Ancient Egyptian Pharaohs Trivia Quiz!

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Ancient Egyptian Pharaohs Trivia Quiz! - Quiz


Are you familiar with the Ancient Egyptian Pharaohs? This quiz may enlighten you. With this quiz, you will be required to grasp who King Tut is, what is the reason that the pyramids were built, what is Egypt’s middle kingdom, which period is referred to as the golden age, what was built from over two million stone blocks, and who was the first Pharoah. Understand the Ancient Egyptian Pharaohs by taking this quiz.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Why is King Tut one of the most well-known pharaohs?

    • A.

      Tut lived and ruled for more than 70 years.

    • B.

      Amazing artifacts were found in Tut's tomb.

    • C.

      Tut was the first woman to claim power over Egypt.

    • D.

      Trade expeditions help Tut learn about farway lands.

    Correct Answer
    B. Amazing artifacts were found in Tut's tomb.
    Explanation
    King Tut is one of the most well-known pharaohs because of the amazing artifacts that were found in his tomb. These artifacts, including his iconic golden mask, have provided valuable insights into ancient Egyptian culture and history. The discovery of Tutankhamun's tomb by archaeologist Howard Carter in 1922 created a worldwide sensation and sparked a renewed interest in ancient Egypt. The treasures found in Tut's tomb have since been exhibited in museums around the world, further contributing to his fame and recognition.

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  • 2. 

    Why did the ancient Egyptians make mummies?

    • A.

      To decorate palaces of the pharaohs

    • B.

      To preserve dead bodies of the pharaohs

    • C.

      To transport goods up and down the Nile

    • D.

      To educate and protect the royal children

    Correct Answer
    B. To preserve dead bodies of the pharaohs
    Explanation
    The ancient Egyptians made mummies to preserve the dead bodies of the pharaohs. This was an important part of their religious beliefs and practices, as they believed in the afterlife and wanted to ensure that the pharaohs' bodies remained intact for their journey to the next world. The mummification process involved removing the internal organs, drying out the body, and then wrapping it in linen bandages. This preservation process allowed the pharaohs' bodies to be protected from decay and decomposition, ensuring their continued existence in the afterlife.

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  • 3. 

    What was a major purpose for building the pyramids?

    • A.

      Temples for religious worship

    • B.

      Storehouses for reserves of grain

    • C.

      Homes for the pharaoh's servants

    • D.

      Tombs for pharaohs when they died

    Correct Answer
    D. Tombs for pharaohs when they died
    Explanation
    The major purpose for building the pyramids was to serve as tombs for the pharaohs when they died. The pyramids were elaborate structures constructed to house the bodies of the pharaohs and their treasures, ensuring a safe journey to the afterlife. The pyramids were built with intricate designs and complex burial chambers, showcasing the power and wealth of the pharaohs. These structures were considered sacred and played a significant role in ancient Egyptian religious beliefs and practices.

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  • 4. 

    What are the characteristics for which Egypt's the Middle Kingdom is especially famous?

    • A.

      Reunification and great pharaohs

    • B.

      Military conquests

    • C.

      Widespread wars

    • D.

      Both A and C

    Correct Answer
    D. Both A and C
    Explanation
    The Middle Kingdom of Egypt, also known as The Period of Reunification, is famous for several key characteristics:
    Reunification: After a period of political division known as the First Intermediate Period, the Middle Kingdom marked the reestablishment of a unified Egyptian state.
    Great Pharaohs: The Middle Kingdom was a time of strong centralized pharaonic power, which led to a resurgence in monumental building projects.
    Cultural Achievements: The Middle Kingdom is often seen as a “classical” period in Egyptian history, marked by significant literary, architectural, and artistic achievements.
    However, it’s worth noting that the Middle Kingdom is not particularly known for widespread wars or military conquests. Instead, it was a period of transformation and cultural development. The innovations of this period greatly influenced the rest of Egypt’s history

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  • 5. 

    Which period is often called the Golden Age, a time when Egypt had reached the height of its power?

    • A.

      The Old Kingdom

    • B.

      The Middle Kingdom

    • C.

      The New Kingdom

    • D.

      After the New Kingdom

    Correct Answer
    C. The New Kingdom
    Explanation
    During the New Kingdom, Egypt experienced a period of great prosperity and power, which is often referred to as the Golden Age. This era saw the expansion of Egypt's empire, the construction of magnificent temples and monuments, and the establishment of a strong central government. The pharaohs of the New Kingdom were known for their military conquests and diplomatic relations with other civilizations. This period marked a peak in Egypt's influence and cultural achievements, making it deserving of the title "Golden Age."

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  • 6. 

    What was one method Khufu used to ensure that his power would be accepted?

    • A.

      He declared that he was a god.

    • B.

      He had many children.

    • C.

      He made strong treaties.

    • D.

      He killed his rivals.

    Correct Answer
    A. He declared that he was a god.
    Explanation
    Khufu used the method of declaring himself as a god to ensure that his power would be accepted. This suggests that he employed religious beliefs and practices to solidify his authority and establish himself as a divine ruler. By presenting himself as a deity, Khufu aimed to gain the trust and loyalty of his subjects, as well as to legitimize his position as the supreme ruler. This tactic was commonly employed by ancient Egyptian pharaohs to maintain their power and control over their kingdom.

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  • 7. 

    It was built from more than two million stone blocks. It had tunnels inside. What was it?

    • A.

      The Sphinx

    • B.

      The White Chapel

    • C.

      The temple at Abu Simbel

    • D.

