Can You Pass This Health Vocabulary Test?

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Can You Pass This Health Vocabulary Test? - Quiz

Vocabularies vary with the different subjects in which one is operating in. Below are some of the words we got to cover in from Chapter 7 so far. Take it up and see if you can identify the correct definition for each term before we move on to chapter 8. All the best, and come back for the quiz in section 8.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    What is a sudden attack of unconciousness or uncontrolled body movement?

    • A.

      Immunization

    • B.

      Seizure

    • C.

      Cancer

    • D.

      Diabetes

    Correct Answer
    B. Seizure
    Explanation
    A seizure is a sudden attack of unconsciousness or uncontrolled body movement. During a seizure, there is a temporary disturbance in brain function, which can cause a variety of symptoms such as convulsions, loss of consciousness, and involuntary movements. Seizures can be caused by various factors, including epilepsy, brain injury, infections, and certain medical conditions. Treatment for seizures typically involves medication to control and prevent future episodes.

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  • 2. 

    What is a hormone that helps the body cells take sugar from the blood?

    • A.

      Tumor

    • B.

      Hepatitis

    • C.

      Insulin

    • D.

      White Blood Cells

    Correct Answer
    C. Insulin
    Explanation
    Insulin is a hormone that helps the body cells take sugar from the blood. It is produced by the pancreas and plays a crucial role in regulating blood sugar levels. Insulin binds to receptors on the surface of cells, allowing them to take in glucose from the bloodstream and use it for energy or store it for later use. Without insulin, the cells would be unable to effectively utilize glucose, leading to high blood sugar levels and potentially causing diabetes.

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  • 3. 

    What are diseases that affect a person for a long time?

    • A.

      Acute

    • B.

      Chronic

    • C.

      Measles

    • D.

      Chicken Pox

    Correct Answer
    B. Chronic
    Explanation
    Chronic diseases are conditions that persist over a long period of time, often for months or years. Unlike acute diseases, which have a sudden onset and short duration, chronic diseases develop slowly and may worsen over time. Examples of chronic diseases include diabetes, heart disease, and arthritis. These conditions require ongoing medical management and can significantly impact a person's quality of life.

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  • 4. 

    What are diseases that affect a person for only a short time?

    • A.

      Chronic

    • B.

      Antibodies

    • C.

      Sickle Cell Anemia

    • D.

      Acute

    Correct Answer
    D. Acute
    Explanation
    Acute diseases are those that affect a person for only a short time. Unlike chronic diseases, which last for a longer duration, acute diseases have a sudden onset and typically resolve within a few days or weeks. Examples of acute diseases include the flu, common cold, and acute bronchitis. These diseases often have distinct symptoms and can be treated effectively with medication or rest.

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  • 5. 

    The giving of vaccines to people to prevent them from getting diseases is ___________.

    • A.

      DTP

    • B.

      Boosters

    • C.

      Immunization

    • D.

      Resistance

    Correct Answer
    C. Immunization
    Explanation
    Immunization refers to the process of administering vaccines to individuals in order to protect them from contracting diseases. It involves the introduction of weakened or inactive forms of pathogens into the body, which stimulates the immune system to produce antibodies. These antibodies provide immunity against specific diseases, preventing individuals from getting sick when they come into contact with the actual pathogens. Immunization is a crucial public health measure that has significantly reduced the incidence of many infectious diseases worldwide.

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  • 6. 

    What is your body's natural ability to fight pathogens on it's own?

    • A.

      Immunity

    • B.

      Resistance

    • C.

      Pathogens

    • D.

      Skin Cancer

    Correct Answer
    B. Resistance
    Explanation
    Resistance refers to the body's natural ability to fight pathogens on its own. It involves various mechanisms such as the production of antibodies, activation of immune cells, and the ability of immune cells to recognize and destroy pathogens. This innate defense system helps protect the body from infections and diseases caused by pathogens.

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  • 7. 

    What is a medicine that can give you immunity to a disease?

    • A.

      Antibiotic

    • B.

      Vaccine

    • C.

      Bacteria

    • D.

      Virus

    Correct Answer
    B. Vaccine
    Explanation
    A vaccine is a medicine that can provide immunity against a disease. It stimulates the immune system to produce antibodies, which can recognize and fight off the disease-causing agents. Unlike antibiotics, which are used to treat bacterial infections, vaccines are preventive measures that help the body develop immunity before exposure to the disease. Bacteria and viruses are disease-causing agents, but they are not medicines that can provide immunity.

