The Population Growth Quiz! Trivia Questions

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The Population Growth Quiz! Trivia Questions - Quiz


The Population Growth Quiz is here for you. Population, in simple terms, refers to the people living in a given geographical area. In most areas with an increase in population, there is an increased demand in the food supply, which is not met fully in most cases. How do you explain the increase or decrease in population and some telltale signs of such? This quiz will help you see just how to know trends and studies on population growth. Check them out!


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Urban population growth in developing countries is unprecedented because

    • A.

      There are more urban areas in the developing world than in industrialized countries

    • B.

      Urban population growth in developing countries is based on agriculture

    • C.

      The population of large urban centers in developing countries is becoming much larger than those of industrialized countries

    • D.

      Large urban centers in developing countries account for a larger share of the total population than in industrialized countries

    Correct Answer
    C. The population of large urban centers in developing countries is becoming much larger than those of industrialized countries
    Explanation
    The correct answer is that the population of large urban centers in developing countries is becoming much larger than those of industrialized countries. This is the explanation because the statement implies that the urban population growth in developing countries is unprecedented due to the significant increase in population in large urban centers compared to industrialized countries.

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  • 2. 

    In many metropolitan centers in the developing world, the largest component of urban growth population is

    • A.

      Birth

    • B.

      In-migration

    • C.

      Increased territorial jurisdiction

    • D.

      None of the choices

    Correct Answer
    B. In-migration
    Explanation
    The correct answer is in-migration. In many developing cities, the main factor contributing to urban population growth is the influx of people from rural areas or other regions. These individuals migrate to the cities in search of better job opportunities, education, healthcare, and improved living conditions. This in-migration leads to an increase in the urban population. Birth rates may also contribute to urban growth, but in-migration is typically the largest component. Increased territorial jurisdiction refers to the expansion of a city's administrative boundaries and is not directly related to population growth.

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  • 3. 

    In the Philippines, the total urban population is expected to become

    • A.

      Larger than the total rural population

    • B.

      Equal and will stabilized at the level of the rural population

    • C.

      Maintain its ratio with rural population

    • D.

      Decline until it equals rural population

    Correct Answer
    A. Larger than the total rural population
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Larger than the total rural population." This means that the urban population in the Philippines is expected to surpass the rural population in terms of total numbers. This suggests that there is a trend of urbanization in the country, with more people moving to cities and urban areas.

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  • 4. 

    Historically, in contrast to Thomas Malthus's theory.

    • A.

      Population has grown faster than food supply

    • B.

      Population has grown slower than food supply

    • C.

      Population and food supply have grown at approximately the same pace

    • D.

      Population and food supply have not grown

    Correct Answer
    B. Population has grown slower than food supply
    Explanation
    The given answer states that population has grown slower than food supply. This suggests that throughout history, the rate of increase in population has been slower compared to the rate of increase in food supply. This implies that there has been a sufficient availability of food to support the growing population, and that the population has not outpaced the production of food.

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  • 5. 

    Metro Manila is considered a primate city because

    • A.

      It is the largest urban city of the country

    • B.

      It contains the country’s primary central business district

    • C.

      It has a very large population compared to all the urban centers of the country

    • D.

      It is a metropolitan center

    Correct Answer
    C. It has a very large population compared to all the urban centers of the country
    Explanation
    Metro Manila is considered a primate city because it has a very large population compared to all the urban centers of the country. A primate city is typically characterized by its dominance in terms of population, economy, and political power. In the case of Metro Manila, its large population indicates that it is the primary center for economic and social activities in the country. This concentration of population and resources in Metro Manila sets it apart from other urban centers in the country, making it a primate city.

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  • 6. 

    Population growth is usually measured as a function of

    • A.

      The number of deaths, birth and fertility

    • B.

      The number of deaths, births, and out-migrants

    • C.

      The number of deaths, births and in-migrants

    • D.

      The number of deaths, births and net migrants

    Correct Answer
    D. The number of deaths, births and net migrants
    Explanation
    Population growth is usually measured as a function of the number of deaths, births, and net migrants. This means that population growth takes into account the number of individuals who die, the number of individuals who are born, and the net migration, which is the difference between the number of individuals who immigrate and the number of individuals who emigrate. By considering these factors, population growth can be accurately calculated and analyzed.

