Environmental Science, Chapter 10, Section 4.

16 Questions | Total Attempts: 142

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Environmental Science Quizzes & Trivia

We are deep into our science books, and we can give ourselves a pat on the back for making it this far. Don’t rest yet, however, as there’s still ground to cover in our ongoing study of environmental science. So without further ado, let’s jump into Environmental Science, Chapter 10, Section 4!


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    According to pesticide proponents, pesticides
    • A. 

      Work fast

    • B. 

      Increase profit for farmers

    • C. 

      Save lives

    • D. 

      Increase food supplies

    • E. 

      All of these answers

  • 2. 
    Which of the following is a serious problem associated with the use of modern synthetic pesticides?
    • A. 

      Pest organisms can become genetically resistant

    • B. 

      They can become extremely expensive for farmers to utilize

    • C. 

      These pesticides often kill beneficial insect populations

    • D. 

      They pollute the environment

    • E. 

      All of these answers

  • 3. 
    Since 1945, approximately _____ species of insects have developed resistance to one or more insecticides
    • A. 

      50

    • B. 

      500

    • C. 

      1,000

    • D. 

      2,000

    • E. 

      5,000

  • 4. 
    Broad-spectrum pesticides may increase the number of best species through
    • A. 

      Development of genetic resistance

    • B. 

      Killing of predators of the pest species

    • C. 

      Killing of parasites that may have kept the population of the pest low

    • D. 

      Both killing of predators of the pest species and killing of parasites that may have kept the population of the pest low

    • E. 

      All of these answers are correct

  • 5. 
    Which of the following approaches would be the least beneficial in trying to reduce insect damage
    • A. 

      Rotating crops

    • B. 

      Genetic engineering of crops

    • C. 

      Planting monocultures

    • D. 

      Bringing in natural enemies

    • E. 

      Planting polycultures

  • 6. 
    Biological control of pests
    • A. 

      Costs more money than pesticides to use

    • B. 

      Is toxic to use

    • C. 

      Is fast-acting

    • D. 

      Is not toxic to use

    • E. 

      Has never been very effective

  • 7. 
    A pheromone is
    • A. 

      A new form of chemical insecticide awaiting approval by FIFRA

    • B. 

      A strong herbicide

    • C. 

      A species-specific chemical sex attractant

    • D. 

      A bloodstream chemical that controls an organism's growth and development

    • E. 

      A safe, natural pesticide

  • 8. 
    Which of the following statements is a weakness of using pheromones?
    • A. 

      They are costly and time-consuming to produce

    • B. 

      They are more effective in the juvenile stage than the adult stage

    • C. 

      Insects develop resistance to pheromones

    • D. 

      They are biologically magnified in nontarget species

    • E. 

      They only work in large amounts

  • 9. 
    A hormone is
    • A. 

      A strong new form of chemical insecticide awaiting approval by FIFRA

    • B. 

      A strong herbicide

    • C. 

      A species-specific chemical sex attractant

    • D. 

      A chemical that controls an organisms's growth and development

    • E. 

      A strong pesticide

  • 10. 
    Integrated pest management ___ than pesticides
    • A. 

      Requires more expert knowledge about individual pest-crop situations

    • B. 

      Is faster acting

    • C. 

      Requires more fertilizer and irrigation

    • D. 

      Is more expensive

    • E. 

      None of these answers

  • 11. 
    An integrated pest management program attempts to
    • A. 

      Increase inputs of fertilizer and irrigation water

    • B. 

      Reduce crop damage to an economically tolerable level

    • C. 

      Increase pesticide use

    • D. 

      Decrease yields and increase costs

    • E. 

      Increase the development of disease-resistant pests

  • 12. 
    Switching to integrated pest management
    • A. 

      Will be easy to do because it is very simple

    • B. 

      Is opposed by politically and economically powerful agricultural chemical companies

    • C. 

      Is difficult because it only works for a few pests

    • D. 

      Is strongly opposed by environmentalists

    • E. 

      All of these answers

  • 13. 
    Perhaps the most important thing about Rachel Carson's investigative work on the environmental effects of pesticides, and her publication of "Silent Spring" is
    • A. 

      The number of errors in the book

    • B. 

      Her failure to include a discussion about integrated pest management

    • C. 

      That it laid the groundwork for later, more serious work

    • D. 

      That it eventually led to the banning of many pesticides in the united states and other countries

    • E. 

      That it is a remarkable book considering it was written by a person without any scientific training

  • 14. 
    The sale and use of pesticides in the United States is regulated by which agencies?
    • A. 

      FDA, EPA, and USDA

    • B. 

      USDA, FDA, and ATF

    • C. 

      CIA, FDA, and USDA

    • D. 

      FBI, FDA, and EPA

    • E. 

      EPA, ATF, and FBI

  • 15. 
    In the united states, the use of pesticides has increased by 33-fold since 1942. About 31% of crops were lost to pests in the 1940s. Today the percentage of food crops lost to pests is
    • A. 

      Less than in the 1940s, due to the increase pesticide use

    • B. 

      More than in the 1940s, at about 37%

    • C. 

      The same as in the 1940s

    • D. 

      There is no data to allow a comparison of this type

    • E. 

      More than in the 1940s, at about 40%

  • 16. 
    The National Academy of Sciences has estimated that 98% of the potential risk of developing cancer from pesticide residue on food grown in the U.S. could be eliminated if
    • A. 

      The entire industrialized agriculture business switched to integrated pest management

    • B. 

      Genetically modified foods were grown exclusively

    • C. 

      Pheromone traps were used more effectively to capture pests

    • D. 

      EPA standards for pre-1972 pesticides were as strict as standards for later pesticides

    • E. 

      None of these answers