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  • 8. 

    What is a medicine that kills certain organisms, especially bacteria?

    • A.

      Immunity

    • B.

      White Blood Cells

    • C.

      Antibiotic

    • D.

      Resisitance

    Correct Answer
    C. Antibiotic
    Explanation
    An antibiotic is a type of medicine that is specifically designed to kill or inhibit the growth of certain organisms, particularly bacteria. Antibiotics work by targeting specific structures or processes within bacteria that are essential for their survival, effectively disrupting their normal functioning and leading to their death. This distinguishes antibiotics from other options such as immunity or white blood cells, which are more general defense mechanisms of the body against various pathogens. Resistance refers to the ability of organisms to withstand the effects of antibiotics, which can be a concern in the treatment of bacterial infections.

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  • 9. 

    What are substances made by white blood cells to help fight pathogens?

    • A.

      Vaccine

    • B.

      Immunity

    • C.

      Symptoms

    • D.

      Antibodies

    Correct Answer
    D. Antibodies
    Explanation
    Antibodies are substances made by white blood cells to help fight pathogens. They are proteins that specifically recognize and bind to foreign substances, such as bacteria or viruses, in order to neutralize them and mark them for destruction by other immune cells. Antibodies play a crucial role in the immune response by targeting and eliminating harmful pathogens, thereby protecting the body from infections and diseases.

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  • 10. 

    What is the body's ability to remember how to make antibodies quickly?

    • A.

      Lifestyle

    • B.

      Scientists

    • C.

      Disease

    • D.

      Immunity

    Correct Answer
    D. Immunity
    Explanation
    The body's ability to remember how to make antibodies quickly is known as immunity. Immunity is the ability of the body to recognize and remember specific antigens, such as those from pathogens or vaccines, and mount a rapid and effective immune response against them. This memory response allows the body to quickly produce the necessary antibodies to neutralize the antigen and prevent or reduce the severity of the infection. Immunity can be acquired naturally through previous exposure to an antigen or artificially through vaccination.

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  • 11. 

    What is the the avoidance of behaviors that put your health at risk?

    • A.

      Fungi

    • B.

      Abstinence

    • C.

      Protozoa

    • D.

      Infections

    Correct Answer
    B. Abstinence
    Explanation
    Abstinence refers to the avoidance of behaviors that put your health at risk. It typically refers to abstaining from engaging in activities such as substance abuse, unprotected sex, or unhealthy habits that can have negative consequences on one's physical and mental well-being. By practicing abstinence, individuals can protect themselves from potential harm and maintain a healthier lifestyle.

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  • 12. 

    What are one celled organisms that cause Amebic Dysentry?

    • A.

      Viruses

    • B.

      Bacteria

    • C.

      Fungi

    • D.

      Protozoa

    Correct Answer
    D. Protozoa
    Explanation
    Protozoa are one-celled organisms that can cause amebic dysentery. Unlike viruses, bacteria, and fungi, protozoa are eukaryotic organisms that have a nucleus and other organelles. Some examples of protozoa that can cause amebic dysentery include Entamoeba histolytica. These organisms can infect the intestines and cause symptoms such as diarrhea, abdominal pain, and fever. Proper sanitation and hygiene practices are important in preventing the spread of protozoa and reducing the risk of amebic dysentery.

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  • 13. 

    What are small living things that cause Athlete's Foot?

    • A.

      Protozoa

    • B.

      Bacteria

    • C.

      Fungi

    • D.

      Cancer

    Correct Answer
    C. Fungi
    Explanation
    Fungi are small living organisms that can cause Athlete's Foot. Athlete's Foot is a fungal infection that commonly affects the feet. Fungi thrive in warm and moist environments, such as sweaty shoes or locker rooms. They can easily spread from person to person through direct contact or by touching contaminated surfaces. The symptoms of Athlete's Foot include itching, burning, redness, and peeling of the skin. Treatment typically involves antifungal medications to eliminate the infection and prevent its recurrence.

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  • 14. 

    What are one celled living things that cause strep throat, or pertussis?

    • A.

      Bacteria

    • B.

      Protozoa

    • C.

      Fungi

    • D.

