Clostridium

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| By Animaldoc2013
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Animaldoc2013
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Quizzes Created: 5 | Total Attempts: 13,034
Questions: 24 | Attempts: 1,381

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Bacteria Quizzes & Trivia

Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Clostridium spp. cause disease by producing endotoxins

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    Clostridium produce exotoxins.

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  • 2. 

    All strains of C. perfringens produce Alpha toxin

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    All strains of C. perfringens produce Alpha toxin. This means that regardless of the specific strain of C. perfringens, it will always produce Alpha toxin.

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  • 3. 

    Type C strains of C. perfringens produce which toxins?

    • A.

      Alpha only

    • B.

      Alpha and Beta

    • C.

      Beta only

    • D.

      Beta and epsilon

    • E.

      Just epsilon

    Correct Answer
    B. Alpha and Beta
    Explanation
    Type C strains of C. perfringens produce both alpha and beta toxins. Alpha toxin is a phospholipase enzyme that disrupts cell membranes, leading to tissue damage and hemolysis. Beta toxin, also known as perfringolysin O, is a pore-forming toxin that causes cell lysis and tissue destruction. These toxins contribute to the pathogenicity of C. perfringens and are responsible for the characteristic symptoms and tissue damage associated with infections caused by type C strains.

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  • 4. 

    Type D strains of C. perfringens produce which toxins?

    • A.

      Alpha and Beta

    • B.

      Alpha and Epsilon

    • C.

      Just epsilon

    • D.

      Beta and Epsilon

    Correct Answer
    B. Alpha and Epsilon
    Explanation
    Type D strains of C. perfringens produce the toxins Alpha and Epsilon.

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  • 5. 

    C. perfringens type B is found commonly in the USA

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    The statement is false because Clostridium perfringens type B is not commonly found in the USA. C. perfringens type B is actually rare and is primarily associated with enteritis necroticans, also known as pigbel disease, which occurs in certain developing countries. In the USA, C. perfringens type A is the most common type and is responsible for causing foodborne illnesses.

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  • 6. 

    Presence of spores in a fecal sample is indicative of CPAD in dogs.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    The presence of spores in a fecal sample is not indicative of CPAD (Canine Parvovirus Enteritis) in dogs. CPAD is a viral infection that affects the gastrointestinal tract of dogs and is not caused by spores. The presence of spores in a fecal sample could indicate the presence of other types of infections or parasites, but not CPAD. Therefore, the statement is false.

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  • 7. 

    Overeating disease of sheep is caused by which strain of C. perfringens?

    • A.

      Type A

    • B.

      Type B

    • C.

      Type C

    • D.

      Type D

    Correct Answer
    D. Type D
    Explanation
    Overeating disease of sheep is caused by Type D strain of C. perfringens. This strain produces epsilon toxin, which is responsible for the disease. Type D strain is commonly found in the intestines of healthy sheep, but under certain conditions such as overeating, the bacteria can multiply rapidly and produce toxins that cause severe damage to the intestines. This can lead to symptoms such as sudden death, bloating, and diarrhea in affected sheep. Therefore, Type D strain is the correct answer for the cause of overeating disease in sheep.

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  • 8. 

    Infectious Necrotic Hepatitis is caused by what organism?

    Correct Answer
    Clostridium novyi
    Clostridium novyi Type B
    C. novyi
    C. novyi Type B
    Explanation
    Infectious Necrotic Hepatitis is caused by the organism Clostridium novyi and its Type B strain. Both Clostridium novyi and Clostridium novyi Type B can cause this disease. The abbreviation C. novyi is also used to refer to both the organism and its Type B strain.

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  • 9. 

    Black disease of sheep can be triggered by migration of Fasciola hepatica

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Black disease of sheep is a condition caused by the migration of Fasciola hepatica, a liver fluke parasite. The parasite infects the liver of the sheep and causes necrosis, leading to the characteristic black discoloration of the affected tissue. This disease is commonly seen in areas where liver fluke infestations are prevalent. Therefore, the statement that black disease of sheep can be triggered by the migration of Fasciola hepatica is true.

