Comparative Gov Democracy Quiz

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Sarika.s.nadar
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Comparative Gov Democracy Quiz - Quiz



Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    A system in which political power resides with people 

    • A.

      Facism

    • B.

      Communism

    • C.

      Democracy

    • D.

      Socialism

    Correct Answer
    C. Democracy
    Explanation
    Democracy is a system in which political power resides with the people. It allows citizens to participate in decision-making processes, either directly or through elected representatives. In a democratic system, the government is accountable to the people and their rights and freedoms are protected. This system promotes equality, individual liberty, and the rule of law. Unlike fascism, communism, and socialism, democracy emphasizes the importance of citizen participation and ensures that the government is based on the consent of the governed.

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  • 2. 

    What are the core goods of Democracy

    • A.

      Participation, Liberty, and Competition

    • B.

      Practice, Livability, Cooperation

    • C.

      Involvement, Freedom, Individualism

    • D.

      Competition, Unicameral legislation, Legislation

    Correct Answer
    A. Participation, Liberty, and Competition
    Explanation
    The core goods of democracy are participation, liberty, and competition. Participation refers to the involvement of citizens in the decision-making process and the ability to have a say in the governance of their country. Liberty refers to the freedom and rights that individuals possess, such as freedom of speech, expression, and assembly. Competition refers to the existence of multiple political parties and the ability for citizens to choose their representatives through fair and competitive elections. These three elements are essential for a functioning democratic system.

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  • 3. 

    Public Participates directly in governance and policy making (Form of Democracy)

    • A.

      Direct

    • B.

      Indirect

    • C.

      Substantative

    • D.

      Senate

    Correct Answer
    A. Direct
    Explanation
    Direct participation in governance and policy-making refers to a form of democracy where the public has a direct role in decision-making processes. This means that individuals have the opportunity to directly participate in shaping policies, laws, and regulations that affect them. This can be done through various means such as town hall meetings, public consultations, referendums, and citizen initiatives. In contrast, indirect participation involves electing representatives who make decisions on behalf of the public. Substantative and Senate are not relevant to the concept of direct participation in governance and policy-making.

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  • 4. 

    Public particapates indirectly through elected represenatives

    • A.

      Direct

    • B.

      Participation

    • C.

      Indirect

    • D.

      Competition

    Correct Answer
    C. Indirect
    Explanation
    The given answer, "Indirect," is the correct answer because it accurately describes the way in which the public participates in the political process. Instead of directly participating in decision-making, the public elects representatives who make decisions on their behalf. This system is known as representative democracy, where elected officials act as intermediaries between the public and the government. Through this indirect participation, the public has the opportunity to express their preferences and hold their representatives accountable for their actions.

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  • 5. 

    The organized life outside the state

    • A.

      Civil rights

    • B.

      Civil society

    • C.

      Civil liberty

    • D.

      Freedom

    Correct Answer
    B. Civil society
    Explanation
    Civil society refers to the community of individuals and organizations that work together to promote common interests and values, outside of the state and government control. It is a key component of a functioning democracy, as it allows citizens to come together and engage in activities that promote social, political, and economic development. Civil society organizations often focus on issues such as human rights, social justice, and environmental protection. Therefore, the answer "civil society" is the most appropriate choice as it best represents the concept of an organized life outside the state.

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  • 6. 

    The branch that carries out laws and policies of a state

    • A.

      Judicial

    • B.

      Legislative

    • C.

      Presidential

    • D.

      Executive

    Correct Answer
    D. Executive
    Explanation
    The branch that carries out laws and policies of a state is the executive branch. This branch is responsible for implementing and enforcing laws, as well as managing the day-to-day operations of the government. It includes the president or head of state, along with various departments and agencies that work under their authority. The executive branch plays a crucial role in the governance of a state, ensuring that laws are executed and policies are implemented effectively.

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  • 7. 

    Political body that makes and passes legislation. National politics are considered and debated

    • A.

      Executive

    • B.

      Presidential

    • C.

      Legislature

    • D.

