about poverty:
    • A. 

      As compared to people who are wealthy, poor people are less apt to be arrested, indicted, and imprisoned.

    • B. 

      Children who are poor are less apt to drop out of school than rich children.

    • C. 

      Most people who are raised in poverty attain a substantially higher socioeconomic status than their parents had.

    • D. 

      The infant mortality rate of the poor is almost double the rate of the affluent.

  • 19. 
    The tendency toward increasing size and earlier achievement of sexual maturity is referred to as ________________.
    • A. 

      Secular trend

    • B. 

      Equifinality

    • C. 

      Mitosis

    • D. 

      Circular causality

  • 20. 
    In Erikson's Intimcy vs Isolation stage, this/these them(s) is/are important:
    • A. 

      Peer relationships

    • B. 

      Reflecting on and accepting one's life

    • C. 

      Parenting and creating

    • D. 

      Love relationship

    • E. 

      Locomoting