CPM Pretest

99 Questions | Total Attempts: 239

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Practice Test Quizzes & Trivia

Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    Quantitative research methodologies can usually be substituted for qualitative research methodologies.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 2. 
    “If a treatment is shown to be effective on the basis of evidence-based medicine then that is enough reason to use it.”
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 3. 
    In a structured interview, all of the following may occur, except
    • A. 

      Specific areas of interest are covered

    • B. 

      Important information may be missed

    • C. 

      Each person interviewed will cover the same material

    • D. 

      The person being interviewed engages in a monologue narrative

  • 4. 
    In conducting a research study to investigate the harmful effects of an intervention or exposure, which type of research study would not be appropriate to use?
    • A. 

      Cohort study

    • B. 

      Randomized controlled trial

    • C. 

      Case-control study

    • D. 

      Case series

  • 5. 
    Which of the following is not a characteristic of a well designed N-of-1 randomized trial?
    • A. 

      The patient has an acute condition

    • B. 

      The condition being treated would not place the patient at risk for serious harm if left untreated

    • C. 

      The treatment(s) under consideration act and cease acting quickly

    • D. 

      Both the patient and the researcher (clinician) are blinded to which treatment is being administered at each time

  • 6. 
    The tendency of data to cluster around a single value is referred to as the ______________ of the data.
    • A. 

      Arithmetic mean

    • B. 

      Central tendency

    • C. 

      Median

    • D. 

      Mode

  • 7. 
    A group of researchers undertake a research project. They devise a series of experiments to test their hypothesis. Their initial findings do not support their hypothesis. They repeat their experiments a number of times and the results of their later experiments support their hypothesis with statistical significance. The researchers write a paper describing only their later experiments and statistically significant results and submit it for publication. What type of bias may be taking place here?
    • A. 

      Publication bias

    • B. 

      Faulty comparator bias

    • C. 

      Selective (outcome) reporting bias

  • 8. 
    One of the differences between a bar chart and a histogram is that in a _______________ rearranging the bars changes the relationships among the data, whereas in a ____________________ rearranging the bars does not change the relationships among the data.  Another difference between a bar chart and a histogram is that in a ________________ the data are nominal, but in a ______________________ the data are continuous.
    • A. 

      Histogram: bar chart: bar chart: histogram

    • B. 

      Histogram: bar chart: histogram: bar chart

    • C. 

      Bar chart: histogram: bar chart: histogram

    • D. 

      Bar chart: histogram: histogram: bar chart

  • 9. 
    Concluding that a relationship exists between variables when, in fact, it does not, is referred to as what type of error?
    • A. 

      Type I error

    • B. 

      Type II error

    • C. 

      Type III error

    • D. 

      Type IV error

  • 10. 
    How many standard deviations above and below the mean contains 95% of the population (or sample)?
    • A. 

      2.94 standard deviations

    • B. 

      1.96 standard deviations

    • C. 

      3.15 standard deviations

    • D. 

      4.26 standard deviations

  • 11. 
    Leadership is required in the health industry because:
    • A. 

      Problems of cost, quality and access need to be solved.

    • B. 

      Government policies need to be evaluated.

    • C. 

      Too many people work in hospitals.

    • D. 

      Many technologies are complicated.

    • E. 

      Healthcare costs are too high.

  • 12. 
    There are several phases of leadership thought, the first phase is?
    • A. 

      The Great Phase

    • B. 

      The Behavioral Phase

    • C. 

      The Situational Leadership Phase

    • D. 

      The Great Man and Trait Phase

    • E. 

      The Collective Phase

  • 13. 
    A theory has undergone ______________and practical scrutiny at various levels of intensity to determine its value, truth and validity.
    • A. 

      Scientific

    • B. 

      Formal

    • C. 

      Long term practice

    • D. 

      Modeling

    • E. 

      Publication

  • 14. 
    McGregor theorized Theory X and Theory Y workers, Theory X workers would be considered:
    • A. 

      Enthusiastic

    • B. 

      Ignored

    • C. 

      Lazy

    • D. 

      Satisfied

    • E. 

      None of the above

  • 15. 
    In the Competency Based Leadership Model, Bennis suggests four actions or behaviors successful leaders employ, they are creating attention through vision; creating meaning through communication;______________________; and self-development.
    • A. 

      Being accountable

    • B. 

      Becoming a person of trust

    • C. 

      Creating culture

    • D. 

      Delegating to subordinates

    • E. 

      None of the above

  • 16. 
    Conflict management styles can be__________________.
    • A. 

      Modified

    • B. 

      Learned

    • C. 

      Simultaneous

    • D. 

      Moderated

    • E. 

      None of the above

  • 17. 
    The comparison of beneficence to ______________ is a higher order set of constructs in the Omnibus Leadership Model.
    • A. 

      Beneficiary

    • B. 

      Contingencies

    • C. 

      Malevolence

    • D. 

      Justice

    • E. 

      None of the above

  • 18. 
    A _____________ is a mentee that will eventually take on the responsibilities of the mentor in a professional position.
    • A. 

      Mentor

    • B. 

      Telemachus

    • C. 

      Protégé

    • D. 

      Leader

    • E. 

      None of the above

  • 19. 
    To reduce the potential for litigation, the keys to dealing with non-performing employees by health leaders are _____________, collaboration with the human resources department, legal counsel and senior leadership.
    • A. 

      Coaching

    • B. 

      Continuing Education

    • C. 

      Documentation

    • D. 

      Performance Improvement Plans

  • 20. 
    The U.S. healthcare system can best be described as:
    • A. 

      Expensive

    • B. 

      Fragmented

    • C. 

      Market-oriented

    • D. 

      All of the above

  • 21. 
    For most privately insured Americans, health insurance is:
    • A. 

      Employer-based

    • B. 

      Financed by the government

    • C. 

      Privately purchased

    • D. 

      None of the above

  • 22. 
    Health policies are used in what capacity?
    • A. 

      Regulation of behaviors

    • B. 

      Allocation of income, services, or goods

    • C. 

      Both a and b

    • D. 

      Neither a nor b

  • 23. 
    Capitation removes the incentive to
    • A. 

      Control costs

    • B. 

      Provide unnecessary services.

    • C. 

      File a reimbursement claim

    • D. 

      Underutilize health care

  • 24. 
    According to the CDC, which factor contributes most to premature death in the U.S. population?
    • A. 

      Lifestyle and behaviors

    • B. 

      Lack of medical care

    • C. 

      Social and environmental factors

    • D. 

      Genetic makeup

  • 25. 
    The core functions of public health include
    • A. 

      Disease Prevention

    • B. 

      Health promotion

    • C. 

      Health protection

    • D. 

      All of the above

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