      Judicial

    Correct Answer
    C. Legislature
    Explanation
    A legislature is a political body that is responsible for making and passing legislation. It is the branch of government that is primarily involved in the creation and enactment of laws. National politics are considered and debated within the legislature, as representatives from different political parties come together to discuss and deliberate on various issues. The legislature plays a crucial role in shaping the laws and policies of a country.

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  • 8. 

    This political body determines the constitutionality of laws and acts

    • A.

      Executive

    • B.

      Judiciary

    • C.

      Presidential

    • D.

      Legislature

    Correct Answer
    B. Judiciary
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Judiciary. The judiciary is responsible for interpreting and applying the law, including determining the constitutionality of laws and acts. This branch of government ensures that laws are in line with the constitution and protects the rights of individuals. The judiciary is separate from the executive and legislative branches to maintain checks and balances in the political system.

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  • 9. 

    The __________ represents the people both nationally and internationally. Embodies goals of regime

    • A.

      Head of State

    • B.

      President

    • C.

      Head of Government

    • D.

      Dictator

    Correct Answer
    A. Head of State
    Explanation
    The head of state represents the people both nationally and internationally, embodying the goals and values of the regime. This position is responsible for ceremonial duties, symbolizing the unity and sovereignty of the nation. The head of state is often the figurehead of the country, representing its identity and ideals. They may have limited or no executive powers, as their role is primarily symbolic and representative.

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  • 10. 

    The ___________ deals with everyday tasks of running the state

    • A.

      Head of Government

    • B.

      Dictator

    • C.

      President

    • D.

      Head of State

    Correct Answer
    A. Head of Government
    Explanation
    The Head of Government is responsible for handling the day-to-day operations and tasks involved in running the state. This position is usually occupied by the leader or prime minister of a country, who is in charge of implementing policies, making decisions, and overseeing the various government departments. The Head of Government focuses on practical matters and is responsible for the smooth functioning of the state's administration.

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  • 11. 

    A bicameral legislation has ____ houses, whereas a unicameral legislation has ____ house.

    • A.

      Two, one

    • B.

      One, two

    • C.

      Three, one

    • D.

      One, three

    Correct Answer
    A. Two, one
    Explanation
    A bicameral legislation consists of two separate houses, while a unicameral legislation only has one house. This means that in a bicameral system, there are two chambers or bodies that participate in the legislative process, such as a House of Representatives and a Senate. On the other hand, a unicameral system only has a single chamber or body responsible for making laws and decisions.

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  • 12. 

    Political power is divided between the head of state and government and are assigned to separate executive officies

    • A.

      Parliamentary System

    • B.

      Presidential System

    • C.

      Semi-Presidential System

    • D.

      Dictatorship

    Correct Answer
    A. Parliamentary System
    Explanation
    In a parliamentary system, political power is divided between the head of state and the head of government. The head of state, such as a monarch or a president, represents the country symbolically and ceremonially, while the head of government, such as a prime minister, holds the executive power and is responsible for running the government. This division of power ensures a system of checks and balances and allows for a more efficient and accountable government.

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  • 13. 

    The head of government and state is one person (President)

    • A.

      Parliamentary System

    • B.

      Semi-Presidential System

    • C.

      Presidential System

    • D.

      Dictatorship

    Correct Answer
    C. Presidential System
    Explanation
    In a presidential system, the head of government and state is one person, the President. This means that the President is both the chief executive and the ceremonial head of state. In this system, the President is directly elected by the people and holds significant powers, including the ability to veto legislation and appoint key officials. This system provides a clear separation of powers between the executive and legislative branches, with the President having significant authority and independence. Examples of countries with a presidential system include the United States and Brazil.

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  • 14. 

    An executive system that divides power between two strong executives: a president and a prime minister

    • A.

      Dictatorship

    • B.

      Presidential System

    • C.

      Parliamentary System

    • D.

      Semi-Presidential System

    Correct Answer
    D. Semi-Presidential System
    Explanation
    A semi-presidential system is a form of government where power is divided between two strong executives, a president and a prime minister. In this system, the president is the head of state and the prime minister is the head of government. The president is elected by the people and has significant powers, while the prime minister is appointed by the president and is responsible for day-to-day governance. This system allows for a balance of power between the two executives and combines elements of both a presidential and parliamentary system.