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  • 10. 

    What is another name for Bacillary hemoglobinuria?

    Correct Answer
    Red water disease
    Explanation
    Bacillary hemoglobinuria is commonly known as Red water disease. This disease is caused by a bacteria called Clostridium haemolyticum, which produces toxins that destroy red blood cells, leading to the presence of blood in the urine. The name "Red water disease" is derived from the characteristic red or dark urine coloration observed in affected animals. This disease primarily affects cattle and can be fatal if left untreated.

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  • 11. 

    What is the etiologic agent for Red water disease?

    Correct Answer
    Clostridium novyi Type D
    Clostridium haemolyticum
    Explanation
    The etiologic agents for Red water disease are Clostridium novyi Type D and Clostridium haemolyticum. These bacteria are responsible for causing the disease.

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  • 12. 

    Which organism is responsible for weanling diarrhea of rabbits and antibiotic associated enteritis in adult rabbits?

    Correct Answer
    Clostridium spiriforme
    Explanation
    Clostridium spiriforme is responsible for weanling diarrhea in rabbits, which is a condition characterized by diarrhea in young rabbits after weaning. It is also the causative agent of antibiotic-associated enteritis in adult rabbits, which is inflammation of the intestines due to the use of antibiotics. Clostridium spiriforme is a bacterium that can cause gastrointestinal issues in rabbits of different ages.

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  • 13. 

    What is the etiologic agent of Tyzzer's disease?

    Correct Answer
    Clostridium piliforme
    Explanation
    Clostridium piliforme is the etiologic agent of Tyzzer's disease. Tyzzer's disease is a bacterial infection that primarily affects animals, particularly rodents and other small mammals. Clostridium piliforme is a gram-negative, spore-forming bacterium that can cause severe gastrointestinal and liver disease in infected animals. It is transmitted through the ingestion of contaminated food or water. The bacterium targets the liver and causes necrotizing hepatitis, leading to symptoms such as diarrhea, lethargy, and death in severe cases. Prompt diagnosis and treatment are crucial to prevent the spread of the infection and minimize its impact on animal populations.

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  • 14. 

    What foal age group is normally associated with Tyzzer's disease?

    • A.

      1-6 weeks

    • B.

      1-6 months

    • C.

      1-6 years

    Correct Answer
    A. 1-6 weeks
    Explanation
    Tyzzer's disease is a bacterial infection that primarily affects young foals. The age group most commonly associated with this disease is 1-6 weeks. During this time, foals are particularly susceptible to the infection due to their immature immune systems. It is important for horse owners and veterinarians to be aware of the age group at risk in order to detect and treat Tyzzer's disease promptly.

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  • 15. 

    Clostridium spp are zoonotic

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    Clostridium spp are not zoonotic. Zoonotic diseases are those that can be transmitted between animals and humans. While some species of Clostridium can cause diseases in animals, they are not typically known to be directly transmitted to humans. However, certain toxins produced by Clostridium species can cause illnesses in humans if ingested through contaminated food or wounds. Therefore, it is important to handle and cook food properly to prevent any potential infection from Clostridium spp.

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  • 16. 

    You give an IM injection of Banamine to a horse which later develops an infection at the wound site. Which organism is probably responsible?

    Correct Answer
    Clostridium septicum
    Explanation
    Clostridium septicum is a gram-positive, anaerobic bacterium that can cause infections at the wound site. It is commonly associated with gas gangrene and can lead to tissue destruction and systemic infection. This bacterium is commonly found in the environment and can enter the body through contaminated wounds. In this case, the horse developed an infection at the injection site after receiving Banamine, suggesting that Clostridium septicum is likely responsible for the infection.

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  • 17. 

    What is another name for Braxy?

    Correct Answer
    Ovine Abomasitis
    Explanation
    Ovine Abomasitis is another name for Braxy. Braxy is a disease that affects sheep and is characterized by inflammation of the abomasum, which is the fourth compartment of the sheep's stomach. This condition can cause severe abdominal pain, diarrhea, and even death in affected animals. Therefore, Ovine Abomasitis is the correct alternative term for Braxy.

