CSAT Test - 01

80 Questions | Total Attempts: 48

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CSAT Test - 01

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Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    Democracy in general terms is understood to be a form of government which is subject to popular sovereignty. It is essentially a rule by the people which is in contrast to monarchies or aristocracies. One of the crowing glories of the democratic system is the freedom of expression and the space that is provided to the views from different sections of the society. A democratic system can run to its utmost potential when there is wide participation on the part of the general mass, which is not possible without people getting informed about various issues. Reliable information resources are important constituent of any democratic society. This is where media steps in.             The role of media in a democratic system has been widely debated. India has the largest democracy in the world and media has a powerful presence in the country. In recent times Indian media has been subject to a lot of criticism for the manner in which they have disregarded their obligation to social responsibility. Dangerous business practices in the field of media have affected the fabric of Indian democracy. Big industrial conglomerates in the business of media have threatened the existence of pluralistic viewpoints. Post liberalisation, transnational media organisations have spread their wings in the Indian market with their own global interests. This has happened at the cost of an Indian media which initially thought to be an agent of ushering in social change through developmental programs directed at the non-privileged and marginalised sections of the society. Though media has at times successfully played the role of a watchdog of the government functionaries and has also aided in participatory communication, a lot still needs to be done.
  • 2. 
    How can media strengthen the roots of democracy
    • A. 

      By participating directly in the daily chores of government

    • B. 

      By making people aware about their democratic duties.

    • C. 

      By making people educate about range of democratic issues.

    • D. 

      By making people aware how government works and what are their rights.

  • 3. 
    Why passage is suggesting that Indian media has been deviated from its primary role?
    1. Not following its social duties.
    2. Transnational media corporations ar overshadowing Indian     media.
    3. Not supervising the government functions anymore
    Select the correct answer from the codes given below:
    • A. 

      1 and 2 only

    • B. 

      1 and 3 only

    • C. 

      2 and 3 only

    • D. 

      ​​​​​​All 1, 2 and 3

  • 4. 
    The “Made in China 2025” plan seeks to upgrade China’s economy through mass government investment and policy reforms. It specifically targets high-technology fields, such as the pharmaceutical industry, that are currently dominated by the developed economies in an attempt to move China’s economy up the value-added chain. China’s pharmaceutical industry is ripe for this kind of investment. It is a high-technology field that requires massive amounts of research and development, with such high investment costs that most Chinese companies are simply priced out. It is also a growing field in China. The Chinese population is ageing and increasingly ill, two factors that have made China the world’s second largest pharmaceutical market. Being able to create national heavyweight companies that can dominate the Chinese market, compete and beat foreign competitors, and begin to take market share away from those foreign competitors’ home markets checks all the boxes of the “Made in China” plan.
  • 5. 
    Which of the following can be concluded from the passage?
    • A. 

      The Chinese government has seen its ageing and increasingly ill population as both a risk and an opportunity.

    • B. 

      The Chinese pharmaceutical market is fragmented, with most companies selling generic drugs or therapeutic medicines.

    • C. 

      Both (a) and (b)

    • D. 

      Neither (a) nor (b)

  • 6. 
    “Made in China 2025” aims to:
    • A. 

      Counter the reliance of China on foreign drug imports

    • B. 

      Steadily increase size of the Chinese pharmaceutical market.

    • C. 

      ​​​​​​Both (a) and (b)

    • D. 

      ​​​​​​Neither (a) nor (b)

  • 7. 
    Most citizens are very conscientious about observing a law when they can see the reason behind it. For instance, there has been very little need to actively enforce the recently implemented law that increased the penalty for godmen duping people of their money by playing with their emotions. This is because citizens are very conscientious about duping someone in the name of religion, as it leaves their religious gurus with a bad name.
  • 8. 
    Which of the following statements would the author of this passage be most likely to believe?
    • A. 

      The increased penalty alone is a significant motivation for most citizens to obey the law.

    • B. 

      There are still too many inconsiderate citizens in the society.

    • C. 

      Godmen should not be allowed to play with the emotions of the people.

    • D. 

      Society should make an effort to teach citizens the reasons for its laws.

  • 9. 
    In civil society, there are a number of organizations that promote virtues for the betterment of society. Virtues such as courage, honour, justice, and love are the common elements of character and spirituality, universally valued by all cultures. Many worldwide organizations have developed educational programs for individuals, families, schools, health care agencies, corporations, and so on, so that they may be helped to live more reverent, purposeful lives, to raise children with integrity and compassion, develop a culture of character in schools, and inspire excellence and service in the workplace.
  • 10. 
    Which among the following is the most logical corollary to the passage?
    • A. 

      Virtues have not been seen as something accidental but rather something purposeful.

    • B. 

      Possessing virtues ensures that one practices good and fine courses of action.

    • C. 

      Certain organizations disseminate moral perfection in society.

    • D. 

      Organizations propagating virtues are meant to cultivate hostility.

  • 11. 
    The entire low-carbohydrate versus low-fat diet argument is so prevalent that one would think that these are the only two options available for losing weight and staying healthy. Some experts even feel that the low-carb/low-fat debate distracts us from an even more important issue—our culture’s reliance on processed and manufactured foods.
  • 12. 
    The passage best supports the statement that
    • A. 

