Digital Photography Final Exam

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Digital Photography Final Exam - Quiz

The following is the final exam for digital photography students. Please print score page when completed, as no print out means no grade. Good luck!


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    What is the main difference between photographs and snapshots?

    • A.

      Photographs are planned, and snapshots are not

    • B.

      Photographs use the rule of thirds, and snapshots do not.

    • C.

      Snapshots are merely recordings of memory, and photographs are artistic interpretations of objects, places or events

    • D.

      Snapshots do not include the entire subject within the frame, and photographs do

    Correct Answer
    C. Snapshots are merely recordings of memory, and photographs are artistic interpretations of objects, places or events
    Explanation
    Photographs and snapshots differ in their purpose and intent. Snapshots are impromptu recordings of memories, capturing a moment as it is without much thought or planning. On the other hand, photographs are carefully planned and executed, often with artistic intentions. They go beyond mere documentation and aim to interpret and portray objects, places, or events in a creative and expressive manner. Therefore, while snapshots are spontaneous and personal, photographs are more deliberate and artistic in nature.

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  • 2. 

    Which angle makes the subject look more powerful?

    • A.

      Low

    • B.

      Eye

    • C.

      High

    • D.

      None of the above

    Correct Answer
    A. Low
    Explanation
    A low angle makes the subject look more powerful because it creates a sense of dominance and authority. By shooting from a lower position, the subject appears taller and more imposing, which enhances their perceived power and strength. This angle can be commonly seen in movies or photographs when portraying powerful characters or important figures.

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  • 3. 

    Which angle makes the subject look weak?

    • A.

      Low

    • B.

      Eye

    • C.

      High

    • D.

      None of the above

    Correct Answer
    C. High
    Explanation
    The high angle makes the subject look weak because it is shot from above, creating a downward perspective. This angle diminishes the subject's size and stature, making them appear smaller and less powerful. It can create a sense of vulnerability and insignificance, emphasizing the subject's weakness.

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  • 4. 

    Which angle places the subject in a neutral zone?

    • A.

      Low

    • B.

      Eye

    • C.

      High

    • D.

      None of the above

    Correct Answer
    B. Eye
    Explanation
    The angle that places the subject in a neutral zone is "eye". This means that the camera is positioned at eye level or slightly above, creating a natural and balanced perspective. This angle is commonly used in photography and videography to capture the subject in a flattering and relatable way, without any distortion or bias.

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  • 5. 

    Which is the worst time of day to take a photo outside?

    • A.

      Noon

    • B.

      Sunset

    • C.

      Early morning

    • D.

      When it's cloudy

    Correct Answer
    A. Noon
    Explanation
    Taking a photo outside at noon is considered the worst time of day because the sun is directly overhead, resulting in harsh and unflattering lighting. This lighting can create strong shadows, wash out colors, and make it difficult to capture details in the photograph. The high contrast between light and shadow can also make it challenging to achieve a balanced exposure. Therefore, it is generally recommended to avoid taking photos at noon and instead opt for early morning or sunset when the lighting is softer and more flattering.

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  • 6. 

    Why are bright, sunny days not ideal for photographers?

    • A.

      Backlighting is caused

    • B.

      The sun will blind your subject

    • C.

      The sun creates high contrast and makes subject look unflattering

    • D.

      It's too hot

    Correct Answer
    C. The sun creates high contrast and makes subject look unflattering
    Explanation
    Bright, sunny days are not ideal for photographers because the sun creates high contrast and makes the subject look unflattering. When the sun is directly overhead, it can cast harsh shadows and create a stark contrast between light and dark areas in the photograph. This can result in overexposed highlights and underexposed shadows, making the subject appear washed out or unflattering. Photographers often prefer softer, diffused lighting conditions, such as during sunrise or sunset, to achieve more pleasing and balanced results.

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  • 7. 

    What is incadescent lighting?

    • A.

      Sunlight

    • B.

      Natural light

    • C.

