Ga Judicial Branch Vocab And Court System

49 Questions

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Ga Judicial Branch Vocab And Court System

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Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    What is a court that is concerned with reviewing cases after they are initially tried?
    • A. 

      Municipal

    • B. 

      Appellate

    • C. 

      Magistrate

    • D. 

      Superior

  • 2. 
    What is a serious crime, punishable by a year or more in prison and/or a fine of $1,000 or more 
    • A. 

      Misdemeanor

    • B. 

      Jurisdiction

    • C. 

      Indictment

    • D. 

      Felony

  • 3. 
    What is the original case where evidenced is presented, a defense offered, and a decision reached. 
    • A. 

      Indictment

    • B. 

      Arraignment

    • C. 

      Trial

    • D. 

      Defendant

  • 4. 
    The authority of a court to rule on a certain case
    • A. 

      Jurisdiction

    • B. 

      Civil law

    • C. 

      Criminal law

    • D. 

      Defendant

  • 5. 
    What is a less serious crime punishable by less than a year in prison and/or a fine of less than $1,000
    • A. 

      Felony

    • B. 

      Trial

    • C. 

      Misdemeanor

    • D. 

      Juvenile

  • 6. 
    What does it mean to be assigned a position or office in the government 
    • A. 

      Appointed

    • B. 

      Juvenile

    • C. 

      Felony

    • D. 

      Arraignment

  • 7. 
    • A. 

      Plaintiff

    • B. 

      Criminal Law

    • C. 

      Defendant

    • D. 

      Civil Law

  • 8. 
    • A. 

      Indictment

    • B. 

      Civil law

    • C. 

      Arraignment

    • D. 

      Criminal Law

  • 9. 
    • A. 

      Civil Law

    • B. 

      Criminal Law

    • C. 

      Indictment

    • D. 

      Arraignment

  • 10. 
    • A. 

      Defendant

    • B. 

      Juvenile

    • C. 

      Plaintiff

    • D. 

      Misdemeanor

  • 11. 
    What is the formal charge or accusation of crime?
    • A. 

      Arraignment

    • B. 

      Defendant

    • C. 

      Plaintiff

    • D. 

      Indictment

  • 12. 
    What is the formal reading of a charge to a defendant, and the defendant answers a plea
    • A. 

      Indictment

    • B. 

      Misdemeanor

    • C. 

      Trial

    • D. 

      Arraignment

  • 13. 
    What is a person who brings a case against another person in a court of law?
    • A. 

      Defendant

    • B. 

      Plaintiff

    • C. 

      Criminal law

    • D. 

      Civil law

  • 14. 
    • A. 

      3 - Probate, magistrate, and minicipal

    • B. 

      2 - probate and court of appeals

    • C. 

      2 - Court of appeals and supreme court

    • D. 

      3 - juvenile and court of appeals

  • 15. 
    • A. 

      Superior courts, state courts, juvenile courts, probate courts, magistrate courts, municipal courts

    • B. 

      Probate courts, magistrate courts, municipal courts, superior courts, state courts, juvenile courts

    • C. 

      Juvenile courts, municipal courts, probate courts, magistrate courts, superior courts, state courts

    • D. 

      Municipal courts, juvenile courts, probate courts, superior courts, state courts, magistrate courts

  • 16. 
    • A. 

      Enforce city laws, clean city sewers, traffic violations within city limits

    • B. 

      Ordinance violations, clean city sewers, traffic violations within city limits

    • C. 

      Enforce city laws, ordinance violations, traffic violations within city limits

    • D. 

      Clean city streets, clean city sewers, enforce city laws

  • 17. 
    • A. 

      Jury, elected judges

    • B. 

      No jury, appointed judges

    • C. 

      Jury, appointed judges

    • D. 

      No jury, elected judges

  • 18. 
    • A. 

      370

    • B. 

      159

    • C. 

      72

    • D. 

      49

  • 19. 
    • A. 

      Handle small civil claims (

    • B. 

      Handle major civil claims (>$15,000), bad checks, arrest warrants, search warrants

    • C. 

      Take care of credit and bill issues, bad checks

    • D. 

      Arrest warrants, search warrants, inspections

  • 20. 
    • A. 

      Jury, most elected, some appointed by legislature

    • B. 

      No jury, judges appointed

    • C. 

      No jury, most judges elected, some appointed by legislature

    • D. 

      Jury, appointed

  • 21. 
    • A. 

      159

    • B. 

      159 (one per county)

    • C. 

      72

    • D. 

      49 (one per city)

  • 22. 
    • A. 

      Mostly handling property disputes

    • B. 

      Property, wills, estates

    • C. 

      Property, wills, estates, appoints guardians

    • D. 

      Mostly handling wills and estates, appoints guardians

  • 23. 
    • A. 

      Marriage and firearms

    • B. 

      Hunting and fishing

    • C. 

      Hunting and firearms

    • D. 

      Boating and marriage

  • 24. 
    • A. 

      Jury, elected, must be a licensed attorney who has practiced law for 7 years

    • B. 

      No jury, judges are elected, must be a licensed attorney who has practiced law for 7 years

    • C. 

      No jury, judges appointed

    • D. 

      Jury, appointed

  • 25. 
    How many probate courts are there?
    • A. 

      159 courts (one per county)

    • B. 

      72

    • C. 

      49 (one per city)

    • D. 

