Geography Chapter 3

44 Questions | Total Attempts: 17

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Geography Quizzes & Trivia

This quize covers Chapter 3 of the Basis Tucson 5th Grade Geography curriculum


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    What was the name of the explorer in 1947 that proved that Ocean Currents could have moved people across the ocean?
    • A. 

      Thor Heyerdal

    • B. 

      Jacques Cousteau

    • C. 

      David Jenkins

    • D. 

      Heinrik Wilhelm

    • E. 

      None of the above

  • 2. 
    Streamlike movements of water that occur at or near the sufrface of the ocean are called
  • 3. 
    What are three facotrs that affect surface currents
  • 4. 
    True or False (Type True or False in the answer space provided).  Surface currents can reach depths of several hundred meters and lengths of several thousand kilometers?
  • 5. 
    True or False (Type True or False in the answer space provided).  Different Winds cause currents to flow in different directions?
  • 6. 
    Near the equator, the winds blow ocean water
    • A. 

      North to South

    • B. 

      South to North

    • C. 

      East to West

    • D. 

      West to East

    • E. 

      All of the above - the winds constantly change thus changing the direction of the currents

  • 7. 
    At the poles, the ocean water is blown
    • A. 

      South to North

    • B. 

      West to East

    • C. 

      East to West

    • D. 

      North to South

    • E. 

      All of the above - the winds constantly change thus changing the direction of the currents

  • 8. 
    The Coriolis Effect is
    • A. 

      The curving of moving objects from a straight path due to the Earth's rotation

    • B. 

      The effect that a continent has on a current when it comes in contact with the continent

    • C. 

      Streamlike movements of ocean water far elow the surface

    • D. 

      The effect of increasing salination through evaporation

  • 9. 
    Continental Deflection is
    • A. 

      What happens when a wave hits the beach

    • B. 

      The wavelenght of a wave

    • C. 

      What occurrs when surface currents meet continents

    • D. 

      None of the above

  • 10. 
    True or False (Type True or False in the answer space provided).  All three factors of global winds, the coriolis effect and continental deflection work together to form a patter of surface currents on the earth, but currents are also affected by temperature of the water.
  • 11. 
    Streamlike movements of ocean water far below the surface that are not affected by wind or the Corolis effect is called?
  • 12. 
    Deep currents form in parts of the ocean where water density
  • 13. 
    Two factors that combine to affect the density of ocean water are?
  • 14. 
    True or False (Type True or False in the answer space provided).  Increase in salinty can occur both through freezing and evaporation?
  • 15. 
    Deep Currents move water
    • A. 

      From the Polar region to the Equatorial region

    • B. 

      From the Equatorial region to the Polar region

    • C. 

      For part of the year from the Polar region to the Equatorial region and part of the year from the Equatorial region to the Polar Region

    • D. 

      From California to Mexico

    • E. 

      None of the above

  • 16. 
    Surface currents carry warmer water
    • A. 

      Sometimes to Hawaii to Brazil

    • B. 

      From the Equatorial region to the Polar region

    • C. 

      From the Polar region to the Equatorial region

    • D. 

      Changes based on El Nino

    • E. 

      None of the above

  • 17. 
    True or False (Type True or False in the answer space provided).  Surface currents have no affect on the climate in many parts of the world?
  • 18. 
    True or False (Type True or False in the answer space provided).  Some surface currents warm or cool coastal areas year-round
  • 19. 
    Surface currents are classified as ______water or _______water currents
  • 20. 
    The ____ ______ carries warm water from the Tropics to the North Atlantic Ocean
  • 21. 
    The Gulf Stream flows to the British Isles which creates a realitively (type warm, cool, or mild) climate
  • 22. 
    The cold-water current, called the California Current, keeps the climate along the West Coast fairly (type warm, cool, or mild) all year long compared with temperatures inland.
  • 23. 
    The process in which cold, nutrient-rich water from the deep ocean rises to the surface and replace warm surface water is called?
    • A. 

      El Nino

    • B. 

      Breakers

    • C. 

      Upwelling

    • D. 

      Riptides

  • 24. 
    The highest point in a wave is called the
    • A. 

      Crest

    • B. 

      Trough

    • C. 

      Upwelling

    • D. 