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  • 15. 

    Sovereignty of law over people and elected officials (no one is above the law)

    • A.

      Individuality

    • B.

      Equality

    • C.

      Rule of Law

    • D.

      Proper Judicial Conduct

    Correct Answer
    C. Rule of Law
    Explanation
    The concept of "Rule of Law" refers to the principle that all individuals, including elected officials, are subject to and must abide by the laws of the land. It emphasizes the idea that no one is above the law, ensuring equal treatment and accountability for all. This principle is essential for maintaining a just and fair society, where the sovereignty of law prevails over individuals and elected officials, preventing abuse of power and promoting justice and equality for all citizens.

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  • 16. 

    _____________ are important organization that bring together diverse groups of people and ideas (gives competition in a democracy)

    • A.

      Civil Society

    • B.

      Political Parties

    • C.

      Ethnic Groups

    • D.

      National Groups

    Correct Answer
    B. Political Parties
    Explanation
    Political parties are important organizations that bring together diverse groups of people and ideas in a democracy. They play a crucial role in shaping public opinion, mobilizing support, and representing the interests of different sections of society. Political parties provide a platform for individuals to voice their opinions, participate in decision-making processes, and compete for power through elections. They promote healthy competition by offering alternative policies and candidates, which is essential for a functioning democratic system. Civil society organizations, ethnic groups, and national groups may also contribute to the diversity of ideas and perspectives, but political parties specifically focus on political representation and governance.

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  • 17. 

    A set of rules that decide how votes are cast, counted, and translated into seats in a legislature

    • A.

      Judicial Review

    • B.

      Legislation

    • C.

      Political Parties

    • D.

      Electoral systems

    Correct Answer
    D. Electoral systems
    Explanation
    Electoral systems refer to a set of rules that determine how votes are cast, counted, and translated into seats in a legislature. These systems vary across different countries and can include methods such as proportional representation, first-past-the-post, or mixed systems. The purpose of electoral systems is to ensure fair and democratic representation by translating the will of the voters into a functioning government. They play a crucial role in shaping the political landscape and determining the distribution of power within a country's legislative body.

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  • 18. 

    Each constituency has only one representative. Voters are choosing between individual candidates as much as they are choosing from among parties.

    • A.

      Proportional Representation

    • B.

      Unicameral Legislation

    • C.

      Indirect Democracy

    • D.

      Single Member District

    Correct Answer
    D. Single Member District
    Explanation
    The given statement suggests that each constituency has only one representative, meaning that voters are electing candidates individually rather than voting for a party. This system is known as a single member district, where each district has a single representative who is elected by the majority of votes in that specific district. This is in contrast to proportional representation, where seats in the legislature are allocated based on the proportion of votes received by each party. It is also different from unicameral legislation, which refers to a one-chamber legislature, and indirect democracy, where representatives are elected to make decisions on behalf of the people.

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  • 19. 

    An electoral  system in which political parties compete in multi-member districts; voters choose between parties, and the seats in the district are awarded proportionally according to the results of the vote.

    • A.

      Single Member District

    • B.

      Direct Democracy

    • C.

      Proportional Representation

    • D.

      Bicameral Legislation

    Correct Answer
    C. Proportional Representation
    Explanation
    Proportional representation is an electoral system where political parties compete in multi-member districts, and voters choose between parties. The seats in the district are awarded proportionally based on the results of the vote. This means that the number of seats a party receives is directly proportional to the percentage of votes they receive. It allows for a fairer representation of different political parties and ensures that minority parties have a chance to be represented in the legislature.

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  • 20. 

    Countries that have become institutionalized democracy and a high level of economic development and prosperity

    • A.

      First World Countries

    • B.

      Developing Democracies

    • C.

      Liberal Democracy

    • D.

      Developed Democarcy

    Correct Answer
    D. Developed Democarcy
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Developed Democracy". Developed democracies refer to countries that have established strong democratic institutions and have achieved a high level of economic development and prosperity. These countries typically have stable political systems, respect for human rights, and a well-functioning rule of law. They also have advanced infrastructure, high standards of living, and a strong middle class. Developed democracies are often characterized by strong social welfare systems, high levels of education and healthcare, and a high standard of living for their citizens.