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  • 7. 

    In central business districts, the highest land values are usually the areas where

    • A.

      Zoning is for commercial land use

    • B.

      Density is highest

    • C.

      All of the choices except none

    • D.

      None of the choices

    Correct Answer
    C. All of the choices except none
    Explanation
    In central business districts, the highest land values are usually the areas where zoning is for commercial land use and density is highest. This is because central business districts are typically characterized by a concentration of commercial activities and high population density. The zoning regulations in these areas prioritize commercial land use, which attracts businesses and increases the demand for land, thereby driving up land values. Additionally, the high density of people and businesses in central business districts creates a vibrant and bustling environment, making these areas highly desirable and further contributing to the high land values.

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  • 8. 

    A Lorenz Curve can give a graphical indications of how

    • A.

      An industry’s output has grown in a region

    • B.

      An industry’s forward and backward linkages have expanded in a region

    • C.

      An industry is distributed in a region

    • D.

      An industry’s exports compares with its imports in a region

    Correct Answer
    C. An industry is distributed in a region
    Explanation
    A Lorenz Curve can give a graphical indication of how an industry is distributed in a region. The curve shows the cumulative share of the industry's output or production across different regions. It helps to analyze the concentration or dispersion of the industry's presence in different areas. A steeper curve indicates a more concentrated distribution, while a flatter curve suggests a more dispersed distribution. By examining the Lorenz Curve, one can understand the geographical spread and clustering of the industry within a region.

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  • 9. 

    If the location quotient in a region is high, it suggests that

    • A.

      The distribution of the industry in the region is very concentrated

    • B.

      The distribution of the industry in the region is dispersed

    • C.

      The distribution of the industry in the region does not deviate much from the distribution of other industries

    • D.

      The region has a larger share of the industry relative to other regions

    Correct Answer
    D. The region has a larger share of the industry relative to other regions
    Explanation
    If the location quotient in a region is high, it suggests that the region has a larger share of the industry relative to other regions. This means that the industry is more concentrated in that particular region compared to other regions. A high location quotient indicates that the region has a higher level of specialization and dominance in that specific industry, making it a significant player in that sector compared to other regions.

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  • 10. 

    The Export Base theory argues that

    • A.

      The economic growth of a region is dependent on the growth of its export sector

    • B.

      Regional exports should not exceed regional imports

    • C.

      The ratio between regional exports and regional imports is the basis for determining economic performance

    • D.

      Regional exports should equal regional imports

    Correct Answer
    A. The economic growth of a region is dependent on the growth of its export sector
    Explanation
    The Export Base theory argues that the economic growth of a region is dependent on the growth of its export sector. This means that for a region to experience economic growth, it needs to focus on increasing its exports. The theory suggests that the ratio between regional exports and regional imports is the basis for determining economic performance, implying that regional exports should not exceed regional imports. This is because a balanced trade relationship ensures that a region is not overly dependent on imports and can sustain its economic growth through exporting goods and services.

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  • 11. 

    An urban area becomes a central business district because this is an area where

    • A.

      Infrastructure is most concentrated

    • B.

      Economic

    • C.

      All of the choices except none

    • D.

      None of the choices

    Correct Answer
    B. Economic
    Explanation
    An urban area becomes a central business district because of its economic significance. The central business district is the commercial and financial hub of a city, where most businesses and economic activities are concentrated. It is characterized by a high density of office buildings, retail establishments, and financial institutions. The economic importance of the central business district attracts businesses, investors, and consumers, leading to further economic growth and development in the area. Therefore, the economic factor plays a crucial role in the establishment and growth of a central business district.

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  • 12. 

    Initially developed the concept of the “growth pole” of regions.

    • A.

      Christaller

    • B.

      Perroux

    • C.

      Lennoix

    • D.

      Howard

    Correct Answer
    B. Perroux
    Explanation
    Perroux is the correct answer because he initially developed the concept of the "growth pole" of regions. This concept suggests that economic development can be driven by specific regions or cities that act as growth poles, attracting investment and stimulating economic activity in surrounding areas. Perroux's theory emphasized the importance of balanced regional development and the potential for regional disparities to be reduced through the concentration of economic activities in growth poles.

