The History Of Motion Pictures Knowledge Test

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Motion pictures have evolved as technology has grown and changed since their advent. Motion pictures started in the 1890s. They were just motion pictures that focused on the movement of the actors. Motion pictures have traveled a long path since then. You should know things like who discovered the editing principle upon which montage theory is based. This quiz concentrates on the early history of motion pictures. Good luck to you.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Which of the following is not one of the elements contained in the continuity, according to Jason Staiger?

    • A. 

      The entire cost of the film, which is analyzed in a standard accounting format.

    • B. 

      A cast of characters that lists the roles for the story.

    • C. 

      A list of all intertitles and an indication as to where they are to be inserted in the final print.

    • D. 

      The script itself. Each scene is numbered consecutively and its location is given.

    • E. 

      A detail shooting schedule, complete with calendar dates and start times.

    • F. 

      A location page that lists all exterior and interior sites along with their scene numbers.

    • G. 

      A one-page synopsis.

    • H. 

      A cover page indicating who wrote the scenario, who directed the shooting, when shooting began and ended, when the film was shipped to the distributors, and when the film was released.

    Correct Answer
    E. A detail shooting schedule, complete with calendar dates and start times.
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "A detail shooting schedule, complete with calendar dates and start times." This is because a shooting schedule is not considered an element of continuity in filmmaking. Continuity refers to the consistency and coherence of the story, characters, and visual elements throughout the film. While a shooting schedule is important for planning and organizing the production process, it does not directly contribute to the continuity of the film.

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  • 2. 

    The Kinetograph set many permanent standards for motion picture cameras. Which of the following did not go on to become a standard in the industry?

    • A. 

      35mm film

    • B. 

      48fps

    • C. 

      4 sprocket hole

    Correct Answer
    B. 48fps
    Explanation
    The Kinetograph set many permanent standards for motion picture cameras, but one of the features that did not go on to become a standard in the industry was the 48fps (frames per second) frame rate. While 35mm film and 4 sprocket holes did become standard in the industry, the use of 48fps as a frame rate did not gain widespread adoption.

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  • 3. 

    German Expression is principally concerned with realism.

    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    German Expression is not principally concerned with realism. German Expressionism was an art movement that emerged in the early 20th century, characterized by the use of bold colors, distorted forms, and exaggerated emotions. It aimed to express subjective feelings and emotions rather than depict reality accurately. Therefore, the statement that German Expression is principally concerned with realism is incorrect.

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  • 4. 

    The Great Train Robbery is notable both for its use of cross-cutting and for its use of simple pans and tilts.

    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    The statement is true because The Great Train Robbery, a 1903 American silent short film, is indeed notable for its use of cross-cutting and simple pans and tilts. Cross-cutting refers to the technique of alternating between two or more scenes happening simultaneously, creating tension and building suspense. The film effectively uses this technique during the train robbery sequence. Additionally, the film employs simple pans and tilts, which are basic camera movements that help to capture the action and enhance the storytelling. These techniques were groundbreaking at the time and contributed to the film's significance in cinematic history.

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  • 5. 

    ... was the first film to spur a public out-cry and calls for censorship but was, nevertheless, extremely popular with audiences.

    • A. 

      The Birth of a Nation for its blatant racism.

    • B. 

      The Kiss for its scandalous on-screen sensuality.

    • C. 

      Boxing Cats for its abhorrent treatment of animals.

    • D. 

      Battleship Potemkin for its unfettered violence.

    Correct Answer
    B. The Kiss for its scandalous on-screen sensuality.
    Explanation
    The correct answer is The Kiss for its scandalous on-screen sensuality. This film was the first to generate public outcry and calls for censorship due to its provocative and scandalous portrayal of sensuality. Despite the controversy, it was still highly popular among audiences, indicating a fascination with the taboo and a desire for more explicit content in films.

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  • 6. 

    Carl Mayer is principally known for his contributions to Kammerspielfilm.

    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Carl Mayer is indeed principally known for his contributions to Kammerspielfilm. Kammerspielfilm, meaning "chamber play film" in German, was a style of filmmaking that emerged in the 1920s in Germany. It focused on intimate, character-driven stories set in realistic and often claustrophobic settings. Mayer, along with director Joe May, is credited with coining the term "Kammerspielfilm" and popularizing this style of filmmaking. Some of his notable works in this genre include "The Cabinet of Dr. Caligari" (1920) and "The Last Laugh" (1924). Therefore, the statement "Carl Mayer is principally known for his contributions to Kammerspielfilm" is true.

