Fifth Grade Content Vocabulary-math

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Quizzes Created: 4 | Total Attempts: 383
Questions: 24 | Attempts: 80

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Fifth Grade Content Vocabulary-math - Quiz

Winter Benchmarking-2015


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Match the following definition with the correct math vocabulary term:A statement that has two mathematical expressions that are equal (=).

    • A.

      Inequality

    • B.

      Composite Number

    • C.

      Coordinate Grid

    • D.

      Equation

    Correct Answer
    D. Equation
    Explanation
    An equation is a statement that has two mathematical expressions that are equal (=). It is used to represent a balance or relationship between two quantities. Equations are commonly used in algebra to solve for unknown variables.

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  • 2. 

    Match the following definition with the correct math vocabulary term:Not equal

    • A.

      Inequality

    • B.

      Composite Number

    • C.

      Coordinate Grid

    • D.

      Equation

    Correct Answer
    A. Inequality
    Explanation
    An inequality is a mathematical statement that compares two quantities and indicates that they are not equal. It is used to represent a range of values rather than a single value. Inequalities are commonly used in algebra to express relationships between variables.

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  • 3. 

    Match the following definition with the correct math vocabulary term:It is formed by horizontal and vertical lines and is used to locate points called ordered pairs (x,y).

    • A.

      Inequality

    • B.

      Composite Number

    • C.

      Coordinate Grid

    • D.

      Equation

    Correct Answer
    C. Coordinate Grid
    Explanation
    A coordinate grid is a mathematical tool that consists of horizontal and vertical lines. It is used to locate points on a graph, which are represented by ordered pairs (x, y). The x-coordinate represents the position along the horizontal axis, while the y-coordinate represents the position along the vertical axis. This allows for precise plotting and analysis of data or equations in mathematics.

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  • 4. 

    Match the following definition with the correct math vocabulary term:A symbol (usually a letter) for a number we don't know yet.

    • A.

      Median

    • B.

      Variable

    • C.

      Coordinate Grid

    • D.

      Origin

    Correct Answer
    B. Variable
    Explanation
    A variable is a symbol, usually a letter, that represents a number that is unknown or can change. It is used in mathematics to represent an unknown value or a value that can vary in different situations.

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  • 5. 

    Match the following definition with the correct math vocabulary term:Sides and angles of polygons that measure the same.

    • A.

      Prime Number

    • B.

      Variable

    • C.

      Mode

    • D.

      Similar Figures

    Correct Answer
    D. Similar Figures
    Explanation
    Similar figures refers to polygons that have the same shape but may differ in size. The sides and angles of these polygons are proportional to each other. Therefore, the definition provided matches the term "Similar Figures".

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  • 6. 

    Match the following definition with the correct math vocabulary term:A number is divisible by another number if there is no remainder.

    • A.

      Expression

    • B.

      Variable

    • C.

      Divisible

    • D.

      Mean

    Correct Answer
    C. Divisible
    Explanation
    Divisible means that a number can be evenly divided by another number without leaving a remainder. In other words, if one number is divisible by another, it means that the division operation results in a whole number with no remainder.

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  • 7. 

    Match the following definition with the correct math vocabulary term:A whole number greater than one with only two factors; one and itself.

    • A.

      Composite Number

    • B.

      Prime Number

    • C.

      Mixed Number

    • D.

      Equation

    Correct Answer
    B. Prime Number
    Explanation
    A prime number is a whole number greater than one that has only two factors, which are one and itself. This means that it cannot be divided evenly by any other number except for one and itself.

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  • 8. 

    Match the following definition with the correct math vocabulary term:Powers of; 

    • A.

      Composite Number

    • B.

      Prime Number

    • C.

      Exponent

    • D.

      Mixed Number

    Correct Answer
    C. Exponent
    Explanation
    An exponent is a mathematical term that represents the number of times a base number is multiplied by itself. It is used in powers and exponential notation to indicate repeated multiplication. For example, in the expression 2^3, the base is 2 and the exponent is 3, indicating that 2 is multiplied by itself three times.

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  • 9. 

    Match the following definition with the correct math vocabulary term:(0,0) on a coordinate grid.

    • A.

      Mode

    • B.