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  • 13. 

    What is the main foundation of the theory of growth pole of regions?

    • A.

      Concept of leading industries

    • B.

      Concept of polarization

    • C.

      Concept of spread effects

    • D.

      All of the choices

    Correct Answer
    D. All of the choices
    Explanation
    The main foundation of the theory of growth pole of regions is the concept of leading industries, which refers to the idea that certain industries have the potential to drive economic growth and development in a region. The concept of polarization is also important, as it highlights the concentration of economic activities and resources in specific areas, leading to regional disparities. Additionally, the concept of spread effects emphasizes the positive impact that the growth of leading industries can have on other sectors and areas within a region. Therefore, all of these concepts are integral to the theory of growth pole of regions.

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  • 14. 

    What does the concept of leading industries mean in the growth pole theory?

    • A.

      Manufacturing sector

    • B.

      Propulsive industries

    • C.

      Comparative sector

    • D.

      Agricultural sector

    Correct Answer
    B. Propulsive industries
    Explanation
    The concept of leading industries in the growth pole theory refers to propulsive industries. These are the industries that are considered to be the driving force behind economic growth and development in a specific region. They are typically high-growth sectors that have the potential to create a multiplier effect, stimulating growth in other sectors of the economy. By focusing on these industries, policymakers can strategically promote economic development and attract investments to foster sustained growth in the region.

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  • 15. 

    What is the LQ ratio that would indicate an export or basic activity in a region?

    • A.

      LQ>1

    • B.

      LQ=1

    • C.

      LQ

    • D.

      LQ=0

    Correct Answer
    A. LQ>1
    Explanation
    An LQ ratio greater than 1 indicates that the region has a higher concentration of a particular industry compared to the national average. This suggests that the region specializes in producing goods or services that are exported or are essential for the local economy.

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  • 16. 

    In economic base studies, economic activities are generally classified into three activities, namely

    • A.

      Basic, non-basic, retail

    • B.

      Basic, non-basic, mixed

    • C.

      Basic, intermediate, retail

    • D.

      Basic, sectoral, ntermediate

    Correct Answer
    B. Basic, non-basic, mixed
    Explanation
    In economic base studies, economic activities are classified into three categories: basic, non-basic, and mixed. Basic activities refer to industries that produce goods or services primarily for export, bringing in income from outside the local economy. Non-basic activities are those that cater to the local population's needs and do not generate significant external income. Mixed activities involve a combination of both basic and non-basic industries. This classification helps in understanding the economic structure of a region and its dependence on external income sources.

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  • 17. 

    The most frequently used unit of measure for computing the LQ of an economy is

    • A.

      Employment

    • B.

      Income

    • C.

      Sales

    • D.

      Production

    Correct Answer
    A. Employment
    Explanation
    The most frequently used unit of measure for computing the LQ (Location Quotient) of an economy is employment. LQ is a statistical tool used to analyze the concentration of a particular industry or occupation in a specific geographic area compared to the national average. By measuring the employment levels in a specific industry or occupation in a region, the LQ can provide insights into the economic specialization and competitiveness of that area.

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  • 18. 

    Is a set of accounts, usually in monetary from, prepared for an economy and widely used in the analysis of inter-industry relationships.

    • A.

      Regional accounts matrix

    • B.

      Input-output table

    • C.

      Economic base table

    • D.

      Location quotient ratio

    Correct Answer
    B. Input-output table
    Explanation
    An input-output table is a set of accounts, usually in monetary form, prepared for an economy and widely used in the analysis of inter-industry relationships. It provides a comprehensive framework for understanding the flow of goods and services between different sectors of the economy. The table shows the inputs required by each sector to produce its output, as well as the interdependencies between sectors. This information is crucial for policymakers and economists to analyze the impact of changes in one sector on the rest of the economy.

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  • 19. 

    A tool of analysis developed as an effective way of choosing between alternative planning options by ensuring the optimum allocation of available resources and maximum welfare to the community.

    • A.

      Cost-benefit analysis

    • B.

      Linear programming

    • C.

      Shift-share analysis

    • D.