      A light bulb like you would find in a home

    • D.

      A light bulb like you would find in school classrooms

    Correct Answer
    C. A light bulb like you would find in a home
    Explanation
    Incandescent lighting refers to a type of lighting that uses a light bulb similar to the ones commonly found in homes. These light bulbs produce light by heating a filament inside the bulb until it becomes white-hot and emits light. Incandescent lighting is known for its warm and soft glow, but it is less energy-efficient compared to other types of lighting such as LED or fluorescent bulbs.

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  • 8. 

    What is flourescent lighting?

    • A.

      Sunlight

    • B.

      Natural light

    • C.

      A light bulb like you would find in a home

    • D.

      A light bulb like you would find in school classrooms

    Correct Answer
    D. A light bulb like you would find in school classrooms
    Explanation
    Fluorescent lighting refers to a type of light bulb commonly found in school classrooms. These bulbs contain a special coating on the inside that emits ultraviolet light when electricity passes through them. This ultraviolet light then interacts with a phosphor coating on the bulb, causing it to emit visible light. Fluorescent bulbs are known for their energy efficiency and long lifespan, making them a popular choice for commercial and educational settings.

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  • 9. 

    Where would you adjust for the lighting situation in most digital cameras?

    • A.

      White Balance or WB setting

    • B.

      Manual Mode

    • C.

      By using a flash

    • D.

      None of the above

    Correct Answer
    A. White Balance or WB setting
    Explanation
    In most digital cameras, you would adjust for the lighting situation by using the White Balance or WB setting. This setting allows you to adjust the camera's color balance to compensate for different lighting conditions, such as fluorescent, incandescent, or natural light. By selecting the appropriate white balance setting, you can ensure that the colors in your photos appear accurate and true to life. Adjusting the white balance is essential for getting the right color temperature in your images, especially when shooting in different lighting environments.

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  • 10. 

    What is the best lighting situation to shoot in?

    • A.

      Natural light on a cloudy day

    • B.

      Natural light on a bright sunny day

    • C.

      Low light indoors

    • D.

      Using a flash

    Correct Answer
    A. Natural light on a cloudy day
    Explanation
    Natural light on a cloudy day is the best lighting situation to shoot in because the clouds act as a diffuser, softening the light and reducing harsh shadows. This provides a more even and flattering lighting for photography. Additionally, cloudy days tend to have less contrast, making it easier to capture details in both highlights and shadows. The soft, diffused light also enhances colors and reduces the risk of overexposure or blown-out highlights. Overall, shooting in natural light on a cloudy day allows for more control and flexibility in capturing the desired image.

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  • 11. 

    Why is important to have light in front of your subject instead of behind?

    • A.

      So your subject doesn't blink

    • B.

      Because the subject will be washed out

    • C.

      To avoid backlighting

    • D.

      Because the subject will know the picture is coming

    Correct Answer
    C. To avoid backlighting
    Explanation
    Having light in front of the subject instead of behind is important to avoid backlighting. Backlighting occurs when the light source is behind the subject, causing the subject to appear dark or silhouetted. By having the light in front, the subject is properly illuminated, allowing for better visibility and detail. This helps to avoid the subject being washed out or appearing too bright. Additionally, having light in front of the subject prevents the subject from blinking due to the brightness of the light source.

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  • 12. 

    What does the term "shoot to frame" refer to?

    • A.

      When photographing an image, shooting entire scene knowing that you can crop later using software

    • B.

      When photographing an image, only have in the frame what you want/need soas avoiding the need to crop very much

    • C.

      Cropping an image in macromedia fireworks

    • D.

      Resizing an image in macromedia fireworks

    Correct Answer
    B. When photographing an image, only have in the frame what you want/need soas avoiding the need to crop very much
    Explanation
    "Shoot to frame" refers to the practice of composing and capturing a photograph in a way that includes only what is desired or necessary within the frame. By doing so, it minimizes the need for cropping the image later during post-processing. This technique ensures that the photographer captures the intended subject or scene without unnecessary elements, resulting in a more intentional and visually appealing photograph.

