Clin Tech Blood Exam

Approved & Edited by ProProfs Editorial Team
The editorial team at ProProfs Quizzes consists of a select group of subject experts, trivia writers, and quiz masters who have authored over 10,000 quizzes taken by more than 100 million users. This team includes our in-house seasoned quiz moderators and subject matter experts. Our editorial experts, spread across the world, are rigorously trained using our comprehensive guidelines to ensure that you receive the highest quality quizzes.
| By Katiekibs
K
Katiekibs
Community Contributor
Quizzes Created: 1 | Total Attempts: 58
Questions: 80 | Attempts: 58

Settings

• 1.

Animals have how many mls of blood per kg of body weight?

Explanation
Animals have approximately 70 milliliters of blood per kilogram of body weight. This means that for every kilogram of body weight, an animal has 70 milliliters of blood. This ratio helps to ensure that animals have enough blood to supply oxygen and nutrients to their tissues and organs. It also helps to maintain proper circulation and regulate body temperature.

Rate this question:

• 2.

Cats plasma % range?

Explanation
The correct answer is 65-75. This range refers to the percentage of plasma in a cat's blood. Plasma is the liquid component of blood that carries nutrients, hormones, and waste products throughout the body. In cats, the plasma percentage typically falls within the range of 65-75%. This range is important to monitor as it can indicate hydration levels and overall health in cats.

Rate this question:

• 3.

Dogs plasma % range?

Explanation
The given answer of 50-60 represents the percentage range of plasma in dogs. This means that the plasma in dogs typically makes up around 50% to 60% of their blood volume. Plasma is the liquid component of blood that carries various substances such as nutrients, hormones, and waste products throughout the body. The range provided suggests that dogs have a relatively high amount of plasma compared to other components of their blood.

Rate this question:

• 4.

Horse plasma % range?

Explanation
The correct answer is 50-70. This range refers to the percentage of horse plasma. It indicates that the concentration of horse plasma in a given sample can vary between 50% and 70%.

Rate this question:

• 5.

What does normal plasma look like?

Explanation
Normal plasma is the liquid component of blood that is free from cells and clotting factors. It is typically a clear, light yellow color. This color is due to the presence of proteins, such as albumin, and other substances dissolved in the plasma. The yellow color becomes more pronounced when the plasma is concentrated, such as during dehydration, while a pale or watery appearance may indicate dilution. Monitoring the color of plasma can provide valuable information about a person's hydration status and overall health.

Rate this question:

• 6.

Plasma is _____%water                 ______%protein                 ______%dissolved Solids

Explanation
Plasma is composed of approximately 91% water, 8% protein, and 1% dissolved solids. This means that the majority of plasma is made up of water, followed by proteins and a small amount of dissolved solids.

Rate this question:

• 7.

How much albumin is in the plasma?

Explanation
The given answer states that 60% of albumin is present in the plasma. This suggests that albumin makes up a significant proportion of the plasma composition. Albumin is a protein found in the blood and plays a crucial role in maintaining osmotic pressure, transporting substances, and regulating pH balance. Therefore, a high percentage of albumin in the plasma indicates its importance in various physiological functions.

Rate this question:

• 8.

What type of anticoagulant is in the red stopper tube?

Explanation
The red stopper tube does not contain any anticoagulant.

Rate this question:

• 9.

What type of anticoagulant is in the purple stopper tube?

Explanation
Used for hematology and cell morphology

Rate this question:

• 10.

What type of anticoagulant is in the green stopper tube?

Explanation
used for blood gases and STAT specimens

Rate this question:

• 11.

What type of anticoagulant is in the light blue stopper?

Explanation
Used for Coag. Studies

Rate this question:

• 12.

What type of anticoagulant is in the tiger stopper tube?

Explanation
The tiger stopper tube contains a type of anticoagulant known as serum separators. Serum separators are substances that are added to blood collection tubes to help separate the liquid portion of blood, known as serum, from the solid components, such as cells and clotting factors. This allows for easier analysis of the serum for various diagnostic tests.

Rate this question:

• 13.

What type of anticoagulant is in the yellow/red stopper tube?

