Deep Back Muscles Questions! Trivia Quiz

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Deep Back Muscles Questions! Trivia Quiz - Quiz


What do you know about deep back muscles? We all have them. Do you know enough to pass this quiz? The back's deep or underlying muscles consist of a complex group of muscles extending from the pelvis to the skull. The deep back muscles are arranged in four layers. Take this quiz and learn more about deep back muscles.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Where do your spinal nerves come out from?

    • A.

      Vertebral Foramen

    • B.

      Intervertebral Foramen

    • C.

      Vertebral Body

    • D.

      Lamina

    Correct Answer
    B. Intervertebral Foramen
    Explanation
    The spinal nerves come out from the intervertebral foramen. This is the opening formed between two adjacent vertebrae, allowing the spinal nerves to exit the spinal cord and travel to different parts of the body. The intervertebral foramen provides a pathway for the nerves to transmit signals and information between the spinal cord and the rest of the body.

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  • 2. 

    In the lumbar region, superior articular facets have a bump called ______?

    Correct Answer
    Mamillary Bodies
    Explanation
    The superior articular facets in the lumbar region have a bump called mamillary bodies. These structures are located on the posterior aspect of the vertebrae and serve as attachment sites for ligaments and muscles. The mamillary bodies help to stabilize and support the spine, contributing to its overall strength and function.

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  • 3. 

    A nerve root is the same thing as saying a spinal nerve where it exits the vertebral column. 

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    The statement is true because a nerve root is indeed the same as a spinal nerve where it exits the vertebral column. The nerve roots are the initial segments of the spinal nerves that emerge from the spinal cord and pass through the intervertebral foramina. These nerve roots then join together to form the spinal nerves, which carry sensory and motor information to and from different parts of the body. Therefore, it can be concluded that a nerve root and a spinal nerve at their exit points are essentially the same thing.

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  • 4. 

    All deep muscles of the back are supplied by the dorsal rami. 

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    The statement is true because the deep muscles of the back, including the erector spinae muscles, are indeed supplied by the dorsal rami. The dorsal rami are branches of the spinal nerves that innervate the deep muscles and the skin of the back. These nerves provide sensory and motor functions to the deep muscles, allowing for movement and sensation in the back. Therefore, the correct answer is true.

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  • 5. 

    The erector spinae has one common inferior tendon. Where does it attach? 

    • A.

      Iliac Crest

    • B.

      Thoracic SP

    • C.

      Lumbar SP

    • D.

      Sacral SP

    • E.

      Posterior Sacrum

    • F.

      Coccyx

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Iliac Crest
    C. Lumbar SP
    D. Sacral SP
    E. Posterior Sacrum
    Explanation
    The erector spinae is a group of muscles that runs along the length of the spine. It has one common inferior tendon, which means that all the muscles in this group come together to attach to the same point. The correct answer options, Iliac Crest, Lumbar SP, Sacral SP, and Posterior Sacrum, are all possible attachment points for the erector spinae tendon. These options represent different areas along the lower part of the spine where the erector spinae muscles can attach, providing stability and support to the spine. The option Coccyx is not correct because the erector spinae does not attach to the coccyx.

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  • 6. 

    The iliocostalis attaches superiorly to the _______, and some ______ TP. 

    Correct Answer(s)
    ribs, cervical
    Explanation
    The iliocostalis muscle attaches superiorly to the ribs and some cervical transverse processes. This means that it connects to the ribs and certain bony projections in the neck region called transverse processes.

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  • 7. 

    Iliocostalis can be found in what regions of the spine?

    • A.

      Cerivcal

    • B.

      Thoracic

    • C.

      Lumbar

    • D.

      Sacral

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Cerivcal
    B. Thoracic
    C. Lumbar
    Explanation
    The Iliocostalis muscle can be found in the cervical, thoracic, and lumbar regions of the spine. It is a long muscle that runs along the back and helps with extension and lateral flexion of the spine.

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  • 8. 

    The longissimus attaches to the lateral tubercle of the ribs, TP at higher levels, and the ______  _____.

    Correct Answer(s)
    mastoid process
    Explanation
    The longissimus muscle attaches to the lateral tubercle of the ribs and the transverse processes (TP) at higher levels. In addition to these attachments, it also attaches to the mastoid process.

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  • 9. 

    The longissimus can be found in what regions of the spine?

    • A.

      Sacral

    • B.

      Lumbar

    • C.

      Thoracic

    • D.

      Cervical

    Correct Answer(s)
    C. Thoracic
    D. Cervical
    Explanation
    The longissimus muscle can be found in the thoracic and cervical regions of the spine.

