Human Behavior In The Social Environment Quiz 1

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Human Behavior Quizzes & Trivia

10 terms covered in chapter 1 ref. Human Behavior in the Social Environment.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    What is holon?

    • A.

      Term borrowed from Arthur Koestler (who in turn took it from the Greek language) means that an entity is simultaneously part of a whole. Denotes that a system is both a part of a suprasystem & a suprasystem itself to a system Ex: family – is both simultaneously a suprasystem and part of subsystems to environments such as, school, work organization, community and other families (subsystems).

    • B.

      Means using the mind to recognize pattern, conceive unity, and form some coherent wholeness – to seek to complete the picture (which Ion Geogiou [2007] says is inherent and a driving compulsion in human consciousness) That which is called system comprises elements cohering in some intelligible way, that is, capable of being understood.

    • C.

      The grouping and arranging of parts to form a whole in order to put a system into “working order” The system organization secures, expends, and conserves energy to maintain the system and further its purposes. The process of structuring a systems exchange of energy, both internally & externally. Persistent regularities of relationship between components make up structure, or organization, of the system.

    • D.

      Macrofunctionalists, such as Talcott Parsons, tended to view society as the primary focus and therefore to view the behavior of smaller human systems and their components as being determined by society’s needs and goals, i.e. the whole determines the actions of its part.

    Correct Answer
    A. Term borrowed from Arthur Koestler (who in turn took it from the Greek language) means that an entity is simultaneously part of a whole. Denotes that a system is both a part of a suprasystem & a suprasystem itself to a system Ex: family – is both simultaneously a suprasystem and part of subsystems to environments such as, school, work organization, community and other families (subsystems).
    Explanation
    A holon is a term borrowed from Arthur Koestler that refers to an entity that is simultaneously part of a whole. It denotes that a system is both a part of a suprasystem and a suprasystem itself to a system. For example, a family can be seen as both a suprasystem and a part of subsystems such as school, work organization, community, and other families. This concept emphasizes the interconnectedness and interdependence of different levels and components within a system.

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  • 2. 

    What is system thinking?

    • A.

      Macrofunctionalists, such as Talcott Parsons, tended to view society as the primary focus and therefore to view the behavior of smaller human systems and their components as being determined by society’s needs and goals, i.e. the whole determines the actions of its part.

    • B.

      Tendency of undisturbed energy to move in an unorganized condition; which can lead to a decrease in interaction – resulting in a decrease in the use of available energy. The measure of energy not available for use Ex: “what a waste of talent” or “not working up to potential” or IBM vs Apple

    • C.

      Means using the mind to recognize pattern, conceive unity, and form some coherent wholeness – to seek to complete the picture (which Ion Geogiou [2007] says is inherent and a driving compulsion in human consciousness) That which is called system comprises elements cohering in some intelligible way, that is, capable of being understood. (everything in the universe “hangs together”)

    • D.

      The process in which a system receives internal or environmental responses to its behavior and, in turn, reacts to these received responses by accommodating and assimilating the energy/information received, by altering the systems structure, and then engaging in altered exchanges of energy/information. It is a specific form of feedback, in which a systems output becomes input that modifies the systems functioning. That is, the systems own behavior supplies stimuli for system modification. 2010 Romantic “It’s Complicated”.

    Correct Answer
    C. Means using the mind to recognize pattern, conceive unity, and form some coherent wholeness – to seek to complete the picture (which Ion Geogiou [2007] says is inherent and a driving compulsion in human consciousness) That which is called system comprises elements cohering in some intelligible way, that is, capable of being understood. (everything in the universe “hangs together”)
    Explanation
    System thinking refers to the process of using the mind to identify patterns, establish connections, and create a cohesive understanding of a situation or concept. It involves recognizing how different elements within a system are interconnected and can be understood as a whole. This concept suggests that everything in the universe is interconnected and can be comprehended by examining the relationships between its constituent parts. System thinking also involves the idea of completing the picture by seeking to understand the entire system rather than focusing on individual components.

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  • 3. 

    What is an organization?

    • A.