Explanation
The yellow/red stopper tube contains Hemoguard, which is a type of anticoagulant. This anticoagulant is used to prevent blood from clotting in the tube, allowing for accurate testing and analysis of blood samples. Hemoguard is specifically designed to preserve the integrity of the blood sample and maintain its stability for laboratory testing purposes.

Rate this question:

• 14.

What does Lipemic or chylous plasma look like?

Explanation
Lipemic or chylous plasma appears as a cloudy white color. This is due to the presence of high levels of lipids or fats in the plasma, which causes it to become opaque and cloudy. The cloudy appearance is a result of the scattering of light by the lipid particles suspended in the plasma. This can occur in conditions such as hyperlipidemia or when there is an increased amount of chylomicrons, which are lipoprotein particles that transport dietary fats.

Rate this question:

• 15.

What does Icteric or jaundiced plasma look like?

Explanation
Icteric or jaundiced plasma appears dark yellow or yellow brown. Jaundice is a condition characterized by the yellowing of the skin and eyes, caused by a buildup of bilirubin in the blood. Bilirubin is a yellow pigment produced by the breakdown of red blood cells. When there is an excessive amount of bilirubin in the blood, it can give a yellowish color to the plasma, which is the liquid component of the blood. Therefore, dark yellow or yellow brown is the correct description for icteric or jaundiced plasma.

Rate this question:

• 16.

What does hemolyzed plasma look like??

Explanation
Hemolyzed plasma appears as a clear red color. Hemolysis refers to the rupture or destruction of red blood cells, causing the release of hemoglobin into the plasma. The presence of hemoglobin gives the plasma a red color, which is still clear in appearance.

Rate this question:

• 17.

Where are erythrocytes produced?

Explanation
Erythrocytes, also known as red blood cells, are produced in the bone marrow, which is found in flat bones as well as in the red marrow of other bones. The bone marrow is responsible for the production of all blood cells, including erythrocytes. These cells play a crucial role in transporting oxygen to different parts of the body.

Rate this question:

• 18.

What is the life span of erythrocytes in dogs and cats?

Explanation
Erythrocytes, or red blood cells, have a lifespan of approximately 100 days in both dogs and cats. These cells play a crucial role in transporting oxygen throughout the body. Over time, they become old and less efficient, and are eventually removed from circulation by the spleen and liver. The body constantly produces new erythrocytes to replace the old ones, maintaining a healthy balance. This 100-day lifespan is an average and can vary slightly depending on the individual animal's health and other factors.

Rate this question:

• 19.

What is the life span of erythrocytes in horses and cows?

Explanation
The life span of erythrocytes in horses and cows is 140 days. Erythrocytes, also known as red blood cells, are responsible for carrying oxygen to tissues and removing carbon dioxide. In horses and cows, these cells have a relatively long life span compared to other animals. This extended life span allows them to efficiently perform their vital functions within the circulatory system for a longer period of time.

Rate this question:

• 20.

Where are thrombocytes formed?

Explanation
Thrombocytes, also known as platelets, are formed in the red bone marrow. Red bone marrow is a soft tissue found in the spongy part of bones, and it is responsible for the production of various blood cells, including thrombocytes. These platelets play a crucial role in blood clotting, preventing excessive bleeding, and promoting the repair of damaged blood vessels. Therefore, the correct answer is red bone marrow.

Rate this question:

• 21.

What is the Normal Hematocrit percentage for dogs?

• A.

45 +-7

• B.

30 +-7

A. 45 +-7
Explanation
The normal hematocrit percentage for dogs is 45 +-7. Hematocrit is a measure of the proportion of red blood cells in the blood. This value is important in assessing the overall health and oxygen-carrying capacity of a dog's blood. A hematocrit percentage of 45 +-7 indicates a healthy range, with some natural variation allowed.

Rate this question:

• 22.

What is the normal hematocrit percentage for cats?

37 +-7
Explanation
The normal hematocrit percentage for cats is 37 +-7. Hematocrit is a measure of the proportion of red blood cells in the blood. This range indicates that the normal hematocrit percentage for cats can vary between 30% and 44%.

Rate this question:

• 23.

What is the normal hematocrit percentage for horses?

42 +-7
Explanation
The normal hematocrit percentage for horses is 42 +-7. Hematocrit is a measure of the volume of red blood cells in the blood. This value indicates the proportion of red blood cells to the total blood volume. The range of 42 +-7 suggests that the normal hematocrit percentage for horses can vary between 35% and 49%.

