Gerd, Hernias, And Hiatal Hernia Quiz

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Gerd, Hernias, And Hiatal Hernia Quiz - Quiz

The quiz here deals with Gerd, Hernias, and Hiatal Hernia. Do you think you know enough about them to pass this Gerd, Hernias, And Hiatal Hernia quiz? These diseases are severe and can cause very serious problems if not dealt with rightly. These questions not only test your understanding of these diseases, but you also get to learn more about them as you attempt these questions. So, give your best, and we hope you score the best marks.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    A weakened area of the diaphram where a portion of the stomach and lower esophagus protrude into the thoracic cavity is call a ____________________.

    • A.

      Hiatal Hernia

    • B.

      Hernia

    • C.

      GERD

    • D.

      None of these

    Correct Answer
    A. Hiatal Hernia
    Explanation
    A weakened area of the diaphragm where a portion of the stomach and lower esophagus protrude into the thoracic cavity is called a hiatal hernia. In this condition, the stomach pushes up through the diaphragm into the chest cavity, causing symptoms such as heartburn, chest pain, and difficulty swallowing. Hiatal hernias are often caused by weakened muscles and tissues in the diaphragm, and they can be exacerbated by factors such as obesity, pregnancy, and aging. Treatment options for hiatal hernias include lifestyle changes, medications, and in some cases, surgery.

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  • 2. 

    CHECK ALL THAT APPLY: Which of the following can cause GERD?

    • A.

      Obesity

    • B.

      Being underweight

    • C.

      Pregnancy

    • D.

      Decreased gastric volume

    • E.

      Increased gastric volume

    • F.

      Smoking

    • G.

      Weakened abdominal muscles

    • H.

      Increased abdominal pressure

    • I.

      Nicotine, Caffeine, Chocolate, Alcohol, peppermint, spearmint

    • J.

      Fatty foods

    • K.

      Beta-blockers

    • L.

      Calcium channel blockers

    • M.

      Valium

    • N.

      Heavy lifting

    • O.

      Relaxation of the Lower Esophageal Sphincter

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Obesity
    C. Pregnancy
    E. Increased gastric volume
    F. Smoking
    I. Nicotine, Caffeine, Chocolate, Alcohol, peppermint, spearmint
    J. Fatty foods
    K. Beta-blockers
    L. Calcium channel blockers
    M. Valium
    N. Heavy lifting
    O. Relaxation of the Lower Esophageal Sphincter
    Explanation
    Obesity can cause GERD because excess weight can put pressure on the stomach and cause stomach acid to flow back into the esophagus. Pregnancy can also cause GERD due to hormonal changes and the pressure of the growing uterus on the stomach. Increased gastric volume can contribute to GERD as it increases the amount of stomach acid that can flow back into the esophagus. Smoking and the consumption of nicotine, caffeine, chocolate, alcohol, peppermint, and spearmint can irritate the esophagus and weaken the lower esophageal sphincter, leading to GERD. Fatty foods, beta-blockers, calcium channel blockers, Valium, heavy lifting, and relaxation of the lower esophageal sphincter can also contribute to GERD.

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  • 3. 

    CHECK ALL THAT APPLY: Which of the following can cause a hernia?

    • A.

      Obesity

    • B.

      Being underweight

    • C.

      Pregnancy

    • D.

      Decreased gastric volume

    • E.

      Increased gastric volume

    • F.

      Smoking

    • G.

      Weakened abdominal muscles

    • H.

      Increased abdominal pressure

    • I.

      Nicotine, Caffeine, Chocolate, Alcohol, peppermint, spearmint

    • J.

      Fatty foods

    • K.

      Beta-blockers

    • L.

      Calcium channel blockers

    • M.

      Valium

    • N.

      Relaxation of the Lower Esophageal Sphincter

    Correct Answer(s)
    G. Weakened abdominal muscles
    H. Increased abdominal pressure
    Explanation
    Weakened abdominal muscles can cause a hernia because when the muscles are weak, they are unable to provide enough support to the abdominal wall, allowing organs or tissues to protrude through. Increased abdominal pressure can also cause a hernia as it puts extra strain on the abdominal muscles, making them more likely to become weakened or torn.

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  • 4. 

    All of the following are symptoms of GERD EXCEPT:

    • A.

      Wheezing at night

    • B.

      Hoarse voice

    • C.

      Bad taste in the mouth in the morning

    • D.

      Increase in discomfort when sitting upright

    Correct Answer
    D. Increase in discomfort when sitting upright
    Explanation
    Increase in discomfort when sitting upright is not a symptom of GERD. GERD, or gastroesophageal reflux disease, is a condition where stomach acid flows back into the esophagus, causing symptoms such as heartburn, regurgitation, chest pain, and difficulty swallowing. The other symptoms listed, wheezing at night, hoarse voice, and bad taste in the mouth in the morning, are all commonly associated with GERD. However, an increase in discomfort when sitting upright is not typically seen in GERD and may be indicative of other conditions.

