Chp 12 And 13: Roaringtwenties-gibson

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United States Quizzes & Trivia

Test covering the politics and society of the United States during the 1920's


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Nicola Sacco and Bartolomeo Vanzetti were charged with, and convicted of:

    • A.

      Treason

    • B.

      Anarchy

    • C.

      Receiving bribes

    • D.

      Robbery and murder

    Correct Answer
    D. Robbery and murder
    Explanation
    Nicola Sacco and Bartolomeo Vanzetti were charged with and convicted of robbery and murder. This means that they were found guilty of committing both crimes.

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  • 2. 

    The immigration policies of the 1920s limited immigration from all of the folloiwng countries except:

    • A.

      Italy

    • B.

      England

    • C.

      Germany

    • D.

      Poland

    Correct Answer
    B. England
    Explanation
    The immigration policies of the 1920s limited immigration from Italy, Germany, and Poland, but not from England. This means that people from England were still allowed to immigrate to the United States during this time period.

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  • 3. 

    The first practical peacetime use of airplanes was for:

    • A.

      Crop-dusting

    • B.

      Carrying mail

    • C.

      Carrying passengers

    • D.

      Weather forecasting

    Correct Answer
    B. Carrying mail
    Explanation
    During the early days of aviation, one of the first practical uses of airplanes was for carrying mail. This was a significant development as it allowed for faster and more efficient transportation of mail over long distances. Prior to airplanes, mail delivery relied on slower methods such as horse-drawn carriages or trains. The introduction of airplanes in carrying mail revolutionized the postal service, enabling quicker delivery times and expanding the reach of mail services to more remote areas. This innovation played a crucial role in the development of aviation and paved the way for future advancements in air transportation.

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  • 4. 

    The main reason that cities began to spread out (a concept known as urban sprawl) during the 1920s was:

    • A.

      The automobile

    • B.

      The use of electricity

    • C.

      Growth in the manufacturing industry

    • D.

      A change in the birthrate

    Correct Answer
    A. The automobile
    Explanation
    During the 1920s, the main reason for urban sprawl was the widespread use of automobiles. The invention and mass production of cars made it easier for people to commute longer distances, leading to the expansion of cities. The automobile provided individuals with increased mobility and freedom to live outside of crowded urban areas. As a result, suburbs started to emerge, and cities began to spread out as people sought more space and a quieter lifestyle away from the city center. The automobile revolutionized transportation and significantly influenced the growth and development of cities during this time period.

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  • 5. 

    The Teapot Dome scandal centered around:

    • A.

      Gold mines

    • B.

      Union membership

    • C.

      Tea

    • D.

      Oil

    Correct Answer
    D. Oil
    Explanation
    The Teapot Dome scandal was a political scandal in the United States during the 1920s, involving the illegal leasing of federal oil reserves by the Secretary of the Interior, Albert B. Fall. The scandal was named after one of the oil fields involved, located in Teapot Dome, Wyoming. It was a major corruption case that highlighted the improper influence of private interests in government affairs. The scandal had significant political and legal consequences, leading to the first conviction of a U.S. Cabinet member and increased public scrutiny of government corruption.

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  • 6. 

    In 1928, fifteen nations signed this particular treaty, which renounced war as a national policy:

    • A.

      Dawes Plan

    • B.

      Fordney-McCumber Tariff

    • C.

      Kellogg-Briand Pact

    • D.

      The 18th Amendment

    Correct Answer
    C. Kellogg-Briand Pact
    Explanation
    The Kellogg-Briand Pact, signed in 1928, renounced war as a national policy. This treaty was signed by fifteen nations, with the aim of promoting peace and resolving conflicts through peaceful means. It was an attempt to prevent future wars and promote international cooperation. The pact reflected a growing sentiment after World War I that war was not a viable solution to conflicts and that diplomacy should be prioritized. Although the pact did not ultimately prevent the outbreak of World War II, it laid the foundation for the development of international law and the concept of peaceful conflict resolution.

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  • 7. 

    Under this particular agreement, American investors loaned Germany billions of dollars to pay its war reparations to Britain and France:

    • A.

      Dawes Plan

    • B.

      Fordney-McCumber Tariff

    • C.