Rate this question:

• 24.

Three causes for increased PCV

Dehydration, polycythemia, High altitudes
Explanation
Increased PCV (Packed Cell Volume) refers to an elevation in the proportion of red blood cells in the blood. Dehydration can cause an increase in PCV as the volume of plasma decreases, leading to a relative increase in the number of red blood cells. Polycythemia, a condition characterized by an excessive production of red blood cells, can also result in increased PCV. High altitudes can cause an increase in PCV due to the reduced availability of oxygen, leading to the body producing more red blood cells to compensate for the lower oxygen levels.

Rate this question:

• 25.

Three causes for decreased PCV

Anemia, Hemolysis, Bleeding disorders
Explanation
The correct answer is anemia, hemolysis, and bleeding disorders. Anemia refers to a decrease in the number of red blood cells or the amount of hemoglobin in the blood, which can lead to a decreased PCV (packed cell volume). Hemolysis is the breakdown of red blood cells, which also results in a decreased PCV. Bleeding disorders can cause excessive blood loss, leading to a decrease in the PCV. These three conditions are known causes of decreased PCV.

Rate this question:

• 26.

4 Technical errors that cause altered PCV results

Improper mixing, Improper spinning, leaking tubes, Hemolysis
Explanation
The answer provided lists four technical errors that can cause altered PCV (Packed Cell Volume) results. Improper mixing refers to not adequately mixing the blood sample before testing, which can lead to inaccurate results. Improper spinning refers to not centrifuging the blood sample at the correct speed and duration, resulting in incorrect separation of the components. Leaking tubes can cause loss of blood sample or contamination, affecting the accuracy of the PCV measurement. Hemolysis, the breakdown of red blood cells, can also impact PCV results by altering the concentration of red blood cells in the sample.

Rate this question:

• 27.

What is the hemoglobin normal for the horse and dog?

15 g/dl
Explanation
The normal hemoglobin level for both horses and dogs is 15 g/dl. Hemoglobin is a protein found in red blood cells that carries oxygen throughout the body. This level indicates the amount of hemoglobin present in a deciliter of blood. It is an important measure of the oxygen-carrying capacity of the blood and can indicate the overall health and oxygenation status of the animal. A level of 15 g/dl is considered normal for both horses and dogs.

Rate this question:

• 28.

What is the hemoglobin normal for the cat and cow?

12 g/dl
Explanation
The hemoglobin normal for both cats and cows is 12 g/dl. This is the typical range of hemoglobin levels found in these animals. Hemoglobin is a protein in red blood cells that carries oxygen throughout the body. Having a hemoglobin level of 12 g/dl indicates that the cat or cow has a healthy amount of this protein in their blood, ensuring proper oxygen delivery to their tissues and organs.

Rate this question:

• 29.

Blood + _______reagent = Cyanmethemoglobin

Drabkins
Explanation
Drabkins reagent is a solution used in laboratory tests to measure the concentration of hemoglobin in blood. When mixed with blood, Drabkins reagent reacts with hemoglobin to form a stable compound called cyanmethemoglobin. This compound is then measured spectrophotometrically to determine the hemoglobin concentration in the blood sample. Therefore, the correct answer is Drabkins, as it is the specific reagent required to produce cyanmethemoglobin.

Rate this question:

• 30.

What is the formula for MCV?

Hct*10/#RBC in millions
Explanation
The formula for MCV is calculated by multiplying the hematocrit (Hct) value by 10 and then dividing it by the number of red blood cells (#RBC) in millions. This formula helps to determine the average size of red blood cells and is used to diagnose various types of anemia. By multiplying the Hct by 10, the result is obtained in femtoliters (fL), which is the standard unit for MCV measurement. Dividing it by the number of red blood cells provides a more accurate representation of the average size of the cells.

Rate this question:

• 31.

MCV values less than normal average =?

Microcytes
Explanation
MCV stands for Mean Corpuscular Volume, which is a measure of the average size of red blood cells. Microcytes are red blood cells that are smaller than normal. Therefore, if the MCV values are less than the normal average, it indicates the presence of microcytes in the blood.

