Gateway B1 Unit 5 Test Standard Reading

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| By Catherine Halcomb
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Catherine Halcomb
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Questions: 12 | Attempts: 1,574

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Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Read the article again and choose the best answers, A, B or C.1 ………………………We all know that most children watch too much TV. Many years ago, there was usually only one televisionin each house and parents could control when their children watched TV. But in the last 30 years, this haschanged. Now many children have televisions in their bedrooms and others can watch TV on their phonesand computers. It’s difficult for parents to control how much they watch and the problem is getting worse.2 ………………………When there was only one television in the house, it was easier for parents to control what and how muchtheir children watched. The parents could switch off the TV when they wanted to. In most countries, theTV companies were also responsible for what sort of programmes they broadcast when children werewatching. For example, they didn’t put on shows which were frightening and they often put onprogrammes for children that were educational or informative.3 ………………………However, children often watch TV and their parents don’t know that the TV is on. A survey in the USAfound that the majority of children (in some age groups this increases to 70%) have a TV in their bedrooms.Many of these children do less exercise and have more health problems compared to children who don’t.They also get lower marks in their school tests. As well as this, children are spending more time alone intheir rooms instead of interacting with family and friends.4 ………………………It’s very difficult to take TV away from a child, but it is possible to control the time spent watching. Parentscan take action with computers by using parental controls on websites like YouTube. There is also a gadgetyou can buy and programme to limit the number of hours a week a child can watch TV. This applies to allTVs in the house. When a child starts watching, he/she has to type in a special number. When they reachthe limit, the TV won’t switch on!5 ………………………Television can be a good thing which can help children learn a lot. However, it’s important that parentsknow when a child is watching too much and it’s their responsibility to make sure that doesn’t happen.

  • 2. 

    Read the article about children and television. The headings are missing from the article.Choose from the headings A–E the one which fits each gap.1. ………………………We all know that most children watch too much TV. Many years ago, there was usually only one televisionin each house and parents could control when their children watched TV. But in the last 30 years, this haschanged. Now many children have televisions in their bedrooms and others can watch TV on their phonesand computers. It’s difficult for parents to control how much they watch and the problem is getting worse.

    • A.

      Children and TV today

    • B.

      How can parents control what children watch?

    • C.

      How TV watching habits have changed

    • D.

      The solution: limit how much they watch

    • E.

      Children and TV in the past

    Correct Answer
    C. How TV watching habits have changed
    Explanation
    The given answer, "How TV watching habits have changed," fits the gap because the paragraph discusses how television habits have evolved over the years. It mentions that in the past, there was only one television in each house and parents could control when their children watched TV. However, in the last 30 years, the situation has changed with children having televisions in their bedrooms and being able to watch TV on their phones and computers. This shows a clear shift in TV watching habits, making the suggested heading appropriate.

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  • 3. 

    2 ………………………When there was only one television in the house, it was easier for parents to control what and how muchtheir children watched. The parents could switch off the TV when they wanted to. In most countries, theTV companies were also responsible for what sort of programmes they broadcast when children werewatching. For example, they didn’t put on shows which were frightening and they often put onprogrammes for children that were educational or informative.

    • A.

      Children and TV today

    • B.

      How can parents control what children watch?

    • C.

      How TV watching habits have changed

    • D.

      The solution: limit how much they watch

    • E.

      Children and TV in the past

    Correct Answer
    E. Children and TV in the past
  • 4. 

    3 ………………………However, children often watch TV and their parents don’t know that the TV is on. A survey in the USAfound that the majority of children (in some age groups this increases to 70%) have a TV in their bedrooms.Many of these children do less exercise and have more health problems compared to children who don’t.They also get lower marks in their school tests. As well as this, children are spending more time alone intheir rooms instead of interacting with family and friends.

    • A.

      Children and TV today

    • B.

      How can parents control what children watch?

    • C.

      How TV watching habits have changed

    • D.

      The solution: limit how much they watch

    • E.

      Children and TV in the past

    Correct Answer
    A. Children and TV today
    Explanation
    The given correct answer is "How can parents control what children watch?". This answer accurately reflects the main concern raised in the passage, which is the lack of parental control over children's TV watching habits. The passage mentions that children often watch TV without their parents' knowledge, and this can lead to negative consequences such as less exercise, health problems, lower academic performance, and decreased social interaction. Therefore, finding ways for parents to control and monitor what their children watch on TV is crucial to address these issues.

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  • 5. 

     4 ………………………It’s very difficult to take TV away from a child, but it is possible to control the time spent watching. Parentscan take action with computers by using parental controls on websites like YouTube. There is also a gadgetyou can buy and programme to limit the number of hours a week a child can watch TV. This applies to allTVs in the house. When a child starts watching, he/she has to type in a special number. When they reachthe limit, the TV won’t switch on!

    • A.

      Children and TV today

    • B.

      How can parents control what children watch?

    • C.

      How TV watching habits have changed

    • D.