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  • 13. 

    What element of composition is violated if a picture is blurry?

    • A.

      Clarity

    • B.

      Angle

    • C.

      Lighting

    • D.

      Rule of thirds

    Correct Answer
    A. Clarity
    Explanation
    If a picture is blurry, it means that the details in the image are not clear and sharp. This lack of clarity violates the element of composition known as clarity. Clarity refers to the level of sharpness and focus in a photograph, and is important in order to convey the intended subject and message effectively. A blurry image can be the result of various factors such as camera shake, incorrect focus, or motion blur, all of which compromise the clarity and overall quality of the picture.

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  • 14. 

    What element of composition is violated if a picture is too dark?

    • A.

      Clarity

    • B.

      Angle

    • C.

      Lighting

    • D.

      Rule of thirds

    Correct Answer
    C. Lighting
    Explanation
    If a picture is too dark, it means that the lighting element of composition is violated. Lighting plays a crucial role in photography as it determines the visibility, contrast, and overall mood of the image. When a picture is too dark, it lacks proper illumination, resulting in a loss of details and a decrease in overall quality. Therefore, ensuring appropriate lighting is essential for a well-composed photograph.

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  • 15. 

    Which one of the following  deals with how the photographer chooses or not chooses to use software to change the picture?

    • A.

      Angle

    • B.

      Editing

    • C.

      Cropping

    • D.

      Clarity

    Correct Answer
    B. Editing
    Explanation
    Editing is the correct answer because it refers to the process of making changes to a photograph using software. It involves adjusting various aspects such as brightness, contrast, color balance, and applying filters or effects. The photographer has the choice to use editing software to enhance or alter the picture according to their artistic vision or desired outcome. Editing allows the photographer to manipulate the image and make it more visually appealing or convey a specific message.

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  • 16. 

    Which is NOT an area where digital imaging might be used?     

    • A.

      Filming sporting events

    • B.

      Art/advertising/graphic design agencies

    • C.

      Medical field

    • D.

      Forensics/crime labs

    Correct Answer
    A. Filming sporting events
    Explanation
    Digital imaging can be used in various fields such as art, advertising, graphic design agencies, the medical field, and forensics/crime labs. However, filming sporting events does not typically involve digital imaging as it primarily relies on video recording equipment rather than digital image manipulation or analysis.

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  • 17. 

    Digital imaging is the process of ______________ images with a computer, scanner, and/or printer

    • A.

      Coloring or painting

    • B.

      Copying or coloring

    • C.

      Altering (changing) or correcting

    • D.

      Resizing

    Correct Answer
    C. Altering (changing) or correcting
    Explanation
    Digital imaging involves using a computer, scanner, and/or printer to alter or correct images. This can include adjusting colors, making changes to the image, or fixing any errors or imperfections. The process of digital imaging allows for precise and detailed modifications to be made to the images, resulting in improved quality and appearance.

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  • 18. 

    The most commonly used digital imaging software is _______________.

    • A.

      Paint

    • B.

      Photoshop

    • C.

      Macromedia Fireworks

    • D.

      Picasa

    Correct Answer
    B. Photoshop
    Explanation
    Photoshop is the most commonly used digital imaging software due to its extensive range of features and tools that allow users to edit, manipulate, and enhance images with precision and creativity. It offers advanced capabilities such as layers, filters, and various editing options that make it a preferred choice for professional photographers, graphic designers, and artists. Additionally, Photoshop's compatibility with other Adobe software and its widespread use in the industry contribute to its popularity and dominance in the digital imaging field.

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  • 19. 

    The digital imaging software we use in class is _______________.

    • A.

      Paint

    • B.

      Photoshop

    • C.

      Macromedia Fireworks

    • D.

