Do You Know First Aid?

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| By Belllewis
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Belllewis
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Questions: 5 | Attempts: 1,549

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Do You Know First Aid? - Quiz

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Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    You’re having lunch with a friend and he begins to choke on some food. He can’t speak, breathe or cough it up. How can you help?

    • A.

      Put your fingers down his throat to try to dislodge the obstruction

    • B.

      Do the Heimlich manoeuvre on him

    • C.

      Give up to five back blows between his shoulder blades

    Correct Answer
    C. Give up to five back blows between his shoulder blades
    Explanation
    In this situation, giving up to five back blows between the choking person's shoulder blades is the best course of action. This technique, known as the back blows, can help dislodge the obstruction by using the force of the blows to create enough pressure to expel the object. It is a safer option compared to putting fingers down the throat, as this can potentially push the obstruction further down and worsen the situation. The Heimlich maneuver is also a valid technique for choking, but in this case, the back blows are recommended as the first step.

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  • 2. 

    Your colleague is complaining of breathlessness and a tight pain in the chest. You suspect a heart attack. What should you do?

    • A.

      Sit him in a comfortable position

    • B.

      Encourage him to stand up and move around slowly

    • C.

      Get him to lay down flat

    Correct Answer
    A. Sit him in a comfortable position
    Explanation
    In the case of suspected heart attack, it is recommended to sit the person in a comfortable position. This is because sitting upright can help relieve pressure on the chest and make breathing easier. It also allows the person to stay calm and reduces the risk of falling or injuring themselves further. Laying down flat may worsen the symptoms and make it harder for the person to breathe. Encouraging movement may also be dangerous as it can put additional strain on the heart.

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  • 3. 

    One of your friends has cut his arm and is bleeding severely. How do you treat his injury?

    • A.

      Put the injured limb in some cold water

    • B.

      Apply direct pressure over the wound

    • C.

      Give him an aspirin

    Correct Answer
    B. Apply direct pressure over the wound
    Explanation
    Applying direct pressure over the wound is the correct answer because it helps to control the bleeding. By applying pressure, it helps to compress the blood vessels and reduce the flow of blood. This can be done by using a clean cloth or bandage and applying firm pressure directly on the wound. This method is effective in stopping the bleeding until further medical assistance can be obtained. Putting the injured limb in cold water or giving aspirin are not appropriate treatments for a severe bleeding injury.

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  • 4. 

    You’re walking home and you see a man lying on the ground. You ask him if he’s all right but he doesn’t respond. What should you do next?

    • A.

      Leave him to wake up by himself

    • B.

      Begin CPR

    • C.

      Check his airway is clear

    Correct Answer
    C. Check his airway is clear
    Explanation
    In this situation, the most important thing to do is to check the man's airway to ensure that it is clear. This is because if his airway is blocked, he may not be able to breathe properly, which can be life-threatening. By checking his airway, you can assess if there are any obstructions and take appropriate actions to clear it if necessary.

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  • 5. 

    You need to perform CPR on your neighbour after she collapsed and stopped breathing. How many chest compressions to rescue breaths should you do?

    • A.

      20 compressions to five breaths

    • B.

      30 compressions to two breaths

    • C.

      15 compressions to three breaths

    Correct Answer
    B. 30 compressions to two breaths
    Explanation
    Performing CPR involves a combination of chest compressions and rescue breaths. The correct answer states that 30 compressions should be followed by two breaths. This is in line with the standard CPR guidelines, which recommend a compression-to-breath ratio of 30:2 for adult CPR. By providing 30 compressions, you ensure that the heart is being pumped effectively, while two breaths provide oxygen to the lungs. This ratio helps to maintain blood circulation and oxygenation during CPR, increasing the chances of reviving the individual.

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  • Current Version
  • Mar 21, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Jul 23, 2012
    Quiz Created by
    Belllewis
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