      Breakers

    • E. 

      None of the above

  • 25. 
    The lowest point in the wave is called
    • A. 

      Breakers

    • B. 

      Creast

    • C. 

      Wave Period

    • D. 

      Trough

    • E. 

      None of the above

  • 26. 
    The wave height is
    • A. 

      The distance between two adjacent wave crests or wave troughs

    • B. 

      The time between the passage of two wave crests (or troughs) at a fixed point

    • C. 

      The vertical distance between a wave's crest and its trough

    • D. 

      None of the above

  • 27. 
    True or False (Type True or False in the answer space provided).  To calculate wave speed (m /s) use the formule Wavelength (m) divided by wave period (s)
  • 28. 
    For any given wavelength, an (Type increase or decrease) in the the wave period will decrease the wave speed
  • 29. 
    Deep-water waves are
    • A. 

      Waves that move in water that is deeper than one-half of their wavelength

    • B. 

      Waves that move in water that is less than one-half of their wave length

    • C. 

      Waves that gravity eventually pulls the high wave crests down, causing them to crach into the ocean floor

    • D. 

      The area between the breaker zone and the shore

  • 30. 
    Shallow-water waves are
    • A. 

      The area between the breaker zone and the shore

    • B. 

      Waves that gravity eventually pulls the high wave crests down, causing them to crach into the ocean floor

    • C. 

      Waves that move in water that is deeper than one-half of their wavelength

    • D. 

      Waves that move in water that is less than one-half of their wave length

  • 31. 
    Breakers are
    • A. 

      Waves that gravity eventually pulls the high wave crests down, causing them to crach into the ocean floor

    • B. 

      Waves that move in water that is less than one-half of their wave length

    • C. 

      The area between the breaker zone and the shore

    • D. 

      None of the above

  • 32. 
    When waves hit the shore at an angle, thaey cause water to move along the shore in a current called
    • A. 

      Longshore current

    • B. 

      Deep water current

    • C. 

      Shallow water current

    • D. 

      Longshore deflection

    • E. 

      Sediment current

  • 33. 
    White foaming waves with very steep crests that break in the open ocean before the waves get close to the shore are called
    • A. 

      Breakers

    • B. 

      Swells

    • C. 

      Surf

    • D. 

      Whitecaps

    • E. 

      None of the above

  • 34. 
    Rolling waves that move in a steady procession across the ocean are called
    • A. 

      Swells

    • B. 

      Whitecaps

    • C. 

      Surf

    • D. 

      None of the above

  • 35. 
    Waves that form when a large volume of ocean water is suddenly moved up or down are called (Type Tsunami or Ocean Surge)
  • 36. 
    • A. 

      Waves that form when a large volume of ocean water is suddenly moved up or down

    • B. 

      A local rise in sea level near the shor that is cuased by strong winds from a storm, such as a hurrican

    • C. 

      None of the above

  • 37. 
    Forces that continually move ocean water in regular patterns are called
  • 38. 
    (Type True or False) The moon's gravity is the dominant force behind Earth's tides?
  • 39. 
    (Type True or False) The roation of the Earth and moon's revolution around the Earth determine when tides occur?
  • 40. 
    The difference between levels of ocean water at high tide and low tide are called
    • A. 

      Neap tides

    • B. 

      Spring tides

    • C. 

      Tidal range

  • 41. 
    When the sun, Earth, and moon are in alighment with one another what type of tides occur
    • A. 

      Neap tides

    • B. 

      Spring tides

    • C. 

      Tidal range

    • D. 

      None of the above

  • 42. 
    When the sun, Earth, and moon form a 90 degree angle what type of tide occurrs
    • A. 

      Neap tides

    • B. 

      Spring tides

    • C. 

      Tidal range

  • 43. 
    A body of water that rushes up throuh a narrow bay, estuary, or river channel during the rise of high tide, causing a very sudden tidal rise is called a
    • A. 

      Tsunami

    • B. 

      Storm surge

    • C. 

      Tidal bore

    • D. 

      Wave crest

  • 44. 
    When waves crash on the beach head-on, the water they moved through flows back to the ocean underneath new incoming waves.  this movement of water, that carries sand, rock particles, and plankton away from the shore is called an