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  • 21. 

    ______ is characterized by a set of value that center on "quality of life " rather than materialistic gain

    • A.

      Post-Industrialism

    • B.

      Post-Modernism

    • C.

      Developed Country

    • D.

      First World Country

    Correct Answer
    B. Post-Modernism
    Explanation
    Post-Modernism is characterized by a set of values that center on "quality of life" rather than materialistic gain. Post-Modernism emerged as a reaction against the dominant ideologies of modernism and capitalism, emphasizing subjective experiences, diversity, and individualism. It rejects the notion that progress and economic growth are the ultimate goals, and instead focuses on the importance of personal fulfillment, creativity, and cultural diversity. Post-Modernism challenges the traditional definitions of success and encourages a more holistic approach to life, valuing happiness, well-being, and personal expression over material wealth and possessions.

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  • 22. 

    The process of devolving or sending down political power to lower levels or governmnet

    • A.

      Democracy

    • B.

      Fedarlism

    • C.

      Devolution

    • D.

      Unitary States

    Correct Answer
    C. Devolution
    Explanation
    Devolution refers to the process of transferring political power from a central government to lower levels or regional governments. This allows for greater autonomy and decision-making power at the local level, while still maintaining a unified state. Devolution is often seen as a way to accommodate diverse regional interests and promote decentralized governance within a democratic framework. Unlike federalism, which involves the division of power between a central government and regional governments, devolution typically involves the transfer of power from the central government to regional or local governments within a unitary state.

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  • 23. 

    Member countries cooperate on issues but many not be bound by the organization's resolutions

    • A.

      League of Nations

    • B.

      Supranational System

    • C.

      European Union

    • D.

      Intergovernmental System

    Correct Answer
    D. Intergovernmental System
    Explanation
    In an intergovernmental system, member countries cooperate on issues but are not necessarily bound by the organization's resolutions. This means that while they may work together and collaborate on certain matters, they still maintain their sovereignty and have the freedom to make their own decisions. This is in contrast to a supranational system, where member countries are bound by the organization's resolutions and have to comply with them. The League of Nations and the European Union are examples of supranational systems, while the intergovernmental system allows for more flexibility and independence among member countries.

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  • 24. 

    An intergovernmental system with it's own sovereign powers over member states

    • A.

      Free-Trade System

    • B.

      Intergovernmental System

    • C.

      Supranational System

    • D.

      A State

    Correct Answer
    C. Supranational System
    Explanation
    A supranational system is an intergovernmental system that has its own sovereign powers over member states. This means that it can make decisions and enforce policies that member states must abide by, even if they conflict with national laws. This system is characterized by a higher level of authority that transcends individual countries, allowing for greater integration and cooperation among member states. In this system, decisions are made collectively, and member states willingly delegate some of their sovereignty to the supranational institution.

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  • 25. 

    Parliamentary Systems have 

    • A.

      Low autonomy, low capacity

    • B.

      High autonomy, high capacity

    • C.

      High autonomy, low capacity

    • D.

      Low autonomy, high capacity

    Correct Answer
    B. High autonomy, high capacity
    Explanation
    Parliamentary systems are characterized by high autonomy, meaning that the government has a significant degree of independence and decision-making power. This autonomy allows the government to effectively implement policies and make decisions without excessive interference. Additionally, parliamentary systems also have high capacity, indicating that they have the ability to efficiently carry out their functions and responsibilities. This includes the ability to enact legislation, provide public services, and effectively govern the country. Therefore, the combination of high autonomy and high capacity makes the given answer the correct one.

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  • 26. 

    This was created after WW2 to prevent another war from happening again. 

    • A.

      European Union

    • B.

      Treaty of Versailles

    • C.

      Contracts

    • D.

      League of Nations

    Correct Answer
    A. European Union
    Explanation
    The European Union was created after World War II with the aim of preventing another war from happening again. It was established to promote economic cooperation and political integration among European countries, in order to foster peace and stability in the region. By creating a common market and implementing policies that promote cooperation and solidarity among member states, the European Union aims to prevent conflicts and promote the well-being of its citizens.

