Greek And Roman Gods And Goddesses Quiz

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Greek And Roman Gods And Goddesses Quiz - Quiz

Let's see how well you have been studying your Greek and Roman Gods and Goddesses! Remember, you will see these questions again. . . So pay attention. These could be in quick recall or in Arts and Humanities questions. I will give the Greek description with the Roman counterpart (if any). Guess the Greek God or Goddess.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    The Supreme God - (Roman - Jupiter)

    • A.

      Pan

    • B.

      Ares

    • C.

      Zeus

    • D.

      Adonis

    Correct Answer
    C. Zeus
    Explanation
    Zeus is the correct answer because he is the supreme god in Roman mythology, equivalent to Jupiter in Roman mythology. Pan, Ares, and Adonis are all gods in Greek mythology, but they do not hold the same level of supreme power as Zeus. Therefore, Zeus is the most fitting choice for the supreme god in this context.

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  • 2. 

    Greek Goddess of the Earth - (Roman - Earth)

    • A.

      Prometheus

    • B.

      Gaia

    • C.

      Uranus

    • D.

      Pandora

    Correct Answer
    B. Gaia
    Explanation
    Gaia is the correct answer because she is the Greek Goddess of the Earth. In Greek mythology, Gaia is considered the personification of the Earth and is the mother of all life. She is often depicted as a beautiful woman emerging from the earth and is associated with fertility and nurturing. In Roman mythology, the equivalent of Gaia is Terra, who is also the Goddess of the Earth.

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  • 3. 

    Stole fire from the Gods to warm human race.  Punished by Zeus - chained to a rock and his liver eaten by an eagle daily.

    • A.

      Pan

    • B.

      Nemesis

    • C.

      Ares

    • D.

      Prometheus

    Correct Answer
    D. Prometheus
    Explanation
    Prometheus is the correct answer because he stole fire from the Gods to benefit the human race. As a punishment, Zeus chained him to a rock where an eagle would eat his liver daily. This mythological tale highlights Prometheus' selflessness and his suffering for the sake of humanity.

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  • 4. 

    Created by Zeus, she is the first woman.  She opens a box that holds all that is evil and releases it on the world.  She closes the box before Hope escapes.

    • A.

      Hera

    • B.

      Pandora

    • C.

      Gaia

    • D.

      The Muses

    Correct Answer
    B. Pandora
    Explanation
    Pandora is the correct answer because the given information describes her mythological story accurately. According to Greek mythology, Pandora was created by Zeus and was the first woman. She opened a box that contained all the evils of the world and released them, but managed to close it before Hope could escape. This story explains the origin of human suffering and the existence of hope in the world.

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  • 5. 

    Goddess of Marriage and the wife of Zeus - (Roman - Juno)

    • A.

      Hera

    • B.

      Pandora

    • C.

      Aphrodite

    • D.

      Athena

    Correct Answer
    A. Hera
    Explanation
    Hera is the correct answer because she is known as the goddess of marriage and the wife of Zeus in Greek mythology. In Roman mythology, the equivalent goddess is Juno. Both Hera and Juno are associated with marriage, childbirth, and family. Pandora is known for opening a box that released all the evils into the world, Aphrodite is the goddess of love and beauty, and Athena is the goddess of wisdom and warfare.

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  • 6. 

    God of the shepards and forests - Goatlike creature with horns and tail - plays the pipes

    • A.

      Nemesis

    • B.

      Ares

    • C.

      Eros

    • D.

      Pan

    Correct Answer
    D. Pan
    Explanation
    Pan is the correct answer because he is the Greek god associated with shepherds and forests. He is often depicted as a goatlike creature with horns and a tail, and is known for his musical abilities, particularly playing the pipes. Nemesis, Ares, and Eros do not match the description given.

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  • 7. 

    Goddess of retribution and fate

    • A.

      Aphrodite

    • B.

      Nemesis

    • C.

      Athena

    • D.

