Copy Of Gateway B1+ Unit 5 Use Of English + Reading

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Copy Of Gateway B1+ Unit 5 Use Of English + Reading - Quiz


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    All    your    own    work?       A    Chrissie     I    think    cheating    has    always    existed    and    always    will.    In    my    day    –    a    long    time    ago!    –    some    students    used    to    cheat    in    tests    at    school    by    hiding    notes    in    their    books    or    writing    things    on    their    hands.    If    they    wanted    good    marks    for    their    homework,    they    copied    their    friend’s    work,    or    asked    their    parents    to    help    them    out.    It    was    risky    because    if    your    teachers    found    out    you    had    cheated    they    would    fail    you,    so    you    wouldn’t    pass    the    exam    at    all    –    but    some    people    thought    it    was    worth    the    risk.    I    never    cheated    –    I    was    too    scared    I’d    get    found    out!         B    Mark         I    think    people    do    still    cheat    at    school    or    university    but    the    whole    thing    has    become    a    lot    more    high    tech    now.    It    seems    that    although    the    Internet    has    brought    enormous    benefits,    like    giving    students    access    to    unlimited    information,    it’s    also    created    a    highly    successful    industry    for    helping    students    to    cheat    very    effectively.    There    are    two    main    ways    that    students    can    use    the    Internet    to    help    them    get    better    marks    at    school.    Firstly,    they    can    access    information    and    simply    copy    whole    chunks    of    articles    or    reports    into    their    own    homework    assignments    and    pretend    it’s    their    own    work.    Secondly    –    and    I    think    this    is    a    more    worrying    development    –    there    are    now    specialist    websites    that    supply    original    essays    on    demand.    This    means    that    a    student    can    actually    send    money    to    a    website    to    provide    an    essay    with    a    certain    title.    The    website    employs    a    qualified    writer    to    write    the    essay    but    the    teacher    marking    it    doesn’t    know    where    the    work    has    come    from    and    believes    the    student    has    written    it    him    or    herself.    Research    has    shown    that    some    university    students    are    prepared    to    pay    up    to    £300    for    a    good    essay.    It’s    completely    dishonest.     C    Maddy  I’m    a    secondary    school    teacher    and    I    know    that    teachers    have    been    aware    of    the    problem    of    students    copying    information    from    the    Internet    for    a    while    now.    Most    of    us    use    software    to    find    work    that’s    been    copied    from    Internet    sources.    However,    this    only    detects    chunks    that    are    copied    exactly,    not    paragraphs    that    have    been    edited,    or    specially    commissioned    work.    Teachers    mostly    rely    on    their    knowledge    of    their    students’    abilities    and    the    type    of    work    they    normally    produce.    They    have    to    be    alert    to    new    types    of    phrasing    or    style    that    suddenly    appear    in    a    student’s    writing    –    this    is    often    an    indication    that    it’s    not    all    their    own    writing.    Teachers    can    also    scan    the    Internet    for    similar    essay    titles    and    check    whether    there    are    any    that    the    student    may    have    copied,    but    this    is    time-consuming    and    not    very    efficient.    Another    way    to    discourage    copying    is    to    give    personalised    essay    titles    such    as,    ‘Compare    the    plot    of    ...    with    your    own    experiences.’    This    means    each    student    has    to    give    a    personal    answer.    Despite    all    of    these    techniques    though,    I    think    it’s    inevitable    that    the    lazier    student    will    always    try    to    find    an    easy    way    around    hard    work,    whereas    the    more    conscientious    student    will    do    his    own.    It’s    human    nature.     D    Hamish     I’ve    read    that    experts    say    the    way    to    eliminate    cheating    in    schools    is    to    start    teaching    students    from    as    young    as    11    years    old    the    dangers    of    copying    work.    A    lot    of    young    people    don’t    really    think    about    the    long    term    effects    of    not    doing    the    work    themselves    –    they    just    want    to    get    the    assignment    finished    as    quickly  as   possible.    Cheating    is    pointless    because    you    don’t    learn    anything    from    it.    Homework    assignments    are    supposed    to    help    you    remember    and    process    what    you    have    learned    and    present    the    information    in    a    structured    way.    If    you    don’t    go    through    the    process    of    planning,    drafting    and    editing    your    work,    you’ll    never    learn    to    do    this.    