      Means using the mind to recognize pattern, conceive unity, and form some coherent wholeness – to seek to complete the picture (which Ion Geogiou [2007] says is inherent and a driving compulsion in human consciousness) That which is called system comprises elements cohering in some intelligible way, that is, capable of being understood.

    • B.

      Term borrowed from Arthur Koestler (who in turn took it from the Greek language) means that an entity is simultaneously part of a whole. Denotes that a system is both a part of a suprasystem & a suprasystem itself to a system Ex: family – is both simultaneously a suprasystem and part of subsystems to environments such as, school, work organization, community and other families (subsystems).

    • C.

      Macrofunctionalists, such as Talcott Parsons, tended to view society as the primary focus and therefore to view the behavior of smaller human systems and their components as being determined by society’s needs and goals, i.e. the whole determines the actions of its part.

    • D.

      The grouping and arranging of parts to form a whole in order to put a system into “working order” The system organization secures, expends, and conserves energy to maintain the system and further its purposes. The process of structuring a systems exchange of energy, both internally & externally. Persistent regularities of relationship between components make up structure, or organization, of the system.

    Correct Answer
    D. The grouping and arranging of parts to form a whole in order to put a system into “working order” The system organization secures, expends, and conserves energy to maintain the system and further its purposes. The process of structuring a systems exchange of energy, both internally & externally. Persistent regularities of relationship between components make up structure, or organization, of the system.
  • 4. 

    What is the wholistic viewpoint?

    • A.

      Parsons specified four functions (or processes) that he saw as necessary in a system: adaptation, goal-directed activity, integration, and pattern maintenance. More descriptive/other functions SI, SE, GI and GE. None necessarily take precedence over others

    • B.

      A interacts with B to provide AB, which changes both A & B, and results in C, which is partly A, B, and AB, and possibly AC or BC. Complex view of causality is the core idea in nonlinear dynamic system. (Retroactive influence on initial casual factors) feedback loop and is characteristic of complex systems, including human systems at all levels “fuzzy thinking” chaos theory”

    • C.

      Macrofunctionalists, such as Talcott Parsons, tended to view society as the primary focus and therefore to view the behavior of smaller human systems and their components as being determined by society’s needs and goals, i.e. the whole determines the actions of its part.

    • D.

      Capacity for action, action, or power to effect change. We use this term much as Parsons used “action”. As increased interaction occurs, there is greater available energy. Richard Adams (1988) preferred the term “energy forms,” which is a useful concept. Information is one form of energy.

    Correct Answer
    C. Macrofunctionalists, such as Talcott Parsons, tended to view society as the primary focus and therefore to view the behavior of smaller human systems and their components as being determined by society’s needs and goals, i.e. the whole determines the actions of its part.
    Explanation
    The wholistic viewpoint refers to the perspective of macrofunctionalists, like Talcott Parsons, who believed that society is the primary focus and that the behavior of smaller human systems and their components are determined by the needs and goals of society. In other words, the actions of the parts are determined by the whole. This viewpoint emphasizes the interconnectedness and interdependence of different elements within a system, and suggests that the functioning of the whole system is influenced by the interactions and feedback loops between its parts.

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  • 5. 

    What is entropy?

    • A.

      Tendency of undisturbed energy to move in an unorganized condition; which can lead to a decrease in interaction – resulting in a decrease in the use of available energy. The measure of energy not available for use Ex: “what a waste of talent” or “not working up to potential” or IBM vs Apple

    • B.

      Refers to increasingly available energy that result from heighted interaction among a systems components. Expressions “she got it together, & look at the results” & “E pluribus Unum” = “out of many, one” Ex: Yahoo vs. Google or Microsoft vs Google or Bing vs Ask

    • C.

      Macrofunctionalists, such as Talcott Parsons, tended to view society as the primary focus and therefore to view the behavior of smaller human systems and their components as being determined by society’s needs and goals, i.e. the whole determines the actions of its part.

    • D.

      The process in which a system receives internal or environmental responses to its behavior and, in turn, reacts to these received responses by accommodating and assimilating the energy/information received, by altering the systems structure, and then engaging in altered exchanges of energy/information. It is a specific form of feedback, in which a systems output becomes input that modifies the systems functioning. That is, the systems own behavior supplies stimuli for system modification. 2010 Romantic “It’s Complicated”.

