Geography Grade 6 #1

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Geography Grade 6 #1 - Quiz

Grade 6 Geography for Sri Lanka schools - Chapter 1 of Grade 6 text book


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Why does man need a shelter?

    • A.

      To get protection from the rain

    • B.

      To get protection from wild animals

    • C.

      To get protection from the environment

    Correct Answer
    C. To get protection from the environment
    Explanation
    Man needs a shelter to get protection from the environment. The environment includes various elements such as extreme weather conditions, temperature fluctuations, and natural disasters. A shelter provides a safe and secure space where humans can seek refuge and protect themselves from these environmental factors. It also offers a sense of privacy and comfort, allowing individuals to rest and rejuvenate. Additionally, a shelter provides a space to store belongings and carry out daily activities, enhancing overall quality of life.

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  • 2. 

    In the early days, man built his home according to his

    • A.

      Tastes

    • B.

      Capabilities

    • C.

      Environment

    Correct Answer
    C. Environment
    Explanation
    Man built his home according to his environment because the environment played a crucial role in determining the materials and design that were suitable for the location. Factors such as climate, available resources, and natural surroundings influenced the construction of homes. For example, in colder regions, houses were built with thick walls and insulation to provide warmth, while in warmer regions, homes were designed to promote airflow and provide shade. Additionally, the availability of materials in the environment would also determine the type of construction techniques used.

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  • 3. 

    Eskimos live in igloss in the winter and live in ............................ for the hot season

    • A.

      Natural caves

    • B.

      Caves made by digging

    • C.

      Tents made of animal hides

    Correct Answer
    C. Tents made of animal hides
    Explanation
    Eskimos live in igloos in the winter because igloos provide insulation and protection from the cold weather. However, during the hot season, igloos would be too warm to live in. Instead, Eskimos use tents made of animal hides. These tents are more breathable and allow for better airflow, keeping them cool in the hot weather. Additionally, animal hide tents are easier to set up and dismantle, making them a practical choice for the nomadic lifestyle of the Eskimos.

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  • 4. 

    Name the things you need to build a house

    • A.

      Land, plan, bricks and cement

    • B.

      Land, plan approved by Municipal Council, money

    • C.

      Land, cement, bricks and water, money

    Correct Answer
    B. Land, plan approved by Municipal Council, money
    Explanation
    To build a house, you need land to construct it on. Additionally, you need a plan that has been approved by the Municipal Council to ensure that it meets the necessary regulations and requirements. Lastly, you need money to fund the construction process, including purchasing materials such as cement and bricks, as well as paying for labor and other expenses.

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  • 5. 

    Name a town to the south of Colombo

    • A.

      Jaffna

    • B.

      Anuradhapura

    • C.

      Galle

    Correct Answer
    C. Galle
    Explanation
    Galle is a correct answer because it is a town located to the south of Colombo. It is a major city in Sri Lanka and is known for its historic fort, beautiful beaches, and colonial architecture. Galle is situated approximately 116 kilometers south of Colombo and is a popular tourist destination.

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  • 6. 

    Name a town to the West of Badulla

    • A.

      Colombo

    • B.

      Batticaloa

    • C.

      Anuradhapura

    Correct Answer
    A. Colombo
    Explanation
    Colombo is the correct answer because it is a town located to the West of Badulla.

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  • 7. 

    Name two towns on the North East coast of Sri Lanka.

    • A.

      Trincomalee and Batticaloa

    • B.

      Galle and Hambantota

    • C.

      Negombo and Colombo

    Correct Answer
    A. Trincomalee and Batticaloa
    Explanation
    Trincomalee and Batticaloa are both towns located on the North East coast of Sri Lanka. Trincomalee is known for its beautiful beaches and natural harbor, while Batticaloa is famous for its lagoons and scenic landscapes. These towns are popular tourist destinations and offer a unique cultural experience with their historical sites, temples, and local cuisine.

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  • 8. 

    Where is the Meteorological Department situated?

    • A.

      Navam Mawatha

    • B.

      Dharmapala Mawatha

    • C.

      Bauddhaloka Mawatha

    Correct Answer
    C. Bauddhaloka Mawatha
    Explanation
    The Meteorological Department is situated on Bauddhaloka Mawatha.

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  • 9. 

    Weather is the atmospheric condition in a certain area for a long period of time.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    Weather is the atmospheric condition in a certain area for a SHORT period of time.

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  • 10. 

    Weather includes measurement of the following:

    • A.

      Temperature

    • B.

      Visibility

    • C.

      Pollution

    • D.

      Rainfall

    • E.

      Direction and speed of wind

    • F.

      Humidity

    • G.

      Water cycle

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Temperature
    B. Visibility
    D. Rainfall
    E. Direction and speed of wind
    F. Humidity
    Explanation
    The correct answer includes the measurements of temperature, visibility, rainfall, direction and speed of wind, and humidity. These factors are important in determining the current weather conditions. Temperature indicates the level of heat or coldness in the atmosphere, visibility refers to the clarity of the air and how far one can see, rainfall measures the amount of precipitation, wind direction and speed indicate the movement of air, and humidity measures the amount of moisture in the air. All of these measurements help in understanding and predicting the weather patterns.