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  • 27. 

    This is a part of the EU and it is charged with setting the general political direction and priorities

    • A.

      European Comission

    • B.

      European Council

    • C.

      European Parliment

    • D.

      European Union Court of Justice

    Correct Answer
    B. European Council
    Explanation
    The European Council is the correct answer because it is a part of the EU and its main role is to set the general political direction and priorities for the European Union. It consists of the heads of state or government of EU member states, along with the President of the European Council and the President of the European Commission. The European Council meets several times a year to discuss and make decisions on important issues affecting the EU, such as foreign policy, economic coordination, and strategic priorities.

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  • 28. 

    This is also a part of the EU and it is a body of 28 members (one member per state) each is responsible for some specific policy area, such as transport, environment and energy

    • A.

      European Council

    • B.

      European Court of Justice

    • C.

      European Parliment

    • D.

      European Comission

    Correct Answer
    D. European Comission
    Explanation
    The European Commission is the correct answer because it is a body of 28 members, with one member per state, each responsible for specific policy areas such as transport, environment, and energy. The European Council is a different institution that consists of the heads of state or government of EU member states. The European Court of Justice is the highest court in the EU, responsible for interpreting EU law. The European Parliament is the directly elected legislative body of the EU.

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  • 29. 

    Part of the EU that is the legislature whose 751 members are directly elected by the EU member states for 5 year terms

    • A.

      EU Court of Justice

    • B.

      European Parliment

    • C.

      European Comission

    • D.

      European Council

    Correct Answer
    B. European Parliment
    Explanation
    The European Parliament is the correct answer because it is the legislature of the European Union (EU) and its 751 members are directly elected by the EU member states for 5-year terms. The European Parliament plays a crucial role in the EU decision-making process, including the adoption of legislation, budget approval, and oversight of the European Commission. It represents the interests of EU citizens and ensures democratic representation at the EU level.

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  • 30. 

    This section of the EU is made up of one judge for each country and they rule on EU laws. They also settle conflicts between EU laws and the laws of member states

    • A.

      European Comission

    • B.

      European Parliment

    • C.

      EU Court of Justice

    • D.

      European Council

    Correct Answer
    C. EU Court of Justice
    Explanation
    The EU Court of Justice is the correct answer because it is responsible for interpreting and applying EU law. It consists of one judge from each EU country, ensuring that each member state has representation. The court's main role is to settle disputes between EU laws and the laws of member states, ensuring consistency and compliance with EU legislation.

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  • 31. 

    A political system in which a small group of individual exercise power over the state without being constitutionally held to the public

    • A.

      Totalitarianism

    • B.

      Authoritarianism

    • C.

      Communism

    • D.

      Facism

    Correct Answer
    B. Authoritarianism
    Explanation
    Authoritarianism is the correct answer because it refers to a political system in which power is concentrated in the hands of a small group of individuals who exercise control over the state. Unlike totalitarianism, which seeks to control all aspects of society, authoritarianism does not necessarily require a complete absence of constitutional limitations or public accountability. Communism and fascism, on the other hand, are ideologies rather than specific forms of political systems.

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  • 32. 

    A form of nondemocratic rule with a highly centralized state whose regime has a well defined ideology and seeks to transform and fuse the institutions of state, society, and the economy

    • A.

      Facism

    • B.

      Communism

    • C.

      Totalitarianism

    • D.

      Authoritarianism

    Correct Answer
    C. Totalitarianism
    Explanation
    Totalitarianism is the correct answer because it accurately describes a form of nondemocratic rule where power is centralized in the state, and the regime has a specific ideology and aims to transform and control all aspects of society, including the state, economy, and institutions. This form of government seeks to exercise complete control and suppress any opposition or dissent. Both fascism and communism can be considered forms of totalitarianism, but totalitarianism is a broader term that encompasses various ideologies. Authoritarianism, on the other hand, refers to a form of government where power is concentrated in the hands of a single leader or a small group, but it does not necessarily involve a comprehensive transformation of society and institutions.

