In a desert
Near a river
A river valley
A mountain range
A hot, dry climate
A long growing season
It had fertile land for crops.
It made trade and travel easy.
It was grassy for grazing sheep.
It offered protection from invaders.
Irrigating their crops.
Getting drinking water.
Ducks and geese.
Barges and boats.
Reeds and papyrus.
Canals and ditches.
Sea of Galilee.
It was too salty for any form of life.
It was the scene of many historic battles
It was thought to be dangerous for fishing boats.
It lay still, even when winds blew in the hills nearby.
In the Syrian Desert.
Beside the Dead Sea.
Near the Jordan River.
In the Lebanon Mountains.
They planted grain crops.
They lived a nomadic life.
They built houses of mud bricks.
They had a stable food supply.
Tut lived and ruled for more than 70 years.
Amazing artifacts were found in Tut's tomb.
Tut was the first woman to claim power over Egypt.
Trade expeditions helped Tut learn about faraway lands.
To decorate favorite places of the pharaohs
To preserve dead bodies of the pharaohs
To transport goods up and down the Nile
To educate and protect the royal children.
Temples for religious worship
Storehouses for reserves of grain
Homes for the pharaohs servants
Tombs for the pharaohs when they died
The Old Kingdom
The Middle Kingdom
The New Kingdom
After the New Kingdom
He declared that he was a god.
He had many children.
He made strong treaties.
He killed his rivals.
The White Chapel
The temple at Abu Simbel
The Great Pyramid at Giza
Forests of giant cedar trees
Hot, bubbling mineral springs
Mines for gold, copper, and gems
Flocks of birds with scarlet feathers
It offered tourists shade while they waited for a guide.
It gave scientists a place to study what they dug up.
It was an experiment to learn old construction methods.
It was built by Senusret I but had been taken apart by a lter ruler.
Egypt and the Hittites
Egypt and the Persians
Egypt and the Assyrians
Egypt and the Babylonians
Scribes who kept poor records
Government officials out of favor
Peasant farmers during the flood season
Priests hoping to get jobs at the temples
Running a business
Working as a scribe
Asking for a divorce
They attended school to learn how to govern.
Popular elections showed the vote of the people.
Priests relied on signs from the gods to choose them.
They inherited the position from a family member.
To collect taxes
To lead the army
To decide court cases
To help make alliances
They were worshiped as gods.
They could become priestesses.
They ran all religious ceremonies.
They were not allowed in temples.
A statue of a god
A pool for washing
A public meeting area
A bench only for women
To show earthly love
To avoid the risk of poison
To feed them in the afterlife
To perform a sacrifice to the gods
Papyrus was very difficult to write on.
There were hundreds of hieroglyphics to learn.
Students had to save money to buy a position.
Teachers were so harsh that the students ran away.
The Prophets and the Writings.
The first five books of the Hebrew Bible.
An ancient Egyptian book about the Hebrew people.
A collection of prayers and poems used by early Jews.
He guided the Israelites out of Egypt.
He moved with his family from Mesopotamia.
He passed through the area as a wandering shepherd.
He led an army that won the land from the Philistines.
More elegant temples
Rules for how to act
Belief in one God
Uniting a nation
Winning a battle
Starting a school
Building a temple
Food to eat in the desert
The Ten Commandments
Most of the Hebrew Bible
Directions for building a temple.