      Hera

    Correct Answer
    B. Nemesis
    Explanation
    Nemesis is the correct answer because she is commonly known as the goddess of retribution and fate. In Greek mythology, Nemesis was responsible for ensuring that people received what they deserved based on their actions. She would punish those who were arrogant or had committed hubris, and she would also reward those who had been wronged. As the goddess of fate, she had the power to determine the destiny and fortune of individuals. Therefore, Nemesis fits the description of being the goddess of retribution and fate.

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  • 8. 

    Daughters of Zeus - associated with weavers of life - they would spin, measure, and cut (end) life's existence

    • A.

      Muses

    • B.

      Fates

    • C.

      Hera

    • D.

      Athena

    Correct Answer
    B. Fates
    Explanation
    The Fates, also known as the Moirai, were daughters of Zeus in Greek mythology. They were associated with weaving, symbolizing the weaving of life. The Fates were believed to control the destiny of every individual by spinning, measuring, and cutting the thread of life. They determined the length and quality of a person's life, and their decisions were considered final and irreversible. Therefore, the Fates are the correct answer as they are directly linked to the description given in the question.

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  • 9. 

    Daughters of Zeus - Goddesses of the Arts (music, writing, painting, sculpture, etc.)

    • A.

      Muses

    • B.

      Fates

    • C.

      Athena

    • D.

      Aphrodite

    Correct Answer
    A. Muses
    Explanation
    The Muses were the daughters of Zeus and were considered the goddesses of the arts, including music, writing, painting, sculpture, and more. They were believed to inspire creativity and provide inspiration to artists, musicians, and writers. The Muses were often depicted as a group of nine sisters, each overseeing a different artistic discipline. They were highly respected and revered in Greek mythology and were seen as a source of divine inspiration for artists of all kinds.

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  • 10. 

    God of War - (Roman - Mars)

    • A.

      Eros

    • B.

      Zeus

    • C.

      Apollo

    • D.

      Ares

    Correct Answer
    D. Ares
    Explanation
    Ares is the correct answer because the question is asking for the Roman equivalent of the Greek god of war, which is Mars. Ares is the Greek god of war, so he is the correct answer in this context.

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  • 11. 

    God of Love - (Roman - Cupid)

    • A.

      Ares

    • B.

      Pan

    • C.

      Eros

    • D.

      Adonis

    Correct Answer
    C. Eros
    Explanation
    Eros is the correct answer because he is the Greek god of love and desire, equivalent to the Roman god Cupid. In Greek mythology, Eros is often depicted as a young, handsome winged god who shoots arrows at people to make them fall in love. He is associated with passionate and romantic love, making him the most appropriate choice among the given options. Ares is the Greek god of war, Pan is the god of the wild and nature, and Adonis is a mortal youth loved by Aphrodite, not specifically associated with love itself.

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  • 12. 

    Goddess of Love - (Roman - Venus)

    • A.

      Hera

    • B.

      Aphrodite

    • C.

      Athena

    • D.

      Pandora

    Correct Answer
    B. Aphrodite
    Explanation
    Aphrodite is the correct answer because she is the Greek goddess of love and beauty. In Roman mythology, she is known as Venus. Hera is the Greek goddess of marriage and childbirth, Athena is the Greek goddess of wisdom and warfare, and Pandora is not a goddess but rather the first human woman in Greek mythology. Therefore, Aphrodite is the only option that matches the given description.

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  • 13. 

    Resurrection God - name has come to mean any beautiful young man

    • A.

      Apollo

    • B.

      Zeus

    • C.

      Hades

    • D.

      Adonis

    Correct Answer
    D. Adonis
    Explanation
    Adonis is the correct answer because in Greek mythology, Adonis was a handsome young man who was loved by Aphrodite, the goddess of love and beauty. His name has become synonymous with youthful beauty and attractiveness. Therefore, the statement "Resurrection God - name has come to mean any beautiful young man" aligns with the story of Adonis, making him the most fitting choice among the given options.

