Electronic Music Quiz. Sussex Uni. 2. History Of Recording

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Electronic Music Quiz. Sussex Uni. 2. History Of Recording - Quiz


Quiz on Week 2 Material. Lots of "Don't screw up the year" questions.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Which of the following is not an example of sound capture before recording technology existed

    • A.

      Mechanical instruments / automata

    • B.

      Training songbirds

    • C.

      Simple condenser microphones

    • D.

      Vibrations captured in manufacturing processes

    Correct Answer
    C. Simple condenser microphones
    Explanation
    Simple condenser microphones are not an example of sound capture before recording technology existed because condenser microphones were developed in the early 20th century and are a product of recording technology. Before recording technology existed, sound capture was done through mechanical instruments/automata, training songbirds, and capturing vibrations in manufacturing processes.

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  • 2. 

    Player pianos were practical from the 1850s

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    Player pianos were practical from 1876.

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  • 3. 

    Which 18th century guy was behind the robot flute player?

    • A.

      Al-Jazari

    • B.

      Innocenzo Manzetti

    • C.

      Jacques de Vaucanson

    • D.

      H.C. Andersen

    Correct Answer
    C. Jacques de Vaucanson
    Explanation
    Jacques de Vaucanson was a prominent figure in the 18th century known for his inventions and automata. He created a famous robot flute player, which was one of his most notable creations. Vaucanson's mechanical devices were highly advanced for their time and showcased his engineering skills. His robot flute player was able to play various tunes on the flute with remarkable precision, showcasing his mastery in creating lifelike automata. Therefore, Jacques de Vaucanson is the correct answer to the question.

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  • 4. 

    Al-Jazari built four automatic musicians for a royal drinking party. They worked like a music bar. Which year was this?

    • A.

      1106

    • B.

      1206

    • C.

      1306

    • D.

      1406

    Correct Answer
    B. 1206
    Explanation
    Al-Jazari built four automatic musicians for a royal drinking party in the year 1206. These musicians functioned like a music bar, providing entertainment for the guests.

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  • 5. 

    The first magnetic recording device was the ...

    • A.

      Gramophone

    • B.

      Telharmonium

    • C.

      Triode

    • D.

      Wire recorder

    Correct Answer
    D. Wire recorder
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "wire recorder". The wire recorder was the first magnetic recording device, invented in the 1890s. It used a thin wire coated with a magnetic material to record and play back sound. The wire would pass over a magnetic head, which would magnetize the wire according to the sound waves, and then it could be played back by passing the wire over the head again. This technology paved the way for later developments in magnetic tape recording.

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  • 6. 

    The first wire recorder was invented in the beginning of the 20th century

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    It was invented at the end of the 19th century (1899)

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  • 7. 

    Bell got his telephone patent in 1876. What also happened this year?

    • A.

      The phonautograph was invented by Leon-Scott

    • B.

      The speaking telegraph was invented by Innocenzo Manzetti

    • C.

      The carbon microphone was invented by Thomas Edison

    • D.

      Ernst von Siemens writes his famous 95 theses

    Correct Answer
    C. The carbon microphone was invented by Thomas Edison
    Explanation
    In 1876, Thomas Edison invented the carbon microphone. This invention is significant because it greatly improved the quality of sound transmission in telephones. The carbon microphone used carbon granules to convert sound waves into electrical signals, which were then transmitted through the telephone lines. This invention played a crucial role in the development of telecommunications and paved the way for clearer and more efficient communication.

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  • 8. 

    In 1887, the gramophone was invented by ...

    • A.

      Lee de Forest

    • B.

      Walter Ruttmann

    • C.

      Emile Berliner

    • D.

      Johannes Brahms

    Correct Answer
    C. Emile Berliner
    Explanation
    Lee de Forest invented the triode (1906, called the Audion). Walter Ruttmann was a compositional pioneer - he created the radio work "Weekend" in 1930, using optical film soundtrack editing. Johannes Brahms was a famous composer of classical music.

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  • 9. 

    Who is said to play the piano on an 1889 wax cylinder recording?

    • A.

      Gustav Mahler

    • B.

      Johannes Brahms

    • C.

      Enrico Caruso

    • D.