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  • 7. 

    Eadward Muybridge invented a photographic gun capable of rapidly exposing twelve images onto a circular glass plate.

    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    Eadward Muybridge did not invent a photographic gun capable of rapidly exposing twelve images onto a circular glass plate. While Muybridge is known for his contributions to early photography and motion studies, this specific invention does not exist in his body of work. Therefore, the correct answer is false.

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  • 8. 

    In which system of production management did the continuity script emerge as a tool through which the costs of production could be controlled?

    • A. 

      Cameraman System

    • B. 

      Director System

    • C. 

      Director-Unit System

    • D. 

      Central Producer System

    Correct Answer
    D. Central Producer System
    Explanation
    The continuity script emerged as a tool through which the costs of production could be controlled in the Central Producer System. This system involves a central producer who oversees and manages the entire production process, including budgeting and cost control. The continuity script, which outlines the sequence of scenes and details important production elements, allows the central producer to have a clear understanding of the production requirements and make informed decisions to control costs effectively.

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  • 9. 

    This filmmaker was very innovative with his use of special effects but never recognized the limitations of his theatrical staging.

    • A. 

      Birt Acres

    • B. 

      Louis Lumiere

    • C. 

      W. K. L. Dickson

    • D. 

      D. W. Griffith

    • E. 

      Dziga Vertov

    • F. 

      George Melies

    • G. 

      Edwin S. Porter

    Correct Answer
    F. George Melies
    Explanation
    George Melies is the correct answer because he was a filmmaker known for his innovative use of special effects, particularly in his film "A Trip to the Moon" (1902). However, despite his groundbreaking techniques, Melies never fully recognized the limitations of his theatrical staging. This suggests that while he was ahead of his time in terms of visual effects, he may not have fully understood how to adapt his filmmaking style to the evolving medium of cinema.

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  • 10. 

    Who discovered the editing principle upon which montage theory is based?

    • A. 

      D. W. Griffith.

    • B. 

      Sergei Eisenstein.

    • C. 

      Dziga Vertov.

    • D. 

      Vsevolod Pudovkin.

    • E. 

      Lev Kuleshov.

    Correct Answer
    E. Lev Kuleshov.
    Explanation
    Lev Kuleshov is credited with discovering the editing principle upon which montage theory is based. This principle, known as the Kuleshov Effect, involves the juxtaposition of different shots to create meaning and evoke emotions in the audience. Kuleshov conducted an experiment where he showed the same neutral face of an actor combined with different shots of a plate of soup, a child in a coffin, and a woman on a divan. The audience attributed different emotions to the actor's face, depending on the shot that preceded it. This experiment demonstrated the power of editing in shaping the viewer's perception and became a foundational concept in montage theory.

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  • 11. 

    ... was the first copyrighted film in the U.S.

    • A. 

      Fred Ott's Sneeze.

    • B. 

      Monkeyshines.

    • C. 

      The Kiss.

    • D. 

      Workers Leaving the Factory.

    • E. 

      Dickson Greeting.

    Correct Answer
    A. Fred Ott's Sneeze.
    Explanation
    Fred Ott's Sneeze is considered to be the first copyrighted film in the U.S. This film, produced by Thomas Edison's company in 1894, features Fred Ott, an employee of Edison's laboratory, sneezing. It is a short, 5-second film that was recorded using the Kinetograph, an early motion picture camera. The copyright for this film was registered on January 9, 1894, making it the earliest known copyrighted film in the United States.

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  • 12. 

    ... is the first true motion picture camera.

    • A. 

      Mutoscope

    • B. 

      Vitagraph

    • C. 

      Kinetoscope

    • D. 

      Cinematographe

    • E. 

      Vitascope

    • F. 

      Kinetographe

    Correct Answer
    F. Kinetographe
    Explanation
    The correct answer is the Kinetographe. The Kinetographe was the first true motion picture camera developed by Thomas Edison and William Kennedy Dickson in 1891. It was a hand-cranked device that used photographic film to capture and project moving images. The Kinetographe was a significant breakthrough in the history of cinema, as it allowed for the creation of longer films and paved the way for the development of the modern motion picture industry. Other options listed, such as the Mutoscope, Vitagraph, Kinetoscope, Cinematographe, and Vitascope, were important early film technologies, but none of them were the first true motion picture camera.

