Ga Judicial Branch Vocab And Court System

49 Questions | Total Attempts: 183

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Ga Judicial Branch Vocab And Court System

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Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    What is a court that is concerned with reviewing cases after they are initially tried?
    • A. 

      Municipal

    • B. 

      Appellate

    • C. 

      Magistrate

    • D. 

      Superior

  • 2. 
    What is a serious crime, punishable by a year or more in prison and/or a fine of $1,000 or more 
    • A. 

      Misdemeanor

    • B. 

      Jurisdiction

    • C. 

      Indictment

    • D. 

      Felony

  • 3. 
    What is the original case where evidenced is presented, a defense offered, and a decision reached. 
    • A. 

      Indictment

    • B. 

      Arraignment

    • C. 

      Trial

    • D. 

      Defendant

  • 4. 
    The authority of a court to rule on a certain case
    • A. 

      Jurisdiction

    • B. 

      Civil law

    • C. 

      Criminal law

    • D. 

      Defendant

  • 5. 
    What is a less serious crime punishable by less than a year in prison and/or a fine of less than $1,000
    • A. 

      Felony

    • B. 

      Trial

    • C. 

      Misdemeanor

    • D. 

      Juvenile

  • 6. 
    What does it mean to be assigned a position or office in the government 
    • A. 

      Appointed

    • B. 

      Juvenile

    • C. 

      Felony

    • D. 

      Arraignment

  • 7. 
    What is a person accused of a crime in a court of law?
    • A. 

      Plaintiff

    • B. 

      Criminal Law

    • C. 

      Defendant

    • D. 

      Civil Law

  • 8. 
    What law defines crimes and provide their punishments? It is broken when state laws are broken (Georgia v. Durkee)
    • A. 

      Indictment

    • B. 

      Civil law

    • C. 

      Arraignment

    • D. 

      Criminal Law

  • 9. 
    What is law that deals with disputes between individuals? (Crawford vs. Durkee)
    • A. 

      Civil Law

    • B. 

      Criminal Law

    • C. 

      Indictment

    • D. 

      Arraignment

  • 10. 
    What is someone (in GA) under the age of 17?
    • A. 

      Defendant

    • B. 

      Juvenile

    • C. 

      Plaintiff

    • D. 

      Misdemeanor

  • 11. 
    What is the formal charge or accusation of crime?
    • A. 

      Arraignment

    • B. 

      Defendant

    • C. 

      Plaintiff

    • D. 

      Indictment

  • 12. 
    What is the formal reading of a charge to a defendant, and the defendant answers a plea
    • A. 

      Indictment

    • B. 

      Misdemeanor

    • C. 

      Trial

    • D. 

      Arraignment

  • 13. 
    What is a person who brings a case against another person in a court of law?
    • A. 

      Defendant

    • B. 

      Plaintiff

    • C. 

      Criminal law

    • D. 

      Civil law

  • 14. 
    How many appelate courts are there in Georgia and what are their names?
    • A. 

      3 - Probate, magistrate, and minicipal

    • B. 

      2 - probate and court of appeals

    • C. 

      2 - Court of appeals and supreme court

    • D. 

      3 - juvenile and court of appeals

  • 15. 
    What are the names of the trial courts of Georgia in order from most to least powerful?
    • A. 

      Superior courts, state courts, juvenile courts, probate courts, magistrate courts, municipal courts

    • B. 

      Probate courts, magistrate courts, municipal courts, superior courts, state courts, juvenile courts

    • C. 

      Juvenile courts, municipal courts, probate courts, magistrate courts, superior courts, state courts

    • D. 

      Municipal courts, juvenile courts, probate courts, superior courts, state courts, magistrate courts

  • 16. 
    What is the purpose of municipal court?
    • A. 

      Enforce city laws, clean city sewers, traffic violations within city limits

    • B. 

      Ordinance violations, clean city sewers, traffic violations within city limits

    • C. 

      Enforce city laws, ordinance violations, traffic violations within city limits

    • D. 

      Clean city streets, clean city sewers, enforce city laws

  • 17. 
    Is there a jury in municipal court? If yes, elected or appointed? If no, judges elected or appointed?
    • A. 

      Jury, elected judges

    • B. 

      No jury, appointed judges

    • C. 

      Jury, appointed judges

    • D. 

      No jury, elected judges

  • 18. 
    How many municipal courts are there in GA?
    • A. 

      370

    • B. 

      159

    • C. 

      72

    • D. 

      49

  • 19. 
    What is the purpose of magistrate court?
    • A. 

      Handle small civil claims (

    • B. 

      Handle major civil claims (>$15,000), bad checks, arrest warrants, search warrants

    • C. 

      Take care of credit and bill issues, bad checks

    • D. 

      Arrest warrants, search warrants, inspections

  • 20. 
    Is there a jury in magistrate court? If yes, elected or appointed? If no, judges elected or appointed?
    • A. 

      Jury, most elected, some appointed by legislature

    • B. 

      No jury, judges appointed

    • C. 

      No jury, most judges elected, some appointed by legislature

    • D. 

      Jury, appointed

  • 21. 
    How many magistrate courts are there?
    • A. 

      159

    • B. 

      159 (one per county)

    • C. 

      72

    • D. 

      49 (one per city)

  • 22. 
    What is the purpose of probate court?
    • A. 

      Mostly handling property disputes

    • B. 

      Property, wills, estates

    • C. 

      Property, wills, estates, appoints guardians

    • D. 

      Mostly handling wills and estates, appoints guardians

  • 23. 
    What licenses do probate court issue?
    • A. 

      Marriage and firearms

    • B. 

      Hunting and fishing

    • C. 

      Hunting and firearms

    • D. 

      Boating and marriage

  • 24. 
    Is there a jury in probate court? If yes, elected or appointed? If no, judges elected or appointed?
    • A. 

      Jury, elected, must be a licensed attorney who has practiced law for 7 years

    • B. 

      No jury, judges are elected, must be a licensed attorney who has practiced law for 7 years

    • C. 

      No jury, judges appointed

    • D. 

      Jury, appointed

  • 25. 
    How many probate courts are there?
    • A. 

      159 courts (one per county)

    • B. 

      72

    • C. 

      49 (one per city)

    • D. 

      59