Ethos, Logos, Or Pathos?

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| By Joan Velarde
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Joan Velarde
Community Contributor
Quizzes Created: 1 | Total Attempts: 965
Questions: 10 | Attempts: 965

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Ethos, Logos, Or Pathos? - Quiz

Read the following statements carefully and choose the correct answer.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    1. "My three decades of experience in public service, my tireless commitment to the people of this community, and my willingness to reach across the aisle and cooperate with the opposition, make me the ideal candidate for your mayor."

    • A.

      Ethos

    • B.

      Logos 

    • C.

      Pathos

    Correct Answer
    A. Ethos
    Explanation
    The speaker's mention of their three decades of experience in public service and tireless commitment to the community establishes their credibility and expertise, appealing to the audience's trust and confidence in their abilities. Additionally, their willingness to reach across the aisle and cooperate with the opposition demonstrates their ability to work collaboratively and find common ground, further enhancing their ethos or credibility as a candidate.

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  • 2. 

    2. "Better men than us have fought and died to preserve this great nation. Now is our turn to return the favor. For God and country, gentlemen!"

    • A.

      Ethos 

    • B.

      Logos

    • C.

      Pathos 

    Correct Answer
    C. Pathos 
    Explanation
    The given statement appeals to pathos because it evokes emotions and patriotism in the audience. The mention of men fighting and dying for the nation creates a sense of honor and duty, appealing to the audience's emotions and sense of loyalty. The phrase "For God and country" further emphasizes the emotional appeal, as it connects the audience's values and beliefs with the idea of defending the nation.

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  • 3. 

    3.  "Ladies and gentlemen of the jury: we have not only the fingerprints, the lack of an alibi, a clear motive, and an expressed desire to commit the robbery… We also have video of the suspect breaking in. The case could not be more open and shut."

    • A.

      Ethos 

    • B.

      Logos 

    • C.

      Pathos 

    Correct Answer
    B. Logos 
    Explanation
    The given statement appeals to logos because it presents a logical argument based on evidence and reasoning. The speaker lists several pieces of evidence, such as fingerprints, lack of alibi, motive, and video footage, to support the claim that the case is open and shut. This logical appeal aims to convince the jury that the suspect is guilty by presenting a strong and rational argument based on facts.

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  • 4. 

    4. "They've worked against everything we've worked so hard to build, and they don't care who gets hurt in the process. Make no mistake, they're the enemy, and they won't stop until we're all destroyed."

    • A.

      Ethos 

    • B.

      Logos 

    • C.

      Pathos 

    Correct Answer
    C. Pathos 
    Explanation
    The given statement appeals to pathos because it evokes strong emotions and feelings of fear and anger towards the enemy. The language used, such as "worked against everything we've worked so hard to build" and "they don't care who gets hurt in the process" creates a sense of injustice and betrayal. The statement also emphasizes the potential harm and destruction that the enemy can cause, further playing on the audience's emotions.

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  • 5. 

    5.  "If my age doesn't convince you that I know what I'm talking about, at least consider that I am your grandfather and I only want the best for you."

    • A.

      Ethos 

    • B.

      Logos 

    • C.

      Pathos 

    Correct Answer
    A. Ethos 
    Explanation
    The given statement appeals to ethos because it establishes the credibility and authority of the speaker. The speaker claims to be the listener's grandfather, implying a personal connection and a sense of trust. By mentioning their age and implying wisdom, the speaker further establishes their knowledge and experience, making their argument more persuasive.

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  • 6. 

    6. "More than one hundred peer-reviewed studies have been conducted over the past decade, and none of them suggests that this is an effective treatment for hair loss."

    • A.

      Ethos 

    • B.

      Logos 

    • C.

      Pathos 

    Correct Answer
    B. Logos 
    Explanation
    The given statement uses logos as a rhetorical appeal. Logos refers to the use of logic and reason to persuade the audience. In this case, the statement presents a factual claim that more than one hundred peer-reviewed studies have been conducted over the past decade, and none of them suggest that the treatment for hair loss is effective. By providing this evidence-based information, the statement appeals to the audience's sense of reason and logic, making it a logical argument.

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  • 7. 

    7. "There's no price that can be placed on peace of mind. Our advanced security systems will protect the well-being of your family so that you can sleep soundly at night."

    • A.

      Ethos

    • B.

      Logos 

    • C.

      Pathos 

    Correct Answer
    C. Pathos 
    Explanation
    The given statement appeals to pathos because it uses emotional language to connect with the audience's feelings and desires. It emphasizes the importance of peace of mind and the well-being of one's family, which are deeply personal and emotional concerns for most people. By highlighting the ability of their security systems to provide a sense of security and enable peaceful sleep, the statement aims to evoke an emotional response and persuade the audience to consider their products.

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  • 8. 

    8. "Private demand for the product has tapered off for the past three years, and this year's sales figures are at an all-time low. It's time to research other options."

    • A.

      Ethos

    • B.

      Logos

    • C.

      Pathos 

    Correct Answer
    B. Logos
    Explanation
    The given statement presents a logical argument based on factual evidence. It states that private demand for the product has decreased for the past three years and this year's sales figures are at an all-time low. Therefore, it concludes that it is time to research other options. This argument relies on logical reasoning and evidence, making it an example of logos.

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  • 9. 

    9. "You know me - I've taught Sunday School at your church for years, babysat your children, and served as a playground director for many summers - so you know I can run your preschool."

    • A.

      Ethos 

    • B.

      Logos

    • C.

      Pathos 

    Correct Answer
    A. Ethos 
    Explanation
    The given statement appeals to ethos because it establishes the speaker's credibility and trustworthiness by mentioning their past experiences and roles within the community. By highlighting their involvement in teaching Sunday School, babysitting children, and serving as a playground director, the speaker implies that they have the necessary qualifications and experience to run a preschool effectively. This appeals to the audience's sense of trust and reliability, making ethos the correct answer.

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  • 10. 

    10. "You will never be satisfied in life if you don't seize this opportunity. Do you want to live the rest of your years yearning to know what would have happened if you just jumped when you had the chance?"

    • A.

      Ethos

    • B.

      Logos 

    • C.

      Pathos 

    Correct Answer
    C. Pathos 
    Explanation
    The given statement appeals to pathos because it is trying to evoke an emotional response from the reader. It uses language that emphasizes regret and the fear of missing out on potential opportunities. By suggesting that not seizing the opportunity will lead to a lifetime of yearning and wondering about what could have been, the statement aims to touch the reader's emotions and persuade them to take action.

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