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  • 13. 

    ... was the first copyrighted film in the U.S.

    • A. 

      Fred Ott's Sneeze

    • B. 

      Monkeyshines

    • C. 

      The Kiss

    • D. 

      Workers Leaving the Factory

    • E. 

      Dickson Greeting

    Correct Answer
    A. Fred Ott's Sneeze
    Explanation
    Fred Ott's Sneeze is considered the first copyrighted film in the U.S. because it was the first film to be registered for copyright protection with the United States Copyright Office. This short film, created by Thomas Edison's laboratory in 1894, features Fred Ott, an employee of Edison, sneezing. It was a simple and humorous film that showcased the early experimentation with motion pictures. By registering the film for copyright, Edison's laboratory established the legal protection and ownership of their creation, making it the first copyrighted film in the U.S.

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  • 14. 

    Which form of montage, according to Eisenstein, "is distinguishable from tonal montage by the collective calculation of all the piece's appeals"?

    • A. 

      Intellectual

    • B. 

      Overtonal

    • C. 

      Metric

    • D. 

      Rhythmic

    Correct Answer
    B. Overtonal
    Explanation
    According to Eisenstein, overtonal montage is distinguishable from tonal montage by the collective calculation of all the piece's appeals. This means that overtonal montage considers the overall effect and impact of the different elements in a montage, taking into account their combined appeal to the audience. In contrast, tonal montage focuses more on the individual emotional impact of each element. Therefore, overtonal montage involves a more comprehensive and strategic approach in creating a montage.

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  • 15. 

    The dramatic improvement in image quality between Monkeyshines and Dickson Greeting is due primarily to:

    • A. 

      A higher frame rate

    • B. 

      A better camera lens

    • C. 

      Shifting from a cylindar system to Kodak system

    • D. 

      Shifting from 70mm to 35mm

    Correct Answer
    C. Shifting from a cylindar system to Kodak system
    Explanation
    The dramatic improvement in image quality between Monkeyshines and Dickson Greeting is primarily due to shifting from a cylinder system to the Kodak system. This change in technology allowed for better image capture and reproduction, resulting in a significant improvement in the overall quality of the film.

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  • 16. 

    According to Tom Gunning, the defining characteristic of the cinema of attractions is:

    • A. 

      Narrative

    • B. 

      Realism

    • C. 

      Intellectualism

    • D. 

      Exhibitionism

    Correct Answer
    D. Exhibitionism
    Explanation
    According to Tom Gunning, the defining characteristic of the cinema of attractions is exhibitionism. This means that the focus of this type of cinema is on showcasing and highlighting visual spectacle, special effects, and thrilling or sensational elements to captivate and entertain the audience. Unlike traditional narrative-driven cinema, the cinema of attractions prioritizes the immediate impact and visual appeal of the film rather than a complex storyline or intellectual depth. It aims to create a sense of wonder and awe through its exhibitionistic approach.

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  • 17. 

    ... applied Taylor’s scientific management theories to film production and created the continuity script.

    • A. 

      Sennett

    • B. 

      Edison

    • C. 

      Acres

    • D. 

      Ince

    • E. 

      Griffith

    Correct Answer
    D. Ince
    Explanation
    Ince is the correct answer because he applied Taylor's scientific management theories to film production and created the continuity script. This means that Ince utilized Taylor's principles of efficiency and organization in order to streamline the filmmaking process and ensure continuity in the final product. This innovation had a significant impact on the film industry and is attributed to Ince.

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  • 18. 

    According Eisenstein himself, Strike compares the deaths of striking workers to the slaughter of cattle for what purposes?

    • A. 

      To avoid overacting among the extras

    • B. 

      To excise from such a serious scene the inevitable falseness that results from staged death scenes.

    • C. 

      The extract the maximum effect of bloody horror

    • D. 

      All of the above

    Correct Answer
    D. All of the above
    Explanation
    Eisenstein himself stated that the purpose of comparing the deaths of striking workers to the slaughter of cattle in Strike was to avoid overacting among the extras, to eliminate the inevitable falseness that arises from staged death scenes, and to extract the maximum effect of bloody horror.

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  • 19. 

    What invention (the patent for which is eventually purchased by Biograph) helped usher in an era of longer films?

    • A. 

      Mutoscope

    • B. 

      Vitascope

    • C. 

