Gastrointestinal Diseases Quiz One

62 Questions | Total Attempts: 3271

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Gastrointestinal Disease Quizzes & Trivia

I meant to make this only over the first lecture, but forgot where the first lecture stopped, so it goes about halfway through the second lecture too. It covers up through digestion and absorption of protein


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    Which of the following is NOT one of the four common classes of symptoms and signs of GI disorders:
    • A. 

      Abdominal or Chest pain

    • B. 

      Altered Ingestion of Food

    • C. 

      Fever

    • D. 

      Altered Bowel Movements

    • E. 

      GI Tract Bleeding

  • 2. 
    Which of the following lists all five examples given of clinical manifestations of altered ingestion of food:
    • A. 

      Nausea, Vomiting, Dysphagia, Dysuria, Constipation

    • B. 

      Nausea, Vomiting, Dysphagia, Odynophagia, Anorexia

    • C. 

      Weight loss, vomiting, diarrhea, GI tract bleeding, Nausea

    • D. 

      Constipation, Diarrhea, Abdominal Pain, Dysphagia, Odynophagia

  • 3. 
    Which of the following gives the correct progress of food along the alimentary canal?
    • A. 

      Mouth, Esophagus, Pharynx, Stomach, SI, LI, Rectum, Anal Canal and Sphincter

    • B. 

      Mouth, Pharynx, Esophagus, Stomach, LI, SI, Rectum, Anal Canal and Sphincter

    • C. 

      Mouth, Esophagus, Stomach, Pharynx, SI, LI, Anal Canal and Sphinter

    • D. 

      Mouth, Pharynx, Esophagus, Stomach, SI, LI, Rectum, Anal Canal and Sphincter

  • 4. 
    Which of the following is not considered part of the mouth according to our notes
    • A. 

      Teeth

    • B. 

      Pharynx

    • C. 

      Palate

    • D. 

      Tongue

    • E. 

      Salivary Glands

  • 5. 
    What are the two sphincters that are not made up of smooth muscle?
  • 6. 
    What two main types of processes does digestion include?
  • 7. 
    How many neurons are located within the numerous small ganglia of the enteric nervous system?
    • A. 

      100,000

    • B. 

      1,000

    • C. 

      1,000,000

    • D. 

      1,000,000,000

  • 8. 
    Which of the following is NOT true of the myenteric plexus of the enteric nervous system?
    • A. 

      Does motor activity of the gut

    • B. 

      Also called the Meissner's plexus

    • C. 

      Located between longitudinal and circular smooth muscle layers

    • D. 

      Travels from from the esophagus to the rectum

  • 9. 
    Which of the following is NOT true of the submucosal plexus of the enteric nervous system?
    • A. 

      It regulates motor activity of the gut.

    • B. 

      Located between the circular smooth muscle and submucosa

    • C. 

      Also called the Meissner's plexus

    • D. 

      Confined to submucosa of the gut and is most prominent within the small intestine.

  • 10. 
    Which of the following is NOT an additional plexus of the GI system:
    • A. 

      Deep Muscular Plexus

    • B. 

      Superficial Muscular Plexus

    • C. 

      Periglandular Plexus

    • D. 

      Villous Plexus

  • 11. 
    Complete reflex arcs exist within the enteric nervous system.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 12. 
    Where do neurons of the autonomic parasympathetic division project from?
    • A. 

      Hypothalamus

    • B. 

      Medulla oblongata and sacral region

    • C. 

      Thoracic and lumbar regions

    • D. 

      Basal ganglia and thoracic region

  • 13. 
    What effect does the parasympathetic nervous system have on the motor function and secretion of the gut?
    • A. 

      Excitatory

    • B. 

      Inhibitory

  • 14. 
    What is the key parasympathetic nerver innervating the gut?
    • A. 

      Sciatic Nerve

    • B. 

      Phrenic Nerve

    • C. 

      Vagus nerve

    • D. 

      Ventral rami of T3-T9

  • 15. 
    What NT is released into the small intestine to control the activity of the vagus nerve?
    • A. 

      Epinephrine

    • B. 

      Dopamine

    • C. 

      GABA

    • D. 

      Serotonin

  • 16. 
    Where do neurons of the autonomic sympathetic division project to the gut from?
    • A. 

      Vagus nerve

    • B. 

      Thoracic and first lumbar segments of the spinal cord

    • C. 

      Lumbar and sacral segments of the spinal cord

    • D. 

      Thoracic, lumbar and first sacral segments of the spinal cord

  • 17. 
    What type of effect does the sympathetic nervous system have on the secretory and motor function in the gut?
    • A. 

      Excitatory

    • B. 

      Inhibitory

  • 18. 
    What are the two types of receptors in the gut that are sensitive to acetylcholine? 
  • 19. 
    What is the KEY neurotransimiter used in the Sympathetic Nervous System?
    • A. 

      Epinephrine

    • B. 

      Dopamine

    • C. 

      Acetylcholine

    • D. 

      Norepinephrine

  • 20. 
    Name the two excitatory nonadrenergic/noncholinergic NTs
  • 21. 
    Name the two inhibitory nonadrenergic/noncholinergic NTs
  • 22. 
    Which of the following is NOT a componant of sympathetic activation (Think about the pictoral diagram)
    • A. 

      Short preganglionic fibers

    • B. 

      Acetycholine binding to Nicotinic receptor

    • C. 

      Longer postganglionic fibers

    • D. 

      Norepinephrine binding to muscarinic receptor

  • 23. 
    Which of the following is NOT a componant of parasympathetic activation (Pictoral diagram again)
    • A. 

      Short preganglionic fibers

    • B. 

      Acetylcholine binding to nicotinic receptors

    • C. 

      Shorter postganglionic fibers

    • D. 

      Acetylcholine binding to muscarinic receptors

  • 24. 
    What are the two principal muscle layers that control motility of the GI tract?
  • 25. 
    Which muscle layer that controls motility in the GI tract is thickened in the gastric antrum and to form sphinters?
    • A. 

      Inner circular layer muscularis externa

    • B. 

      Outer longitudinal layer of muscularis externa

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