      X-Axis

    • C.

      Origin

    • D.

      Y-Axis

    Correct Answer
    C. Origin
    Explanation
    The term "Origin" refers to the point (0,0) on a coordinate grid. It is the point where the x-axis and y-axis intersect. It serves as a reference point for locating other points on the grid. The origin is used to determine the position and direction of objects in mathematics and is an essential concept in coordinate geometry.

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  • 10. 

    Match the following definition with the correct math vocabulary term:Horizontal line on the coordinate grid.

    • A.

      Mode

    • B.

      Y-Axis

    • C.

      Origin

    • D.

      X-Axis

    Correct Answer
    D. X-Axis
    Explanation
    The correct math vocabulary term that matches the definition "Horizontal line on the coordinate grid" is the X-Axis. The X-Axis is a horizontal line that runs left to right on a coordinate grid, representing the values of the independent variable in a graph. It is used to locate points and measure distances horizontally. The Y-Axis, on the other hand, is the vertical line on the coordinate grid. The Origin is the point where the X-Axis and Y-Axis intersect. The Mode is a statistical term that refers to the value that appears most frequently in a set of data.

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  • 11. 

    Match the following definition with the correct math vocabulary term:Numerical expression that uses one or more numbers and operations to represent a single value.

    • A.

      Expression

    • B.

      Exponent

    • C.

      Origin

    • D.

      Divisible

    Correct Answer
    A. Expression
    Explanation
    An expression is a mathematical phrase that combines numbers and operations to represent a single value. It can include numbers, variables, and mathematical symbols such as addition, subtraction, multiplication, and division. It does not contain an equals sign and cannot be solved because it does not have an assigned value. Instead, it represents a mathematical relationship or calculation.

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  • 12. 

    Match the following definition with the correct math vocabulary term:A number that has a whole part and a fractional part.

    • A.

      Composite Number

    • B.

      Mixed Number

    • C.

      Prime Number

    • D.

      Expression

    Correct Answer
    B. Mixed Number
    Explanation
    A mixed number is a number that has a whole part and a fractional part. It is represented by a whole number followed by a fraction. For example, 3 1/2 is a mixed number, where 3 is the whole part and 1/2 is the fractional part. This is different from a composite number, which is a number that has more than two factors, a prime number, which is a number that is only divisible by 1 and itself, and an expression, which is a combination of numbers, variables, and operations.

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  • 13. 

    Match the following definition with the correct math vocabulary term:A point where two or more straight lines meet.

    • A.

      Exponent

    • B.

      Line

    • C.

      Decimal

    • D.

      Vertex

    Correct Answer
    D. Vertex
    Explanation
    A vertex is a point where two or more straight lines meet. It is commonly used in geometry to refer to the meeting point of angles or the point where the sides of a polygon intersect. In this context, the definition matches the term "vertex" perfectly. The other options, exponent, line, and decimal, do not fit the definition of a point where straight lines meet.

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  • 14. 

    Match the following definition with the correct math vocabulary term:In a data set, the number that appears most often.

    • A.

      Mean

    • B.

      Mode

    • C.

      Median

    • D.

      Decimal

    Correct Answer
    B. Mode
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Mode. In a data set, the mode is the number that appears most often. It represents the value that occurs with the highest frequency. Unlike the mean, which is the average of all the numbers, or the median, which is the middle value when the numbers are arranged in ascending order, the mode focuses on finding the most frequently occurring value.

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  • 15. 

    Match the following definition with the correct math vocabulary term:Amount of space the object takes up = length X width X height

    • A.

      Area

    • B.

      Size

    • C.

      Perimeter

    • D.

      Volume

    Correct Answer
    D. Volume
    Explanation
    Volume is the correct term that matches the given definition. Volume refers to the amount of space occupied by an object and is calculated by multiplying the length, width, and height of the object. It is different from area, which only measures the two-dimensional space within an object's boundaries. Size and perimeter are not appropriate terms in this context as they do not specifically refer to the amount of space an object takes up.

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  • 16. 

    Match the following definition with the correct math vocabulary term:In an ordered set, the middle number.

    • A.

      Mode

    • B.

      Median

    • C.

      Decimal

    • D.