      Latham Loop

    • D. 

      Nickelodeon

    • E. 

      Persistence of Vision

    • F. 

      Montage

    Correct Answer
    C. Latham Loop
    Explanation
    The Latham Loop is the correct answer because it refers to a mechanism that was invented by William and Gray Latham in 1895. The Latham Loop allowed film projectors to run longer films without breaking or tearing the film. This invention was eventually purchased by Biograph, a film production company, and helped usher in an era of longer films by ensuring the smooth and uninterrupted projection of films.

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  • 20. 

    Phi Phenomena causes the human brain to see movement between two static images.

    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    The statement is true because the Phi Phenomenon is a psychological phenomenon that causes the human brain to perceive movement between two static images. This is often seen in animations or movies where a series of still images are presented in quick succession, giving the illusion of movement. The Phi Phenomenon is a result of the brain's ability to fill in gaps and make sense of visual stimuli, creating the perception of motion.

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  • 21. 

    When viewing a sequence of static images, the human brain perceives the illusion of movement at:

    • A. 

      24 fps

    • B. 

      16 fps

    • C. 

      70 fps

    • D. 

      48 fps

    Correct Answer
    B. 16 fps
    Explanation
    The human brain perceives the illusion of movement at 16 fps when viewing a sequence of static images. This is because the brain needs a minimum frame rate of 16 frames per second to perceive smooth motion. Anything below this frame rate may result in a flickering or choppy appearance.

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  • 22. 

    The climactic conclusion of The Birth of a Nation depicts the KKK riding to the rescue of former slaves being attacked by Reconstructionists.

    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    The climactic conclusion of The Birth of a Nation does not depict the KKK riding to the rescue of former slaves being attacked by Reconstructionists. In fact, the movie glorifies the KKK and portrays them as heroes who save the South from the Reconstruction period. This portrayal is highly controversial and historically inaccurate, as the KKK was a racist and violent organization that targeted African Americans. The movie's depiction of the KKK contributed to the perpetuation of racial stereotypes and the normalization of racism.

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  • 23. 

    To what does "it" refer in the following sentence by Bazin: "That it implies, consequently, both a more active mental attitude on the part of the spectator and a more positive contribution on his part to the action in progress."

    • A. 

      Deep focus cinematography

    • B. 

      Silent film

    • C. 

      Montage filmmaking

    • D. 

      Sound film

    Correct Answer
    A. Deep focus cinematography
    Explanation
    In the given sentence by Bazin, "it" refers to "deep focus cinematography". The sentence suggests that deep focus cinematography requires a more active mental attitude from the spectator and a more positive contribution from their part to the action in progress.

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  • 24. 

    Who was the first true "celebrity" movie star, known to the public by his or her real name?

    • A. 

      Florence Lawrence

    • B. 

      Buster Keaton

    • C. 

      Charlie Chaplin

    • D. 

      Al Jolson

    • E. 

      Mary Picford

    Correct Answer
    A. Florence Lawrence
    Explanation
    Florence Lawrence was the first true "celebrity" movie star known to the public by her real name. She gained fame in the early 1900s and was one of the first actors to be publicly recognized and acknowledged by audiences. She was a popular and influential figure in the early days of silent films, paving the way for the concept of movie stars as we know them today.

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  • 25. 

    U.S. vs. Universal is a 1948 Supreme Court case that lead to the end of the studio system.

    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    The statement is false. The U.S. vs. Universal case did not lead to the end of the studio system. The case was actually about antitrust violations by the major film studios, including Universal, which led to a consent decree that required the studios to divest themselves of their theater chains. While this case did have an impact on the industry, it did not directly result in the end of the studio system.

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  • 26. 

    Some form of synchronized sound pictures dates back to the early work of Edison and Dickson.

    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    The statement is true because synchronized sound pictures did indeed exist in the early work of Edison and Dickson. Edison and his team developed the Kinetophone, which synchronized sound recordings with moving pictures, in the late 19th century. This early form of synchronized sound pictures laid the foundation for the development of sound in motion pictures in the following decades.

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  • 27. 

    Charlie Chaplin founded the Keystone studio, famous for the “Keystone Kops”. 

    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    Charlie Chaplin did not found the Keystone studio. The Keystone studio was actually founded by Mack Sennett in 1912. Charlie Chaplin joined Keystone in 1913 as an actor and quickly became one of the studio's most popular and successful stars. However, he did not have any involvement in the founding of the studio.