    Correct Answer
    A. Tendency of undisturbed energy to move in an unorganized condition; which can lead to a decrease in interaction – resulting in a decrease in the use of available energy. The measure of energy not available for use Ex: “what a waste of talent” or “not working up to potential” or IBM vs Apple
    Explanation
    Entropy refers to the tendency of undisturbed energy to move in an unorganized condition, which can result in a decrease in interaction and a decrease in the use of available energy. It is the measure of energy that is not available for use. This can be seen in situations where talent is wasted or not utilized to its full potential, such as in the rivalry between IBM and Apple.

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  • 6. 

    What is synergy?

    • A.

      A interacts with B to provide AB, which changes both A & B, and results in C, which is partly A, B, and AB, and possibly AC or BC. Complex view of causality is the core idea in nonlinear dynamic system. (Retroactive influence on initial casual factors) feedback loop and is characteristic of complex systems, including human systems at all levels “fuzzy thinking” chaos theory”

    • B.

      Refers to increasingly available energy that result from heighted interaction among a systems components. Expressions “she got it together, & look at the results” & “E pluribus Unum” = “out of many, one” Ex: Yahoo vs. Google or Microsoft vs Google or Bing vs Ask

    • C.

      Term borrowed from Arthur Koestler (who in turn took it from the Greek language) means that an entity is simultaneously part of a whole. Denotes that a system is both a part of a suprasystem & a suprasystem itself to a system Ex: family – is both simultaneously a suprasystem and part of subsystems to environments such as, school, work organization, community and other families (subsystems).

    • D.

      Means using the mind to recognize pattern, conceive unity, and form some coherent wholeness – to seek to complete the picture (which Ion Geogiou [2007] says is inherent and a driving compulsion in human consciousness) That which is called system comprises elements cohering in some intelligible way, that is, capable of being understood.

    Correct Answer
    B. Refers to increasingly available energy that result from heighted interaction among a systems components. Expressions “she got it together, & look at the results” & “E pluribus Unum” = “out of many, one” Ex: Yahoo vs. Google or Microsoft vs Google or Bing vs Ask
    Explanation
    Synergy is the term used to describe the increased energy that arises from the heightened interaction between the components of a system. It refers to the idea that when two or more elements come together and work in harmony, the combined result is greater than the sum of their individual contributions. This concept can be seen in various examples such as the competition between companies like Yahoo, Google, Microsoft, Bing, and Ask, where the interaction between their components leads to the generation of more energy and better outcomes. The expressions "she got it together, & look at the results" and "E pluribus Unum" (out of many, one) also highlight the idea of synergy, emphasizing the power of collaboration and unity.

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  • 7. 

    What is energy?

    • A.

      Parsons specified four functions (or processes) that he saw as necessary in a system: adaptation, goal-directed activity, integration, and pattern maintenance. More descriptive/other functions SI, SE, GI and GE. None necessarily take precedence over others

    • B.

      The process in which a system receives internal or environmental responses to its behavior and, in turn, reacts to these received responses by accommodating and assimilating the energy/information received, by altering the systems structure, and then engaging in altered exchanges of energy/information. It is a specific form of feedback, in which a systems output becomes input that modifies the systems functioning. That is, the systems own behavior supplies stimuli for system modification. 2010 Romantic “It’s Complicated”.

    • C.

      A interacts with B to provide AB, which changes both A & B, and results in C, which is partly A, B, and AB, and possibly AC or BC. Complex view of causality is the core idea in nonlinear dynamic system. (Retroactive influence on initial casual factors) feedback loop and is characteristic of complex systems, including human systems at all levels “fuzzy thinking” chaos theory”

    • D.

      Capacity for action, action, or power to effect change. We use this term much as Parsons used “action”. As increased interaction occurs, there is greater available energy. Richard Adams (1988) preferred the term “energy forms,” which is a useful concept. Information is one form of energy.

