Class 5 December GK

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Quizzes Created: 7 | Total Attempts: 43,950
Questions: 69 | Attempts: 661

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Class Quizzes & Trivia

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Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    It became the first Earth-born creature to go into space. It was a female dog from the USSR. It was launched into space on 3 November 1957. 

    Explanation
    Laika, a female dog from the USSR, became the first Earth-born creature to go into space. On 3 November 1957, she was launched into space, marking a significant milestone in space exploration.

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  • 2. 

    These were two female monkeys from the USA. They were launched into space on 28 May 1959

    Explanation
    Abel and Baker were two female monkeys from the USA who were launched into space on 28 May 1959.

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  • 3. 

    It was a female dog. It made a flight on 2 July 1959 with a rabbit named Marfusha and another dog named Snezhinka. It was sent into space by the USSR. 

    Explanation
    Otvazhnaya is the correct answer because it was a female dog that made a flight on 2 July 1959 with a rabbit named Marfusha and another dog named Snezhinka. Otvazhnaya was sent into space by the USSR.

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  • 4. 

    It was a male monkey. It was launched into space by the USA on 4 December 1959

    Explanation
    Sam is the name of the male monkey that was launched into space by the USA on 4 December 1959. This answer provides the specific information requested in the question and identifies the correct name associated with the given details.

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  • 5. 

    These were two female dogs from the USSR. They were launched into space on 19 August 1960. They were accompanied by a rabbit, 42 mice, 2 rats, flies and a number of plants and fungi. 

    Explanation
    Belka and Strelka were two female dogs from the USSR who were launched into space on 19 August 1960. They were part of a larger mission that included a rabbit, 42 mice, 2 rats, flies, and various plants and fungi.

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  • 6. 

    It is a huge car-crushing monster. It uses hydraulic power to lift and destroys cars and trucks. 

    Explanation
    Robosaurus is a massive car-crushing monster that utilizes hydraulic power to lift and destroy cars and trucks. This explanation accurately describes the capabilities and features of Robosaurus, highlighting its use of hydraulic power to carry out its car-crushing activities.

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  • 7. 

    This robot was developed by Honda. It can climb stairs with ease. Its full name is advanced Step in Innovative Mobility.

    Explanation
    Asimo is the correct answer because the given information perfectly matches the description of Honda's robot. Asimo is a well-known humanoid robot developed by Honda, capable of climbing stairs effortlessly. The acronym "ASIMO" stands for Advanced Step in Innovative Mobility, which also aligns with the provided details.

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  • 8. 

    It is an eight-legged robot. It can climb into the crater of a red-hot volcano to collect gas samples.

    Explanation
    Dante II is an eight-legged robot designed specifically for collecting gas samples from the crater of a red-hot volcano. Its eight legs allow it to navigate the challenging terrain and reach areas that would be inaccessible to humans. By collecting gas samples, Dante II can provide valuable information about the volcano's activity and composition, helping scientists better understand volcanic processes and potential hazards.

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  • 9. 

    It was one of the first insect robots to be built. Its six legs allow it to move over uneven ground.

    Explanation
    Genghis is one of the first insect robots to be built. It has six legs which enable it to move over uneven ground.

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  • 10. 

    It is one of the few robots that can show facial expressions. Its mouth, eyelids, eyebrows, and eyes show expressions such as fear, happiness and surprise.

    Explanation
    Kismet is one of the few robots that can show facial expressions. It has movable parts in its mouth, eyelids, eyebrows, and eyes, allowing it to display emotions such as fear, happiness, and surprise. This ability to express emotions through facial expressions sets Kismet apart from other robots, making it unique in its ability to interact with humans in a more human-like way.

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  • 11. 

    This robot can hover outside the windows of tall buildings. It can be used as a spy robot because it has microphones and cameras.

  • 12. 

    It can enter unknown areas to check for danger. In 2001, it searched the wreckage of the World Trade Center in New York for survivors.

    Explanation
    Packbot is a robot that can enter unknown areas to check for danger. In 2001, it was used to search the wreckage of the World Trade Center in New York for survivors. This suggests that Packbot is capable of navigating through difficult and hazardous environments to perform search and rescue operations.

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  • 13. 

    It was the very first robot to travel across to another planet. In 1997, this six-wheeled robot explored the surface of Mars. 