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  • 28. 

    Vertical integration refers to a studio controlling distribution and exhibition of its films.

    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Vertical integration refers to a studio controlling distribution and exhibition of its films. This means that the studio not only produces the films but also handles their distribution and exhibition. By doing so, the studio has complete control over the entire process, from production to screening. This can be beneficial for the studio as it allows them to maximize profits and have more control over the release and marketing of their films. Therefore, the statement "Vertical integration refers to a studio controlling distribution and exhibition of its films" is true.

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  • 29. 

    Chaplin's CITY LIGHTS has no dialogue because it was released before the introduction of synchronized sound in Hollywood.

    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    The statement is false. Chaplin's CITY LIGHTS does have dialogue, even though it was released before the introduction of synchronized sound in Hollywood. The film uses intertitles, which are text screens that appear throughout the movie to convey dialogue and important information to the audience. This was a common technique used in silent films to provide dialogue and narration. Therefore, the film does have dialogue, just not in the form of synchronized sound.

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  • 30. 

    Phonofilm ...

    • A. 

      Was Edison's sound system that connected the projector to a phonograph via a system of pulleys.

    • B. 

      Was the sound-on-film system created by Lee De Forest.

    • C. 

      Was the sound-on-disc system used to create THE JAZZ SINGER.

    Correct Answer
    B. Was the sound-on-film system created by Lee De Forest.
    Explanation
    Phonofilm refers to the sound-on-film system created by Lee De Forest. This system allowed for synchronized sound to be recorded directly onto the film strip, eliminating the need for a separate phonograph or sound-on-disc system. This innovation revolutionized the film industry by enabling the production of "talkies," films with synchronized sound.

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  • 31. 

    Color TINTING involves dipping an already developed positive print into dye that colors the darker portions of the image.

    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    The given statement is false. Color tinting actually involves applying dye to a black and white photograph to add color to specific areas of the image, rather than dipping a developed positive print into dye.

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  • 32. 

    Which film is notable for its spare dialogue and action sequences shot silently with sound effects added in post?

    • A. 

      M

    • B. 

      King Kong

    • C. 

      All Quiet on the Western Front

    • D. 

      The Lights of New York

    • E. 

      Wizard of Oz

    Correct Answer
    C. All Quiet on the Western Front
    Explanation
    "All Quiet on the Western Front" is notable for its spare dialogue and action sequences shot silently with sound effects added in post. This means that the film has minimal dialogue and relies more on visual storytelling and action sequences. The action sequences were filmed without sound, and the sound effects were added later during the post-production process. This technique may have been used to create a more realistic and immersive experience for the audience, allowing them to focus on the visuals and the emotional impact of the story.

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  • 33. 

    ... is considered the first ALL-TALKING feature film.

    • A. 

      The Lights of New York

    • B. 

      The Jazz Singer

    • C. 

      All Quiet on the Western Front

    • D. 

      Don Juan

    • E. 

      City Lights

    Correct Answer
    A. The Lights of New York
    Explanation
    "The Lights of New York" is considered the first all-talking feature film because it was the first film to use synchronized sound throughout the entire movie. Released in 1928, it marked a significant milestone in the film industry, as it paved the way for the transition from silent films to "talkies." This film revolutionized the way movies were made and experienced, setting the stage for the future of cinema.

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  • 34. 

    Which film is notable for utilizing a subtle sound element (whistling) to drive a major plot development?

    • A. 

      The Lights of New York

    • B. 

      Gone With the Wind

    • C. 

      M

    • D. 

      King Kong

    • E. 

      All Quiet on the Western Front

    Correct Answer
    C. M
    Explanation
    The film "M" is notable for utilizing a subtle sound element (whistling) to drive a major plot development. In the film, the whistling of a serial killer becomes a haunting and suspenseful motif that creates tension and drives the narrative forward. The sound of the whistle serves as a chilling reminder of the killer's presence and adds an eerie atmosphere to the film.

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  • 35. 

    In 1913, Edison introduced a synchronized sound system that connected the projector with a phonograph via a system of pulleys. He called this system:

    • A. 

      Vitagraph

    • B. 

      Movietone

    • C. 

      Kinetophone

    • D. 

      Vitaphone

    Correct Answer
    C. Kinetophone
    Explanation
    Edison introduced a synchronized sound system in 1913 that connected the projector with a phonograph via a system of pulleys. This system was called the Kinetophone.