      The Great Pyramid at Giza

    Correct Answer
    D. The Great Pyramid at Giza
    Explanation
    The Great Pyramid at Giza is the correct answer because it fits both criteria mentioned in the question. It was built from more than two million stone blocks, which showcases the immense effort and scale of construction. Additionally, it had tunnels inside, adding to its architectural complexity and mystery. The other options, such as the Sphinx, the White Chapel, and the temple at Abu Simbel, do not fulfill both criteria mentioned in the question.

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  • 8. 

    Senusret I controlled a source of natural resources that were used in beautiful works of art. What was that source?

    • A.

      Forests of giant cedar trees

    • B.

      Hot, bubbling, mineral springs

    • C.

      Mines for gold, copper, and gems

    • D.

      Murex snails used to make purple dye

    Correct Answer
    C. Mines for gold, copper, and gems
    Explanation
    Senusret I controlled mines for gold, copper, and gems. This source of natural resources would have provided him with valuable materials that could be used to create beautiful works of art. Gold, copper, and gems have been used throughout history to create intricate and luxurious pieces of jewelry, sculpture, and other forms of art. Controlling these mines would have given Senusret I a significant amount of wealth and power, allowing him to commission and create stunning works of art.

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  • 9. 

    Why did archaeologists reconstruct the White Chapel?

    • A.

      It offered tourists shade while they waited for a guide.

    • B.

      It gave the scientist a place to study what they dug up.

    • C.

      It was an experiment to learn old construction methods.

    • D.

      It was built by Senusret I but had been taken apart by a later ruler.

    Correct Answer
    D. It was built by Senusret I but had been taken apart by a later ruler.
    Explanation
    The correct answer is that the White Chapel was built by Senusret I but had been taken apart by a later ruler. This suggests that the archaeologists reconstructed the White Chapel in order to restore and preserve this ancient structure that had been dismantled in the past. By reconstructing it, they were able to study and learn about the old construction methods used during Senusret I's time. It also implies that the White Chapel held historical and cultural significance, making it an important site for archaeological research.

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  • 10. 

    Hatshepsut was the first pharaoh who was?

    • A.

      A god.

    • B.

      A child.

    • C.

      A priest.

    • D.

      A woman.

    Correct Answer
    D. A woman.
    Explanation
    Hatshepsut was the first pharaoh who was a woman. This is significant because in ancient Egypt, the position of pharaoh was traditionally held by men. Hatshepsut's reign as a female pharaoh challenged the gender norms of the time and marked a significant milestone in Egyptian history. She successfully ruled Egypt for over 20 years, leaving a lasting legacy as one of the most powerful and influential pharaohs.

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  • 11. 

    Which phrase best describes Hatshepsut's monuments at Dayr al-Bahri?

    • A.

      A pyramid constructed in the open desert.

    • B.

      A mud-brick structure found on a island

    • C.

      A shrine dug out of rock below ground level

    • D.

      A great temple built into a cliff above the river

    Correct Answer
    D. A great temple built into a cliff above the river
    Explanation
    Hatshepsut's monuments at Dayr al-Bahri were a great temple built into a cliff above the river.

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  • 12. 

    Answer the riddle below. I ruled Egypt for more than 60 years. I was a famous military leader. I had hundreds of statues of me built--all over Egypt! Who was I?

    • A.

      Khufu

    • B.

      Senusret I

    • C.

      Ramses II

    • D.

      Hatshepsut

    Correct Answer
    C. Ramses II
    Explanation
    Ramses II is the correct answer because he ruled Egypt for more than 60 years and was known for his military leadership. He also had numerous statues built in his honor throughout Egypt, which indicates his fame and influence. Khufu, Senusret I, and Hatshepsut were all significant pharaohs in Egyptian history, but they do not match all the given characteristics.

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  • 13. 

    Who signed the world's first peace treaty?

    • A.

      Egypt and Hittites

    • B.

      Egypt and the Persians

    • C.

      Egypt and the Assyrians

    • D.

      Egypt and the Babylonians

    Correct Answer
    A. Egypt and Hittites
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Egypt and Hittites. The world's first peace treaty was signed between these two ancient civilizations. The treaty, known as the Treaty of Kadesh, was signed in the 13th century BC and brought an end to the hostilities between Egypt and the Hittite Empire. This treaty is significant as it is one of the earliest recorded examples of a peace agreement between two nations in history.

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  • 14. 

    Which pharaoh encouraged trade with mainly the African Kingdom of Punt?

    • A.

      Cleopatra

    • B.

      Senusret I

    • C.

      Ramses II

    • D.

      Hatshepsut

    Correct Answer
    D. Hatshepsut
    Explanation
    Hatshepsut is the correct answer because during her reign as pharaoh of Egypt, she actively encouraged trade with the African Kingdom of Punt. She sent several expeditions to Punt to establish trade routes and bring back valuable goods such as incense, myrrh, and exotic animals. This trade with Punt greatly enriched Egypt and helped solidify Hatshepsut's reputation as a successful and prosperous ruler. Cleopatra, Senusret I, and Ramses II are not associated with encouraging trade with the African Kingdom of Punt.

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  • 15. 

    Cleopatra was the last Egyptian Pharaoh, but she was not of Egyptian heritage.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Cleopatra was indeed the last Egyptian Pharaoh, ruling from 51 BC until her death in 30 BC. However, she was not of pure Egyptian heritage. Cleopatra was a member of the Ptolemaic dynasty, which was of Greek origin and ruled Egypt after the conquest of Alexander the Great. She was descended from Ptolemy I, one of Alexander's generals, and her family had been ruling Egypt for several generations. Therefore, it is true that Cleopatra was the last Egyptian Pharaoh, but she was not of Egyptian heritage.

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