      Experts state that not all fats are equal, so we need not reduce our intake of all fats; just those that contain partially hydrogenated oils.

    • B. 

      Important health concerns get overlooked when we focus exclusively on the low-fat versus low carb question.

    • C. 

      Low-carbohydrate diets lead to significant and sustained weight loss.

    • D. 

      Processed foods can lead to many adverse health problems including heart disease, cancer, diabetes, and obesity.

  • 13. 
    The company encourages its managers to interact regularly,without a pre-set agenda, to discuss issues concerning the company and society. This idea has been borrowed from the ancient Indian concept of a religious congregation, called Satsang. Designations are forgotten during these meetings; hence, it is not uncommon in these meetings to find a sales engineer questioning the CEO on some corporate policy or on his knowledge of customers
  • 14. 
    Based on the information provided in the above passage, it can be inferred that
    • A. 

      The company is concerned about its reputation with its employees.

    • B. 

      The company believes in fostering the spirit of dialogue without degenerating it into a position-based debate

    • C. 

      The company has some inter-personnel problems in the past due to which it felt the need for these corporate satsangs.

    • D. 

      All of the above

  • 15. 
    Rohan has thrice as many sisters as he has brothers. Babita, Rohan’s sister has as many sisters as she has brothers. If Rohan’s and Babita are the children of Natwar, how many children Natwar has?
    • A. 

      5

    • B. 

      10

    • C. 

      7

    • D. 

      9

  • 16. 
    Pointing to a photograph, Mandeep said, "Her mother’s brother is the only son of my mother’s father.” How is Mandeep related to the lady?
    • A. 

      Herself

    • B. 

      Sister

    • C. 

      Brother

    • D. 

      Either (a) or (c)

  • 17. 
    Somebody has asked Auranzeb about his age he said “My age is neither a perfect square nor a perfect cube”. My age is either less then 700 years or more than 800 years. What is Aurangzeb age if it is known that Aurangzeb always lies?
    • A. 

      656 years

    • B. 

      784 years

    • C. 

      729 years

    • D. 

      Cannot be determined.

  • 18. 
    Arun is twice as good a workman as Satish and therefore is able to finish a job in 15 days less than Satish. Working together, they can do the job in:
    • A. 

      20 days

    • B. 

      12 days

    • C. 

      15 days

    • D. 

      10 days

  • 19. 
    Rampur having a population of 4000 requires 150 litres of water per head per day. It has a tank measuring 20 m × 15 m × 6 m. The water of this tank will last for
    • A. 

      2 days 

    • B. 

      3 days 

    • C. 

      4 days 

    • D. 

      5 days 

  • 20. 
    There are 100 employees in the conference room in New Delhi. You note that 99% of them are managers. How many managers would need to leave the conference room in order to reduce the percentage of managers in the hall to 98%?
    • A. 

      1

    • B. 

      2

    • C. 

      50

    • D. 

      98

  • 21. 
    105, goats, 140 donkeys and 175 cows have to be taken across a river. There is only one boat which will have to make many trips in order to do so. The lazy boatman has his own condition for transportiong them. He insists that he will take the same number of animals in every trip and they have to be of the same kind. He will naturally like to take the largest possible number each time. So number of animals went in each trip are
    • A. 

      42

    • B. 

      28

    • C. 

      35

    • D. 

      15

  • 22. 
    A candidate is required to answer 6 out of 10 questions which are divided into two groups each containing 5 questions. He is not permitted to attempt more than 4 from each group. In how many ways he can make up the choice?
    • A. 

      300

    • B. 

      200

    • C. 

      150

    • D. 

      55

  • 23. 
    Directions: Read the following passage and answer the questions that follow each passage. Your answers to these items should be entirely based on the passage. - Of the various infra projects, those urgently needed in India are power, roads, ports and airport sectors. Amongst these, power (other than solar) is perhaps the only project that could be termed 'bankable' i.e. it could repay principal and interest over a reasonable period of 7 to 10 years. All others have a very long life of over 25 years and therefore, yield lower returns. These projects could barely pay interest on debt over the years and repayment of principal would pose an unreasonable burden on their cash flow even after 25 years or so.
  • 24. 
    Which among the following is the most logical and rational inference that can be made from the passage?
    • A. 

      Laying down railway lines is necessary to improve national connectivity.

    • B. 

      Solar power is not cost effective

    • C. 

      Airports can only be constructed after taking loans from a bank

    • D. 

      The most important characteristic of an infrastructure project is that it should be Bankable.

  • 25. 
    Directions: Read the following passage and answer the questions that follow each passage. Your answers to these items should be entirely based on the passage. The benefits of psychotherapy result not only from the advice the therapist gives but also from the supportive relationship offered to the patient by the therapist. Even though this relationship may cost large amounts of money over many years, most patients interpret the therapist’s concern for them as genuine and identify this caring relationship as the primary factor in improving their mental health. However, recent studies have found that only eight percent of therapist/patient relationships continue after the patient terminates formal paid visits.
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