      Mean

    Correct Answer
    B. Median
    Explanation
    The correct term that matches the definition "In an ordered set, the middle number" is median. The median is the value that separates the higher half from the lower half of a data set when arranged in ascending or descending order. It is often used to represent the central tendency of a set of numbers.

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  • 17. 

    Match the following definition with the correct math vocabulary term:Numbers multiplied to get a product.

    • A.

      Composite Number

    • B.

      Prime Number

    • C.

      Factor

    • D.

      Mixed Number

    Correct Answer
    C. Factor
    Explanation
    A factor is a number that is multiplied by another number to get a product. In this case, the definition matches the term "factor" because it describes the process of multiplying numbers to get a product. A composite number refers to a number that has more than two factors, while a prime number only has two factors (1 and itself). A mixed number is a combination of a whole number and a fraction.

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  • 18. 

    Match the following definition with the correct math vocabulary term:In a data set; adding numbers together and dividing by the total numbers in the set//average. 

    • A.

      Mean

    • B.

      Mode

    • C.

      Median

    • D.

      Origin

    Correct Answer
    A. Mean
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Mean." In statistics, the mean is calculated by adding all the numbers in a data set together and then dividing by the total number of values. It is a measure of central tendency that represents the average value of the data set.

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  • 19. 

    Match the following definition with the correct math vocabulary term:A diagram that shows the prime factorization of a composite number. 

    • A.

      Similar Figures

    • B.

      Square

    • C.

      Factor Tree

    • D.

      Vertex

    Correct Answer
    C. Factor Tree
    Explanation
    A factor tree is a diagram that shows the prime factorization of a composite number. It starts with the number at the top and branches out into smaller factors until all prime factors are represented. This allows for a visual representation of how a composite number can be broken down into its prime factors.

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  • 20. 

    Match the following definition with the correct math vocabulary term:A fraction whose numerator is greater than its denominator. 

    • A.

      Mixed Number

    • B.

      Improper Fraction

    • C.

      Fraction

    • D.

      Variable

    Correct Answer
    B. Improper Fraction
    Explanation
    An improper fraction is a fraction where the numerator is greater than the denominator. This means that the fraction represents a value that is larger than one whole. For example, 5/3 is an improper fraction because 5 is greater than 3.

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  • 21. 

    Match the following definition with the correct math vocabulary term:Name that is the SAME amount. 

    • A.

      Equivalent

    • B.

      Volume

    • C.

      Median

    • D.

      Mode

    Correct Answer
    A. Equivalent
    Explanation
    The term "Equivalent" refers to two or more things that are equal or have the same value. In math, it is used to describe numbers or expressions that are equal in value. Therefore, "Equivalent" is the correct math vocabulary term that matches the given definition.

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  • 22. 

    Match the following definition with the correct math vocabulary term:Vertical line on the coordinate grid. 

    • A.

      Y-Axis

    • B.

      X-Axis

    • C.

      Origin

    • D.

      Vertex

    Correct Answer
    A. Y-Axis
    Explanation
    A vertical line on the coordinate grid is represented by the Y-Axis. The Y-Axis is the line that runs vertically up and down the grid, intersecting with the X-Axis at the origin. The Y-Axis is used to determine the vertical position or value of a point on the grid.

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  • 23. 

    Match the following definition with the correct math vocabulary term:A number with one or more places to the right of a decimal point. 

    • A.

      Composite Number

    • B.

      Prime Number

    • C.

      Mixed Number

    • D.

      Decimal

    Correct Answer
    D. Decimal
    Explanation
    A decimal is a number with one or more places to the right of a decimal point. It is a way to represent parts of a whole or fractions in a numerical form. Decimals are used in various mathematical operations and are an essential part of the number system.

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  • 24. 

    Match the following definition with the correct math vocabulary term:To find the value of the expression;  to solve. 

    • A.

      Equivalent

    • B.

      Evaluate

    • C.

      Expression

    • D.

      Exponent

    Correct Answer
    B. Evaluate
    Explanation
    Evaluate is the correct math vocabulary term that matches the given definition. To evaluate an expression means to find its value by substituting the given values for the variables and simplifying the expression using the appropriate mathematical operations.

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