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  • 14. 

    God of the Sea / Ocean - (Roman - Neptune)

    • A.

      Poseidon

    • B.

      Zeus

    • C.

      Hades

    • D.

      Apollo

    Correct Answer
    A. Poseidon
    Explanation
    Poseidon is the correct answer because he is the Greek god of the sea and oceans, equivalent to the Roman god Neptune. In Greek mythology, Poseidon is often depicted as a powerful deity with control over the seas, storms, and earthquakes. He is also known as the god of horses and is commonly associated with tridents. Poseidon's siblings include Zeus, Hades, and Apollo, but they do not hold dominion over the sea like he does.

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  • 15. 

    Goddess of War and Wisdom - (Roman - Minerva)

    • A.

      Hera

    • B.

      Aphrodite

    • C.

      Athena

    • D.

      Arachne

    Correct Answer
    C. Athena
    Explanation
    Athena is the correct answer because she is known as the goddess of war and wisdom in Roman mythology. In Greek mythology, Athena is the goddess of wisdom, courage, inspiration, civilization, law and justice, strategic warfare, mathematics, strength, strategy, the arts, crafts, and skill. She is often depicted as a wise and strategic warrior, and is highly revered for her intelligence and knowledge.

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  • 16. 

    Challenged by Athena to a weaving contest - then, Athena turned her into the first spider, forever weaving.

    • A.

      Hera

    • B.

      Aphrodite

    • C.

      Arachne

    • D.

      Demeter

    Correct Answer
    C. Arachne
    Explanation
    Arachne is the correct answer because the passage mentions a weaving contest, and Arachne is known for her exceptional weaving skills. Athena, the goddess of wisdom and crafts, challenged Arachne to the contest. When Arachne's weaving surpassed Athena's, the goddess became enraged and turned Arachne into a spider, condemning her to weave forever. This myth explains the origin of spiders and their association with weaving.

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  • 17. 

    Goddess of Victory

    • A.

      Hera

    • B.

      Nike

    • C.

      Arachne

    • D.

      Athena

    Correct Answer
    B. Nike
    Explanation
    Nike is the correct answer because she is the Greek goddess of victory. In Greek mythology, Nike is often depicted as a winged goddess who symbolizes success and triumph. She is associated with athletic competitions and is often seen as a companion of Zeus, the king of the gods. Nike's name is derived from the Greek word for victory, and she is often depicted holding a wreath or palm branch, which are symbols of victory.

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  • 18. 

    Goddess of the Hunt and the Moon - (Roman - Diana)

    • A.

      Artemis

    • B.

      Nike

    • C.

      Demeter

    • D.

      Hera

    Correct Answer
    A. Artemis
    Explanation
    Artemis is the correct answer because she is the Greek goddess of the hunt and the moon, equivalent to the Roman goddess Diana. Artemis is often depicted with a bow and arrow, representing her role as the goddess of the hunt. She is also associated with the moon, as she is believed to have the power to bring about the moon's waxing and waning. Therefore, Artemis is the most fitting choice out of the given options.

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  • 19. 

    God of the Sun, Light, and Healing

    • A.

      Zeus

    • B.

      Hermes

    • C.

      Dionysus

    • D.

      Apollo

    Correct Answer
    D. Apollo
    Explanation
    Apollo is the correct answer because he is known as the God of the Sun, Light, and Healing in Greek mythology. He is often depicted as a handsome young man with a golden lyre, representing his association with music and poetry. Apollo is also credited with bringing light and warmth to the world as the sun god, and he is believed to have the power to heal both physical and spiritual ailments. Therefore, Apollo is the most fitting choice among the given options.

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  • 20. 

    Apollo granted him a wish - He wished that everything he touched would turn to gold.  He hugged his daughter and turned her to gold.

    • A.

      King Brumas

    • B.

      King Midas

    • C.

      King Greedius

    • D.