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  • 10. 

    What are the 3 actions of erector spinae? ________, _________, _________ (include direction) 

    Correct Answer(s)
    Extension, ipsilateral Rotation, lateral flexion
    Explanation
    The erector spinae muscles are responsible for extending the spine, rotating it to the same side, and laterally flexing it. Extension refers to the action of straightening the spine, bringing it into a more upright position. Ipsilateral rotation means rotating the spine towards the same side, while lateral flexion involves bending the spine sideways. These actions help to maintain proper posture, stabilize the spine, and enable movements such as bending, twisting, and leaning to the side.

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  • 11. 

    What muscles are in the transversospinalis group? ________,_________,________

    Correct Answer(s)
    multifidus, rotatores, semispinalis
    Explanation
    The correct answer is multifidus, rotatores, and semispinalis. These muscles are part of the transversospinalis group, which is located deep in the back. The multifidus muscle helps to stabilize and extend the spine, while the rotatores muscles aid in rotation and lateral flexion. The semispinalis muscle is responsible for extending and rotating the head and neck. Together, these muscles play a crucial role in maintaining posture and controlling movement in the spine.

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  • 12. 

    Which answer is true?

    • A.

      Semispinalis run TP-SP 4 to 6 above

    • B.

      Semispinalis run TP-SP 2-4 above

    • C.

      Multifidus run TP-SP 1-2 above

    • D.

      Multifidus run TP-SP 4-6 above

    • E.

      Rotatores run TP-SP 2-4 above

    • F.

      Rotatores run TP-SP 4-6 above

    Correct Answer
    A. Semispinalis run TP-SP 4 to 6 above
    Explanation
    The semispinalis muscles run from transverse processes (TP) 4 to 6 above.

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  • 13. 

    Rotatores attach onto the mamillary bodies. 

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    Multifidus attach onto mamillary bodies.

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  • 14. 

    Transversospinalis muscles rotate the back in the same direction as the erector spine. 

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    Erector spinae rotate ipsilaterally and transversospinalis rotate contralaterally.

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  • 15. 

    Paravertebral Muscles are the same as the transversospinalis muscles. 

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    The statement is true because the paravertebral muscles and the transversospinalis muscles are indeed the same. These muscles are located alongside the vertebrae and play a crucial role in stabilizing and supporting the spine. They help with movements such as rotation, extension, and flexion of the spine. Therefore, it can be concluded that the paravertebral muscles and the transversospinalis muscles are synonymous terms referring to the same group of muscles.

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  • 16. 

    Paraspinal muscles are the erector spinae and the transversospinalis groups. 

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    The statement is true because the paraspinal muscles indeed include the erector spinae and the transversospinalis groups. The erector spinae muscles are responsible for extending and straightening the spine, while the transversospinalis muscles aid in rotation and stabilization of the spine. Therefore, both of these muscle groups are part of the paraspinal muscles.

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  • 17. 

    Splenius means bandage. 

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Doesn't help in studying whatsoever just a fun fact!

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  • 18. 

    Splenius Capitis has inferior attachments on...

    • A.

      SP C7-T3

    • B.

      SP C1-C3

    • C.

      Nuchal ligament

    • D.

      TP C7-T3

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. SP C7-T3
    C. Nuchal ligament
    Explanation
    The correct answer is SP C7-T3, nuchal ligament. The splenius capitis muscle has its inferior attachments on the spinous processes of the vertebrae C7-T3, as well as on the nuchal ligament. These attachments allow the muscle to extend the head and neck, as well as rotate and laterally flex the neck.

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  • 19. 

    Splenius Capitis attaches superiorly to the mastoid process. 

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    The statement is true because the splenius capitis muscle does indeed attach superiorly to the mastoid process. The mastoid process is a bony prominence located behind the ear, and the splenius capitis muscle originates from the lower half of the nuchal ligament and the spinous processes of the upper thoracic vertebrae. It then travels upward and laterally to insert onto the mastoid process. This attachment allows the splenius capitis muscle to play a role in extending and rotating the head and neck.

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  • 20. 

    Splenius Cervicis attaches to TP T3-T6 to SP C1-C3

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    SP T3-T6 to TP C1-C3

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  • 21. 

    Splenius bilaterally ________  the head and neck. 

    Correct Answer
    extends
    Explanation
    The splenius muscle is responsible for extending the head and neck.

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  • Current Version
  • Mar 21, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Jan 31, 2013
    Quiz Created by
    Shallcrossb
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