CSAT Test - 01

80 Questions | Total Attempts: 72

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CSAT Test - 01 - Quiz

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Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    Democracy in general terms is understood to be a form of government which is subject to popular sovereignty. It is essentially a rule by the people which is in contrast to monarchies or aristocracies. One of the crowing glories of the democratic system is the freedom of expression and the space that is provided to the views from different sections of the society. A democratic system can run to its utmost potential when there is wide participation on the part of the general mass, which is not possible without people getting informed about various issues. Reliable information resources are important constituent of any democratic society. This is where media steps in.             The role of media in a democratic system has been widely debated. India has the largest democracy in the world and media has a powerful presence in the country. In recent times Indian media has been subject to a lot of criticism for the manner in which they have disregarded their obligation to social responsibility. Dangerous business practices in the field of media have affected the fabric of Indian democracy. Big industrial conglomerates in the business of media have threatened the existence of pluralistic viewpoints. Post liberalisation, transnational media organisations have spread their wings in the Indian market with their own global interests. This has happened at the cost of an Indian media which initially thought to be an agent of ushering in social change through developmental programs directed at the non-privileged and marginalised sections of the society. Though media has at times successfully played the role of a watchdog of the government functionaries and has also aided in participatory communication, a lot still needs to be done.
  • 2. 
    The “Made in China 2025” plan seeks to upgrade China’s economy through mass government investment and policy reforms. It specifically targets high-technology fields, such as the pharmaceutical industry, that are currently dominated by the developed economies in an attempt to move China’s economy up the value-added chain. China’s pharmaceutical industry is ripe for this kind of investment. It is a high-technology field that requires massive amounts of research and development, with such high investment costs that most Chinese companies are simply priced out. It is also a growing field in China. The Chinese population is ageing and increasingly ill, two factors that have made China the world’s second largest pharmaceutical market. Being able to create national heavyweight companies that can dominate the Chinese market, compete and beat foreign competitors, and begin to take market share away from those foreign competitors’ home markets checks all the boxes of the “Made in China” plan.
  • 3. 
    Most citizens are very conscientious about observing a law when they can see the reason behind it. For instance, there has been very little need to actively enforce the recently implemented law that increased the penalty for godmen duping people of their money by playing with their emotions. This is because citizens are very conscientious about duping someone in the name of religion, as it leaves their religious gurus with a bad name.
  • 4. 
    In civil society, there are a number of organizations that promote virtues for the betterment of society. Virtues such as courage, honour, justice, and love are the common elements of character and spirituality, universally valued by all cultures. Many worldwide organizations have developed educational programs for individuals, families, schools, health care agencies, corporations, and so on, so that they may be helped to live more reverent, purposeful lives, to raise children with integrity and compassion, develop a culture of character in schools, and inspire excellence and service in the workplace.
  • 5. 
    The entire low-carbohydrate versus low-fat diet argument is so prevalent that one would think that these are the only two options available for losing weight and staying healthy. Some experts even feel that the low-carb/low-fat debate distracts us from an even more important issue—our culture’s reliance on processed and manufactured foods.
  • 6. 
    The company encourages its managers to interact regularly,without a pre-set agenda, to discuss issues concerning the company and society. This idea has been borrowed from the ancient Indian concept of a religious congregation, called Satsang. Designations are forgotten during these meetings; hence, it is not uncommon in these meetings to find a sales engineer questioning the CEO on some corporate policy or on his knowledge of customers
  • 7. 
    Directions: Read the following passage and answer the questions that follow each passage. Your answers to these items should be entirely based on the passage. - Of the various infra projects, those urgently needed in India are power, roads, ports and airport sectors. Amongst these, power (other than solar) is perhaps the only project that could be termed 'bankable' i.e. it could repay principal and interest over a reasonable period of 7 to 10 years. All others have a very long life of over 25 years and therefore, yield lower returns. These projects could barely pay interest on debt over the years and repayment of principal would pose an unreasonable burden on their cash flow even after 25 years or so.
  • 8. 
    Directions: Read the following passage and answer the questions that follow each passage. Your answers to these items should be entirely based on the passage. The benefits of psychotherapy result not only from the advice the therapist gives but also from the supportive relationship offered to the patient by the therapist. Even though this relationship may cost large amounts of money over many years, most patients interpret the therapist’s concern for them as genuine and identify this caring relationship as the primary factor in improving their mental health. However, recent studies have found that only eight percent of therapist/patient relationships continue after the patient terminates formal paid visits.
  • 9. 
    Directions: Read the following passage and answer the questions that follow each passage. Your answers to these items should be entirely based on the passage. "Liberty, therefore, is never real unless the Government can be called to account when it invades rights."
  • 10. 
    Directions: Read the following passage and answer the questions that follow each passage. Your answers to these items should be entirely based on the passage. Consider the following statement   The Third World War, if it ever starts, will end very quickly with the possible end of civilization. It is only the misuse of nuclear power which will trigger it.  
  • 11. 
    Four friends P, Q, R and S are playing a game such that the loser doubles the money of each of the other player. They played four games and each friend lost one game in alphabetical order. At the end of the fourth game, each friend had 512.
  • 12. 
    There are six members A, B, C, D, E and F in a family having different professions. There are two married couples in the family. D is a doctor and his wife is an interior decorator. A is the granddaughter of F and sister of C, who is a teacher. B is the grandfather of C and is married to a professor. A’s mother is an interior decorator and is the daughter-in-law of an engineer.
  • 13. 
    At a party there were four fathers and their children, aged 1, 2, 3 and 4. *It was a birthday party of Sachin’s child. *Bunty is not the oldest child. *Sachin had Amit just one year ago. *Birthday of Rahul’s child will be next. *Dinesh is older than Chandan *Dhoni’s child is the oldest. *Chandan is older than Rahul’s child. Fathers are Sachin, Rahul, Dhoni and Virat and Children are Amit, Chandan, Bunty and Dinesh (not necessarily in order.)
  • 14. 
    The proportion of male student and proportion of vegetarian in a school are given below. The school has a total of 800 students, 80% of whom are in the Secondary Section and rest equally divided between Class 11 and 12.
  • 15. 
     In each question given below, a statement is given followed by two course of action numbered I and II. A course of action is a step or administrative action in regard to the problem, policy, etc. Decide which of the two given suggested courses of action logically followed, give your answer as:
    1. If only I follows.
    2. If only II follows.
    3. If either I or II follows.
    4. If neither I nor II follows.
  • 16. 
    Direction for following 4 items: The 5 passage given below is followed by a set of questions. Choose the most appropriate answer to each question. We are not as educated as we think. We are but beginning the great experiment of universal schooling and it has not had time to affect profoundly our ways of thinking and our public life. We are building the equipment, but we are still primitive in methods and technique.             We think of education as the transmission of a certain body of settled knowledge when it should be rather the development of a scientific habit of mind. The distinctive feature of the unintelligent man is the hastiness and absoluteness of his opinions. The intellectual is slow to believe and never speaks without modification. The larger use of science and of scientific method in education would give to us a measure of that intellectual conscience which believes only up to the evidence in hand and is always ready to concede that it may be wrong. With such methods, education may prove the great solvent of our ills. It may even make of our children's children the new men and women who must come before the new society can appear.
  • 17. 
    The author reflects on the concept of Blue Ocean Strategy.He explains that this concept delivers an instinctive framework for developing uncontested market space and making the competition irrelevant. The author remarks that Blue Ocean Strategy is about having the best mix of attributes that result in creation of uncontested market space and high growth, and not about being the best.
  • 18. 
    Whenever a major airplane accident occurs, there is a dramatic increase in the number of airplane mishaps reported in the media, a phenomenon that may last for as long as a few months after the accident. Airline officials assert that the publicity given the gruesomeness of major airplane accidents focuses media attention on the airline industry, and the increase in the number of reported accidents is caused by an increase in the number of news sources covering airline accidents, not by an increase in the number of accidents.
  • 19. 
    The company encourages its managers to interact regularly,without a pre-set agenda, to discuss issues concerning the company and society. This idea has been borrowed from the ancient Indian concept of religious congregation, called satsang. Designations are forgotten during these mettings; hence, it is not uncommon in these meetings to find a sales engineer questioning the CEO on some corporate policy or on his knowledge of customers
  • 20. 
    ​​​​​​Study the given table carefully to answer the questions that follow: Percentage of marks obtained by the students in five different subjects in a competitive examination conducted by UPSC: Subject/ GS-I GS-II GS- GS- Essay Student (250) (250) III IV (250) (250) (250) A 52 48 44 52 51 B 59 49 45 50 54 C 48 53 46 57 60 D 55 52 42 53 55 E 47 50 40 55 56 *Figurers in bracket indicate maximum marks for a particular subject.
  • 21. 
    Choose the most appropriate answer to each question. PASSAGE-1 Promoting entrepreneurship among women will require an even greater reversal of traditional attitudes than the mere creation of jobs for women would. Training in entrepreneurial attitudes should start at the high school level through well-designed courses which build confidence through behavioural games. To provide women increased mobility, high school girls should be compulsorily taught to cycle. There is proof that increased mobility contributes immensely to raising confidence levels.             Another area of concern in the case of women entrepreneurs is stagnation in their growth due to various reasons like the demands of household duties, mobility problems and psychological causes like lack of self-confidence and fear of success. The necessary managerial and technical skills are also lacking. Counselling through committed NGOs, psychologists, and technical personnel could result in the development of appropriate strategies and enable growth.
  • 22. 
    How can media strengthen the roots of democracy
    • A. 