    Correct Answer
    D. Capacity for action, action, or power to effect change. We use this term much as Parsons used “action”. As increased interaction occurs, there is greater available energy. Richard Adams (1988) preferred the term “energy forms,” which is a useful concept. Information is one form of energy.
    Explanation
    The answer explains that energy is the capacity for action or power to effect change. It is used in a similar way as Parsons used the term "action." As interaction increases, there is greater available energy. Richard Adams preferred the term "energy forms," which includes information as one form of energy.

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  • 8. 

    What is basic energy functions?

    • A.

      Parsons specified four functions (or processes) that he saw as necessary in a system: adaptation, goal-directed activity, integration, and pattern maintenance. More descriptive/other functions SI, SE, GI and GE. (A PIG) None necessarily take precedence over others

    • B.

      Capacity for action, action, or power to effect change. We use this term much as Parsons used “action”. As increased interaction occurs, there is greater available energy. Richard Adams (1988) preferred the term “energy forms,” which is a useful concept. Information is one form of energy. Term borrowed from Arthur Koestler (who in turn took it from the Greek language) means that an entity is simultaneously part of a whole. Denotes that a system is both a part of a suprasystem & a suprasystem itself to a system Ex: family – is both simultaneously a suprasystem and part of subsystems to environments such as, school, work organization, community and other families (subsystems).

    • C.

      Means using the mind to recognize pattern, conceive unity, and form some coherent wholeness – to seek to complete the picture (which Ion Geogiou [2007] says is inherent and a driving compulsion in human consciousness) That which is called system comprises elements cohering in some intelligible way, that is, capable of being understood.

    • D.

      The grouping and arranging of parts to form a whole in order to put a system into “working order” The system organization secures, expends, and conserves energy to maintain the system and further its purposes. The process of structuring a systems exchange of energy, both internally & externally. Persistent regularities of relationship between components make up structure, or organization, of the system.

    Correct Answer
    A. Parsons specified four functions (or processes) that he saw as necessary in a system: adaptation, goal-directed activity, integration, and pattern maintenance. More descriptive/other functions SI, SE, GI and GE. (A PIG) None necessarily take precedence over others
    Explanation
    The correct answer explains that Parsons specified four functions that he believed were necessary in a system: adaptation, goal-directed activity, integration, and pattern maintenance. Additionally, there are more descriptive functions such as SI, SE, GI, and GE. It is important to note that none of these functions necessarily take precedence over the others.

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  • 9. 

    What is feedback loops?

    • A.

      A interacts with B to provide AB, which changes both A & B, and results in C, which is partly A, B, and AB, and possibly AC or BC. Complex view of causality is the core idea in nonlinear dynamic system. (Retroactive influence on initial casual factors) feedback loop and is characteristic of complex systems, including human systems at all levels “fuzzy thinking” chaos theory”

    • B.

      Capacity for action, action, or power to effect change. We use this term much as Parsons used “action”. As increased interaction occurs, there is greater available energy. Richard Adams (1988) preferred the term “energy forms,” which is a useful concept. Information is one form of energy.

    • C.

      The process in which a system receives internal or environmental responses to its behavior and, in turn, reacts to these received responses by accommodating and assimilating the energy/information received, by altering the systems structure, and then engaging in altered exchanges of energy/information. It is a specific form of feedback, in which a systems output becomes input that modifies the systems functioning. That is, the systems own behavior supplies stimuli for system modification. 2010 Romantic “It’s Complicated”.

    • D.

      Refers to increasingly available energy that result from heighted interaction among a systems components. Expressions “she got it together, & look at the results” & “E pluribus Unum” = “out of many, one” Ex: Yahoo vs. Google or Microsoft vs Google or Bing vs Ask

    Correct Answer
    C. The process in which a system receives internal or environmental responses to its behavior and, in turn, reacts to these received responses by accommodating and assimilating the energy/information received, by altering the systems structure, and then engaging in altered exchanges of energy/information. It is a specific form of feedback, in which a systems output becomes input that modifies the systems functioning. That is, the systems own behavior supplies stimuli for system modification. 2010 Romantic “It’s Complicated”.
    Explanation
    Feedback loops refer to the process in which a system receives responses to its behavior, both internally and from the environment. These responses are then accommodated and assimilated by the system, leading to changes in its structure and functioning. In this specific form of feedback, the system's output becomes input that modifies its own behavior, creating a cycle of continuous adaptation and modification. This concept is based on the idea of complex systems and nonlinear dynamics, where causality is viewed as a complex interplay between various factors. The term "energy forms" is used to describe the increased available energy resulting from heightened interaction among the components of a system.

