Common Fallacies In Reasoning

20 Questions | Total Attempts: 94

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Common Fallacies in Reasoning


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    A black cat crossed Babbs path yesterday and sure enough she was involved in an automobile accident later that same afternoon.The "Bambino curse" claimed that the Boston Red Sox could never win the world series because they traded Babe Ruth to the Yankees in 1920.  After an 80-yr draught, however, the Red Sox finally won a world series in 2004, thus breaking the curse.
    • A. 

      Faulty Cause

    • B. 

      Sweeping Generalization

    • C. 

      Hasty Generalization

    • D. 

      Faulty Analogy

    • E. 

      Post hoc rego propter hoc

  • 2. 
    Muffin must be rich or have rich parents, because she belongs to ZXQ and ZXQ is the richest sorority on campus.I'd like to hire you, but you''re an ex-felon and statistics show that 80% of ex-felons are recidivists.
    • A. 

      Sweeping Generalization

    • B. 

      Faulty Analogy

    • C. 

      Hasty Generalization

    • D. 

      Begging the Question

    • E. 

      Tautology

  • 3. 
    Movie stars are really rude.  I asked Matthew McConaughey for his autograph in a restaurant in Westwood the other evening and he told me to "get lost."Pit Bulls are actually gentle, sweet dogs.  My next door neighbor has one and his dog loves to romp and play with all the kids in the neighborhood!
    • A. 

      Faulty Analogy

    • B. 

      Hasty Generalization

    • C. 

      Sweeping Generalization

    • D. 

      Faulty Cause

  • 4. 
    What's the big deal about the early pioneers killing a few Indians in order to settle the West?  After all, you can't make an omelet without breaking a few eggs.Banning the sale of bongs on the internet to curb drug use makes about as much sense as banning bikini sales to reduce promiscuity.
    • A. 

      Begging the question

    • B. 

      Equivocation

    • C. 

      Faulty Analogy

    • D. 

      Tu Quoque

  • 5. 
    We can safely conclude that there is intelligent life elsewhere in the galaxy, because thus far no one has been able to prove that there is not.The new from of experimental gene replacement therapy must be working.  Not a single patient has returned to complain!
    • A. 

      Bifurcation

    • B. 

      False Dilemma

    • C. 

      Faulty Sign

    • D. 

      Appeal to Ignorance

  • 6. 
    Either you favor a strong national defense or you favor allowing other nations to dictate our foreigh policy.Either you are with the terrorists or you are with the United States.
    • A. 

      False dilemma

    • B. 

      Faulty Sign

    • C. 

      Damming the source

    • D. 

      Bifurcation

  • 7. 
    Either you buy a large car and watch it guzzle away your paycheck or you buy a small car and take a greater risk of being injured or killed int he event of an accident.You can put your money in a savings account, in which case the IRS will tax you on the interest, and inflation will erode the value of your money or you can buy stocks and watch your 401k fall like a sack of hammers.
    • A. 

      Faulty Sign

    • B. 

      Apppeal to Ignorance

    • C. 

      False Dilemma

    • D. 

      Faulty Analogy

  • 8. 
    The cars driving in the opposite direction have their lights on; they must be part of a funeral procession.The boswell's must be home.  The lights are on upstairs.
    • A. 

      Tautology

    • B. 

      Equivocation

    • C. 

      Faulty Sign

    • D. 

      Tu Quoque

  • 9. 
    There is no reason to listen to the arguments of those who oppose school prayer for they are the arguments of atheists!Candidate _________never served in the armed forces and we don't want a coward for our Commander in Chief.
    • A. 

      Damming the source

    • B. 

      Faulty sign

    • C. 

      False dilemma

    • D. 

      Faulty analogy

    • E. 

      None ofthe above

  • 10. 
    Gee, Mom and Dad, ho can you tell me not to smoke grass when you both smoke cigarettes and drink alcohol?The United States has no business criticizing the human rights policies of 111 World nations not as long as discrimination and segregation continue to exist int he United States.
    • A. 