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  • 33. 

    A political regime in which power is exercised by a few. Unbound by public or constitutional control

    • A.

      Authorotarianism

    • B.

      Democratic Rule

    • C.

      Semi-Democratic Rule

    • D.

      Nondemocratic Rule

    Correct Answer
    D. Nondemocratic Rule
    Explanation
    Nondemocratic rule refers to a political regime where power is concentrated in the hands of a few individuals or a small group, without any checks or controls from the public or constitutional mechanisms. This means that the ruling elite have unrestricted power and are not accountable to the people or any established democratic processes. Nondemocratic rule is characterized by the absence of popular participation, limited civil liberties, and a lack of transparency and accountability.

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  • 34. 

    A political view that does not have consistent idealogical foundation, but that emphasizes hostility toward the elites and established state and economic institutions and favors greater power in the hands of the public 

    • A.

      Authoritarianism

    • B.

      Anarchism

    • C.

      Populism

    • D.

      Democracy

    Correct Answer
    C. Populism
    Explanation
    Populism is the correct answer because it refers to a political view that lacks a consistent ideological foundation but emphasizes hostility towards elites and established institutions. Populism also advocates for greater power in the hands of the public. This aligns with the given description, making populism the most suitable choice.

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  • 35. 

    Non Democratic regimes are not equal to 

    Correct Answer
    poor and undeveloped countries
    Explanation
    Non-democratic regimes can exist in any country, regardless of its economic status or level of development. While it is true that some non-democratic regimes may be found in poor and undeveloped countries, it is not accurate to say that all non-democratic regimes are limited to such countries. There are examples of non-democratic regimes in both wealthy and developed countries as well. Therefore, it is important to recognize that the presence of a non-democratic regime does not automatically imply that a country is poor or undeveloped.

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  • 36. 

    A theory in development in which the existence of natural resources in a given state is a barrier to modernization and democracy

    • A.

      Pre-Modernism

    • B.

      Resource Trap

    • C.

      Modernization Theory

    • D.

      Modernism

    Correct Answer
    B. Resource Trap
    Explanation
    The theory of Resource Trap suggests that the presence of abundant natural resources in a particular state hinders its progress in terms of modernization and democracy. This is because the reliance on resource extraction often leads to economic instability, corruption, and the concentration of power in the hands of a few. As a result, the state fails to develop diverse industries and institutions necessary for modernization and democratic governance.

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  • 37. 

    A mean of nondemocratic control that forces public obedience is enforced through violence and surveillance

    • A.

      Corporatism

    • B.

      Clientelism

    • C.

      Co-optation

    • D.

      Coercion

    Correct Answer
    D. Coercion
    Explanation
    Coercion refers to a mean of nondemocratic control that forces public obedience through violence and surveillance. It involves the use of force or threats to intimidate or manipulate individuals or groups into complying with the wishes of those in power. This can include physical violence, surveillance, or other forms of repression to suppress dissent and maintain control over the population.

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  • 38. 

    This mean of nondemocratic control brings the members of the public into a beneficial relationship with the state and government

    • A.

      Coercion

    • B.

      Clientelism

    • C.

      Co-optation

    • D.

      Patrimonialism

    Correct Answer
    C. Co-optation
    Explanation
    Co-optation refers to a strategy where the state and government bring members of the public into a beneficial relationship. It involves incorporating individuals or groups into the existing power structure, often through incentives or rewards, in order to maintain control and prevent opposition. This strategy aims to co-opt potential challengers or dissenters by offering them benefits or privileges, thus ensuring their loyalty and support.

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  • 39. 

    Another form of nondemocratic controls is when the public is encouraged to obey the leader based on his or her extraordinary qualities and compelling ideas

    • A.

      Personality cult

    • B.

      Charismatic legitimacy

    • C.

      Coercion

    • D.

      Patrimonialism

    Correct Answer
    A. Personality cult
    Explanation
    The given statement describes a situation where the public is encouraged to obey a leader due to their extraordinary qualities and compelling ideas. This is known as a personality cult, where the leader's personality is glorified and their authority is based on their personal characteristics rather than democratic processes. This form of control is not based on coercion or patrimonialism, but rather on the leader's charisma and ability to inspire loyalty and obedience.