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  • 36. 

    Chaplin's "Tramp" character is best known for his steady, unshakable demeanor in the face of every obstacle. 

    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    Chaplin's "Tramp" character is not best known for his steady, unshakable demeanor in the face of every obstacle. In fact, the character is often portrayed as bumbling, clumsy, and easily flustered by the challenges he encounters. His reactions to obstacles are typically comedic and exaggerated, showcasing his vulnerability and the chaotic nature of his circumstances.

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  • 37. 

    Which of the following is not a major stylistic mark of CITIZEN KANE?

    • A. 

      Shallow focus

    • B. 

      Low angle shots

    • C. 

      Fractured narrative

    • D. 

      Impressive sound design

    • E. 

      Stark contrast in lighting

    Correct Answer
    A. Shallow focus
    Explanation
    Shallow focus is not a major stylistic mark of CITIZEN KANE. The film is known for its innovative use of deep focus, where both the foreground and background are in sharp focus. This technique allows for greater visual depth and detail, which is a significant stylistic element in the film.

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  • 38. 

    Warner Bros. used this sound-on-disc system to produce THE JAZZ SINGER.

    • A. 

      Movietone

    • B. 

      Kinetophone

    • C. 

      Phonofilm

    • D. 

      Vitaphone

    Correct Answer
    D. Vitaphone
    Explanation
    Warner Bros. used the Vitaphone sound-on-disc system to produce THE JAZZ SINGER. Vitaphone was a sound-on-disc system developed by Western Electric and Warner Bros. It synchronized sound recordings with the film, allowing for the inclusion of synchronized music and sound effects. THE JAZZ SINGER was the first feature-length motion picture with synchronized sound, marking a significant milestone in the history of cinema.

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  • 39. 

    HUAC was the self-censoring body for the Hollywood studios, in charge of enforcing the Motion Picture Production Code. 

    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    The correct answer is False. HUAC, or the House Un-American Activities Committee, was not the self-censoring body for the Hollywood studios. It was a congressional committee that investigated alleged communist activities in the entertainment industry during the 1940s and 1950s. The self-censoring body for the Hollywood studios was the Production Code Administration, which enforced the Motion Picture Production Code.

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  • 40. 

    What is the name of the company Chaplin started with fellow celebrities Mary Pickford, Douglas Fairbanks, and D. W. Griffith?

    • A. 

      Triangle

    • B. 

      RKO

    • C. 

      Keystone

    • D. 

      United Artists

    • E. 

      MGM

    Correct Answer
    D. United Artists
    Explanation
    Chaplin started a company called United Artists with fellow celebrities Mary Pickford, Douglas Fairbanks, and D. W. Griffith. This company was founded in 1919 and was formed to give the artists more control over their work and the profits it generated. United Artists became a successful and influential film studio, producing and distributing many notable films throughout its history.

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  • 41. 

    In which film does the protagonist daydream about stepping up onto the screen and becoming part of a movie?

    • A. 

      City Lights

    • B. 

      The General

    • C. 

      Man With a Movie Camera

    • D. 

      The Jazz Singer

    • E. 

      Sherlock, Jr.

    Correct Answer
    E. Sherlock, Jr.
    Explanation
    In the film "Sherlock, Jr.", the protagonist daydreams about stepping up onto the screen and becoming part of a movie. This is evident from the title character's vivid imagination and his ability to physically enter the world of the film he is watching. The film explores the theme of escapism and blurs the line between reality and fantasy, making it a fitting choice for the correct answer.

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  • 42. 

    From 1924-25, Hitchcock served as an art director for which organization?

    • A. 

      SCAP

    • B. 

      Ufa

    • C. 

      United Artists

    • D. 

      Cinecitta

    Correct Answer
    B. Ufa
    Explanation
    Hitchcock served as an art director for Ufa from 1924-25.

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  • 43. 

    Who co-wrote Breathless and first advocated for auteur theory in his essay, "A Certain Tendency in the French Cinema"?

    • A. 

      Truffaut

    • B. 

      Zavattini

    • C. 

      Godard

    • D. 

      Bazin

    Correct Answer
    A. Truffaut
    Explanation
    Truffaut is the correct answer because he co-wrote the film Breathless and also wrote the essay "A Certain Tendency in the French Cinema" where he first advocated for auteur theory.

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  • 44. 