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  • 10. 

    What is causation?

    • A.

      Term borrowed from Arthur Koestler (who in turn took it from the Greek language) means that an entity is simultaneously part of a whole. Denotes that a system is both a part of a suprasystem & a suprasystem itself to a system Ex: family – is both simultaneously a suprasystem and part of subsystems to environments such as, school, work organization, community and other families (subsystems).

    • B.

      A interacts with B to provide AB, which changes both A & B, and results in C, which is partly A, B, and AB, and possibly AC or BC. Complex view of causality is the core idea in nonlinear dynamic system. (Retroactive influence on initial casual factors) feedback loop and is characteristic of complex systems, including human systems at all levels “fuzzy thinking” chaos theory”

    • C.

      Means using the mind to recognize pattern, conceive unity, and form some coherent wholeness – to seek to complete the picture (which Ion Geogiou [2007] says is inherent and a driving compulsion in human consciousness) That which is called system comprises elements cohering in some intelligible way, that is, capable of being understood.

    • D.

      Macrofunctionalists, such as Talcott Parsons, tended to view society as the primary focus and therefore to view the behavior of smaller human systems and their components as being determined by society’s needs and goals, i.e. the whole determines the actions of its part.

    Correct Answer
    B. A interacts with B to provide AB, which changes both A & B, and results in C, which is partly A, B, and AB, and possibly AC or BC. Complex view of causality is the core idea in nonlinear dynamic system. (Retroactive influence on initial casual factors) feedback loop and is characteristic of complex systems, including human systems at all levels “fuzzy thinking” chaos theory”
    Explanation
    The correct answer explains that causation involves the interaction between two entities, A and B, which results in the creation of AB. This interaction changes both A and B and leads to the emergence of a new entity, C, which is partly composed of A, B, and AB. Additionally, C may also have elements of AC or BC. This understanding of causality is based on the complex view of causality found in nonlinear dynamic systems, which includes the concept of retroactive influence on initial causal factors and the presence of feedback loops. This idea is characteristic of complex systems, including human systems, and is associated with concepts like "fuzzy thinking" and chaos theory.

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  • 11. 

    Holon term borrowed from Arthur Koestler (who in turn took it from the Greek language) means that an entity is simultaneously part of a whole.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    The term "holon" refers to an entity that is both a part of a whole and a whole itself. This concept, borrowed from Arthur Koestler, suggests that entities can exist at multiple levels of organization, where they are both dependent on and independent of the larger system they are a part of. Therefore, the statement that holon means an entity is simultaneously part of a whole is true.

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  • 12. 

    Family and the suprasystem/subsystem connection is an example of Holon 

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    The concept of a holon refers to a system or entity that is both a whole and a part of a larger system. In this case, the family can be seen as a holon because it is a subsystem within a larger suprasystem. The family is a whole entity in itself, with its own dynamics and interactions, but it is also a part of the larger social system. This connection between the family and the suprasystem/subsystem relationship exemplifies the concept of a holon.

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  • 13. 

    Holon denotes that a system is not both a part of a suprasystem & a suprasystem itself to a system

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    Holon denotes that a system is both a part of a suprasystem & a suprasystem itself to a system

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  • 14. 

    Microfunctionalists, such as Talcott Parsons, tended to view society as the primary focus and therefore to view the behavior of smaller human systems and their components as being determined by society’s needs and goals, i.e. the whole determines the actions of its part.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    Macrofunctionalists, such as Talcott Parsons, tended to view society as the primary focus and therefore to view the behavior of smaller human systems and their components as being determined by society’s needs and goals, i.e. the whole determines the actions of its part.

