Cycle Seven About Asia Quiz

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| By Catherine Halcomb
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Catherine Halcomb
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Quizzes Created: 1428 | Total Attempts: 5,984,636
Questions: 20 | Attempts: 252

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Asia Quizzes & Trivia

Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    What is ‘Nationalism’?

    • A.

      A sense of belonging that is based on the constitution.

    • B.

      Loyalty to a group with whom one shares a common history, culture, or religion.

    • C.

      Loyalty, pride, and devotion toward one’s country.

    • D.

      A feeling of belonging to a group that is highly educated & wealthy.

    Correct Answer
    C. Loyalty, pride, and devotion toward one’s country.
    Explanation
    Nationalism refers to a strong sense of loyalty, pride, and devotion towards one's country. It involves a deep emotional attachment and identification with the nation, its culture, history, and values. Nationalism is not based on the constitution or limited to a specific group based on education or wealth. Instead, it encompasses a broader sense of belonging and patriotism towards the country as a whole.

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  • 2. 

    What was involved in Mohandas Gandhi’s plan of civil disobedience?

    • A.

      Violent demonstrations

    • B.

      Passing new laws in the Indian National Congress

    • C.

      People should refuse to obey a law they felt unfair, but do it without violence.

    • D.

      He felt it was best to go along with the British laws and do nothing.

    Correct Answer
    C. People should refuse to obey a law they felt unfair, but do it without violence.
    Explanation
    Mohandas Gandhi's plan of civil disobedience involved people refusing to obey a law they felt was unfair, but doing so without resorting to violence. Gandhi believed in nonviolent resistance as a means to protest against unjust laws and policies. He advocated for passive resistance and peaceful protests as a way to challenge the British rule in India. By refusing to cooperate with unjust laws, Gandhi aimed to bring attention to the oppressive nature of British rule and inspire others to join the movement for independence.

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  • 3. 

    India was controlled by which European country for over 300 years?

    • A.

      Great Britain

    • B.

      France

    • C.

      China

    • D.

      Germany

    Correct Answer
    A. Great Britain
    Explanation
    During the colonial period, India was under British rule for over 300 years. The British East India Company initially established trading posts in India in the early 17th century, gradually gaining control over various regions. Following the Indian Rebellion of 1857, the British government took direct control over India, establishing the British Raj. British rule in India lasted until 1947 when India gained independence. Therefore, the correct answer is Great Britain.

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  • 4. 

    In which year did India gain its independence?

    • A.

      1947

    • B.

      1901

    • C.

      1997

    • D.

      1951

    Correct Answer
    A. 1947
    Explanation
    India gained its independence in 1947. This was the year when India finally broke free from British colonial rule and became a sovereign nation. The Indian independence movement, led by various freedom fighters and activists, had been striving for independence for decades. The year 1947 marked the end of this struggle and the beginning of a new era for India as an independent country.

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  • 5. 

    What European power was the colonial ruler of Vietnam in the 1800s and early 1900s?

    • A.

      Great Britain

    • B.

      France

    • C.

      United States

    • D.

      Germany

    Correct Answer
    B. France
    Explanation
    France was the colonial ruler of Vietnam in the 1800s and early 1900s. This can be attributed to the period of French colonialism, during which France established control over various territories in Southeast Asia, including Vietnam. The French colonization of Vietnam began in the mid-19th century and lasted until the mid-20th century, when Vietnam gained independence. During this time, France imposed its political, economic, and cultural influence over Vietnam, leading to significant changes in the country's administration, infrastructure, and society.

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  • 6. 

    Who created a guerilla army to fight for Vietnam’s independence?

    • A.

      Mao Zedong

    • B.

      Mohandas Gandhi

    • C.

      Nelson Mandela

    • D.

      Ho Chi Minh

    Correct Answer
    D. Ho Chi Minh
    Explanation
    Ho Chi Minh is the correct answer because he was the leader who created a guerrilla army to fight for Vietnam's independence. He founded the Viet Minh in 1941, which was a communist-led organization that fought against French colonial rule and later against the United States during the Vietnam War. Ho Chi Minh played a crucial role in the Vietnamese independence movement and is widely regarded as a national hero in Vietnam.

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  • 7. 

    What was the goal of the Vietminh League?

    • A.

      Independence for Vietnam

    • B.

      Worldwide communist revolution

    • C.

      To defeat the US in the Cold War

    • D.