Rate this question:

• 32.

MCV values greater than normal average =?

Macrocytes
Explanation
MCV stands for Mean Corpuscular Volume, which is a measure of the average size of red blood cells. Macrocytes refers to red blood cells that are larger than normal. Therefore, if the MCV values are greater than the normal average, it indicates the presence of macrocytes in the blood.

Rate this question:

• 33.

MCV is measured in Femtoliters

• A.

True

• B.

False

A. True
Explanation
MCV stands for Mean Corpuscular Volume, which is a measure of the average volume of red blood cells in a person's body. It is typically measured in units called femtoliters (fL), which is equal to one quadrillionth of a liter. Therefore, the given statement that MCV is measured in femtoliters is correct.

Rate this question:

• 34.

Normal MCV for a cat?

40-55
Explanation
The normal mean corpuscular volume (MCV) for a cat is typically between 40-55. MCV is a measure of the average size of red blood cells, and it can provide information about the cat's overall health and the presence of certain conditions. A MCV value within the normal range indicates that the cat's red blood cells are of a normal size, which is important for proper oxygen transport and overall functioning of the body.

Rate this question:

• 35.

Normal MCV for a dog?

60-77
Explanation
The normal mean corpuscular volume (MCV) for a dog is typically between 60-77. MCV refers to the average size of red blood cells in the bloodstream. This range indicates the typical size range for red blood cells in a healthy dog. Values below or above this range may indicate certain health conditions or abnormalities in the dog's blood.

Rate this question:

• 36.

Normal MCV for a horse?

35-55
Explanation
The normal MCV (mean corpuscular volume) for a horse is 35-55. MCV is a measure of the average size of the red blood cells, and it is an important parameter in evaluating the health of the horse's blood. The range of 35-55 indicates the normal variation in red blood cell size for a healthy horse. Values outside this range may indicate an underlying health issue or abnormality in the horse's blood.

Rate this question:

• 37.

What is the MCH formula?

HB*10/#RBC in millions
Explanation
The MCH formula is calculated by multiplying the Hemoglobin (HB) level by 10 and then dividing it by the number of Red Blood Cells (#RBC) in millions. This formula helps determine the mean corpuscular hemoglobin, which is a measure of the average amount of hemoglobin present in each red blood cell. By using this formula, healthcare professionals can assess the hemoglobin content in the blood and identify any abnormalities or deficiencies.

Rate this question:

• 38.

MCH values less than normal =?

Hypochromatic anemia
Explanation
MCH (Mean Corpuscular Hemoglobin) is a measure of the average amount of hemoglobin in each red blood cell. When MCH values are less than normal, it indicates hypochromic anemia. Hypochromic anemia is a type of anemia where the red blood cells have a lower than normal concentration of hemoglobin, which is the protein responsible for carrying oxygen. This condition can be caused by various factors, including iron deficiency, certain chronic diseases, or genetic disorders. It often leads to symptoms such as fatigue, weakness, and shortness of breath, as the body's tissues do not receive enough oxygen.

Rate this question:

• 39.

MCH values greater than normal =?

Hyperchromatic anemia
• 40.

Normal MCH for a Horse?

14-18
Explanation
The normal MCH (mean corpuscular hemoglobin) range for a horse is 14-18. MCH measures the average amount of hemoglobin in each red blood cell. Hemoglobin is responsible for carrying oxygen to the body's tissues. The given answer indicates the acceptable range of MCH values for a horse, which falls between 14 and 18.

Rate this question:

• 41.

Normal MCH for a dog?

15-25
Explanation
The normal MCH (mean corpuscular hemoglobin) range for a dog is 15-25. MCH is a measure of the average amount of hemoglobin in each red blood cell. This range indicates the typical and healthy levels of hemoglobin in a dog's red blood cells. Hemoglobin carries oxygen throughout the body, so maintaining the appropriate MCH range is crucial for a dog's overall health and well-being.

Rate this question:

• 42.

Normal MCH for a cat?

13-20
Explanation
The normal MCH (mean corpuscular hemoglobin) range for a cat is 13-20. MCH is a measure of the average amount of hemoglobin in each red blood cell. This range indicates the normal levels of hemoglobin in a cat's red blood cells. Hemoglobin is responsible for carrying oxygen to the body's tissues, so maintaining the appropriate levels is crucial for overall health and functioning.