      Kellogg-Briand Pact

    • D.

      The 18th Amendment

    Correct Answer
    A. Dawes Plan
    Explanation
    The Dawes Plan was a financial agreement between American investors and Germany after World War I. It involved American investors loaning billions of dollars to Germany, which would then be used to pay war reparations to Britain and France. The plan aimed to stabilize the German economy and ensure that the reparations were paid in a timely manner. It also allowed for the rescheduling of Germany's debt payments, providing some relief to the struggling country. The Dawes Plan played a significant role in easing tensions and promoting economic recovery in post-war Europe.

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  • 8. 

    Which of the following is NOT considered a direct result of the growing popularity and availability of the automobile: (Hint: if you have trouble figuring it out, think about which one would have been affected by factors other than the automobile)

    • A.

      Changes in American landscape

    • B.

      Changes in American architecture

    • C.

      Urban sprawl

    • D.

      Changes in the advertising industry

    Correct Answer
    D. Changes in the advertising industry
    Explanation
    The growing popularity and availability of the automobile have had a significant impact on various aspects of American society. Changes in the American landscape, American architecture, and urban sprawl can all be directly attributed to the automobile, as it has influenced the way cities are designed and how people interact with their environment. However, changes in the advertising industry are not considered a direct result of the automobile. While the automobile may have indirectly influenced advertising strategies and target audiences, other factors such as technological advancements and shifts in consumer behavior have played a more significant role in shaping the advertising industry.

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  • 9. 

    According to US Attorney General A. Mitchell Palmer and many others like hiim, what was eating its way into the homes of the American workman, its sharp tongues....licking at the alters of churches:

    • A.

      The philosophy of nativism (America first)

    • B.

      Communism

    • C.

      The hopelessness of poverty

    • D.

      Government abuse of peoples civil rights

    Correct Answer
    B. Communism
    Explanation
    Many people, including US Attorney General A. Mitchell Palmer, believed that communism was infiltrating American society and threatening the American workman's way of life. They saw communism as a dangerous ideology that was spreading its influence, causing unrest and division. This belief was fueled by the fear of foreign influences and the desire to protect American values and interests.

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  • 10. 

    Nativists who found fault with the Emergency Quota Act of 1921 would have been most likely to have made which of the following statements:

    • A.

      It did not restrict immigration enough

    • B.

      It threatened industry with a labor shortage

    • C.

      It discriminated against the wrong immigrants

    • D.

      It violated US principles by restricting immigration

    Correct Answer
    A. It did not restrict immigration enough
    Explanation
    Nativists who found fault with the Emergency Quota Act of 1921 would have been most likely to have made the statement "it did not restrict immigration enough" because they believed in limiting or completely stopping immigration to protect the interests of native-born Americans. They would have wanted stricter immigration policies in order to preserve jobs and resources for themselves and to maintain the cultural and ethnic homogeneity of the United States.

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  • 11. 

    The next 5 questions refer to the following map:  Civil Air Routes, 1918 - 1930 When was Washington, DC first served by a civil air route?

    • A.

      In 1918

    • B.

      In 1921

    • C.

      By 1930

    • D.

      After 1930

    Correct Answer
    A. In 1918
    Explanation
    Washington, DC was first served by a civil air route in 1918.

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  • 12. 

    Which of the following statements is supported by the map?

    • A.

      The earliest purposes of civil air routes was connecting large northern cities with large southern cities

    • B.

      Flights crossing any body of water were not scheduled until well after 1930

    • C.

      Air routes connecting the East Coast to the West Coast were in place before routes that serviced cities in the southern United States

    • D.

      Civil air routes serviced all major US cities before servicing any cities in other countries

    Correct Answer
    C. Air routes connecting the East Coast to the West Coast were in place before routes that serviced cities in the southern United States
    Explanation
    The map supports the statement that air routes connecting the East Coast to the West Coast were in place before routes that serviced cities in the southern United States.

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  • 13. 

    Which two cities did the first international air route connect?

    • A.

      New York and Montreal

    • B.

      New York and London

    • C.

      Seattle and Victoria

    • D.

      Miami and Paris

    Correct Answer
    C. Seattle and Victoria
    Explanation
    The first international air route connected Seattle and Victoria.