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  • 18. 

    Ingestion of frozen or poor quality feed can lead to Braxy

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Ingesting frozen or poor quality feed can lead to Braxy, which is a disease commonly found in sheep. This disease is caused by the consumption of feed that has been frozen or is of low quality. The ingestion of such feed can result in the development of Braxy in sheep. Therefore, the statement "Ingestion of frozen or poor quality feed can lead to Braxy" is true.

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  • 19. 

    What organism is the etiologic agent for Braxy?

    Correct Answer
    Clostridium septicum
    Explanation
    Clostridium septicum is the etiologic agent for Braxy. Braxy is a disease that primarily affects sheep and is characterized by inflammation of the abomasum (the fourth stomach compartment). Clostridium septicum is a gram-positive, anaerobic bacterium that is commonly found in the gastrointestinal tract of animals. It produces toxins that can cause tissue damage and lead to the development of Braxy. Therefore, Clostridium septicum is the correct answer as it is the organism responsible for causing this specific disease.

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  • 20. 

    What is the etiologic agent of Struck?

    • A.

      C. septicum

    • B.

      C. perfringens type C

    • C.

      C. novyi Type B

    • D.

      C. novyi Type D

    Correct Answer
    B. C. perfringens type C
    Explanation
    C. perfringens type C is the etiologic agent of Struck. Struck is a disease that affects ruminants, particularly sheep and cattle, causing sudden death. C. perfringens type C is a bacterium that produces toxins which can lead to severe damage to the intestines and other organs. It is known to cause enterotoxemia, a condition characterized by the overgrowth of bacteria in the intestines and the release of toxins. This bacterium is commonly found in the environment and can contaminate feed and water sources, leading to infection in animals.

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  • 21. 

    What is the etiologic agent of Pulpy Kidney?

    • A.

      C. septicum

    • B.

      C. perfringens Type D

    • C.

      C. chauvoei

    • D.

      C. perfringens Type C

    Correct Answer
    B. C. perfringens Type D
    Explanation
    The etiologic agent of Pulpy Kidney is C. perfringens Type D.

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  • 22. 

    What is the etiologic agent of Black Leg?

    • A.

      C. septicum

    • B.

      C. chauvoei

    • C.

      C. perfringens Type C

    • D.

      C. perfringens Type D

    Correct Answer
    B. C. chauvoei
    Explanation
    C. chauvoei is the etiologic agent of Black Leg. Black Leg is a bacterial disease that affects cattle and sheep, causing severe muscle necrosis and toxemia. C. chauvoei is a gram-positive, spore-forming bacterium that is commonly found in the soil. It enters the body through wounds or ingestion and produces toxins that destroy muscle tissue. Other options, such as C. septicum and different types of C. perfringens, may cause other diseases but are not specifically associated with Black Leg.

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  • 23. 

    What is the etiologic agent of Big Head?

    • A.

      C. novyi Type D

    • B.

      C. novyi Type B

    • C.

      C. perfringens

    • D.

      C. septicum

    Correct Answer
    A. C. novyi Type D
    Explanation
    C. novyi Type D is the etiologic agent of Big Head. This bacterium is responsible for causing the disease in animals, particularly sheep and cattle. It produces toxins that lead to the accumulation of fluid in the head, resulting in the characteristic swelling and neurological symptoms associated with Big Head. C. novyi Type D is transmitted through contaminated feed or water, and proper vaccination and management practices are essential to prevent and control the disease.

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  • 24. 

    Why do the British name diseases by the symptoms they cause?

    • A.

      They have poor oral hygiene which affects their ability to use latin

    • B.

      They are still sore about the revolution and use it to get back at us

    • C.

      It's fun to say things like "My sheep has pulpy kidney"

    • D.

      A better question is, how do you pronounce "Llanfairpwllgwyngyllgogerychwyrndrobwllllantysiliogogogoch". It's real. Look it up.

    Correct Answer
    D. A better question is, how do you pronounce "Llanfairpwllgwyngyllgogerychwyrndrobwllllantysiliogogogoch". It's real. Look it up.

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