      King Goldilus

    Correct Answer
    B. King Midas
    Explanation
    In the given scenario, the correct answer is King Midas. This is because the story of King Midas is well-known for his ability to turn everything he touched into gold. In the story, he was granted a wish by Apollo and he wished for this power. However, he soon realized the consequences of his wish when he accidentally turned his daughter to gold by hugging her. This tale serves as a cautionary tale about the dangers of excessive greed and the importance of making wise choices.

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  • 21. 

    Messenger of the Gods - (Roman - Mercury)

    • A.

      Apollo

    • B.

      Hermes

    • C.

      Dionysus

    • D.

      Pan

    Correct Answer
    B. Hermes
    Explanation
    Hermes is the correct answer because he is known as the messenger of the gods in Roman mythology, equivalent to the Greek god Hermes. Hermes is often depicted as a young man with winged sandals and a winged helmet, representing his role as a swift messenger. He is also associated with various other domains such as commerce, travel, and trickery. Apollo, Dionysus, and Pan are other gods in Roman mythology, but they do not hold the specific title of messenger of the gods.

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  • 22. 

    God of grapes and wine - (Roman - Bacchus)

    • A.

      Hermes

    • B.

      Apollo

    • C.

      Adonis

    • D.

      Dionysus

    Correct Answer
    D. Dionysus
    Explanation
    Dionysus is the correct answer because he is the Greek god associated with grapes and wine. In Roman mythology, Dionysus is known as Bacchus. Hermes, Apollo, and Adonis are all Greek gods but they are not specifically associated with grapes and wine.

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  • 23. 

    Goddess of everything that grows and all of agriculture - (Roman - Ceres) - Her daughter Persephonea is kidnapped by Hades.

    • A.

      Hera

    • B.

      Athena

    • C.

      Demeter

    • D.

      Pandora

    Correct Answer
    C. Demeter
    Explanation
    Demeter is the correct answer because she is the Greek goddess of agriculture and the harvest, which aligns with the given information about being the goddess of everything that grows and agriculture. Additionally, the mention of her daughter Persephonea being kidnapped by Hades is consistent with the Greek myth of Demeter and Persephone.

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  • 24. 

    God of the Underworld - (Roman - Pluto)

    • A.

      Hades

    • B.

      Zeus

    • C.

      Poseidon

    • D.

      Apollo

    Correct Answer
    A. Hades
    Explanation
    Hades is the correct answer because he is known as the God of the Underworld in Greek mythology. In Roman mythology, the equivalent deity is Pluto. Hades is the ruler of the underworld and is responsible for the souls of the dead. He is often depicted as a stern and grim figure, and his realm is a place where the souls of the deceased go after death. Zeus, Poseidon, and Apollo are all prominent gods in Greek mythology, but they do not hold the same role as Hades in the underworld.

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  • 25. 

    This three-headed dog guards the gates of the Underworld.

    • A.

      Tricanines

    • B.

      Carson

    • C.

      Cerberus

    • D.

      Jonbarus

    Correct Answer
    C. Cerberus
    Explanation
    Cerberus is the correct answer because it is widely known in Greek mythology as the three-headed dog that guards the gates of the Underworld. According to the myth, Cerberus prevents the souls of the dead from leaving and the living from entering the realm of the dead. Its fearsome appearance and role as a guardian make it a well-known figure associated with the Underworld.

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  • 26. 

    This river was the passage way to the underworld.

    • A.

      River Styx

    • B.

      River Tantalus

    • C.

      River Balbo

    • D.

      River of Darkness

    Correct Answer
    A. River Styx
    Explanation
    The River Styx is commonly known in Greek mythology as the passage to the underworld. It is said that the souls of the deceased must cross the river in order to reach the realm of the dead. The river is often depicted as a boundary between the living and the dead, and it is believed that the waters of the Styx possess magical properties. Therefore, the given correct answer, River Styx, aligns with the belief that this river serves as the passage way to the underworld.

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