      The solution: limit how much they watch

    • E.

      Children and TV in the past

    Correct Answer
    B. How can parents control what children watch?
    Explanation
    The given correct answer for this question is "How can parents control what children watch?". This is the correct answer because the passage mentions that parents can use parental controls on websites like YouTube and use a gadget to limit the number of hours a child can watch TV. These actions allow parents to have control over what their children watch on TV.

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  • 6. 

    5 ………………………Television can be a good thing which can help children learn a lot. However, it’s important that parentsknow when a child is watching too much and it’s their responsibility to make sure that doesn’t happen.

    • A.

      Children and TV today

    • B.

      How can parents control what children watch?

    • C.

      How TV watching habits have changed

    • D.

      The solution: limit how much they watch

    • E.

      Children and TV in the past

    Correct Answer
    D. The solution: limit how much they watch
    Explanation
    The given answer suggests that the solution to controlling what children watch on television is to limit the amount of time they spend watching it. This implies that parents should set boundaries and restrictions on the amount of television their children can watch in order to ensure they are not consuming excessive amounts of screen time. By doing so, parents can take responsibility for monitoring their children's television habits and ensure they are engaging in a healthy balance of activities.

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  • 7. 

    1 What is a problem for parents?

    • A.

      They don’t have time to relax with their children.

    • B.

      They can’t decide when to switch off the TV.

    • C.

      Their children watch a lot of TV.

    Correct Answer
    C. Their children watch a lot of TV.
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Their children watch a lot of TV." This answer is supported by the statement that "Their children watch a lot of TV" in the given options. It suggests that parents consider it a problem when their children spend excessive time watching television. This can be concerning for parents as it may affect their children's development, social interactions, and overall well-being.

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  • 8. 

    2 Why do children watch too much TV nowadays?

    • A.

      They can watch it on phones and computers.

    • B.

      The programmes are better than in the past.

    • C.

      The parents don’t want to stop them.

    Correct Answer
    A. They can watch it on phones and computers.
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "They can watch it on phones and computers." This answer suggests that children nowadays have easy access to TV through their phones and computers, which allows them to watch it more frequently. This explanation implies that the convenience and availability of TV on these devices contribute to children watching too much TV.

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  • 9. 

    What do TV companies do in many countries?

    • A.

      Put on frightening programmes for children

    • B.

      Put on special programmes for children

    • C.

      Decide what children watch

    Correct Answer
    B. Put on special programmes for children
    Explanation
    TV companies in many countries put on special programmes for children. This means that they create and broadcast specific shows and content that are designed and tailored specifically for children. These programmes are age-appropriate, educational, and entertaining, catering to the interests and needs of young viewers. TV companies understand the importance of providing content that is suitable for children and aim to engage and entertain them through special programming.

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  • 10. 

    How many children in the USA have a TV in theirbedroom?

    • A.

      70

    • B.

      More than 50%

    • C.

      Less than half

    Correct Answer
    B. More than 50%
    Explanation
    More than 50% of children in the USA have a TV in their bedroom. This means that a majority of children in the country have a television in their personal space. It indicates that having a TV in the bedroom is a common practice among children in the USA.

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  • 11. 

    Some children who watch TV in their rooms

    • A.

      Do badly in exams.

    • B.

      Also do sports.

    • C.

      Invite their friends to their rooms.

    Correct Answer
    A. Do badly in exams.
    Explanation
    The given answer suggests that some children who watch TV in their rooms tend to perform poorly in exams. This implies that the act of watching TV in their rooms might be a contributing factor to their academic performance. However, the other options provided, such as doing sports or inviting friends to their rooms, are not directly related to the negative impact on their exam results.

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  • 12. 

    What does the special gadget do?

    • A.

      It controls the TV in the child’s bedroom.

    • B.

      It controls the programmes the child watches.

    • C.

      It controls how long a child watches TV.

    Correct Answer
    C. It controls how long a child watches TV.
    Explanation
    The special gadget controls how long a child watches TV. This means that it has the ability to set time limits on the amount of time a child can spend watching television. It allows parents or guardians to regulate and monitor the amount of screen time a child has, promoting healthy habits and preventing excessive television consumption.

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  • 13. 

    How does the writer feel about the problem?

    • A.

      Television is always good for children.

    • B.

      Children are responsible for what they watch.

    • C.

      Parents are responsible for what their children watch.

    Correct Answer
    C. Parents are responsible for what their children watch.
    Explanation
    The writer believes that parents are responsible for what their children watch. This suggests that the writer does not agree with the statement that "Television is always good for children" and believes that children should not be solely responsible for what they watch. Instead, the writer emphasizes the role of parents in monitoring and controlling their children's television viewing habits.

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Quiz Review Timeline +

Our quizzes are rigorously reviewed, monitored and continuously updated by our expert board to maintain accuracy, relevance, and timeliness.

  • Current Version
  • Mar 22, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Jan 18, 2017
    Quiz Created by
    Catherine Halcomb
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