      Sensitivity analysis

    Correct Answer
    A. Cost-benefit analysis
    Explanation
    Cost-benefit analysis is a tool of analysis developed to determine the worthiness of different planning options. It helps in making decisions by comparing the costs and benefits associated with each option. The goal is to allocate available resources optimally and maximize the welfare of the community. By evaluating the costs and benefits, this analysis allows decision-makers to assess the potential impacts and outcomes of each option, enabling them to choose the most beneficial and efficient alternative.

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  • 20. 

    The portion of the feasibility study (FS) that determines the project’s net contribution to the national economy and social welfare is

    • A.

      Economic study

    • B.

      Demand analysis

    • C.

      Financial analysis

    • D.

      Technical evaluation

    Correct Answer
    A. Economic study
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Economic study. The economic study is a part of the feasibility study that evaluates the project's net contribution to the national economy and social welfare. It analyzes the economic impact of the project, including factors such as job creation, income generation, and overall economic growth. This study helps determine if the project is financially viable and beneficial for the country as a whole.

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  • 21. 

    The standard distance of a commercial activity from an education center should be

    • A.

      15 minutes by public transport

    • B.

      15 minutes by private transport

    • C.

      30 minutes minimum travel time by public transport

    • D.

      60 minutes travel time by public transport

    Correct Answer
    A. 15 minutes by public transport
    Explanation
    The correct answer is 15 minutes by public transport. This means that a commercial activity should ideally be located within a 15-minute travel time from an education center when using public transportation. This ensures convenient access for students and staff to the commercial facilities, promoting a symbiotic relationship between the two entities. It also takes into consideration the time it takes for individuals to commute between the two locations, allowing for efficient and seamless integration of education and commercial activities.

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  • 22. 

    This represents the earning power of money invested in the project.

    • A.

      Internal rate of return

    • B.

      Net present value

    • C.

      Annuity

    • D.

      Discounting

    Correct Answer
    A. Internal rate of return
    Explanation
    The internal rate of return (IRR) represents the earning power of money invested in the project. It is a financial metric used to evaluate the profitability of an investment by calculating the rate at which the project's net present value (NPV) becomes zero. In other words, it is the discount rate that makes the NPV of the project equal to zero. A higher IRR indicates a more attractive investment opportunity, as it signifies a higher return on investment.

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  • 23. 

    The process of finding the present value of future amount is called

    • A.

      Discounting

    • B.

      Acid test

    • C.

      Payback

    • D.

      Return of investment

    Correct Answer
    A. Discounting
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Discounting. Discounting is the process of determining the present value of a future amount by considering the time value of money. It involves calculating the current worth of an expected cash flow or investment by applying a discount rate. This is done to account for the fact that money received in the future is worth less than the same amount received today, due to factors such as inflation and the opportunity cost of investing elsewhere. By discounting future cash flows, an individual or business can make informed decisions about the value and profitability of an investment or project.

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  • 24. 

    The best measure of the project’s economic worthiness and its adaptation as a basis for project acceptability is

    • A.

      Net present value

    • B.

      Discounted rate

    • C.

      EIRR

    • D.

      FIRR

    Correct Answer
    A. Net present value
    Explanation
    Net present value (NPV) is the best measure of a project's economic worthiness and its adaptation as a basis for project acceptability. NPV takes into account the time value of money by discounting all future cash flows to their present value. A positive NPV indicates that the project is expected to generate more cash inflows than outflows, resulting in a profitable investment. Therefore, NPV is a reliable indicator to assess the profitability and viability of a project, making it the most suitable measure for project acceptability.

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  • 25. 

    The hurdle rated used by NEDA is

    • A.

      15%

    • B.

      18%

    • C.

      12%

    • D.

      20%

    Correct Answer
    A. 15%
    Explanation
    The correct answer is 15%. This implies that the hurdle rate used by NEDA, which is the minimum rate of return required for an investment to be considered viable, is 15%. This means that any investment opportunity must generate a return of at least 15% in order to be considered worthwhile by NEDA.

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  • 26. 

    Patterned after the Batem/Johore/Singapore growth triangle, another growth triangle in Southeast Asia is being considered which involves

    • A.

      Mindanao/Sulawesi/Sabah-Sarawak

    • B.

      Mindanao/Sarawak/Borneo

    • C.

      Zaboanga/Sulawesi/Sabah

    • D.