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  • 14. 

    What city was served by the greatest number of air routes by 1930?

    • A.

      Atlanta

    • B.

      New York

    • C.

      Los Angeles

    • D.

      Chicago

    Correct Answer
    D. Chicago
    Explanation
    Chicago was served by the greatest number of air routes by 1930. This is because Chicago was a major transportation hub and a central location in the United States. It had a well-developed infrastructure and was home to several major airlines, making it a popular destination for air travel. Additionally, Chicago's central location made it an ideal connecting point for flights between the East Coast and the West Coast. As a result, it had the highest number of air routes compared to other cities like Atlanta, New York, and Los Angeles.

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  • 15. 

    According to the map, which of these statements most accurately describes civil air routes by 1930?

    • A.

      The purpose of civil air route development was to connect the United States and Canada

    • B.

      Civil air routes were added only to cities that had previously lacked service

    • C.

      The rate of civil air route development consistently slowed after 1921

    • D.

      Civil air routes serviced most major US cities and were expanding to foreign countries

    Correct Answer
    D. Civil air routes serviced most major US cities and were expanding to foreign countries
  • 16. 

    The following five questions refers to the political cartoon: aShutting Out the Lighta The two men in this cartoon are:

    • A.

      Radicals

    • B.

      Union members

    • C.

      Nativists

    • D.

      Government officials

    Correct Answer
    A. Radicals
    Explanation
    The two men in the political cartoon are depicted as radicals because they are shown holding torches and standing in front of a closed door with a sign that says "Shutting Out the Light." This imagery suggests that they are trying to block out or suppress certain ideas or perspectives, which is often associated with radicalism. Additionally, the use of torches can symbolize a desire for change or revolution, further supporting the interpretation that these men are radicals.

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  • 17. 

    The title of the cartoon is aShutting Out the Lighta.  The metaphorical alighta that the men are shutting out represents:

    • A.

      The principles of labor unions

    • B.

      Communist propaganda

    • C.

      Radical foreign ideas

    • D.

      Fundamental American ideals

    Correct Answer
    D. Fundamental American ideals
    Explanation
    The title of the cartoon, "Shutting Out the Light," suggests that the metaphorical "light" represents fundamental American ideals. The cartoon implies that the men depicted are shutting out these ideals, possibly indicating that they are rejecting or disregarding the core principles and values that America stands for. This interpretation aligns with the metaphorical use of "light" to represent knowledge, enlightenment, and understanding. The other options, such as labor unions, communist propaganda, and radical foreign ideas, do not fit as well with the idea of "light" representing fundamental American ideals.

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  • 18. 

    According to the cartoon, radical ideas come from:

    • A.

      The American people

    • B.

      The labor movement

    • C.

      Foreign and communist countries

    • D.

      The US government

    Correct Answer
    C. Foreign and communist countries
    Explanation
    The cartoon suggests that radical ideas come from foreign and communist countries. This can be inferred from the imagery or dialogue in the cartoon, which likely portrays these countries as the source of radical ideas. The other options, such as the American people, the labor movement, and the US government, are not depicted or mentioned as sources of radical ideas in the cartoon.

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  • 19. 

    According to the cartoon, a conflict exists between:

    • A.

      The US government and labor unions

    • B.

      Radical ideas and honest American ideas

    • C.

      American radicals and foreign radicals

    • D.

      The US government and the American people

    Correct Answer
    B. Radical ideas and honest American ideas
    Explanation
    The cartoon suggests that there is a conflict between radical ideas and honest American ideas. This is evident from the depiction of a figure labeled "radical ideas" holding a bomb, while another figure labeled "honest American ideas" is shown holding a shield to protect themselves. This implies that radical ideas are seen as a threat or danger to the values and principles of honest American ideas, leading to a conflict between the two.

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  • 20. 

    The line, Sunlight is unhealthy any how! might be described as:

    • A.

      More radical propaganda

    • B.

      An advertising slogan

    • C.

      The voice of the American people

    • D.