    Identify the source of this statement: "Human beings are unable to be honest with themselves about themselves. They cannot talk about themselves without embellishing. This script portrays such human beings -- the kind who cannot survive without lies to make them feel they are better people than they really are."

    • A. 

      Zavattini discussing the script for Bicycle Theives

    • B. 

      Kurosawa discusses Roshomon

    • C. 

      Truffaut discussing his script for Breathless

    • D. 

      Hitchcock discussing Vertigo

    Correct Answer
    B. Kurosawa discusses Roshomon
  • 45. 

    Bicycle Thieves, directed by Roberto Rossellini within months after the Allied liberation of Rome, inspired the beginning of the neorealist movement.

    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    The given statement is false. Bicycle Thieves was not directed by Roberto Rossellini but by Vittorio De Sica. While the film is considered a masterpiece of Italian neorealism, it did not inspire the beginning of the neorealist movement. The movement had already begun in the late 1940s with films like Rome, Open City (directed by Rossellini) and Paisan. Bicycle Thieves, released in 1948, was one of the most significant films of the neorealist movement, but it did not initiate it.

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  • 46. 

    Hitchcock's leading ladies were typically emotionally warm, morally pure brunettes.

    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    Hitchcock's leading ladies were not typically emotionally warm and morally pure brunettes. This statement implies that Hitchcock often casted brunettes in his films who were emotionally warm and morally pure, which is not true. Hitchcock's leading ladies were often portrayed as complex and mysterious characters, and their moral purity or warmth varied depending on the role. Additionally, Hitchcock worked with actresses of different hair colors, not just brunettes. Therefore, the correct answer is false.

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  • 47. 

    In which film does Hitchcock use the closing image of a train entering a tunnel as a symbol for sex?

    • A. 

      Vertigo

    • B. 

      North by Northwest

    • C. 

      Rebecca

    • D. 

      Psycho

    Correct Answer
    B. North by Northwest
    Explanation
    In the film "North by Northwest," Hitchcock uses the closing image of a train entering a tunnel as a symbol for sex. This closing shot suggests a sexual encounter between the two main characters, as the train entering the tunnel represents the act of penetration. This use of symbolism adds a layer of intrigue and sensuality to the film's ending, highlighting Hitchcock's mastery in creating suspense and conveying hidden meanings through visual imagery.

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  • 48. 

    Which of the following is not a major trait of Hitchcock’s work?

    • A. 

      Encouraging a collaborative “method” style of performance from his actors

    • B. 

      Appearing in a small cameo role

    • C. 

      Chronological shooting

    • D. 

      Detailed screenplays and storyboards

    Correct Answer
    A. Encouraging a collaborative “method” style of performance from his actors
    Explanation
    Hitchcock's work is known for several major traits, such as appearing in a small cameo role, chronological shooting, and detailed screenplays and storyboards. However, one major trait that is not associated with Hitchcock's work is encouraging a collaborative "method" style of performance from his actors. Hitchcock was known for his meticulous planning and control over every aspect of his films, including the performances of his actors. He preferred to have complete control over the performances and did not encourage improvisation or collaborative input from his actors.

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  • 49. 

    Which foreign filmmaker is well known for having been influenced by classic Westerns and subsequently influenced future films in that genre?

    • A. 

      Vittorio De Sica

    • B. 

      FW Murnau

    • C. 

      Akira Kurosawa

    • D. 

      Roberto Rosselini

    • E. 

      Alfred Hitchcock

    Correct Answer
    C. Akira Kurosawa
    Explanation
    Akira Kurosawa is well known for being influenced by classic Westerns and subsequently influencing future films in that genre. Kurosawa's films often incorporated elements of Western storytelling and cinematography, such as wide shots and epic landscapes. His film "Seven Samurai" in particular, which is often considered a masterpiece, drew inspiration from Western films like "The Magnificent Seven." Kurosawa's influence on the Western genre can be seen in the works of directors like Sergio Leone and Quentin Tarantino, who have cited him as a major influence.

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  • 50. 

    Most of the French New Wave directors began as filmmakers first and later became film critics.

    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    The statement is false because most of the French New Wave directors actually began as film critics before becoming filmmakers. They were part of the Cahiers du Cinéma, a French film magazine, where they wrote extensively about films and developed their theories on cinema. It was their background as film critics that influenced their filmmaking style and led to the innovative and unconventional techniques that characterized the French New Wave movement.

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