      To bring more industry to Vietnam

    Correct Answer
    A. Independence for Vietnam
    Explanation
    The goal of the Vietminh League was to achieve independence for Vietnam. This organization was formed in 1941 and led by Ho Chi Minh, with the aim of liberating Vietnam from French colonial rule. The Vietminh League played a significant role in the First Indochina War and eventually succeeded in gaining independence for Vietnam in 1954.

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  • 8. 

    The U.S. helped rebuild the economy of which country after World War II?

    • A.

      China

    • B.

      Vietnam

    • C.

      North Korea

    • D.

      Japan

    Correct Answer
    D. Japan
    Explanation
    After World War II, the U.S. played a significant role in rebuilding Japan's economy. The U.S. provided financial aid, investment, and technical assistance to help Japan recover from the devastating effects of the war. This assistance included the implementation of economic reforms, infrastructure development, and support for industries such as manufacturing and trade. Through these efforts, Japan was able to rebuild its economy and eventually become one of the world's leading economic powers.

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  • 9. 

    What was the condition of Japan after WWII?

    • A.

      Much of Japan’s infrastructure was destroyed.

    • B.

      Japan became a strong communist state.

    • C.

      The country stood out as one of the most powerful nations.

    • D.

      It was an economic powerhouse.

    Correct Answer
    A. Much of Japan’s infrastructure was destroyed.
    Explanation
    After World War II, Japan faced significant destruction in terms of its infrastructure. The country had suffered heavy bombings during the war, resulting in the devastation of many cities and industrial centers. This led to a massive loss of buildings, transportation networks, and other vital facilities. The destruction of Japan's infrastructure was a major challenge for the country's post-war recovery and reconstruction efforts.

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  • 10. 

    Which U.S. General was given the job of rebuilding Japan after WWII?

    • A.

      Dwight D. Eisenhower

    • B.

      George Marshall

    • C.

      Douglas MacArthur

    • D.

      Franklin D. Roosevelt

    Correct Answer
    C. Douglas MacArthur
    Explanation
    Douglas MacArthur was given the job of rebuilding Japan after WWII. MacArthur served as the Supreme Commander for the Allied Powers in Japan from 1945 to 1951. He played a crucial role in implementing various reforms and policies to rebuild Japan's economy, government, and society. MacArthur's leadership and guidance helped Japan transition from a war-torn nation to a stable and prosperous democracy.

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  • 11. 

    What was the role of the Japanese emperor in the new government after WWII?

    • A.

      He became the leader of the parliament.

    • B.

      His role was mostly ceremonial.

    • C.

      The office of emperor was eliminated.

    • D.

      He was given control of the military.

    Correct Answer
    B. His role was mostly ceremonial.
    Explanation
    After World War II, the role of the Japanese emperor in the new government was mostly ceremonial. This means that his position held symbolic significance rather than having any real political power. The emperor's role was to represent the unity and continuity of the Japanese nation, while the actual governing and decision-making powers were held by the parliament and other political leaders.

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  • 12. 

    The US intervened in Korea and Vietnam to stop the spread of:

    • A.

      Communism

    • B.

      Human Trafficking

    • C.

      Weapons of mass destruction

    • D.

      Democracy

    Correct Answer
    A. Communism
    Explanation
    During the Cold War, the US intervened in Korea and Vietnam to stop the spread of communism. The US was concerned about the domino theory, which suggested that if one country fell to communism, neighboring countries would follow suit. The US saw communism as a threat to democracy and capitalism, and therefore intervened in these conflicts to prevent the spread of communism in the region.

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  • 13. 

    Which country has a communist North and a democratic South today?

    • A.

      Germany

    • B.

      Japan

    • C.

      Korea

    • D.

      China

    Correct Answer
    C. Korea
    Explanation
    Korea is the correct answer because it is the only country among the options that has a communist North and a democratic South. After the division of Korea in 1945, the North became a communist state under the leadership of Kim Il-sung, while the South adopted a democratic system. This division has persisted until today, with North Korea being a totalitarian regime and South Korea being a democratic republic.

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  • 14. 

    Who established the People’s Republic of China in 1949?

    • A.

      Ho Chi Minh

    • B.

      Kim Jung-il

    • C.

      Mao Zedong

    • D.

      Mohandas Gandhi

    Correct Answer
    C. Mao Zedong
    Explanation
    Mao Zedong established the People's Republic of China in 1949. He was the leader of the Communist Party of China and led the Chinese Revolution, which culminated in the overthrow of the Nationalist government and the establishment of the People's Republic of China. Mao Zedong's leadership and ideology had a significant impact on China's political, social, and economic development during his rule.