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  • 5. 

    All of the following medications are appropriate treatments for GERD EXCEPT:

    • A.

      Zantac

    • B.

      Tagmet

    • C.

      Prilosec

    • D.

      Protonix

    • E.

      All of the above

    • F.

      None of the above

    Correct Answer
    F. None of the above
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "None of the above." This means that all of the medications listed (Zantac, Tagmet, Prilosec, and Protonix) are appropriate treatments for GERD.

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  • 6. 

    Which of the following is NOT an appropriate intervention for a hernia?

    • A.

      Abdominal binder

    • B.

      Surgical repair

    • C.

      Valsalva Maneuver

    • D.

      All of the above

    Correct Answer
    C. Valsalva Maneuver
    Explanation
    The Valsalva Maneuver is not an appropriate intervention for a hernia because it involves forcefully exhaling while keeping the mouth and nose closed, which can increase abdominal pressure. This increased pressure can potentially worsen the hernia or cause it to become incarcerated or strangulated. Therefore, it is not recommended as a treatment option for hernias.

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  • 7. 

    A reducible hernia is a hernia that can be made smaller by means other than surgery (i.e., an abdominal binder).

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    A reducible hernia is a hernia that can be pushed back into the abdominal cavity, either on its own or with the help of gentle pressure. Surgery is usually required to fully repair a hernia. Therefore, the statement that a reducible hernia can be made smaller by means other than surgery is false.

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  • 8. 

    If a hernia's blood supply has been reduced to the protruding bowel and it results in ischemia, obstruction, necrosis of tissues, and perforation, it is called an irreducible hernia.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    If a hernia's blood supply has been reduced to the protruding bowel and it results in ischemia, obstruction, necrosis of tissues, and perforation, it is not called an irreducible hernia. An irreducible hernia refers to a hernia that cannot be pushed back into place or reduced manually. However, the given statement describes complications that can occur in a hernia, but it does not specify whether the hernia is reducible or irreducible. Therefore, the correct answer is False.

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  • 9. 

    Patients with GERD often complain of pain in which area?

    • A.

      Just below the ribcage

    • B.

      Throat

    • C.

      Substernal

    • D.

      None of the above

    Correct Answer
    C. Substernal
    Explanation
    Patients with GERD often complain of pain in the substernal area. This is because GERD, or gastroesophageal reflux disease, is a condition where stomach acid flows back into the esophagus, causing irritation and discomfort. The substernal area refers to the region just below the sternum or breastbone, which is where the esophagus is located. Therefore, pain in this area is a common symptom of GERD.

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  • 10. 

    ______________________, a symptom of GERD, is a disorder of the tube that carries food from the mouth to the stomach (esophagus), which affects the ability of the esophagus to move food toward the stomach.

    • A.

      Dysphagia

    • B.

      Achalasia

    • C.

      Esophoria

    • D.

      None of these

    Correct Answer
    B. Achalasia
    Explanation
    Achalasia is a disorder of the esophagus that affects the ability of the esophagus to move food toward the stomach. It is characterized by the inability of the lower esophageal sphincter to relax and allow food to pass into the stomach. This can lead to symptoms such as dysphagia, or difficulty swallowing. Therefore, achalasia is the correct answer as it fits the description provided in the question.

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  • 11. 

    ___________________ is a procedure in which the fundus of the stomach is wrapped completely around the esophagus to prevent movement into the thoracic cavity.

    • A.

      Nissen fundoplication

    • B.

      Hill repair

    • C.

      Barrets fundoplication

    • D.

      Nissen repair

    • E.

      Hill fundoplication

    • F.

      Barrets repair

    Correct Answer
    A. Nissen fundoplication
    Explanation
    Nissen fundoplication is a surgical procedure in which the fundus of the stomach is wrapped completely around the esophagus to prevent movement into the thoracic cavity. This procedure is commonly performed to treat gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) and hiatal hernias. By wrapping the upper part of the stomach around the lower esophagus, it creates a valve mechanism that prevents stomach acid and contents from flowing back into the esophagus, thus reducing symptoms such as heartburn and regurgitation.

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  • 12. 

    ____________________ is a procedure in which the fundus of the stomach is wrapped halfway around the esophagus to prevent movement up into the thoracic cavity.

    • A.

      Nissen fundoplication

    • B.

      Hill repair

    • C.

      Barrets fundoplication

    • D.

      Nissen repair

    • E.

      Hill fundoplication

    • F.

      Barrets repair

    Correct Answer
    B. Hill repair
    Explanation
    Hill repair is a procedure in which the fundus of the stomach is wrapped halfway around the esophagus to prevent movement up into the thoracic cavity.

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Our quizzes are rigorously reviewed, monitored and continuously updated by our expert board to maintain accuracy, relevance, and timeliness.

  • Current Version
  • Aug 22, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • May 02, 2011
    Quiz Created by
    KimW1234
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