Volcanoes Facts! Test Your Knowledge! Trivia Quiz

22 Questions | Total Attempts: 448

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Volcanoes Facts! Test Your Knowledge! Trivia Quiz

A volcano is a unique mountain or a hill with a crater or vent through which lava, rock fragments, hot vapor, and gas are being or have already been propelled from the earth’s crust. This quiz on volcanoes explains what most shield volcanoes have grown from the ocean floor to form, what occurs when the temperature of lava increases, and an example of a composite volcano. This quiz is overflowing with information; give it a shot.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    Most shield volcanoes have grown from the ocean floor to form ______________.
    • A. 

      Islands

    • B. 

      Dikes

    • C. 

      Tectonic plates

    • D. 

      Canyons

  • 2. 
    As the temperature of lava increases, ___________.
    • A. 

      Its viscosity decreases.

    • B. 

      It begins to harden.

    • C. 

      Its viscosity increases.

  • 3. 
    Crater Lake in Oregon was produced. when_______________ .
    • A. 

      A lava dam blocked a river.

    • B. 

      A large explosion blew out the side of a large volcano.

    • C. 

      The summit of a volcano collapsed.

    • D. 

      A lava flow erupted from a volcano.

  • 4. 
    The greatest volume of lava is produced by an  ___________________________  .
    • A. 

      Eruption of a cinder cone.

    • B. 

      The eruption of a fissure along an ocean ridge or a hot spot.

    • C. 

      Eruption of a stato volcano.

  • 5. 
    Check out this image.   It is a fine example of a volcano's vent....
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 6. 
    Most of the volcanoes in Hawaii are associated with _____________ volcanoes.  
    • A. 

      Intra-plate vulcanism

    • B. 

      Hot spots

    • C. 

      Shield volcanoes

  • 7. 
    Which of the following is NOT a factor affecting how violently or quietly a volcano erupts?
    • A. 

      Magma's composition

    • B. 

      Magma's temperature

    • C. 

      Size of the volcano's cone

  • 8. 
    Identify this type of  lava
    • A. 

      Pahoehoe

    • B. 

      Ah Ah

    • C. 

      Crater

  • 9. 
    Identify this Instrusive igneous formation.   It is MOST likely a ____________________.
    • A. 

      Lava plateu

    • B. 

      Batholith

    • C. 

      Sill

  • 10. 
    This is an example of a shield volcano.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 11. 
    Identify this Instrusive igneous formation.   It is MOST likely a ____________________.
    • A. 

      Lava plateu

    • B. 

      Batholith

    • C. 

      Sill

  • 12. 
    The Devils Tower in the Black Hills of Wyoming would be considered a geological wonder and a National Park has been formed. Choose the answer below that BEST to describe this Igneous Activity.
    • A. 

      A very large batholith

    • B. 

      The core of an extinct volcano that has been exposed by erosion

    • C. 

      The remains of a shield volcano

  • 13. 
    Which of the following is an example of a Composite Volcano?
    • A. 

      Kilauea in Hawaii

    • B. 

      Mount Ranier

    • C. 

      Paricutin in Mexicao

  • 14. 
    This caldera is _____________________________ , located in Oregon.
    • A. 

      Mt Katmi

    • B. 

      Mount Okmok

    • C. 

      Crater Lake

  • 15. 
    A volcanic bomb is a ________________________.
    • A. 

      Very violent volcanic explosion

    • B. 

      Piece of semi-molten rock ejected as glowing lava

    • C. 

      Tiny particle of ejected rock less than 64 mm in size

  • 16. 
    As the temperature of lava increases , ___________________________.
    • A. 

      Its viscosity decreases

    • B. 

      It begins to harden

    • C. 

      Its viscosity increases

  • 17. 
     Which of the following factors helps determine whether a volcanic eruption will be violent or relatively quiet?
    • A. 

      Amount of dissolved gases in the magma.

    • B. 

      The temperature of the magma.

    • C. 

      Composition of the magma.

    • D. 

      All answers are correct.

  • 18. 
    Study this image of Olympus Mons on Mars.  
    • A. 

      This is the largest dormant volcano in our solar system.

    • B. 

      This is an example of a shield volcano.

    • C. 

      This dormant volcano contains a caldera at the top.

    • D. 

      There is a lava plateau that surrounds the volcano itself.

  • 19. 
    Which of the following pyroclastic materials will be carried all over the world by the jet stream?
    • A. 

      Vent

    • B. 

      Ash and gas

    • C. 

      Lava

  • 20. 
    What is the MOST abundant gas associated with volcanic activity?
    • A. 

      Chlorine

    • B. 

      Water vapor

    • C. 

      Sulfur oxide

    • D. 

      Carbon dioxide

  • 21. 
    Which of the following is TRUE about Cinder Cones?
    • A. 

      Most of these volcanoes are built from lava fragments or cinders.

    • B. 

      Cinder cones grow very rapidly.

    • C. 

      The volcano grows around 1 central vent

  • 22. 
    Identify this type of volcano
    • A. 

      Shield

    • B. 

      Composite

    • C. 

      Cinder cone

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