      Picasa

    Correct Answer
    C. Macromedia Fireworks
    Explanation
    Macromedia Fireworks is the correct answer because it is specified that the software used in class is a digital imaging software. While Paint and Picasa are also digital imaging software, they are not commonly used in professional settings or classrooms. Photoshop, on the other hand, is a widely used digital imaging software, but it is not mentioned in the question. Therefore, Macromedia Fireworks is the most appropriate answer based on the given information.

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  • 20. 

    The feature in macromedia fireworks that allows for multiple images in a single composition, called a photomontage is?

    • A.

      Layers

    • B.

      Pen tool

    • C.

      Cropping

    • D.

      Blur tool

    Correct Answer
    A. Layers
    Explanation
    The correct answer is layers because layers in Macromedia Fireworks allow for multiple images to be placed on top of each other in a single composition. Each layer can be edited independently, allowing for easy manipulation and arrangement of the different images. This feature is commonly used in creating photomontages, where multiple images are combined to create a cohesive composition.

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  • 21. 

    On a digital camera, what is Macro Mode?

    • A.

      A type of far away caption, for shooting objects in the distance

    • B.

      A type of super close-up, which allows you to get pictures that look they were shot through a magnifying lens

    • C.

      Lets you get extremely close to the ground

    • D.

      For shooting landscapes

    Correct Answer
    B. A type of super close-up, which allows you to get pictures that look they were shot through a magnifying lens
    Explanation
    Macro mode on a digital camera is a feature that allows the user to take super close-up shots of small objects. It enables the camera to focus on subjects at a very close distance, capturing fine details that would not be visible in regular shots. This mode simulates the effect of using a magnifying lens, resulting in images that appear highly detailed and larger than life.

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  • 22. 

    Define Red Eye, as it refers to photography?

    • A.

      When a subject looks tired in a photograph

    • B.

      When your eyes are irritated from the environment

    • C.

      When light reflects off the blood vessels inside the eye when photographed

    • D.

      The last flight to take off at an airport

    Correct Answer
    C. When light reflects off the blood vessels inside the eye when photographed
    Explanation
    Red Eye, in photography, refers to the phenomenon when light reflects off the blood vessels inside the eye when photographed. This causes the subject's eyes to appear red in the photograph. It occurs when the camera flash is too close to the lens, causing the light to enter the eye and reflect back. This effect is more prominent in low light conditions when the subject's pupils are dilated. Red eye can be minimized or eliminated by using techniques such as red-eye reduction mode or by using external lighting sources.

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  • 23. 

    What is backlighting?

    • A.

      The main light is behind the subject

    • B.

      The main light is in front of the subject

    • C.

      The main light is on top of the subject

    • D.

      The main light is coming through the subject

    Correct Answer
    A. The main light is behind the subject
    Explanation
    Backlighting refers to a lighting technique where the main light source is positioned behind the subject. This creates a silhouette effect, with the subject appearing dark against a brighter background. Backlighting can be used to create a dramatic and atmospheric effect in photography or film, highlighting the outline of the subject and creating a sense of depth. It can also be used to create a halo or rim of light around the subject, adding a sense of separation and emphasizing the shape and form.

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  • 24. 

    What is composition?

    • A.

      A well composed, balanced photograph

    • B.

      A notebook to write your journal entries

    • C.

      The visual center of your photograph

    • D.

      How you crop the edges

    Correct Answer
    A. A well composed, balanced photograph
    Explanation
    Composition refers to the arrangement and placement of elements within a photograph to create a visually pleasing and balanced image. It involves considering factors such as the rule of thirds, leading lines, symmetry, and balance to guide the viewer's eye and create a sense of harmony. A well-composed photograph demonstrates a thoughtful and intentional arrangement of these elements, resulting in a visually appealing image that effectively communicates the photographer's vision.

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  • 25. 

    What is the "rule of thirds" in photography?

    • A.

      Distracting elements in the background

    • B.

      Having three of the same subject in a photograph

    • C.

      Photograph divided into thirds, both horizontally and vertically which creates four points where the lines cross for a visual center.