      59

  • 26. 
    • A. 

      Cases for delinquent children under the age of 16 and neglected children under 17

    • B. 

      Cases for delinquent children under the age of 15 and neglected children under 16

    • C. 

      Cases for delinquent children under the age of 17

    • D. 

      Cases for delinquent children under the age of 17 and neglected children under 18

  • 27. 
    • A. 

      No jury, judges appointed by supreme court justices for 4-year terms

    • B. 

      No jury, judges appointed by supreme court justices for 2-year terms

    • C. 

      Jury, appointed by supreme court justices

    • D. 

      Jury, elected

  • 28. 
    • A. 

      49 (one per city)

    • B. 

      72

    • C. 

      159 courts (one per county)

    • D. 

      59

  • 29. 
    Criminal or Civil? Cases where the state accuses someone of violating a state or local crime 
    • A. 

      Criminal

    • B. 

      Civil

  • 30. 
    Criminal or Civil? Defendants do not have to testify against themselves 
    • A. 

      Criminal

    • B. 

      Civil

    • C. 

      Option 3

    • D. 

      Option 4

  • 31. 
    Civil or Criminal? Punishment may be prison time, a fine, or both
    • A. 

      Civil

    • B. 

      Criminal

    • C. 

      Option 3

    • D. 

      Option 4

  • 32. 
    Criminal or civil? Disputes between individuals usually over money or compensation for action
    • A. 

      Criminal

    • B. 

      Civil

    • C. 

      Option 3

    • D. 

      Option 4

  • 33. 
    Criminal or Civil? Defendants must testify in court
    • A. 

      Civil

    • B. 

      Criminal

    • C. 

      Option 3

    • D. 

      Option 4

  • 34. 
    Criminal or Civil? Punishment is a fine
    • A. 

      Criminal

    • B. 

      Civil

    • C. 

      Option 3

    • D. 

      Option 4

  • 35. 
    • A. 

      It is the second court of review (no original jurisdiction)

    • B. 

      It is the first court of review (no original jurisdiction)

    • C. 

      It is the highest trial court

    • D. 

      It is the lowest trial court

  • 36. 
    • A. 

      To review errors that may have occurred during a case in supreme court

    • B. 

      To repeal unconstitutional laws

    • C. 

      To review death penalty cases

    • D. 

      To review and correct legal errors that may have occurred during trial

  • 37. 
    • A. 

      Judges, elected and divided into 4 panels of 3 judges

    • B. 

      Judges, appointed

    • C. 

      Jury, elected and divided into 4 panels of 3 judges each

    • D. 

      Judges, elected and divided into 4 panels of 3 judges each

  • 38. 
    • A. 

      1

    • B. 

      2

    • C. 

      3

    • D. 

      59

  • 39. 
    • A. 

      Lowest court in state

    • B. 

      Highest court in state

    • C. 

      3rd highest court in state

    • D. 

      5th highest court in state

  • 40. 
    • A. 

      Review court of appeals and death penalty cases

    • B. 

      Rule in questions involving the constitutionality of state laws, automaticly review death penalty cases

    • C. 

      Hear appeals from the court of appeals, rule in questions involving the constitutionality of state laws, automaticly review death penalty cases

    • D. 

      Hear appeals from the court of appeals, rule in questions involving the constitutionality of state laws

  • 41. 
    • A. 

      Appellate only

    • B. 

      Criminal only

    • C. 

      Civil and criminal

    • D. 

      Appellate and criminal

  • 42. 
    Is there a jury in supreme court?
    • A. 

      Jury, elected

    • B. 

      7 justices, elected

    • C. 

      Jury, appointed

    • D. 

      Judges, appointed

  • 43. 
    • A. 

      Legal profession in the state and judicial branch

    • B. 

      Legal profession in the state

    • C. 

      Legal profession in the judicial branch

    • D. 

      Legal profession in the judicial and legislative branches

  • 44. 
    • A. 

      Handle traffic violations

    • B. 

      Issue warrants and misdemeanors

    • C. 

      Handle traffic violations, may issue warrants within a county, misdemeanors

    • D. 

      Felonies, warrants, and traffic violations

  • 45. 
    • A. 

      Jury trials, judges elected to four year terms

    • B. 

      Jury, elected

    • C. 

      No jury, judges elected

    • D. 

      No jury, judges appointed

  • 46. 
    How many state courts are there?
    • A. 

      49

    • B. 

      59

    • C. 

      159

    • D. 

      72

  • 47. 
    • A. 

      Handle felony trials, some misdemeanors and civil cases, exclusive jurisdiction over divorce, land titles

    • B. 

      Handle felony trials, some misdemeanors and civil cases

    • C. 

      Exclusive jurisdiction over divorce, land titles

    • D. 

      Some misdemeanors and civil cases, exclusive jurisdiction over divorce

  • 48. 
    • A. 

      No jury, judges elected (must be 30 yrs old and a Georgia resident of 3 years)

    • B. 

      Jury, judges elected to four year terms (must be 30 yrs old and a licensed attorney who has practiced for seven years and Georgia resident of 3 years)

    • C. 

      Jury, judges elected (30 yrs and licensed attorney practiced of seven years

    • D. 

      No jury, judges appointed (licensed attorney practiced of seven years and a Georgia resident of 3 years)

  • 49. 
    • A. 

      59

    • B. 

      49

    • C. 

      72

    • D. 

      159