      Zamboanga/Sabah/Sarawak

    Correct Answer
    A. Mindanao/Sulawesi/Sabah-Sarawak
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Mindanao/Sulawesi/Sabah-Sarawak. This growth triangle is being considered in Southeast Asia. It involves the regions of Mindanao in the Philippines, Sulawesi in Indonesia, and Sabah-Sarawak in Malaysia. These regions are geographically close to each other and have the potential for economic cooperation and development. By forming a growth triangle, these regions can benefit from increased trade, investment, and tourism, leading to overall economic growth and development in the area.

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  • 27. 

    This concept refers to the necessary combination of agricultural, industrial and institutional activities in ways that are mutually reinforcing- fostering of small regional towns which are attractive enough with regards to services, housing, and cultural/social amenities to stabilized the population and industries closely tied to agricultural production.

    • A.

      Integrated area development

    • B.

      Agro-industrial development

    • C.

      Regional development

    • D.

      Rural development

    Correct Answer
    A. Integrated area development
    Explanation
    Integrated area development refers to the necessary combination of agricultural, industrial, and institutional activities in ways that are mutually reinforcing. It involves fostering small regional towns that offer attractive services, housing, and cultural/social amenities to stabilize the population and industries closely tied to agricultural production. This approach aims to create a balanced and sustainable development in a specific area by integrating various sectors and promoting economic growth, social well-being, and environmental sustainability.

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  • 28. 

    Based on the principle of devolution of powers to local government units, the National Government transfers these funds to LGUs for their administrative, public order, and safety operations.

    • A.

      Internal Revenue Allotments (IRA)

    • B.

      Budgetary Allocations (BA)

    • C.

      Local Development Allotments (LDA)

    • D.

      LGU Budgetary Allotments (LBA)

    Correct Answer
    A. Internal Revenue Allotments (IRA)
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Internal Revenue Allotments (IRA). Under the principle of devolution of powers, the National Government transfers funds to local government units (LGUs) to support their administrative, public order, and safety operations. The Internal Revenue Allotments (IRA) are the funds allocated from the national government's internal revenue collections to the LGUs. These funds are essential for the LGUs to carry out their responsibilities and provide essential services to their constituents.

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  • 29. 

    An urban area which has the following characteristics: It has a strong linkage with the economy; it is the center of the labor market; it is a major wholesale and retail trade area; it has a high level of tertiary functions; has a good urban system, and has a population less than 250,000 is called

    • A.

      Growth center

    • B.

      Metropolitan area

    • C.

      Major urban area

    • D.

      Minor urban area

    Correct Answer
    A. Growth center
    Explanation
    A growth center refers to an urban area that exhibits several key characteristics. It has a strong connection to the economy, meaning it plays a vital role in economic activities. It serves as a center for the labor market, attracting workers from surrounding areas. It is also a major hub for wholesale and retail trade, indicating its significance in commercial activities. Additionally, it has a high level of tertiary functions, such as education, healthcare, and cultural institutions. The urban system is well-developed, indicating efficient infrastructure and services. Lastly, a growth center typically has a population size below 250,000.

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  • 30. 

    A ratio that measures output per worker is called

    • A.

      Labor intensity

    • B.

      Labor productivity

    • C.

      Efficiency

    • D.

      Minor urban area

    Correct Answer
    B. Labor productivity
    Explanation
    Labor productivity is the correct answer because it refers to the ratio that measures output per worker. It is a measure of how efficiently workers are able to produce goods or services. This ratio is important for businesses to track as it helps in evaluating the efficiency and effectiveness of their workforce. By increasing labor productivity, companies can achieve higher levels of output with the same amount of resources, leading to increased profitability and competitiveness.

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  • 31. 

    A measure that indicates the intensity of the factors of production is known as

    • A.

      Capital-labor ratio

    • B.

      Return of investment

    • C.

      Net cash flow

    • D.

      Capital efficiency

    Correct Answer
    A. Capital-labor ratio
    Explanation
    The capital-labor ratio is a measure that indicates the intensity of the factors of production. It represents the amount of capital invested per unit of labor employed in a production process. A higher capital-labor ratio indicates a higher level of capital intensity, meaning that more capital is being used relative to labor. This measure is important in determining the efficiency and productivity of a production process, as well as the potential for economic growth.