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  • 40. 

    This type of of co-optation emerged as a method by which nondemocratic regimes attempted to solidify their control their control over the public by creating or sanctioning a limited number of organizations to represent the interests of the public and restricting those not set up or approved by the state

    • A.

      Patrimonialism

    • B.

      Clientelism

    • C.

      Corporatism

    • D.

      Coercion

    Correct Answer
    C. Corporatism
    Explanation
    Corporatism is the correct answer because it refers to a system in which the state recognizes and supports a limited number of organizations to represent the interests of the public. These organizations are often created or approved by the state, while others that are not sanctioned by the state are restricted. This type of co-optation helps nondemocratic regimes solidify their control over the public by controlling and manipulating the representation of public interests.

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  • 41. 

    This model of nondemocratic rule is based on the power if a single, strong leader who typically relies on charismatic or traditional authority 

    • A.

      Theocratic Rule

    • B.

      Personal and Monarchial Rule

    • C.

      Military RULE

    • D.

      One-Party RUle

    Correct Answer
    B. Personal and Monarchial Rule
    Explanation
    Personal and Monarchial Rule is the correct answer because this model of nondemocratic rule involves a single, strong leader who holds all the power. The leader usually relies on their personal authority or the traditional authority associated with their position as a monarch. This type of rule is characterized by centralized decision-making and a lack of checks and balances, as the leader's authority is not derived from any democratic process or institutionalized system.

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  • 42. 

    This type of co-optation is used in personal and monarchial rule and benefits are distributed through in an adhoc way among individuals but are instead limited to a small group regime supporters inside the itself . The ruling group gets benefits in return for enforcing the ruler's will

    • A.

      Clientelism

    • B.

      Corporatism

    • C.

      Coercion

    • D.

      Patrimonialism

    Correct Answer
    D. Patrimonialism
    Explanation
    Patrimonialism is the correct answer because it refers to a system where benefits and privileges are distributed by a ruler or monarch to a small group of supporters in return for their loyalty and enforcement of the ruler's will. This type of co-optation is commonly found in personal and monarchial rule, where the ruling group receives benefits in an adhoc manner. The benefits are not extended to the wider population but are limited to a select group of regime supporters.

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  • 43. 

    This nondemocratic rule is transitional and in countries with a lot of public political unrest. The rule by one or more military officials often brought to power 

    • A.

      One-Party Rule

    • B.

      Theocratic Rule

    • C.

      Military Rule

    • D.

      Illiberal/Hybrid Rule

    Correct Answer
    C. Military Rule
    Explanation
    Military rule refers to a type of nondemocratic rule that is transitional and commonly found in countries with significant public political unrest. It involves the governance by one or more military officials who have seized power. This form of rule is often implemented as a temporary measure to restore stability and order, with the intention of eventually transitioning to a more democratic system. Military rule typically involves the suppression of political opposition and the restriction of civil liberties.

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  • 44. 

    A regime in which the state bureaucracy and the military share a belief that the a technocratic leadership can solve the problems of the country

    • A.

      Bureaucratic Authoritarianism

    • B.

      One-Party Rule

    • C.

      Clientalism

    • D.

      Patrimonialism

    Correct Answer
    A. Bureaucratic Authoritarianism
    Explanation
    Bureaucratic authoritarianism refers to a regime in which the state bureaucracy and the military hold the belief that a technocratic leadership can effectively address the country's problems. This type of regime is characterized by a strong centralized government, limited political freedoms, and an emphasis on rational decision-making by experts. The state bureaucracy and military play a significant role in policymaking and often suppress opposition and dissent. This form of governance is typically seen in countries where there is a lack of democratic institutions and a focus on maintaining stability and order.

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  • 45. 

    A regime in which a single party monopolizes politics and bans other parties or excludes them from power

    • A.

      Military

    • B.

      One-Party Rule

    • C.

      Personal/Monarchial Rule

    • D.