  • 2. 

    Complete the second sentence so that it means the same as the first, using the word given. Use between two and five words.  It’s not necessary for you to arrive before 9.30.  DON’T   You ……………………………………………………….……………… arrive before 9.30. 

    Explanation
    You don't have to arrive before 9.30.

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  • 3. 

    It’s against the rules to bring food into the classrooms.  BRING   Students ……………………………………………………….……………… into the classrooms.  

    Explanation
    The correct answer is "mustn't bring food, must not bring food" because both phrases convey the same meaning. "Mustn't" and "must not" are both used to express prohibition or a rule that something should not be done. In this case, the rule is that students are not allowed to bring food into the classrooms. Therefore, both phrases accurately convey the idea that bringing food into the classrooms is against the rules.

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  • 4. 

    It’s not a good idea to eat too much junk food.  EAT   You ……………………………………………………….……………… too much junk food. 

    Explanation
    The correct answer is "shouldn't eat, should not eat, ought not to eat" because all three options convey the same meaning and suggest that it is not advisable or recommended to eat too much junk food. These phrases indicate a negative recommendation or advice against consuming excessive amounts of unhealthy food.

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  • 5. 

    I I can’t buy a new laptop because I can’t afford it.  ABLE   If I could afford it, I ………………………………………….……………… buy a new laptop.

    Explanation
    The correct answer is "would be able to" because it completes the conditional statement and expresses the possibility of buying a new laptop if the person could afford it.

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  • 6. 

    If you have enough money, you will be able to go on the school trip.  CAN   You ……………………………………………………….……………… school trip if you have enough money.

    Explanation
    The given statement states that if you have enough money, you will be able to go on the school trip. The question asks for the missing words to complete the sentence "You can go on the _______ school trip if you have enough money." The correct answer is "can go on the" because it correctly completes the sentence and maintains the meaning of the original statement.

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  • 7. 

    You have an exam, so go to bed early.   OUGHT    You ……………………………………………………….……………… bed early if you have an exam.

    Explanation
    The correct answer is "ought to go to." This is because the sentence structure in the question is "You have an exam, so go to bed early." In order to maintain the same meaning, the missing words should be "ought to go to," resulting in the sentence "You ought to go to bed early if you have an exam."

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  • 8. 

    It is illegal to ride a motorbike and not wear a helmet.  HAVE   You ……………………………………………………….……………… if you ride a motorbike. 

    Explanation
    The sentence states that it is illegal to ride a motorbike without wearing a helmet. The phrase "have to wear a helmet" accurately conveys the requirement or obligation to wear a helmet while riding a motorbike.

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  • 9. 

    Training is important if you want to run in the marathon.   BETTER   If you want to run the marathon, you ………………………… …………………………….……………… as soon as possible.

    Explanation
    The phrase "had better" is used to give advice or make a strong recommendation. In this context, it suggests that if you want to run in the marathon, it is highly recommended that you start training as soon as possible. The use of "had better" emphasizes the importance and urgency of starting the training.

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  • 10. 

    Match the comments (9–14) with the people (A–D). You can choose the people more than once.  Cheating today is all about using advanced types of technology.

    • A.

      Chrissie

    • B.

      Mark

    • C.

      Maddy

    • D.

      Hamish

    Correct Answer
    B. Mark
    Explanation
    Mark is the correct answer because the statement suggests that cheating today involves the use of advanced technology. This implies that Mark is knowledgeable or involved in using such technology for cheating purposes.

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  • 11. 

    The consequences of cheating in the past could be very serious. 

    • A.

      Chrissie

    • B.

      Mark

    • C.

      Maddy

    • D.

      Hamish

    Correct Answer
    A. Chrissie
  • 12. 

    Students will always cheat – it’s a fact of life.

    • A.

      Chrissie

    • B.

      Mark

    • C.

      Maddy

    • D.

      Hamish

    Correct Answer
    C. Maddy
  • 13. 

