Cytology: Acid-base Balance, Respiratory Alkalosis/Acidosis

21 Questions | Total Attempts: 124

SettingsSettingsSettings
Please wait...
Cytology: Acid-base Balance, Respiratory Alkalosis/Acidosis

. Slide 1-16


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    Normal blood pH.
    • A. 

      7.35-7.45

    • B. 

      7.00-7.35

    • C. 

      6.85-7.00

    • D. 

      7.45-7.55

  • 2. 
    The more _____ ions, the more acidic, and the ____ the pH. 
    • A. 

      H+, lower

    • B. 

      H+, higher

    • C. 

      K+, lower

    • D. 

      K+, higher

  • 3. 
    Select all the ways pH is controlled.
    • A. 

      Kidneys excrete/ retain bicarbonate ions

    • B. 

      Respiratory system controls CO2 levels: Lungs regulate concentration of carbonic acid

    • C. 

      Chemical buffers: H+ ions attach/detache to bicarbonate, phosphate, hemoglobin, proteins

    • D. 

      Hyperventilation

    • E. 

      Hypoventilation

    • F. 

      The pH police !

  • 4. 
    What happened when excess HCO3 is retained?
    • A. 

      H+ ions decrease, causing pH to increase, leading to metabolic alkalosis

    • B. 

      H+ ions increase, causing pH to decrease, leading to metabolic acidosis

    • C. 

      H+ ions decrease, causing pH to decrease, leading to metabolic alkalosis

    • D. 

      The HCO3 police comes to fix it.

  • 5. 
    What happens to the pH in a patient who is hypoventilating? 
    • A. 

      Increased CO2 will increase H+ ions, thus decreasing pH, leading to respiratory acidosis

    • B. 

      Increased CO2 will decrease H+ ions, thus decreasing pH, leading to respiratory alkalosis

    • C. 

      Increased CO2 will increase H+ ions, thus increasing pH, leading to respiratory acidosis

    • D. 

      The pH becomes cyanotic :(

  • 6. 
    What is the function of a buffer?
    • A. 

      It prevents the pH from changing significantly

    • B. 

      It cause the pH to change significantly

    • C. 

      It balances out the pH without adding any extra acids or bases

    • D. 

      It helps you watch youtube videos !

  • 7. 
    _____ = pH decreases in blood and body tissue._____=pH increases in blood and body tissue.
    • A. 

      Acidosis, alkalosis

    • B. 

      Alkalosis, acidosis

    • C. 

      Ketonuria, ketonemia

    • D. 

      Hematuria, alkalosis

  • 8. 
    ABG is a test used to determine pH. What does ABG stand for?
    • A. 

      Arterial blood gas

    • B. 

      Atrial blood gas

    • C. 

      Airway, blood, glucose

    • D. 

      Amplifier, Bass, Guitar

  • 9. 
    ABG analysis evaluates the adequacy of ..... (Select all that apply)
    • A. 

      Ventilation

    • B. 

      Oxygenation

    • C. 

      Oxygen-carrying capacity of RBC

    • D. 

      Acid-Base levels

    • E. 

      CO2 levels

    • F. 

      Bicarbonate levels

  • 10. 
    ABGs are indicated to..... (Select all that apply)
    • A. 

      Establish diagnosis and severity of respiratory failure

    • B. 

      Manage intensive care patients (Resp/cardiac/renal/hepatic /multiorgan failure, DKA, Spesis/burns/poisoning)

    • C. 

      Guide therapy in ICU patients (O2 admin, mechanical ventilation, alkali treatment)

    • D. 

      Monitor patients during cardiopulmonary surgery

    • E. 

      Determine prognosis of critically ill patients

    • F. 

      Determine the adequacy of your band's equipment (Is your amplifier working???)

    • G. 

      Cure respiratory failure

  • 11. 
    Arterial samples: Normal pCO2 in canines? 
    • A. 

      31-45 mmHg

    • B. 

      28-36 mmHg

    • C. 

      33-50 mmHg

    • D. 

      33-45 mmHg

  • 12. 
    Arterial samples: Normal pCO2 in felines? 
    • A. 

      28-36 mmHg

    • B. 

      31-45 mmHg

    • C. 

      33-50 mmHg

    • D. 

      33-45 mmHg

  • 13. 
    Venous samples: Normal pCO2 in canines? 
    • A. 

      33-50 mmHg

    • B. 

      33-45 mmHg

    • C. 

      31-45 mmHg

    • D. 

      28-36 mmHg

  • 14. 
    Venous samples: Normal pCO2 in felines? 
    • A. 

      33-45 mmHg

    • B. 

      33-50 mmHg

    • C. 

      31-45 mmHg

    • D. 

      28-36 mmHg

  • 15. 
    Normal venous and arterial blood bicarbonate concentrations:Canines:Felines: 
    • A. 

      18-26 mEq/L 17-23 mEq/L

    • B. 

      17-23 mEq/L 18-26 mEq/L

    • C. 

      18-20 mEq/L 12-14 mEq/L

    • D. 

      Oh leave us alone danie.

  • 16. 
    In respiratory acidosis, CO2 _______ is greater than CO2 ____.
    • A. 

      Production, excretion

    • B. 

      Excretion, production

    • C. 

      Retention, production

    • D. 

      Exhalation, inhalation

  • 17. 
    An increase in CO2 causes a decrease in acids.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 18. 
    The treatment of respiratory acidosis invovles....
    • A. 

      O2 ventilation to increase tidal volume/remove CO2 & treating underlying disease

    • B. 

      O2 ventilation to increase tidal volume/remove CO2

    • C. 

      Treating underlying disease

    • D. 

      Tracheostomy or intubation

  • 19. 
    In respiratory alkalosis, CO2 _____ is greater than CO2 ______.
    • A. 

      Excretion, production

    • B. 

      Inhalation, exhalation

    • C. 

      Production, excretion

    • D. 

      Inhalation, production

  • 20. 
    Hyperventilation decreases PCO2.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 21. 
    The treatment of respiratory alkalosis involves ______.
    • A. 

      Decreasing minute volume on ventilator and treating underlying cause

    • B. 

      Decreasing minute volume on ventilator

    • C. 

      Treating underlying cause

    • D. 

      Paper bag

Back to Top Back to top