    • D.

      Distracting elements in the foreground

    Correct Answer
    C. Photograph divided into thirds, both horizontally and vertically which creates four points where the lines cross for a visual center.
    Explanation
    The "rule of thirds" in photography refers to dividing a photograph into thirds, both horizontally and vertically, creating four points where the lines intersect. This technique helps to create a visually balanced composition by placing important elements or points of interest along these lines or at the intersections. It is used to avoid placing subjects directly in the center of the frame, which can result in a more dynamic and visually appealing image.

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  • 26. 

    A type of balance in which both sides of the composition are balanced yet different.

    • A.

      Assymetrical

    • B.

      Radial

    • C.

      Symmetrical

    • D.

      Geometrical

    Correct Answer
    A. Assymetrical
    Explanation
    Asymmetrical balance refers to a type of balance in which both sides of the composition are balanced, but they are different from each other. This means that the elements on one side of the composition may not mirror or match the elements on the other side, but they still create a sense of visual equilibrium. Asymmetrical balance is often used to create a more dynamic and interesting composition, as it allows for more creativity and flexibility in arranging the elements.

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  • 27. 

    Formal balance is another word for which type of balance?

    • A.

      Asymmetrical

    • B.

      Radial

    • C.

      Symmetrical

    • D.

      Geometrical

    Correct Answer
    C. Symmetrical
    Explanation
    Formal balance refers to a type of balance where the elements in a design are evenly distributed on either side of a central axis. This creates a sense of stability and harmony in the composition. Symmetrical balance is the term used to describe this type of balance, where the elements on one side of the axis mirror those on the other side. Therefore, the correct answer is symmetrical.

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  • 28. 

    Which of the following is another word for 'center of interest'?

    • A.

      Focal Point

    • B.

      Emphasis

    • C.

      Dominance

    • D.

      All of the above

    Correct Answer
    D. All of the above
    Explanation
    The term "center of interest" refers to the main point or focus of attention in a composition. This can be represented by a single element or multiple elements that stand out and draw the viewer's eye. The options provided - Focal Point, Emphasis, and Dominance - all describe different aspects of the center of interest. Focal Point refers to a specific point or area that is visually dominant, Emphasis highlights the importance or significance of a particular element, and Dominance indicates the element that commands attention and holds the composition together. Therefore, all of these terms can be used interchangeably to refer to the center of interest.

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  • 29. 

    A plan for selecting colors for a composition is also known as________.

    • A.

      Color spectrum

    • B.

      Color wheel

    • C.

      Color scheme

    • D.

      Color mix

    Correct Answer
    C. Color scheme
    Explanation
    A plan for selecting colors for a composition is commonly referred to as a "color scheme." This term encompasses the intentional selection and arrangement of colors to create a harmonious and visually pleasing composition. It involves considering factors such as color psychology, color relationships, and the overall mood or theme of the artwork. A color scheme helps guide the artist or designer in making informed choices about which colors to use and how to combine them effectively.

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  • 30. 

    A circular chart used to remember color relationships is a _____________.

    • A.

      Color Scheme

    • B.

      Color Wheel

    • C.

      Color Ray

    • D.

      Color Circle

    Correct Answer
    B. Color Wheel
    Explanation
    A color wheel is a circular chart that is used to remember color relationships. It organizes colors in a way that shows their relationships to one another, such as complementary colors or analogous colors. By using a color wheel, designers and artists can easily choose colors that work well together and create harmonious color schemes. The color wheel is a valuable tool for understanding and working with color.

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  • 31. 

    Secondary colors are obtained by mixing two _____________ colors

    • A.

      Neutral Colors

    • B.

      Complementary Colors

    • C.

      Primary Colors

    • D.

      Tertiary Colors

    Correct Answer
    C. Primary Colors
    Explanation
    Secondary colors are obtained by mixing two primary colors. Primary colors are the fundamental colors that cannot be created by mixing other colors. When two primary colors are mixed together, they create secondary colors such as green, orange, and purple. Therefore, the correct answer is Primary Colors.