      Equivocation

    • B. 

      Begging the Question

    • C. 

      Tu Quoque

    • D. 

      Faulty analogy

    • E. 

      All of the above

  • 11. 
    Only man is rational.  No woman is a man.  Therefore, no woman is rational.no one who has the slightest acquaintance with science can reasonable doubt that the miracles in the bible actually took place.  Every year we witness countless new miracles int he form recombinant DNA, micro-chips, organ transplants and the like.  (not: the work "miracle" does not have the same meaning in each case)
    • A. 

      Tu Quoque

    • B. 

      Equivocation

    • C. 

      Beggin the Question

    • D. 

      Tautology

  • 12. 
    Abortion is murder, since killing a baby is an act of murder.Have you stopped beating your wife?
    • A. 

      Tautology

    • B. 

      Equivocation

    • C. 

      Tu Quoque

    • D. 

      Begging the question

  • 13. 
    The Bible is the word of God.  We know this because the bible itself tells us so.You are a disagreeable person and, if you disagree with me on this, it will only further prove what a disagreeable person you are.
    • A. 

      Tautology

    • B. 

      Appealing to extremes

    • C. 

      Straw man

    • D. 

      Slippery slope

  • 14. 
    If its good enough for _______its good enough for me.laws against marijuana are plain silly.  Why, thomas jefferson is known to have raised hemp on his own plantation.
    • A. 

      Appeal to Authority

    • B. 

      Appeal to Tradition

    • C. 

      Appeal to the Crowd

    • D. 

      Straw man

  • 15. 
    Of course we have to play pomp and circumstance at graduation because thats always been the song that is played.Why do I make wine this way?  Because my father made wine this way and his father made wine this way.
    • A. 

      Appeal to Authority

    • B. 

      Appeal to the Crowd

    • C. 

      Appeal to Tradition

    • D. 

      Appeal to Stars

  • 16. 
    All I can say is that if living together is immoral then I have plenty of company.Professor Windplenty's test was extremely unfair.  Ask anyone who took it.
    • A. 

      Appeal to the crowd

    • B. 

      Appeal to tradition

    • C. 

      Appeal to authority

    • D. 

      Straw man

  • 17. 
    A mandatory seat belt law could never be enforced.  Youcan't issue citations to dead people.What woman in her right mind could truly desire ttal equality with men?  No woman wants the right to be shot at in times of war, the right to have to pay alimony, or the right to have to develop prostate cancer.
    • A. 

      Slippery slope

    • B. 

      Faulty analogy

    • C. 

      Faulty Cause

    • D. 

      Straw man

  • 18. 
    If the Supreme court allos abortion, next thing you know theyll allow euthanasia and it wont be long before society dispose of all those persons whom it deems unwanted or undesirable.If I let one student interrupt my lecture with a question, then I'll have to let others and before long there won't be any time left for my lecture
    • A. 

      Slippery Slope

    • B. 

      Appealing to extremes

    • C. 

      Hypothesis contrary to fact

    • D. 

      Straw man

  • 19. 
    Husband to ex wife:  Well, if you want to be completely fair about dividing everything up, you should get one of my testicles and i should get one of your breasts!Debtor to creditor:  Hey you have already repossessed my car and my television.  Why dont you just draw a quart of blood or carve a poiund of flesh from my hear as well?
    • A. 

      Straw man

    • B. 

      Slippery Slope

    • C. 

      Hypthesis contrary to fact

    • D. 

      Appealing to extremes

  • 20. 
    If al Gore had won the 2000 presidential election we wouldnt have a global warming problem.If Hitler had not invaded Russia and opened up two military fronts the Nazis would surely have won the war.
    • A. 

      Appealing to extremes

    • B. 

      Hypothesis contrary to fact

    • C. 

      Faulty cause

    • D. 

      Straw Man

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