      The voice of the US government

    Correct Answer
    A. More radical propaganda
    Explanation
    This statement, "Sunlight is unhealthy any how!" can be described as more radical propaganda because it presents a strong and extreme viewpoint that sunlight is unhealthy in any situation. This type of statement is often associated with radical propaganda, which aims to promote a particular ideology or belief system by using exaggerated or extreme claims. In this case, the statement suggests that sunlight is universally harmful, which is an extreme viewpoint not supported by scientific evidence or commonly accepted beliefs.

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  • 21. 

    Which of the following was most closely associated with the public's negative reaction to organized labor in the 1920's:

    • A.

      Fears of rising prices

    • B.

      Fears of communism

    • C.

      Fears of a depression

    • D.

      Resentment of labors advances

    Correct Answer
    B. Fears of communism
    Explanation
    During the 1920s, there was a widespread fear of communism in the United States, which was fueled by the Russian Revolution and the rise of the Soviet Union. This fear was known as the "Red Scare" and led to a negative perception of organized labor. Many Americans associated labor unions with communist ideals and believed that they were a threat to the capitalist system. As a result, the public's negative reaction to organized labor in the 1920s can be attributed to their fears of communism.

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  • 22. 

    Which of the following called for the abolition of private property in order to equally distribute wealth and power throughout American society: (hint:abolition means to get rid of)

    • A.

      Quota system(system in which only a certain number of immigrants were allowed into the United States)

    • B.

      Isolationism (idea that the US should not get involved in other countries affairs)

    • C.

      Nativism (belief that your country is superior to others)

    • D.

      Communism (an equal sharing of wealth and power in a country)

    Correct Answer
    D. Communism (an equal sharing of wealth and power in a country)
    Explanation
    Communism is the correct answer because it advocates for the abolition of private property and the equal distribution of wealth and power in a society. This ideology aims to eliminate social classes and create a system where resources are shared collectively. By removing the concept of private ownership, communism seeks to promote equality and reduce disparities in society.

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  • 23. 

    Which of the following rose dramatically during the 1920's:

    • A.

      Wages

    • B.

      Labor union membership

    • C.

      Tariffs

    • D.

      The build up of armaments (weapons)

    Correct Answer
    C. Tariffs
    Explanation
    During the 1920s, tariffs rose dramatically. Tariffs are taxes imposed on imported goods, and they were increased during this period as a way to protect domestic industries from foreign competition. The government implemented higher tariffs to encourage consumers to buy goods produced within the country, thus boosting the domestic economy. This policy, known as protectionism, aimed to stimulate local industries and create more job opportunities. The rise in tariffs during the 1920s was a significant economic measure that had a direct impact on international trade and the overall economic landscape of the time.

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  • 24. 

    The role of the women changed dramatically in the 1920's, check all that could apply to her.

    • A.

      Smoking in public

    • B.

      Double standard in the workplace

    • C.

      New jobs, that were once reserved for men only

    • D.

      Short hair cuts

    • E.

      Shorter dresses

    • F.

      Swimsuits that bared their legs

    • G.

      Sit in the back of the bus

    • H.

      Dancing

    • I.

      Drinking in public

    • J.

      More leisure time

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Smoking in public
    B. Double standard in the workplace
    C. New jobs, that were once reserved for men only
    D. Short hair cuts
    E. Shorter dresses
    F. Swimsuits that bared their legs
    H. Dancing
    I. Drinking in public
    J. More leisure time
    Explanation
    In the 1920s, the role of women underwent significant changes. They began smoking in public, challenging societal norms. The workplace also had a double standard, but women started to break through and access new jobs that were previously exclusive to men. Women also adopted short haircuts and wore shorter dresses and swimsuits that bared their legs, symbolizing their liberation from traditional expectations. They engaged in activities like dancing and drinking in public, which were previously considered inappropriate for women. The changing role of women also allowed them to have more leisure time for themselves.

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  • 25. 

    The Scope Monkey tria brought what issue the the public's attention?

    • A.

      Evolution vs Poverty

    • B.

      Creationism vs Mystisisim

    • C.

      Evolutionism vs Mystisisim

    • D.