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  • 32. 

    This concept refers to a situation where an industry through the flow of goods and incomes stimulates the development and growth of the industries, that are technically related to it, and determines the prosperity of the tertiary sector or stimulates an increase of the regional income.

    • A.

      Growth pole

    • B.

      Industrial polarization

    • C.

      Industrial decentralization

    • D.

      Industrial location

    Correct Answer
    A. Growth pole
    Explanation
    Growth pole refers to a concept where an industry acts as a catalyst for the development and growth of other industries that are related to it. This industry not only stimulates economic growth but also contributes to the prosperity of the tertiary sector and increases regional income. It is a strategy used to promote regional development by focusing on specific industries or sectors that have the potential to drive economic growth and attract investments.

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  • 33. 

    Complementing industrial estates, these areas are being established in order to accelerate industrialization in the regions through small ad medium enterprises and people’s industrial enterprises.

    • A.

      Regional industrial centers

    • B.

      Core industries center

    • C.

      Industrial corridors

    • D.

      Industrial diffusion

    Correct Answer
    A. Regional industrial centers
    Explanation
    Regional industrial centers are being established to accelerate industrialization in the regions through small and medium enterprises and people's industrial enterprises. These centers complement industrial estates and aim to promote the growth of industries in specific regions. They provide a platform for the development of local businesses and encourage the establishment of industrial activities in the area, leading to economic growth and employment opportunities.

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  • 34. 

    This strategy aims to promote greater complementarity between agriculture and industry and between urban and rural sectors.

    • A.

      Countryside agro-industrial development

    • B.

      National council for integrated area development

    • C.

      Nationwide agro-industrial area development

    • D.

      None of the choices

    Correct Answer
    A. Countryside agro-industrial development
    Explanation
    Countryside agro-industrial development aims to promote greater complementarity between agriculture and industry and between urban and rural sectors. This strategy focuses on developing industries related to agriculture in rural areas, thereby creating job opportunities and economic growth. It aims to bridge the gap between urban and rural areas by promoting the integration of agricultural and industrial activities. This approach can lead to increased productivity, improved living standards, and balanced regional development.

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  • 35. 

    Specific physical planning standards followed in the design and construction of industrial estates on the Philippines are generally based on

    • A.

      National Building Code

    • B.

      Architectural Graphic Standards

    • C.

      Physical Planning Code

    • D.

      BP 344

    Correct Answer
    A. National Building Code
    Explanation
    The correct answer is the National Building Code. This code provides specific physical planning standards for the design and construction of industrial estates in the Philippines. It ensures that these estates meet safety, structural, and environmental requirements. The National Building Code covers various aspects of construction, including building design, materials, occupancy, and fire safety. It is a comprehensive set of regulations that aims to promote the development of safe and sustainable industrial estates in the country.

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  • 36. 

    These are free ports where export trade is the exclusive activity.

    • A.

      Social discount rate

    • B.

      Inflation rate

    • C.

      Financial rate of return

    • D.

      Economic internal rate of return

    Correct Answer
    A. Social discount rate
    Explanation
    The social discount rate is used to determine the present value of future costs and benefits in order to make decisions about public projects or policies. It reflects society's preferences for consuming goods and services in the present rather than in the future. In this context, the statement suggests that these free ports exclusively focus on export trade, indicating that they may not be considering the social costs and benefits associated with other economic activities. Therefore, the social discount rate may not be relevant or applicable in this specific scenario.

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  • 37. 

    Urban development tends to occur along major transportation routes because

    • A.

      Population tends to concentrate where transportation is available

    • B.

      Transportation facilities tend to services areas where there is a population concentration

    • C.

      All of the choices except none

    • D.

      None of the choices

    Correct Answer
    C. All of the choices except none
    Explanation
    Urban development tends to occur along major transportation routes because population tends to concentrate where transportation is available and transportation facilities tend to service areas where there is a population concentration. This means that areas with major transportation routes are more likely to attract people and businesses, leading to urban development. Therefore, all of the given choices except none are valid reasons for why urban development occurs along major transportation routes.

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  • 38. 

    Land use changes in large and development cities is largely a function of

    • A.