      Viruses

    Correct Answer
    A. Bacteria
    Explanation
    Bacteria are one-celled living organisms that can cause strep throat or pertussis. They are microscopic and can be found in various environments. Bacteria can enter the body and cause infections, such as strep throat, by multiplying and releasing toxins. They can also be responsible for pertussis, also known as whooping cough, which is a highly contagious respiratory infection. Treatment for bacterial infections often involves antibiotics to kill or inhibit the growth of the bacteria.

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  • 15. 

    What are the amllest pathogens that cause colds, or chicken pox?

    • A.

      Protozoa

    • B.

      Viruses

    • C.

      Bacteria

    • D.

      Fungi

    Correct Answer
    B. Viruses
    Explanation
    Viruses are the smallest pathogens that cause colds or chickenpox. Unlike bacteria, fungi, or protozoa, viruses are not considered living organisms as they lack the ability to reproduce and carry out metabolic processes on their own. Instead, viruses invade host cells and hijack their machinery to replicate and cause infection. Due to their small size, viruses are able to easily enter and infect cells, leading to the symptoms associated with colds and chickenpox.

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  • 16. 

    What is the rapid growth of pathogens in the body?

    • A.

      Pathogens

    • B.

      Infection

    • C.

      Symptoms

    • D.

      Abstinence

    Correct Answer
    B. Infection
    Explanation
    The rapid growth of pathogens in the body refers to the process of pathogens multiplying and spreading quickly within the body, leading to an infection. When pathogens enter the body, they can reproduce rapidly and overwhelm the immune system, causing various symptoms and health problems. This rapid growth of pathogens is a crucial factor in the development and progression of infections.

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  • 17. 

    What are tiny organisms or viruses that cause diseases?

    • A.

      Symptoms

    • B.

      Infection

    • C.

      Flu

    • D.

      Pathogens

    Correct Answer
    D. Pathogens
    Explanation
    Pathogens are tiny organisms or viruses that cause diseases. They can infect the body and lead to various symptoms, such as flu-like symptoms or other signs of infection. Pathogens can enter the body through various means, such as through the air, contaminated food or water, or through direct contact with an infected person. Once inside the body, they can multiply and spread, causing illness and disease. Therefore, pathogens are the correct answer to the question.

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  • 18. 

    What are signs and feelings of an illness?

    • A.

      Chronic

    • B.

      Communicable disease

    • C.

      Symptoms

    • D.

      Death

    Correct Answer
    C. Symptoms
    Explanation
    The given answer, "Symptoms," is correct because symptoms are the signs and feelings that indicate the presence of an illness. Symptoms can vary depending on the type of illness but commonly include things like fever, cough, fatigue, headache, and body aches. They can be physical, such as pain or rash, or psychological, such as anxiety or depression. Recognizing and understanding symptoms is crucial for diagnosing and treating illnesses effectively.

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  • 19. 

    What are diseases that do not spread from person to person?

    • A.

      Communicable Diseases

    • B.

      Chicken Pox

    • C.

      Noncommunicable Diseases

    • D.

      Colds

    Correct Answer
    C. Noncommunicable Diseases
    Explanation
    Noncommunicable diseases are diseases that do not spread from person to person. Unlike communicable diseases, which can be transmitted through various means such as direct contact or through the air, noncommunicable diseases are typically caused by factors such as genetics, lifestyle choices, or environmental factors. Examples of noncommunicable diseases include heart disease, diabetes, and certain types of cancer. These diseases cannot be passed on from one person to another and are typically not contagious.

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  • 20. 

    What are diseases that can be spread from person to person?

    • A.

      Noncommunicable Diseases

    • B.

      Cancer

    • C.

      Diabetes

    • D.

      Communicable Diseases

    Correct Answer
    D. Communicable Diseases
    Explanation
    Communicable diseases are illnesses that can be transmitted from one person to another through various means such as direct contact, respiratory droplets, contaminated food or water, or vector-borne transmission. Examples of communicable diseases include the flu, tuberculosis, HIV/AIDS, measles, and COVID-19. Unlike noncommunicable diseases like cancer and diabetes, which are not contagious and cannot be spread from person to person, communicable diseases can easily pass from one individual to another, leading to outbreaks and epidemics if not properly controlled and prevented.

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Our quizzes are rigorously reviewed, monitored and continuously updated by our expert board to maintain accuracy, relevance, and timeliness.

  • Current Version
  • Nov 16, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Feb 18, 2010
    Quiz Created by
    Jennife.urbaez
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