      Creationism vs Evolution

    Correct Answer
    D. Creationism vs Evolution
    Explanation
    The Scope Monkey trial brought the issue of Creationism vs Evolution to the public's attention. The trial, which took place in 1925, involved the prosecution of a high school teacher who taught evolution in the classroom, which was against the state's law at the time. The trial became a national sensation and sparked a debate between those who believed in the theory of evolution and those who believed in the religious concept of creationism. The trial highlighted the tension between science and religion in public education and had a significant impact on the discussion of these topics in the United States.

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  • 26. 

    What were the affects of Prohibition?  check all that apply

    • A.

      Undergroud speakeasies

    • B.

      Stills were built

    • C.

      Regular citizens became criminals

    • D.

      Organized crime grew

    • E.

      People found religion

    • F.

      Importing alcohol from Canada

    • G.

      People made bathtub gin

    • H.

      Consumption of alcohol declined for time

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Undergroud speakeasies
    B. Stills were built
    C. Regular citizens became criminals
    D. Organized crime grew
    E. People found religion
    F. Importing alcohol from Canada
    G. People made bathtub gin
    H. Consumption of alcohol declined for time
    Explanation
    During Prohibition, several effects occurred. Underground speakeasies emerged as hidden venues where people could illegally consume alcohol. Stills were built to produce homemade alcohol, as the legal supply was cut off. Regular citizens who chose to consume alcohol became criminals in the eyes of the law. Organized crime grew significantly, as criminal organizations took advantage of the lucrative illegal alcohol trade. Some people turned to religion as a way to cope with the social changes brought about by Prohibition. Importing alcohol from Canada became common, as it was still legal there. People also resorted to making their own alcohol, known as "bathtub gin." While overall alcohol consumption declined initially, it eventually rebounded as illegal alcohol became more readily available.

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  • 27. 

    Sports became an Obssession with many people.  What was the one sport that dominated people's attention?

    • A.

      Archery

    • B.

      Baseball

    • C.

      Soccer

    • D.

      Football

    Correct Answer
    B. Baseball
    Explanation
    The correct answer is baseball because it is stated that sports became an obsession with many people and the question asks for the one sport that dominated people's attention. Since baseball is the only sport mentioned in the options, it can be inferred that baseball is the sport that dominated people's attention.

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  • 28. 

    Who was the first person to fly solo from the United States to France. (over the Atlantic Ocean)

    • A.

      Amelia Earhart

    • B.

      Chales Lindbergh

    • C.

      Babe Ruth

    • D.

      Marcus Garvey

    Correct Answer
    B. Chales Lindbergh
    Explanation
    Charles Lindbergh was the first person to fly solo from the United States to France over the Atlantic Ocean. This historic flight took place on May 20-21, 1927. Lindbergh's successful journey in his aircraft, the Spirit of St. Louis, made him an international celebrity and a symbol of courage and aviation accomplishment. His achievement paved the way for future transatlantic flights and marked a significant milestone in the history of aviation.

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  • 29. 

    What group of Americans had a huge influence on literature, performing, and music?

    • A.

      Italian - Americans

    • B.

      French - Americans

    • C.

      German - Americans

    • D.

      African - Americans

    Correct Answer
    D. African - Americans
    Explanation
    African-Americans had a huge influence on literature, performing, and music. Throughout history, African-American writers, musicians, and performers have made significant contributions to these fields. From the Harlem Renaissance to the Civil Rights Movement, African-American artists have used their creativity and talent to express their experiences, challenge societal norms, and create cultural movements. Their impact can be seen in the works of writers like Langston Hughes and Maya Angelou, musicians like Louis Armstrong and Aretha Franklin, and performers like Josephine Baker and Billie Holiday. Their contributions have shaped American culture and continue to inspire future generations.

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  • 30. 

    What was this influence called?

    • A.

      Rome Renaissance

    • B.

      Parisian Renaissance

    • C.

      Berlin Renaissance

    • D.

      Harlem Renaissance

    Correct Answer
    D. Harlem Renaissance
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Harlem Renaissance. The Harlem Renaissance was a cultural, social, and artistic movement that took place in Harlem, New York, during the 1920s. It was a period of immense creativity and intellectual growth for African Americans, who used art, literature, music, and theater to express their experiences and challenge racial stereotypes. The Harlem Renaissance had a significant impact on American culture and helped to shape the development of African American identity and pride.

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