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  • 15. 

    The system __________ secures, expends, and conserves energy to maintain the system and further its purposes.

    Correct Answer
    organization
    Explanation
    An organization is a structured system that secures, expends, and conserves energy to maintain the system and further its purposes. It refers to a group of individuals working together towards a common goal, with defined roles and responsibilities. In this context, the organization ensures that resources are allocated efficiently, tasks are carried out effectively, and energy is managed to sustain and propel the system towards its objectives.

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  • 16. 

    _________ is tendency of undisturbed energy to move in an unorganized condition; which can lead to a decrease in interaction – resulting in a decrease in the use of available energy.     The measure of energy not available for use Ex: “what a waste of talent” or “not working up to potential” or IBM vs Apple

    Correct Answer
    entropy
    Explanation
    Entropy is a measure of the tendency of undisturbed energy to move in an unorganized condition. It is a concept in thermodynamics that refers to the decrease in interaction and the decrease in the use of available energy. In other words, entropy represents the measure of energy that is not available for use. This can be compared to situations where talent is wasted or not utilized to its full potential, such as the rivalry between IBM and Apple.

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  • 17. 

    __________ refers to increasingly available energy that result from heighted interaction among a systems components. Expressions “she got it together, & look at the results” & “E pluribus Unum” = “out of many, one” Ex: Yahoo vs. Google or Microsoft vs Google or Bing vs Ask

    Correct Answer
    synergy
    Explanation
    Synergy refers to the increased energy or effectiveness that arises from the interaction and cooperation among the components of a system. This can be seen in examples such as Yahoo vs. Google or Microsoft vs. Google, where the combination of different elements or entities leads to greater results or outcomes. The expressions "she got it together, and look at the results" and "E pluribus Unum" (out of many, one) also convey the idea of synergy, highlighting the power and impact that can be achieved when multiple parts come together harmoniously.

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  • 18. 

    As increased interaction occurs, there is greater available _______.

    Correct Answer
    energy
    Explanation
    As increased interaction occurs, there is greater available energy. This can be explained by the fact that when there is more interaction between objects or systems, there is a higher potential for energy transfer or transformation. Increased interaction often leads to more collisions, conversions, or exchanges of energy, resulting in a greater overall availability of energy.

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  • 19. 

    Complex view of _______ is the core isea in nonlinear dynamic system.

    Correct Answer
    causality
    causation
    Explanation
    The correct answer is causality. In nonlinear dynamic systems, the concept of causality is essential. It refers to the relationship between cause and effect, where one event or variable influences another. Understanding causality helps in analyzing and predicting the behavior of complex systems. Causation, on the other hand, is a related but more specific concept that refers to the actual cause-effect relationship between two variables. Both causality and causation are important in studying nonlinear dynamic systems, but the broader concept of causality is the core idea.

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  • 20. 

    _____________ A interacts with B to provide AB, which changes both A & B, and results in C, which is partly A, B, and AB, and possibly AC or BC.  Complex view of causality is the core idea in nonlinear dynamic system.    (Retroactive influence on initial casual factors) feedback loop and is characteristic of complex systems, including human systems at all levels “fuzzy thinking” chaos theory”

    Correct Answer
    causation
    Explanation
    The explanation for the correct answer is that the given statement describes the concept of causation. It explains how the interaction between two entities, A and B, results in a change in both of them and leads to the emergence of a new entity, C, which is influenced by A, B, and the interaction between them. This concept of causation is a fundamental idea in nonlinear dynamic systems and is characterized by feedback loops and retroactive influence on initial causal factors. It is also associated with complex systems, including human systems, and is related to concepts like "fuzzy thinking" and chaos theory.

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  • 21. 

    __________ is the grouping and arranging of parts to form a whole in order to put a system into “working order” The system organization secures, expends, and conserves energy to maintain the system and further its purposes. The process of structuring a systems exchange of energy, both internally & externally.  Persistent regularities of relationship between components make up structure, or organization, of the system.    

    Correct Answer
    organization
  • 22. 