      By participating directly in the daily chores of government

    • B. 

      By making people aware about their democratic duties.

    • C. 

      By making people educate about range of democratic issues.

    • D. 

      By making people aware how government works and what are their rights.

  • 23. 
    Why passage is suggesting that Indian media has been deviated from its primary role?
    1. Not following its social duties.
    2. Transnational media corporations ar overshadowing Indian     media.
    3. Not supervising the government functions anymore
    Select the correct answer from the codes given below:
    • A. 

      1 and 2 only

    • B. 

      1 and 3 only

    • C. 

      2 and 3 only

    • D. 

      ​​​​​​All 1, 2 and 3

  • 24. 
    Which of the following can be concluded from the passage?
    • A. 

      The Chinese government has seen its ageing and increasingly ill population as both a risk and an opportunity.

    • B. 

      The Chinese pharmaceutical market is fragmented, with most companies selling generic drugs or therapeutic medicines.

    • C. 

      Both (a) and (b)

    • D. 

      Neither (a) nor (b)

  • 25. 
    “Made in China 2025” aims to:
    • A. 

      Counter the reliance of China on foreign drug imports

    • B. 

      Steadily increase size of the Chinese pharmaceutical market.

    • C. 

      ​​​​​​Both (a) and (b)

    • D. 

      ​​​​​​Neither (a) nor (b)

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