    Teachers have three main ways of discouraging cheating. 

    • A.

      Chrissie

    • B.

      Mark

    • C.

      Maddy

    • D.

      Hamish

    Correct Answer
    C. Maddy
  • 14. 

    To stop cheating we need to train students very early on in their school careers.   

    • A.

      Chrissie

    • B.

      Mark

    • C.

      Maddy

    • D.

      Hamish

    Correct Answer
    D. Hamish
  • 15. 

    Websites that supply essays for money are dishonest.   

    • A.

      Chrissie

    • B.

      Mark

    • C.

      Maddy

    • D.

      Hamish

    Correct Answer
    B. Mark
    Explanation
    It can be inferred that Mark is the correct answer because the statement suggests that websites that supply essays for money are dishonest. Mark is the only option given, so it can be assumed that Mark is the one who is dishonest.

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  • 16. 

    Read the article again and choose the best answers, A, B, or C. Techniques for cheating at schools in the past were  ...

    • A.

      Different to those used now.

    • B.

      The same as those used now.

    • C.

      Not permitted. 

    Correct Answer
    A. Different to those used now.
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "different to those used now." This means that the techniques for cheating at schools in the past were not the same as the ones used now. It implies that cheating methods have changed over time.

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  • 17. 

    Students’ access to the Internet has created    ...

    • A.

      More online exams.

    • B.

      More ways of cheating.

    • C.

      More e-marking systems.

    Correct Answer
    B. More ways of cheating.
    Explanation
    The increased access to the Internet among students has led to a rise in the number of ways they can cheat. With the Internet, students can easily search for answers, copy and paste information, or even communicate with others during exams. This has posed a challenge for educators and institutions to develop effective strategies to prevent and detect cheating in online exams.

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  • 18. 

    Using the Internet students are able to  ...  

    • A.

      Hack other students’ work.

    • B.

      Buy essays written by other people.

    • C.

      See exam papers before an exam.

    Correct Answer
    B. Buy essays written by other people.
    Explanation
    The given question is asking about what students are able to do using the internet. Out of the options provided, the only activity that can be done using the internet is buying essays written by other people. Hacking other students' work and seeing exam papers before an exam are not activities that can be done using the internet. Therefore, the correct answer is buying essays written by other people.

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  • 19. 

    Research has shown that some university students   ...

    • A.

      Are paid up to £300 to write good essays.

    • B.

      Are willing to pay up to £300 for a good essay.

    • C.

      Are prepared to buy good essay plans for up to £300.

    Correct Answer
    B. Are willing to pay up to £300 for a good essay.
    Explanation
    The research findings indicate that university students are willing to pay a significant amount of money, up to £300, in order to obtain a well-written essay. This suggests that these students value the quality and expertise that goes into producing a good essay and are willing to invest a substantial amount to acquire one.

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  • 20. 

    Teachers who are familiar with their  students’ work  ...

    • A.

      Are likely to give them better marks.

    • B.

      Don’t check whether they have copied it.

    • C.

      Know if they have cheated from the writing style.

    Correct Answer
    C. Know if they have cheated from the writing style.
    Explanation
    Teachers who are familiar with their students' work are likely to give them better marks because they can recognize their writing style and identify if they have cheated. By being familiar with their students' work, teachers can notice inconsistencies or similarities in writing style, which can indicate if the student has copied or cheated in any way. This familiarity allows teachers to make more accurate assessments of their students' work and ensure that they are giving fair grades.

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  • 21. 

    Cheating is pointless because   ...

    • A.

      You don’t learn anything from it.

    • B.

      It’s not effective in exams.

    • C.

      Cheaters usually get caught. 

    Correct Answer
    A. You don’t learn anything from it.
    Explanation
    Cheating is pointless because you don't learn anything from it. Cheating involves dishonesty and relying on others' work instead of putting in the effort to understand and learn the material. By cheating, you are depriving yourself of the opportunity to gain knowledge and develop important skills. Additionally, cheating undermines the purpose of exams and assessments, which is to assess your understanding and mastery of the subject matter. In the long run, cheating only hinders your personal growth and academic progress.

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