    ________ is term borrowed from Arthur Koestler (who in turn took it from the Greek language) means that an entity is simultaneously part of a whole. Denotes that a system is both a part of a suprasystem & a suprasystem itself to a system Ex: family – is both simultaneously a suprasystem and part of subsystems to environments such as, school, work organization, community and other families (subsystems).   

    Correct Answer
    holon
    Explanation
    The term "holon" refers to an entity that is simultaneously part of a whole. It was borrowed from Arthur Koestler and originates from the Greek language. A holon denotes a system that is both a part of a suprasystem and a suprasystem itself to a subsystem. For example, a family can be considered a holon as it is both a suprasystem and part of subsystems such as school, work organization, community, and other families.

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  • 23. 

    ____________ Macrofunctionalists, such as Talcott Parsons, tended to view society as the primary focus and therefore to view the behavior of smaller human systems and their components as being determined by society’s needs and goals, i.e. the whole determines the actions of its part.

    Correct Answer
    wholistic viewpoint
    Explanation
    Macrofunctionalists, like Talcott Parsons, believed that society is the main focus and that the behavior of smaller human systems and their components is determined by the needs and goals of society. This perspective is known as a wholistic viewpoint, as it emphasizes the interdependence and interconnectedness of different parts of society. Instead of focusing solely on individual actions or isolated parts, a wholistic viewpoint considers the larger context and how society as a whole influences and shapes the actions of its parts.

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  • 24. 

    ____________Means using the mind to recognize pattern, conceive unity, and form some coherent wholeness – to seek to complete the picture (which Ion Geogiou [2007] says is inherent and a driving compulsion in human consciousness) That which is called system comprises elements cohering in some intelligible way, that is, capable of being understood.

    Correct Answer
    system thinking
  • 25. 

    Everything in the universe “hangs together" is concept of ________

    Correct Answer
    system thinking
    Explanation
    The concept of "everything in the universe 'hangs together'" refers to the idea of system thinking. System thinking is the understanding that everything is interconnected and operates as a whole system, where changes in one part can affect the entire system. It involves considering the relationships, interactions, and dependencies between different components or elements within a system. By applying system thinking, we can better analyze and solve complex problems by considering the broader context and understanding the interdependencies between different factors.

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  • 26. 

    ______________  Parsons specified four functions (or processes) that he saw as necessary in a system: adaptation, goal-directed activity, integration, and pattern maintenance.   More descriptive/other functions SI, SE, GI and GE.  None necessarily take precedence over others  

    Correct Answer
    basic energy function
    basic energy function
  • 27. 

    Basic energy function - what does A PIG - stand for?

    Correct Answer
    adaptation, goal-directed activity, integration and pattern maintenance
    adaptation, pattern maintenance, integration and goal directed activity
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "adaptation, goal-directed activity, integration and pattern maintenance." This acronym, A PIG, represents the key components of a basic energy function. Adaptation refers to the ability to adjust and respond to changes in the environment. Goal-directed activity involves engaging in purposeful actions to achieve desired outcomes. Integration refers to the coordination and organization of various processes and functions within the body. Pattern maintenance involves the preservation of stability and balance in physiological processes.

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  • 28. 

    ________ the process in which a system receives internal or environmental responses to its behavior and, in turn, reacts to these received responses by accommodating and assimilating the energy/information received, by altering the systems structure, and then engaging in altered exchanges of energy/information. It is a specific form of feedback, in which a systems output becomes input that modifies the systems functioning.  That is, the systems own behavior supplies stimuli for system modification. 2010 Romantic “It’s Complicated”.

    Correct Answer
    feedback loops
    feed back loops
    feedback loop
    feed back loop
    Explanation
    The given correct answer is "feedback loops, feed back loops, feedback loop, feed back loop". This refers to the process in which a system receives responses to its behavior and reacts to these responses by accommodating and assimilating the energy/information received. It involves altering the system's structure and engaging in altered exchanges of energy/information. This process is a specific form of feedback, where the system's output becomes input that modifies its functioning. The answer options provided are variations of the term "feedback loop" and accurately describe this process.

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  • Current Version
  • Mar 22, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Jan 22, 2012
    Quiz Created by
    Mlondono731

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