Euro Quizzes From The 2nd And 3rd Trimesters

160 Questions | Total Attempts: 44

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Pregnancy Quizzes & Trivia

These are all of the questions and answers from all the quizzes we've had in the 2nd and 3rd Trimesters.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    Great thinkers of the Enlightenment were inspired by which of the following people?
    • A. 

      Descartes

    • B. 

      Newton

    • C. 

      Pope Paul III

    • D. 

      All of the above

    • E. 

      A and b only

  • 2. 
    The recognized leader of the French Enlightenment was:
    • A. 

      Victor Hugo

    • B. 

      Paul Cezanne

    • C. 

      Francois Marie Arouet (Voltaire)

    • D. 

      Jean Paul Sartre

  • 3. 
    What did the philosophes think of traditional Christianity?
    • A. 

      That it promoted superstition and persecution

    • B. 

      That it helped people find the way into heaven

    • C. 

      That the Bible was the only source of truth

    • D. 

      That the Reformation had made all the necessary changes to the church

  • 4. 
    Which of the following did John Locke see as natural right(s) that a government should respect?
    • A. 

      Life

    • B. 

      Liberty

    • C. 

      Property

    • D. 

      All of the Above

  • 5. 
    What did Thomas Hobbes learn from the English Civil War?
    • A. 

      That all monarchies should be destroyed

    • B. 

      That absolutism was the best and most logical form of government

    • C. 

      That an elected democracy would have been the best form of government for England

    • D. 

      He died before it ever happened

  • 6. 
    The title of Rousseau's best known work was:
    • A. 

      A Discourse on Method

    • B. 

      The Communist Manifesto

    • C. 

      The Social Contract

    • D. 

      Existential Deism

  • 7. 
    What did the philosophes see as humanity's most depraved offense against reason?
    • A. 

      Monarchy

    • B. 

      The Encyclopedia

    • C. 

      Marriage

    • D. 

      Religious persecution

  • 8. 
    What economic system was supported by Adam Smith?
    • A. 

      Communism

    • B. 

      Feudalism

    • C. 

      Laissez-faire

    • D. 

      Mercantilism

  • 9. 
    Which of the following did most philosophes object to?
    • A. 

      Writing in the vernacular

    • B. 

      Torture

    • C. 

      Freedom of the press

    • D. 

      All of the above

  • 10. 
    What is pictured below? (refer to p239 in your book)
    • A. 

      The entrance to the walled cit of York

    • B. 

      The entrance to the castle of Charles II

    • C. 

      Newgate Prison

    • D. 

      The immigration processing center in London

  • 11. 
    Which of the following were noted as one of the major conflicst in the 18th century?
    • A. 

      The war between Russia and China for control of Mongolia

    • B. 

      The war between Britain and France for control of territory in the New World

    • C. 

      The war between Italy and the Ottoman Empire for control of North Africa

    • D. 

      The war between Spain and France for control of Serbia

  • 12. 
    Why did Britain raise taxes in the US colonies in the years just before the American Revolution?
    • A. 

      To pay for tea

    • B. 

      To pay for expeditions to the western parts of the United States

    • C. 

      To pay for the troops to guard territory won in the French and Indian War

    • D. 

      To pay for the creation of a democratic government in the US

  • 13. 
    Which of the following were given as reasons why the American colonists were ready to revolt in 1775?
    • A. 

      They already had established elected assemblies and wanted more independence

    • B. 

      They were familiar with the ideas of the philosophes regarding natural rights

    • C. 

      The Puritans had developed a tradition of resistane because they had challenged political and religous authorities before

    • D. 

      All of the above

  • 14. 
    To create reforms, Enlightened Despots needed which of the following?
    • A. 

      Efficient government administration and ample funds

    • B. 

      Elected monarchs who supporeded people's natural rights

    • C. 

      An increase in the number of serfs

    • D. 

      All of the above

  • 15. 
    How did Enlightened Despots make the economic of their country stronger?
    • A. 

      They printed more money

    • B. 

      They borrowed gold and silver from their allies

    • C. 

      They reduced taxes on goods

    • D. 

      They took the money of the aristocracy and gave it to the commoners

  • 16. 
    According to your book, which modern idea(s) came out of the Enlightenment?
    • A. 

      The need to separate church and state

    • B. 

      The need to abolish torture

    • C. 

      The need to abolish slavery

    • D. 

      All of the above

    • E. 

      None of the above

  • 17. 
    Which of the following was included in the philosophes' view of human nature nd the purpose of life?
    • A. 

      That men and women were born in sin

    • B. 

      That suffering and misery were divinely ordained

    • C. 

      That social inequality was instituted by God

    • D. 

      All of the above

    • E. 

      None of the above

  • 18. 
    Which ideas have some critics of the philosophes noted as problems in the way they viewed the world?
    • A. 

      Belief in their ideas could justify some people's use of terror or mass murder witha clear conscience because it is done to achieve some greater good

    • B. 

      They disregarded the impact of the past on the present and they tried to apply reason to all people throughout the globe, regardless of their cultures or history

    • C. 

      Their belief that citizens should have a voice in their own government could lead to problems when the uneducated masses are running poitical systems

    • D. 

      All of the above

    • E. 

      A and b only

  • 19. 
    Which of the following does Catherine the Great believe can be achieved through absolutism in Russia?
    • A. 

      Liberty of the people

    • B. 

      Safety and fearlessness of the people

    • C. 

      Equality of the people

    • D. 

      All of the above

  • 20. 
    What are Catherine's views on torture?
    • A. 

      That it should be used only on foreigners, not on Russians

    • B. 

      That it doesn't uncover the truth; it only determines who is weak and who is strong

    • C. 

      That it is the most effective way of determining guilt or innocence

    • D. 

      That, in order to be perceived as a modern state, Russia will follow whatever guidelines are created about torture in international agreements

  • 21. 
    Which group made up the First Estate?
    • A. 

      Nobility

    • B. 

      Clergy

    • C. 

      Commoners

    • D. 

      Royalty

  • 22. 
    What was the basis for the social structure in the Old Regime?
    • A. 

      Equality among citizens

    • B. 

      Laissez faire- free trade and self determination

    • C. 

      Privileges and inequality

    • D. 

      Racism and nationalism

  • 23. 
    Which group of nobles had the most prestige?
    • A. 

      Nobles of the Robe

    • B. 

      Nobles of the Round Table

    • C. 

      Nobles of the Sword

    • D. 

      All nobles were of equal social status

  • 24. 
    What Estate did the Bourgeoisie belong to?
    • A. 

      First

    • B. 

      Second

    • C. 

      Third

    • D. 

      Fourth

  • 25. 
    Which of the following is true of French peasants inthe 18th century?
    • A. 

      They were better off than peasants in Austria, Prussia, Poland, or Russia

    • B. 

      They still had obligations to the lords, such as giving him part of their produce

    • C. 

      Most lived in poverty

    • D. 

      All of the above

    • E. 

      None of the above

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