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  • 32. 

    Contrast can be created bu using

    • A.

      Smooth and rough textures

    • B.

      Large and small shapes

    • C.

      Plain areas against areas of patterns

    • D.

      All of the above

    Correct Answer
    D. All of the above
    Explanation
    Contrast can be created by using a combination of smooth and rough textures, large and small shapes, and plain areas against areas of patterns. By incorporating these elements, a stark difference is achieved, enhancing visual interest and creating a sense of variety and depth in the composition. The use of contrasting textures, shapes, and patterns allows for a dynamic interplay between different visual elements, resulting in a more visually engaging and impactful design.

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  • 33. 

    Cool colors are

    • A.

      Orange, green and purple (or violet)

    • B.

      Blue, green and violet (or purple)

    • C.

      Yellow, blue and red

    • D.

      White, black and brown

    Correct Answer
    B. Blue, green and violet (or purple)
    Explanation
    Cool colors are typically associated with calmness and tranquility. Blue, green, and violet (or purple) are considered cool colors because they evoke a sense of serenity and relaxation. These colors are often found in nature, such as in the coolness of a clear blue sky, the lush green of a forest, or the calming violet hues of a sunset. Additionally, cool colors are commonly used in interior design to create a soothing and peaceful atmosphere.

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  • 34. 

    Warm colors are

    • A.

      Yellow, red and orange

    • B.

      Yellow, red and blue

    • C.

      Yellow, green and blue

    • D.

      Orange, purple and green

    Correct Answer
    A. Yellow, red and orange
    Explanation
    Warm colors are typically associated with feelings of warmth, energy, and excitement. Yellow, red, and orange are considered warm colors because they are reminiscent of elements such as fire, sunlight, and heat. These colors tend to evoke emotions such as happiness, passion, and enthusiasm. Additionally, warm colors are often used to create a sense of coziness and intimacy in interior design and artwork.

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  • 35. 

    The art element that refers to the sense of touch is

    • A.

      Value

    • B.

      Pattern

    • C.

      Texture

    • D.

      Shape

    Correct Answer
    C. Texture
    Explanation
    Texture is the art element that refers to the sense of touch. It is the perceived surface quality of an artwork, which can be smooth, rough, bumpy, or any other tactile sensation. Texture adds depth and interest to a piece of art, allowing the viewer to visually and mentally experience the artwork through touch. It can be created through various techniques and materials, such as brushstrokes, layering, or the use of different mediums. Texture plays a significant role in creating a sensory experience and enhancing the overall visual appeal of an artwork.

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  • 36. 

    What is the Greek word for light?

    • A.

      Graphos

    • B.

      Photography

    • C.

      Photos

    • D.

      Lighto

    Correct Answer
    C. Photos
    Explanation
    The Greek word for light is "photos". This is derived from the Greek word "phos" which means light. The "-os" ending is a common suffix in Greek language, indicating a noun. Therefore, "photos" is the correct answer as it directly translates to "light" in Greek.

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  • 37. 

    Which angle makes the subject look more powerful?

    • A.

      Option 1

    • B.

      Option 2

    • C.

      Option 3

    • D.

      Option 4

    Correct Answer
    A. Option 1
    Explanation
    The explanation for the given correct answer is that Option 1, which is not described in the question, likely represents a low-angle shot. A low-angle shot is commonly used in cinematography to make the subject appear more powerful and dominant. By shooting from a lower angle, the camera is looking up at the subject, creating a sense of authority and strength. This angle can be used to enhance the subject's presence and make them seem larger than life.

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Quiz Review Timeline +

Our quizzes are rigorously reviewed, monitored and continuously updated by our expert board to maintain accuracy, relevance, and timeliness.

  • Current Version
  • Mar 22, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • May 31, 2011
    Quiz Created by
    Ms_Friedman

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