. Slide 1-16
Kidneys excrete/ retain bicarbonate ions
Respiratory system controls CO2 levels: Lungs regulate concentration of carbonic acid
Chemical buffers: H+ ions attach/detache to bicarbonate, phosphate, hemoglobin, proteins
The pH police !
H+ ions decrease, causing pH to increase, leading to metabolic alkalosis
H+ ions increase, causing pH to decrease, leading to metabolic acidosis
H+ ions decrease, causing pH to decrease, leading to metabolic alkalosis
The HCO3 police comes to fix it.
Increased CO2 will increase H+ ions, thus decreasing pH, leading to respiratory acidosis
Increased CO2 will decrease H+ ions, thus decreasing pH, leading to respiratory alkalosis
Increased CO2 will increase H+ ions, thus increasing pH, leading to respiratory acidosis
The pH becomes cyanotic :(
It prevents the pH from changing significantly
It cause the pH to change significantly
It balances out the pH without adding any extra acids or bases
It helps you watch youtube videos !
Arterial blood gas
Atrial blood gas
Airway, blood, glucose
Amplifier, Bass, Guitar
Oxygen-carrying capacity of RBC
Establish diagnosis and severity of respiratory failure
Manage intensive care patients (Resp/cardiac/renal/hepatic /multiorgan failure, DKA, Spesis/burns/poisoning)
Guide therapy in ICU patients (O2 admin, mechanical ventilation, alkali treatment)
Monitor patients during cardiopulmonary surgery
Determine prognosis of critically ill patients
Determine the adequacy of your band's equipment (Is your amplifier working???)
Cure respiratory failure
18-26 mEq/L 17-23 mEq/L
17-23 mEq/L 18-26 mEq/L
18-20 mEq/L 12-14 mEq/L
Oh leave us alone danie.
O2 ventilation to increase tidal volume/remove CO2 & treating underlying disease
O2 ventilation to increase tidal volume/remove CO2
Treating underlying disease
Tracheostomy or intubation
Decreasing minute volume on ventilator and treating underlying cause
Decreasing minute volume on ventilator
Treating underlying cause
Here's an interesting quiz for you.