Human Anatomy &physiology Chapter 8

52 Questions | Total Attempts: 251

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Human Anatomy &physiology Chapter 8

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Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    Site where two or more bones meet
  • 2. 
    ¢  Based on amount of movement allowed by the joint ¢  Three functional classifications:_________ - immovable
  • 3. 
    ¢  Based on amount of movement allowed by the joint ¢  Three functional classifications:________________- slightly immovable
  • 4. 
    ¢  Based on amount of movement allowed by the joint ¢  Three functional classifications:_____________- freely moveable
  • 5. 
    ¢  Based on material binding bones together and whether or not a joint cavity is present ¢  Three structural classifications:Name Three? ABC order
  • 6. 
    Joint held together with very short, interconnecting fibers, and bone edges interlock. Found only in the skull.
  • 7. 
    Joint held together by a ligament. Fibrous tissue can vary in length, but  is longer than in sutures.
  • 8. 
    “Peg in socket” fibrous joint. Periodontal ligament holds tooth in socket.  
  • 9. 
    ¢  A bar or plate of hyaline cartilage unites the bones
  • 10. 
    ¢  Hyaline cartilage covers the articulating surfaces and is fused to an intervening pad of fibrocartilage ¢  Strong, flexible amphiarthroses Bones united by fibrocartilage
  • 11. 
    ¢  All are diarthrotic ¢  Include all limb joints; most joints of the body
  • 12. 
    —  Outer fibrous capsule of dense irregular connective tissue —  Inner synovial membrane of loose connective tissue
  • 13. 
    —  Viscous slippery filtrate of plasma + hyaluronic acid —  Lubricates and nourishes articular cartilage  
  • 14. 
    —  Flattened, fibrous sacs lined with synovial membranes —  Contain synovial fluid —  Commonly act as “ball bearings” where ligaments, muscles, skin, tendons, or bones rub together
  • 15. 
      —  Elongated bursa that wraps completely around a tendon
  • 16. 
    ¢  Muscle contraction causes the insertion to move toward the origin
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 17. 
    Origin - attachment to the movable bone
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 18. 
    Insertion - attachment to the immovable bone
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 19. 
    The wrists move in what type of movement?
  • 20. 
    Movements that occur along the frontal plane: ¢ ______________ - movement away from the midline
  • 21. 
    Movements that occur along the frontal plane: _____________—movement toward the midline
  • 22. 
    Movements that occur along the frontal plane: ¢  ____________—flexion + abduction + extension + adduction of a limb so as to describe a cone in space  
  • 23. 
    Angular MovementsMovements that occur along the sagittal plane: ¢  _________—decreases the angle of the joint
  • 24. 
    Angular MovementsMovements that occur along the sagittal plane: ¢  _____________— increases the angle of the joint
  • 25. 
    Angular Movements Movements that occur along the sagittal plane: ¢ ____________—excessive extension beyond normal range of motion
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