      Government and land use and zoning policies

    • B.

      Existing and expected land values

    • C.

      Demand for housing

    • D.

      Foreign investments

    Correct Answer
    B. Existing and expected land values
    Explanation
    Land use changes in large and developed cities are largely influenced by existing and expected land values. The value of land plays a crucial role in determining how it is utilized and developed. Higher land values often lead to increased development and construction activities, as developers seek to maximize their profits by utilizing the land efficiently. On the other hand, lower land values may result in less development and more open spaces. Additionally, expected future land values also influence land use decisions, as developers and investors consider the potential returns on their investments.

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  • 39. 

    The most efficient type of hierarchy of settlements is one wherein

    • A.

      There is no single, dominant urban center

    • B.

      All settlements are equal in size

    • C.

      All settlements are distributed equally in space

    • D.

      None of the above

    Correct Answer
    D. None of the above
    Explanation
    The most efficient type of hierarchy of settlements is not one where there is no single, dominant urban center, all settlements are equal in size, or all settlements are distributed equally in space. In reality, efficient hierarchies of settlements often have a dominant urban center that serves as a hub for economic, social, and cultural activities. The other settlements in the hierarchy may vary in size and are typically located at different distances from the urban center, forming a pattern that reflects the needs and interactions of the population.

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  • 40. 

    Often, a hierarchy of settlements is characterized by the presence of

    • A.

      A few large cities, some medium-sized cities, and many small settlements

    • B.

      Only medium-sized and small settlements

    • C.

      Equally-sized large cities in every region

    • D.

      Only one large city and many smell settlements

    Correct Answer
    A. A few large cities, some medium-sized cities, and many small settlements
    Explanation
    A hierarchy of settlements is often characterized by the presence of a few large cities, some medium-sized cities, and many small settlements. This means that there are a limited number of large cities that serve as major economic and cultural centers, followed by a larger number of medium-sized cities that provide services to surrounding areas, and finally numerous small settlements that cater to local needs. This hierarchy reflects the distribution of population, resources, and economic activities in a region, with larger cities having a greater concentration of people and economic opportunities.

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  • 41. 

    The larger the population of a city, the more likely its economy allows for

    • A.

      More specialization

    • B.

      Increased self-sufficiency

    • C.

      Environmental protection

    • D.

      Higher demand for indigenous products

    Correct Answer
    A. More specialization
    Explanation
    As the population of a city increases, there is a greater pool of individuals with diverse skills and expertise. This allows for more specialization in various industries and sectors, as there are more opportunities for individuals to focus on specific areas of work. With specialization, businesses and industries can become more efficient and productive, leading to economic growth and development. Therefore, the larger the population of a city, the more likely its economy allows for more specialization.

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  • 42. 

    As a region urbanizes and expands economically, the dominant economic activities become those from the

    • A.

      Mining and other extractive activities

    • B.

      Manufacturing sector

    • C.

      Services sector

    • D.

      None of the choices

    Correct Answer
    C. Services sector
    Explanation
    As a region urbanizes and expands economically, the dominant economic activities shift towards the services sector. This is because urban areas tend to have a higher demand for services such as healthcare, education, transportation, and retail. Additionally, as incomes rise, people tend to spend more on services rather than on goods. The services sector also provides employment opportunities for a wide range of skills and qualifications, making it an attractive sector for job seekers. Therefore, as a region develops, the services sector becomes the primary driver of economic growth and employment.

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  • 43. 

    One of the following consists of an area of land. Which is generally developed based on a comprehensive plan, allocated for factory buildings either sold or leased for manufacturing purposes?

    • A.

      Industrial estate

    • B.

      Integrated area development

    • C.

      Industrial subdivision

    • D.

      Commercial/industrial estate

    Correct Answer
    A. Industrial estate
    Explanation
    An industrial estate is an area of land that is developed based on a comprehensive plan and is specifically allocated for factory buildings. These factory buildings are either sold or leased for manufacturing purposes. Industrial estates are designed to provide a suitable environment for industrial activities, with infrastructure and facilities that support manufacturing operations. They are often located near transportation networks and other industrial facilities, making them convenient for businesses in the manufacturing sector.

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  • 44. 