      Stephen

    Correct Answer
    B. Johannes Brahms
    Explanation
    Johannes Brahms is said to play the piano on an 1889 wax cylinder recording. This suggests that Brahms, the famous composer and pianist, was involved in the early recording technology and made a recording of himself playing the piano on a wax cylinder in 1889. This highlights Brahms' interest in embracing new technologies and his desire to preserve his musical performances for future generations.

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  • 10. 

    The magnetic tape became commercially available in 1948, but during which decade did the first magnetic tape research happen?

    • A.

      1900s

    • B.

      1910s

    • C.

      1920s

    • D.

      1930s

    Correct Answer
    C. 1920s
    Explanation
    In the 1920s, the first magnetic tape research took place. This research eventually led to the commercial availability of magnetic tape in 1948. Magnetic tape revolutionized the storage and playback of audio and video recordings, making it a significant technological advancement in the 20th century.

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  • 11. 

    The most famous early recording, with Enrico Caruso singing, was made in ...

    • A.

      1887

    • B.

      1895

    • C.

      1902

    • D.

      1911

    Correct Answer
    C. 1902
    Explanation
    Enrico Caruso, a renowned opera singer, made his most famous early recording in 1902. This suggests that the recording in question was made during this year and not in any of the other given years. Caruso's recording career spanned several decades, but the fact that this particular recording is referred to as one of his most famous early recordings indicates that it was made relatively early in his career.

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  • 12. 

    In 1930, the 18-year-old John Cage attended a concert in Berlin, where the compositional pioneers of recording Hindemith and Toth presented a new type of composition called ...

    • A.

      Musique concrète

    • B.

      Elektronische musik

    • C.

      Grammophonmusik

    • D.

      Glitch

    Correct Answer
    C. Grammophonmusik
  • 13. 

    Who conceived multitracking already in 1948?

    • A.

      Pierre Henry

    • B.

      Les Paul

    • C.

      Halim El-Dabh

    • D.

      Les El-Dabh

    Correct Answer
    B. Les Paul
    Explanation
    Les Paul is the correct answer because he is credited with conceiving multitracking in 1948. Multitracking is a recording technique that involves recording multiple audio tracks separately and then combining them into a final mix. Les Paul's experiments with tape machines and overdubbing led to the development of multitrack recording, which revolutionized the music industry by allowing artists to layer multiple instruments and vocals to create more complex and polished recordings. His innovations in recording technology had a significant impact on the evolution of popular music.

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  • 14. 

    What did Les Paul do to achieve superhuman effects using recording?

    • A.

      He recorded playing at half-speed, and played it back twice as slow

    • B.

      He recorded playing at double-speed, and played it back twice as fast

    • C.

      He recorded playing at half-speed, and played it back twice as fast

    • D.

      He recorded playing at regular speed, and played it back four times as slow

    Correct Answer
    C. He recorded playing at half-speed, and played it back twice as fast
    Explanation
    Les Paul achieved superhuman effects using recording by recording his playing at half-speed and then playing it back twice as fast. This technique allowed him to create unique and fast-paced sounds that were not achievable through regular playing or recording methods.

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  • 15. 

    The first iPod actually came around the same time as the CD-R.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    CD-R: 1988. Ipod: 2001.

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  • 16. 

    The first commercial products resulting from extensive digital audio research became available during the 1970s. But when did the research start?

    • A.

      1920s

    • B.

      1930s

    • C.

      1940s

    • D.

      1950s

    Correct Answer
    D. 1950s
    Explanation
    The correct answer is 1950s. This suggests that the research on digital audio started in the 1950s, and the first commercial products resulting from this research became available during the 1970s.

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  • 17. 

    The CD came around 25 years after the first transistors

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    First transistors: 1947-8. CD: 1982.

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  • 18. 

    The MP3 predates the iPod with 5 years

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    The MP3 predates the iPod with 10 years (MP3: 1991, iPod: 2001)

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  • 19. 

    Which year did MySpace launch?

    • A.

      2000

    • B.

      2001

    • C.

      2002

    • D.

      2003

    Correct Answer
    D. 2003
    Explanation
    MySpace launched in 2003.

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  • 20. 

    What does the laser rays within a CD player read on the actual disc?

    • A.

      Morse code

    • B.

      Small engraved letters

    • C.

      Wholes and pits

    • D.