Rate this question:

• 43.

What is MCH measured in?

Picograms
Explanation
MCH stands for Mean Corpuscular Hemoglobin, which is a measure of the average amount of hemoglobin present in a red blood cell. It is typically measured in picograms, which is a unit of mass equal to one trillionth of a gram. Measuring MCH helps in diagnosing and monitoring various blood disorders, such as anemia, by providing information about the amount of hemoglobin in red blood cells.

Rate this question:

• 44.

What is the formula for MCHC?

Hb*100/Hct
Explanation
The formula for MCHC is calculated by multiplying the Hemoglobin (Hb) value by 100 and then dividing it by the Hematocrit (Hct) value. This formula is used to determine the Mean Corpuscular Hemoglobin Concentration (MCHC), which measures the average concentration of hemoglobin in a given volume of packed red blood cells. By dividing the Hb value by Hct, this formula provides a standardized measure of hemoglobin concentration, allowing for comparisons between individuals.

Rate this question:

• 45.

What are the units for MCHC?

Percent
Explanation
MCHC stands for Mean Corpuscular Hemoglobin Concentration, which is a measure of the average amount of hemoglobin in a given volume of packed red blood cells. It is expressed as a percentage, indicating the proportion of hemoglobin in the red blood cells. Therefore, the correct answer is percent.

Rate this question:

• 46.

Normal MCHC for dog?

30-38
Explanation
The normal MCHC (Mean Corpuscular Hemoglobin Concentration) for dogs is 30-38. MCHC is a measure of the concentration of hemoglobin in the red blood cells. Hemoglobin carries oxygen throughout the body, so a normal MCHC range ensures proper oxygenation. If the MCHC is too low, it may indicate anemia or other health issues, while a high MCHC could suggest dehydration or certain blood disorders. Monitoring the MCHC helps veterinarians assess a dog's overall health and diagnose any potential problems.

Rate this question:

• 47.

Normal MCHC for cat and horses?

30-36
Explanation
The normal MCHC (mean corpuscular hemoglobin concentration) for cats and horses is typically between 30-36. MCHC is a measure of the average concentration of hemoglobin in red blood cells, and it is an important indicator of the oxygen-carrying capacity of the blood. This range is considered normal for these animals, and any values below or above this range may indicate an underlying health issue. It is important to regularly monitor MCHC levels to ensure the overall health and well-being of cats and horses.

Rate this question:

• 48.

MCHC values less than normal= ?

Hypochromatic cells
Explanation
MCHC stands for Mean Corpuscular Hemoglobin Concentration, which is a measure of the average concentration of hemoglobin in red blood cells. A decrease in MCHC values indicates that the concentration of hemoglobin in the cells is lower than normal. This condition is known as hypochromia, where the cells appear pale or hypochromatic. Hypochromatic cells may be seen in certain types of anemia, such as iron deficiency anemia or thalassemia.

Rate this question:

• 49.

MCHC values greater than normal=?

Hyperchromatic cells
Explanation
MCHC stands for mean corpuscular hemoglobin concentration, which is a measure of the concentration of hemoglobin in a given volume of packed red blood cells. When MCHC values are greater than normal, it indicates hyperchromatic cells. Hyperchromatic cells have an increased concentration of hemoglobin, which can be seen in conditions such as spherocytosis or in certain types of anemia. This increase in hemoglobin concentration causes the cells to appear darker in color and more intensely stained.

Rate this question:

• 50.

Normal WBC value for dogs (average)

11
Explanation
The normal WBC value for dogs is 11, which means that on average, a healthy dog should have 11 white blood cells per microliter of blood. White blood cells are an important part of the immune system and help to fight off infections and diseases. Monitoring the WBC count can help veterinarians assess a dog's overall health and detect any underlying conditions or infections.

Rate this question:

Quiz Review Timeline +

Our quizzes are rigorously reviewed, monitored and continuously updated by our expert board to maintain accuracy, relevance, and timeliness.

• Current Version
• Jun 01, 2023
Quiz Edited by
ProProfs Editorial Team
• Mar 28, 2012
Quiz Created by
Katiekibs

Related Topics