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  • 15. 

    Which program was designed to make farming more productive in China?

    • A.

      Great Leap Forward

    • B.

      Cultural Revolution

    • C.

      Red Guard

    • D.

      Long March

    Correct Answer
    A. Great Leap Forward
    Explanation
    The Great Leap Forward was a program designed to increase agricultural and industrial productivity in China. It aimed to transform the country from an agrarian society to a modern industrialized nation. The program included initiatives such as the formation of communes, the implementation of backyard steel furnaces, and the promotion of mass mobilization and collective farming. However, the Great Leap Forward ultimately resulted in widespread famine and economic disaster, causing the deaths of millions of people.

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  • 16. 

    What was the period of time called when Mao Zedong tried to eliminate anyone that criticized the government?

    • A.

      Great Leap Forward

    • B.

      Cultural Revolution

    • C.

      Middle Way

    • D.

      Long March

    Correct Answer
    B. Cultural Revolution
    Explanation
    The period of time referred to in the question is known as the Cultural Revolution. During this time, Mao Zedong aimed to eliminate anyone who criticized or opposed the government in order to maintain control and strengthen his own power. The Cultural Revolution involved mass mobilization of young people, known as Red Guards, who targeted intellectuals, officials, and others deemed to be "counter-revolutionaries." It resulted in widespread violence, persecution, and social upheaval throughout China.

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  • 17. 

    What was the purpose of Mao’s Cultural Revolution?

    • A.

      Divide China into two separate countries.

    • B.

      Unite the people of China.

    • C.

      Promote democracy to local governments.

    • D.

      Spread Confucianism throughout the country.

    Correct Answer
    B. Unite the people of China.
    Explanation
    The purpose of Mao's Cultural Revolution was to unite the people of China. Mao believed that by eliminating the "Four Olds" (old ideas, old culture, old customs, and old habits) and promoting revolutionary ideals, the Chinese people would become more unified and committed to the communist cause. The Cultural Revolution aimed to create a society where everyone would be equal and class distinctions would be eradicated. Mao wanted to instill a sense of revolutionary fervor and loyalty to the Communist Party among the Chinese population, ultimately leading to a united and harmonious society.

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  • 18. 

    Who primarily made up Mao’s Red Guard?

    • A.

      Soldiers

    • B.

      High school students

    • C.

      Government leaders

    • D.

      Peasants

    Correct Answer
    B. High school students
    Explanation
    During Mao's Cultural Revolution in China, the Red Guard was primarily composed of high school students. Mao encouraged these students to form the Red Guard as a way to promote his ideology and to enforce his policies. The Red Guard became known for their radical actions, such as attacking and persecuting those who were seen as counter-revolutionary or opposed to Mao's regime. The involvement of high school students in the Red Guard was a significant aspect of the Cultural Revolution and had a profound impact on Chinese society during that time.

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  • 19. 

    The Red Guard did all of the following EXCEPT:

    • A.

      Closed schools and universities.

    • B.

      Encouraged freedom of religion.

    • C.

      Imprisoned or executed opponents

    • D.

      Sent millions of people to work in the countryside.

    Correct Answer
    B. Encouraged freedom of religion.
    Explanation
    The Red Guard, during the Cultural Revolution in China, closed schools and universities, imprisoned or executed opponents, and sent millions of people to work in the countryside. However, they did not encourage freedom of religion. The Red Guard aimed to eliminate traditional and bourgeois values, including religious beliefs, as they considered them to be counter-revolutionary. They actively suppressed religious practices and targeted religious institutions and individuals who were seen as a threat to the communist ideology.

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  • 20. 

    Student protesters were attacked by Chinese government troops and many were killed or arrested here in 1989:

    • A.

      Red Square

    • B.

      World Trade Center

    • C.

      Tiananmen Square

    • D.

      38th Parallel

    Correct Answer
    C. Tiananmen Square
    Explanation
    In 1989, student protesters in China gathered in Tiananmen Square to demand political reforms and greater freedom. However, the Chinese government responded with force, sending in troops to attack the protesters. Many were killed or arrested during this violent crackdown. Tiananmen Square is therefore the correct answer as it is the location where these tragic events took place.

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  • Current Version
  • Mar 20, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Jan 12, 2016
    Quiz Created by
    Catherine Halcomb
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