# Cold Mountain Chap 4-5 Pretest Vocab

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this is the pretest for chap 4-5(up to page 110)

• 1.

### The actual or expected path of a moving object

• A.

Missle path

• B.

Flightway

• C.

Trajectory

• D.

Ejectory

C. Trajectory
Explanation
The term "trajectory" refers to the actual or expected path of a moving object. It is commonly used in the context of missiles, aircraft, or any other object that is in motion. The trajectory describes the curved or straight path that the object follows from its starting point to its destination. It takes into account factors such as speed, direction, and the influence of external forces like gravity or air resistance. In this context, "missile path" and "flightway" are synonymous with trajectory, as they also describe the path of a missile or aircraft in motion. However, "ejectory" is not a valid word and does not have any meaning or relevance to the concept of trajectory.

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• 2.

### A very small quatity of a given item

• A.

Minority

• B.

Meager

• C.

Reager

• D.

Deleagure

B. Meager
Explanation
The word "meager" means a very small quantity or amount of something. It implies that there is not enough of the item in question. Therefore, "meager" is the correct answer as it best matches the given definition. The other options, "minority," "reager," and "deleagure," do not convey the same meaning.

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• 3.

### A tool for cutting grass like or having a long handle and a curved blade

• A.

Sithe

• B.

Scythe

• C.

Scimitar

• D.

Mower

B. Scythe
Explanation
A scythe is a tool used for cutting grass. It typically has a long handle and a curved blade, which allows for efficient cutting. The word "scythe" accurately describes this tool, as it matches the given description. A scythe is different from a scimitar, which is a curved sword, and a mower, which is a machine used for cutting grass. Therefore, the correct answer is scythe.

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• 4.

### Feed for feeding farm animal.s like hay or corn stalk

• A.

Fodder

• B.

Lodder

• C.

Modder

• D.

Malicious

A. Fodder
Explanation
Fodder refers to the feed that is given to farm animals, such as hay or corn stalks. It is used to provide nutrition and sustenance to these animals. The other options, lodder, modder, and malicious, do not relate to the concept of feeding farm animals. Therefore, the correct answer is fodder.

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• 5.

### To  hit or strike with great force especially with the hand

• A.

Fisticuff

• B.

Smote

• C.

Brawl

• D.

Smike

B. Smote
Explanation
The word "smote" means to hit or strike with great force, especially with the hand. It is a past tense form of the verb "smite". Therefore, "smote" is the correct answer as it best fits the given definition. "Fisticuff" refers to a fight with the fists, "brawl" is a noisy and violent fight, and "smike" is not a recognized word in English.

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• 6.

### Indicating a future threat , evil , or unpleasantness

• A.

Forevil

• B.

Ominous

• C.

Omniscent

• D.

Omnitorium

B. Ominous
Explanation
The word "ominous" is the correct answer because it means indicating a future threat, evil, or unpleasantness. It is often used to describe something that gives a sense of foreboding or impending danger. The other options, "forevil," "omniscent," and "omnitorium," do not have the same meaning or connotation as "ominous."

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• 7.

### to move back to a previous low level, as water would do

• A.

Recede

• B.

Retred

• C.

Retrain

• D.

Redrain

A. Recede
Explanation
The word "recede" means to move back to a previous low level, as water would do. This word is often used to describe the movement of water, such as when the tide goes out or a floodwaters retreat. It can also be used metaphorically to describe a situation or problem that is gradually becoming less intense or important.

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• 8.

### To roll about lazily in mud ,sand , water or the like for comfort or pleasure

• A.

Lounge

• B.

Wallow

• C.

Tallow

• D.

Mallow

B. Wallow
Explanation
The correct answer is "wallow". Wallow means to roll about lazily in mud, sand, water, or the like for comfort or pleasure. The other options, "lounge", "tallow", and "mallow", do not have the same meaning or association with rolling about in a substance for comfort or pleasure.

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• 9.

### To leave unused

• A.

Dallow

• B.

Tallow

• C.

Gallow

• D.

Fallow

D. Fallow
Explanation
The word "fallow" means to leave land uncultivated or unused for a period of time. It is often used in agriculture to describe a field that is intentionally left without crops to allow the soil to rest and regenerate. The other options, "dallow," "tallow," and "Gallow," are not valid English words and do not have any connection to the concept of leaving unused. Therefore, the correct answer is "fallow."

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• 10.

### A young pig that has been recently weaned

• A.

Short

• B.

Boar

• C.

Hog

• D.

Shoat

D. Shoat
Explanation
A shoat refers to a young pig that has recently been weaned. It is a term commonly used in agricultural and farming contexts. The other options, short, boar, and hog, do not specifically refer to a young pig that has been weaned.

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• 11.

### To lie, sit or walk laziliy or leisurely

• A.

Lunge

• B.

Longtish

• C.

Lounge

• D.

Lozenge

C. Lounge
Explanation
The word "lounge" means to lie, sit, or walk lazily or leisurely. It is often associated with a relaxed and comfortable atmosphere, such as a lounge area in a hotel or a lounge chair by the pool. The other options, "lunge," "longtish," and "lozenge," do not have the same meaning and are not related to the concept of lazily or leisurely activities.

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• 12.

### The out line of a surface, form, or figure

• A.

Concave

• B.

Congruent

• C.

Trajectory

• D.

Contour

D. Contour
Explanation
Contour refers to the outline or shape of a surface, form, or figure. It represents the curves or lines that define the boundaries or edges of an object or terrain. This term is commonly used in art, geography, and science to describe the shape or structure of something.

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• 13.

### Not aligned, not corresponding or coinciding as two geomertical figures

• A.

Incongruent

• B.

Inconceived

• C.

Incontinent

• D.

Incongressant

A. Incongruent
Explanation
The term "incongruent" means that two geometric figures are not aligned, corresponding, or coinciding with each other. It is the correct answer because it accurately describes the relationship between the figures in question. "Inconceived," "incontinent," and "incongressant" do not have the same meaning and are therefore incorrect options.

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• 14.

### To converge without detection

• A.

Seamlessly

• B.

Convergelessly

• C.

Trajectory

• D.

Refactory

A. Seamlessly
Explanation
The word "seamlessly" means to do something smoothly or without any noticeable transition or interruption. In the given options, "seamlessly" is the only word that fits this meaning. The other options, "convergelessly," "trajectory," and "refactory," do not convey the same idea of a smooth and undetectable convergence. Therefore, "seamlessly" is the correct answer.

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• 15.

### To scavenge food from nature or other source

• A.

Foreasted

• B.

Arborreal

• C.

Foraged

• D.

Wooded

C. Foraged
Explanation
The word "foraged" means to search or gather food from nature or other sources. This term accurately describes the action of scavenging for food, which is the main idea presented in the given statement. The other options, "foreasted," "arborreal," and "wooded," do not convey the same meaning and are not relevant to the context of the statement.

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• 16.

• A.

Sheepish

• B.

Lambsskin

• C.

Mutton

• D.

Woolens

D. Woolens
Explanation
The term "woolens" refers to fabric made from wool. This fabric is typically warm, soft, and cozy, making it suitable for winter clothing such as sweaters, scarves, and blankets. It is derived from the natural fibers of sheep's wool, which are processed and woven to create the fabric. Woolens are popular due to their excellent insulation properties, ability to retain heat even when wet, and durability. They are commonly used in cold climates to provide warmth and comfort.

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