      Kaa

    Correct Answer
    C. Wholes and pits
    Explanation
    The laser rays within a CD player read the wholes and pits on the actual disc. These wholes and pits represent the binary code of the data stored on the CD. When the laser hits a pit, it reflects differently than when it hits a whole, allowing the CD player to interpret the data and play the audio or display the information stored on the disc.

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  • 21. 

    MP3 players function using digital signal processing based on psychoacoustic principles.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    MP3 players function using digital signal processing based on psychoacoustic principles. This means that they analyze and compress audio files in a way that takes into account how the human ear perceives sound. By applying psychoacoustic principles, MP3 players are able to remove or reduce parts of the audio that are less likely to be heard, resulting in smaller file sizes without significant loss in perceived audio quality. Therefore, the given statement is true.

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  • 22. 

    What is Radiodiffusion Télévision Francaise (RTF) primarily associated with?

    • A.

      Elektronische musik

    • B.

      Musique abstracte

    • C.

      Musique concrète

    • D.

      Musique baguette

    Correct Answer
    C. Musique concrète
    Explanation
    Radiodiffusion Télévision Francaise (RTF) is primarily associated with Musique concrète. Musique concrète is a form of experimental music that uses recorded sounds as its raw material, manipulating and transforming them to create new compositions. RTF played a significant role in the development and promotion of Musique concrète, particularly through the work of composers such as Pierre Schaeffer and Pierre Henry. They used tape recorders and various techniques to explore and manipulate everyday sounds, creating innovative and groundbreaking musical compositions.

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  • 23. 

    How do you spell the last name of this guy Pierre that started the whole thing?

    • A.

      Schafer

    • B.

      Schaefer

    • C.

      Schaeffer

    • D.

      Chauffeur

    Correct Answer
    C. Schaeffer
    Explanation
    The correct spelling of Pierre's last name, who started the whole thing, is Schaeffer.

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  • 24. 

    The first work using manipulated sound recordings - more specifically the manipulated recording of a train, was created by Pierre Schaeffer in ...

    • A.

      April 1947

    • B.

      April 1948

    • C.

      April 1949

    • D.

      April 1951

    Correct Answer
    B. April 1948
    Explanation
    The piece was called Etude aux chemin de fer

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  • 25. 

    Pierre Schaeffer worked at first with a disc cutting lathe

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Pierre Schaeffer initially began his work with a disc cutting lathe. This implies that he used this equipment for his early projects or experiments.

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  • 26. 

    Schaeffer published a solfège in 1952 where he explicitly stated that he wanted the listeners to really listen to the train, while imagining it travelling through a lonely landscape with spectacular views.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    He wanted to discourage source identification and encourage an active listening to the sounds themselves - the timbres.

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  • 27. 

    Groupe de Recherches Musicales (GRM) was founded in ...

    • A.

      1952

    • B.

      1958

    • C.

      1964

    • D.

      1970

    Correct Answer
    B. 1958
    Explanation
    Groupe de Recherches Musicales (GRM) was founded in 1958. This means that the organization was established in that year.

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  • 28. 

    Which of the following composers / researchers are not associated with the musique concrète school?

    • A.

      Luc Ferrari

    • B.

      Pierre Henry

    • C.

      Jacques Poullin

    • D.

      Hugh le Caine

    Correct Answer
    D. Hugh le Caine
    Explanation
    Hugh le Caine was a highly influential inventor.

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  • 29. 

    Which of the following issues is not considered a significant one within the field of recording?

    • A.

      Recordings can be manipulated, which always makes them the "perfect versions"

    • B.

      Microphones and other needed gear can be really expensive

    • C.

      Copyright breach is easy

    • D.

      Cheap digital technology may cut out the "middlemen"

    Correct Answer
    B. Microphones and other needed gear can be really expensive
    Explanation
    It is rather the cheapness of microphones and other technology that give rise to concerns.

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  • 30. 

    Pitch is repetition

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Pitch refers to the perceived frequency of a sound, which is the highness or lowness of a tone. Repetition, on the other hand, means the act of repeating something. In this context, the statement "Pitch is repetition" is incorrect. Pitch and repetition are two different concepts and are not related to each other. Therefore, the correct answer is False.

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  • Jan 17, 2024
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Jun 04, 2012
    Quiz Created by
    OliverLindman
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