      Illiberal/hybrid rule

    Correct Answer
    B. One-Party Rule
    Explanation
    One-Party Rule refers to a regime where a single political party has a monopoly on political power and either bans or excludes other parties from participating in politics. In this system, the ruling party holds complete control over the government and decision-making processes, often suppressing dissent and opposition. This type of regime is characterized by limited political pluralism and lack of competition, as power is concentrated in the hands of a single party.

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  • 46. 

    "Rule by God" holy texts serve as a foundation for regime and politics

    • A.

      One-Party Rule

    • B.

      Military

    • C.

      Theocratic Rule

    • D.

      Illiberal/Hybrid Rule

    Correct Answer
    C. Theocratic Rule
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Theocratic Rule because "Rule by God" implies a government system where religious leaders or religious principles hold the ultimate authority and influence in governing. In such a system, holy texts are considered as the foundation for the regime and politics, indicating a close integration of religion and governance. This type of rule is often seen in countries where religion plays a central role in shaping laws, policies, and decision-making processes.

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  • 47. 

    This nondemocratic regime is a rule by which an elected leadership through procedures of questionable democratic legitimacy

    • A.

      Illiberal/hybrid regimes

    • B.

      One-party rule

    • C.

      Personal/monarchial rule

    • D.

      Theocratic rule

    Correct Answer
    A. Illiberal/hybrid regimes
    Explanation
    The given correct answer, illiberal/hybrid regimes, refers to a type of nondemocratic regime where there is a mix of democratic and authoritarian elements. These regimes may have elected leadership, but their legitimacy is questionable due to undemocratic practices or restrictions on political freedoms. This can include limited civil liberties, restrictions on opposition parties, and a lack of checks and balances. The term "illiberal" highlights the disregard for liberal democratic values, while "hybrid" emphasizes the combination of democratic and autocratic features within these regimes.

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  • 48. 

    A regime that seeks to create a system that limits individual freedom in order to divide wealth in a equitable manner

    • A.

      Socialism

    • B.

      Communism

    • C.

      Facism

    • D.

      Anarchism

    Correct Answer
    B. Communism
    Explanation
    Communism is the correct answer because it is a political ideology that aims to create a society where wealth and resources are shared equally among all members. It seeks to limit individual freedom in order to achieve this equitable distribution of wealth. In a communist regime, the government controls the means of production and there is no private ownership. This system is different from socialism, which also aims for a more equitable distribution of wealth but allows for some level of private ownership and individual freedom. Fascism and anarchism, on the other hand, do not seek to divide wealth in an equitable manner and have different goals and principles.

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  • 49. 

    The value invested in any human-made goods that can be used by another individual

    • A.

      Base

    • B.

      Surplus Value Labor

    • C.

      Dialectical Materialism

    • D.

      Central Planning

    Correct Answer
    B. Surplus Value Labor
    Explanation
    Surplus value labor refers to the additional value created by workers beyond what is necessary to cover their wages and basic needs. It represents the exploitation of labor by capitalists who profit from the surplus value generated by workers. This concept is central to Marxist theory and critiques the capitalist system, arguing that it leads to inequality and exploitation. It is an important aspect of understanding the relationship between labor and capital in the production process.

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  • 50. 

    The system of economic production, including the level of technology (means of production) and the kind of class relations that exist as a result (relations of production)

    • A.

      Dialectical Materialism

    • B.

      Surplus of Labor

    • C.

      Superstructure

    • D.

      Base

    Correct Answer
    D. Base
    Explanation
    The term "base" refers to the system of economic production, which includes the level of technology (means of production) and the class relations that result from it (relations of production). In Marxist theory, the base is considered the foundation upon which the superstructure, which includes institutions, culture, and ideology, is built. The base determines the social and political structure of a society, and changes in the base can lead to changes in the superstructure. This concept is central to dialectical materialism, which emphasizes the interplay between the material conditions of society and the ideas and institutions that arise from them.

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Our quizzes are rigorously reviewed, monitored and continuously updated by our expert board to maintain accuracy, relevance, and timeliness.

  • Current Version
  • Sep 05, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Oct 08, 2016
    Quiz Created by
    Sarika.s.nadar
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