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  • 11. 

    Heavy rain can cause

    • A.

      Landslides

    • B.

      Soil erosion

    • C.

      Rise in temperature

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Landslides
    B. Soil erosion
    Explanation
    Heavy rain can cause landslides and soil erosion. When the soil becomes saturated with water, it becomes unstable and more prone to sliding down slopes, resulting in landslides. The force of the rainwater can also wash away the top layer of soil, leading to soil erosion. The rise in temperature, however, is not directly related to heavy rain and is therefore not the correct answer.

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  • 12. 

    Temperature is measured in

    • A.

      Fahrenheit

    • B.

      Kilometres

    • C.

      Celsius

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Fahrenheit
    C. Celsius
    Explanation
    Temperature is measured in Fahrenheit and Celsius. Fahrenheit is commonly used in the United States, while Celsius is used in most other countries. Both Fahrenheit and Celsius are scales for measuring temperature, but they have different reference points. Fahrenheit scale uses the freezing point of water at 32 degrees and the boiling point at 212 degrees. On the other hand, Celsius scale uses the freezing point of water at 0 degrees and the boiling point at 100 degrees.

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  • 13. 

    Rainfall is measured by using a 

    • A.

      Rain gauge

    • B.

      Ruler

    • C.

      Water level at tanks

    Correct Answer
    A. Rain gauge
    Explanation
    Rainfall is measured using a rain gauge. A rain gauge is a device that collects and measures the amount of precipitation (rainfall) in a specific area over a given period of time. It typically consists of a cylindrical container with marking or measurements on the side to indicate the amount of rainfall. The rain gauge is placed in an open area where it can collect rainwater without any obstruction. By measuring the water level in the rain gauge, one can determine the amount of rainfall that has occurred.

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  • 14. 

    Wind is the movement of cold air to fill the vaccum created by the rising of warm air.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Wind is the movement of air from an area of high pressure to an area of low pressure. When warm air rises, it creates a low-pressure area, and cold air rushes in to fill the void, resulting in wind. Therefore, the statement that wind is the movement of cold air to fill the vacuum created by the rising of warm air is true.

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  • 15. 

    The speed of the wind is measured in kilometers per hour using a

    • A.

      Wind direction indicator

    • B.

      Anemometer

    • C.

      Seismograph

    Correct Answer
    B. Anemometer
    Explanation
    The correct answer is anemometer. An anemometer is a device used to measure the speed of the wind. It typically consists of cups that rotate when wind blows, and the rotation is then converted into a measurement of wind speed. This device is commonly used in meteorology and weather forecasting to provide accurate information about wind conditions.

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  • 16. 

    What is the instrument in the picture?

    • A.

      Rain gauge

    • B.

      Wind direction indicator

    • C.

      Anemometer

    Correct Answer
    C. Anemometer
    Explanation
    The instrument in the picture is an anemometer. Anemometers are used to measure wind speed and are commonly used in weather stations and meteorological research. They typically consist of three or four cups that rotate with the wind, and the rotation speed is directly proportional to the wind speed. By measuring the rotation speed, anemometers can provide accurate wind speed measurements.

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  • 17. 

    What is correct order of clouds in ascending order from the earth?

    • A.

      Stratus, Cumulus, Altostratus, Altonimbus, Cumulonimbus, Cirrocumulus, Cirrus

    • B.

      Stratus, Altostratus, Altonimbus, Cumulus, Cumulonimbus, Cirrocumulus, Cirrus

    • C.

      Stratus, Cirrus, Cirrocumulus, Cumulus, Altostratus, Altonimbus, Cumulonimbus

    Correct Answer
    A. Stratus, Cumulus, Altostratus, Altonimbus, Cumulonimbus, Cirrocumulus, Cirrus
  • 18. 

    What is this cloud?

    • A.

      Cumulus

    • B.

      Stratus

    • C.

      Cirrus

    Correct Answer
    C. Cirrus
    Explanation
    Cirrus clouds are thin, wispy clouds that are high in the atmosphere. They are composed of ice crystals and usually indicate fair weather. They often appear as streaks or patches and have a feathery appearance. Cirrus clouds are typically found at altitudes above 20,000 feet and are formed by the rising of moist air. They are different from cumulus and stratus clouds, which have different characteristics and formations.

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  • 19. 

    What is this cloud?

    • A.

      Altonimbus

    • B.

      Cumulus

    • C.

      Stratus

    Correct Answer
    C. Stratus
    Explanation
    Stratus is a type of cloud that is characterized by its low altitude and uniform, layered appearance. It often covers the entire sky and is usually gray or white in color. Stratus clouds are formed when moist air is forced upward and cools, causing the water vapor to condense into a flat layer of clouds. They are typically associated with stable weather conditions and can bring light precipitation or drizzle.

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  • 20. 

    Alto cumulus clouds are about ............................ km above the earth.

    • A.

      1.5

    • B.

      4.5

    • C.