    This type of industrial estate intends to advance, improve or increase the level of industrial activity in the area, particularly lagging regions.

    • A.

      Developmental

    • B.

      Promotional

    • C.

      Relocational

    • D.

      Private

    Correct Answer
    A. Developmental
    Explanation
    A developmental industrial estate is designed to promote the growth and development of industrial activity in a specific area, especially in regions that are lagging behind economically. This type of estate aims to attract new businesses, encourage investment, and create job opportunities, ultimately boosting the overall industrial activity in the area. It may involve infrastructure development, tax incentives, and other measures to support and stimulate industrial growth.

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  • 45. 

    This type of industrial estate refers to those established for developing new industries

    • A.

      Promotional

    • B.

      Developmental

    • C.

      Relocational

    • D.

      Private

    Correct Answer
    A. Promotional
    Explanation
    Promotional industrial estates are specifically designed to foster the growth and development of new industries. These estates provide various incentives and support systems to attract and encourage businesses to establish themselves in the area. They may offer financial assistance, infrastructure development, access to skilled labor, and other resources necessary for the establishment and growth of new industries. The focus of promotional industrial estates is to promote innovation, entrepreneurship, and economic development by creating a conducive environment for new industries to flourish.

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  • 46. 

    This type of industrial estate is one where the functions of one type of industry are subdivided into smaller specialized units to provide parts or components to the main industrial manufacturing unit.

    • A.

      Ancillary

    • B.

      Composite

    • C.

      Specialized

    • D.

      Promotional

    Correct Answer
    A. Ancillary
    Explanation
    Ancillary is the correct answer because it refers to something that is supplementary or subordinate to something else. In the context of the question, an ancillary industrial estate is one that consists of smaller specialized units that provide parts or components to the main manufacturing unit. These specialized units are considered ancillary because they support and complement the main industrial manufacturing process.

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  • 47. 

    This type of industrial estate is usually large and built for heavy industry.

    • A.

      Coastal

    • B.

      Rural

    • C.

      Specialized

    • D.

      Inland

    Correct Answer
    A. Coastal
    Explanation
    Coastal industrial estates are usually large and built for heavy industry due to their proximity to ports and waterways, which allows for easy transportation of goods and materials. These estates often have access to a skilled workforce, as well as specialized infrastructure and facilities that cater to heavy industries such as manufacturing, shipping, and logistics. The coastal location also provides opportunities for industries that rely on natural resources, such as fishing or offshore energy production.

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  • 48. 

    This type of industrial estate is generally built for assembly and processing types of industries.

    • A.

      Inland

    • B.

      Coastal

    • C.

      Specialized

    • D.

      Rural

    Correct Answer
    A. Inland
    Explanation
    This type of industrial estate is generally built for assembly and processing types of industries. Inland areas are typically located away from the coast and have more land available for large-scale industrial development. They are often situated near transportation hubs such as highways, railroads, and airports, making it easier to transport goods and raw materials. Inland industrial estates are preferred for assembly and processing industries as they offer ample space for production facilities and warehouses. Additionally, being away from coastal areas reduces the risk of damage from storms and other natural disasters.

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  • 49. 

    The first estate in the country which became operational in 1972, was the

    • A.

      Bataan IE

    • B.

      Dasmariñas IE

    • C.

      Mactan IE

    • D.

      Sapang Palay IE

    Correct Answer
    A. Bataan IE
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Bataan IE. The question is asking for the first estate in the country that became operational in 1972. Out of the given options, Bataan IE is the only one that fits this criteria. Therefore, Bataan IE is the correct answer.

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  • 50. 

    Industrial density refers to

    • A.

      Number of manufacturing employees per gross industrially used hectarage

    • B.

      Number of manufacturing employees per net industrially used hectarage

    • C.

      Number of industries per gross land hectarage

    • D.

      Number of industries per net land hectrage

    Correct Answer
    A. Number of manufacturing employees per gross industrially used hectarage
    Explanation
    Industrial density refers to the number of manufacturing employees per gross industrially used hectare. This means that it measures the concentration of manufacturing employees in a given area of land that is being used for industrial purposes. It provides an indication of how densely populated an industrial area is with manufacturing workers, which can be useful for analyzing the efficiency and productivity of industrial activities in that area.

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