      14

    Correct Answer
    C. 14
    Explanation
    Alto cumulus clouds are about 14 km above the earth.

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  • 21. 

    Mark the people who need to know about the weather.

    • A.

      Sailor

    • B.

      Fisherman

    • C.

      Pilot

    • D.

      Doctor

    • E.

      Farmer

    • F.

      Vet

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Sailor
    B. Fisherman
    C. Pilot
    E. Farmer
    Explanation
    The people who need to know about the weather are those whose professions are directly affected by it. Sailors need to know the weather conditions for safe navigation at sea. Fishermen rely on weather information to plan their fishing trips and ensure a successful catch. Pilots require accurate weather forecasts for safe takeoff and landing. Farmers need to know the weather to plan their agricultural activities, such as planting and harvesting. Therefore, these individuals must be aware of the weather conditions in order to carry out their respective jobs effectively.

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  • 22. 

    Mark the uses of trees

    • A.

      Gives medicine

    • B.

      Gives shelter

    • C.

      Gives food

    • D.

      Wood for making furniture

    • E.

      Protecting water resources

    • F.

      Beautifying the environment

    • G.

      Drying clothes

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Gives medicine
    B. Gives shelter
    C. Gives food
    D. Wood for making furniture
    E. Protecting water resources
    F. Beautifying the environment
    Explanation
    Trees have multiple uses and benefits. They provide medicine through their various parts, such as leaves, bark, and roots, which have medicinal properties. Trees also provide shelter to various animals and birds, offering them a safe habitat. They give food in the form of fruits, nuts, and seeds, which are a source of nutrition for both humans and animals. Trees are a valuable source of wood, which is used for making furniture and other wooden products. They play a crucial role in protecting water resources by preventing soil erosion, filtering pollutants, and maintaining water quality. Trees also enhance the beauty of the environment with their vibrant colors and foliage. Additionally, trees can be used for drying clothes by hanging them on branches or using them as clotheslines.

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  • 23. 

    Mark the uses of animals

    • A.

      Protects us

    • B.

      Supplies nutritious food

    • C.

      Helps in activities

    • D.

      A friend

    • E.

      Enriches the soil

    • F.

      Propagates plants

    • G.

      Pollinates plants

    • H.

      Bites others

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Protects us
    B. Supplies nutritious food
    C. Helps in activities
    D. A friend
    E. Enriches the soil
    F. Propagates plants
    G. Pollinates plants
    Explanation
    Animals have various uses in our lives. They protect us by serving as guard dogs, alerting us to potential dangers. They also supply nutritious food, such as meat and dairy products. Animals can help in various activities, such as farming, transportation, and search and rescue operations. They can be our friends, providing companionship and emotional support. Additionally, animals play a vital role in enriching the soil through their waste, which acts as a natural fertilizer. They also help propagate plants by dispersing seeds and pollinate plants, ensuring their reproduction. However, the statement "bites others" does not accurately describe a general use of animals.

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  • 24. 

    The crops grown by man will change according to the physical features, the climate and the soil.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    The statement is true because different crops have specific requirements for growth such as temperature, rainfall, and soil type. These requirements vary based on the physical features, climate, and soil conditions of a particular region. Therefore, farmers need to choose crops that are suitable for their specific environment in order to maximize their yield and ensure successful cultivation.

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  • 25. 

    Mark the factors needed for industry

    • A.

      Land

    • B.

      Labour

    • C.

      Machinery

    • D.

      Raw Materials

    • E.

      Fuel

    • F.

      Markets

    • G.

      Transportation

    • H.

      Distribution

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Land
    B. Labour
    C. Machinery
    D. Raw Materials
    E. Fuel
    F. Markets
    G. Transportation
    H. Distribution
    Explanation
    The factors needed for an industry include land, labor, machinery, raw materials, fuel, markets, transportation, and distribution. Land is required for setting up the physical infrastructure of the industry. Labor is necessary for the workforce to operate the machinery and carry out the production process. Machinery is essential for the efficient and effective functioning of the industry. Raw materials are the inputs that are transformed into finished products. Fuel is needed to power the machinery and equipment. Markets provide the demand for the industry's products. Transportation is required to move the raw materials, finished products, and other resources. Distribution involves the process of delivering the finished products to the customers.

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  • 26. 

    An example of a factory located close to raw material is

    • A.

      Car manufacturers

    • B.

      Dankotuwa tile manufacturers

    • C.

      Biscuit manufacturers

    Correct Answer
    B. Dankotuwa tile manufacturers
    Explanation
    Dankotuwa tile manufacturers is an example of a factory located close to raw material because Dankotuwa is a town in Sri Lanka known for its porcelain and ceramic industry. Being located close to raw material sources such as clay and other minerals allows the manufacturers to reduce transportation costs and have easy access to the necessary inputs for tile production. This proximity also enables them to have better control over the quality of raw materials and ensures a steady supply, leading to efficient and cost-effective manufacturing processes.

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  • Current Version
  • Mar 22, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • May 18, 2011
    Quiz Created by
    Aruni
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