    Explanation
    The Sojourner Rover was the first robot to travel to another planet. In 1997, this six-wheeled robot successfully explored the surface of Mars.

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  • 14. 

    It can travel to the ocean floor and help recover crashed aircrafts and sunken ships. It can travel around 40 times deeper than unprotected human divers.

    Explanation
    A deep drone is a type of unmanned underwater vehicle that is capable of reaching the ocean floor and assisting in the recovery of crashed aircraft and sunken ships. Unlike human divers, it can dive to depths that are around 40 times deeper without the need for any special protective gear. This makes it an invaluable tool for exploring and retrieving objects from the deep sea, where human divers would face significant risks and limitations.

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  • 15. 

    It is the most important source of energy. almost 40% of the worlds energy supply comes from that most of it. It is found in the Middle East and has to be taken by tankers or pipelines two places where it is used around the world

    Explanation
    Oil is the most important source of energy, accounting for almost 40% of the world's energy supply. It is primarily found in the Middle East and is transported to different parts of the world through tankers or pipelines. This explanation highlights the significance of oil as a global energy resource and emphasizes its geographical distribution and transportation methods.

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  • 16. 

    It is the world's second most important source of energy it is a fossil fuel it reserves in the world will last only for one another 187 year

    Explanation
    Coal is the world's second most important source of energy after oil. It is a fossil fuel, formed from the remains of plants that lived and died millions of years ago. The statement suggests that the reserves of coal in the world will last for another 187 years. This indicates that coal is a finite resource and its availability will eventually be depleted.

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  • 17. 

    It is the third main source of energy which comes from the gas that occurs naturally beneath the Earth surface it is collected and taken to where it is needed by pipelines

    Explanation
    Natural gas is the third main source of energy and is obtained from natural gas reserves beneath the Earth's surface. It is collected and transported to its required destinations through pipelines. Natural gas is a clean-burning fuel and is widely used for various purposes such as heating, cooking, and electricity generation.

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  • 18. 

    It is the 4th most important source of energy in the world mostly it is used to produce electricity for public use first power station to produce this energy was open Calder hall United Kingdom in 1956

    Explanation
    Nuclear power is the correct answer because it is the 4th most important source of energy in the world. It is mainly used to produce electricity for public use. The first power station to produce this energy was opened in Calder Hall, United Kingdom in 1956.

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  • 19. 

    As a power source flowing water has been in use since middle ages it is the leading source of renewable energy it uses water flowing through turbines in dams to produce electricity it is less costly than fossil fuels like coal

    Explanation
    Hydropower is the correct answer because the given explanation mentions that flowing water has been used as a power source since the middle ages and it is the leading source of renewable energy. It also states that hydropower uses water flowing through turbines in dams to produce electricity and it is less costly than fossil fuels like coal. This aligns with the definition and characteristics of hydropower, making it the correct answer.

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  • 20. 

    For thousands of years this energy has been used to push sailing boats and turn wind mills now-a-days wind mills are used to produce electricity

    Explanation
    Wind energy has been used for thousands of years to propel sailing boats and operate windmills. Nowadays, windmills are specifically designed to harness the power of wind and convert it into electricity. This renewable source of energy is abundant and clean, making it an environmentally friendly alternative to fossil fuels. By capturing the kinetic energy of the wind, windmills can generate electricity that can be used to power homes, businesses, and even entire communities. Wind energy is a sustainable solution that helps reduce carbon emissions and dependence on non-renewable resources.

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  • 21. 

    This form of energy has become very popular nowadays scientist have been working hard to improve the technology running in the sun is the main source of this energy because its warmth is used to produce electricity using photovoltic cell or to heat water

    Explanation
    Solar energy has become popular due to ongoing efforts by scientists to enhance the technology. The sun is the primary source of this energy, as it emits warmth that can be harnessed to generate electricity through photovoltaic cells or to heat water.

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  • 22. 

    When the rubbish that is dumped in the ground rots it releases a gas this gas is the main source of this energy it is known as the green energy people use this energy for various purposes such as cooking lighting et cetera

    Explanation
    The given explanation suggests that the correct answer is biomass energy. Biomass energy refers to the energy derived from organic matter such as plants, agricultural waste, and wood. When this organic matter decomposes or is burned, it releases gases that can be harnessed as a source of energy. This aligns with the information provided in the question, which states that when rubbish rots, it releases gas that serves as the main source of this energy. Therefore, biomass energy is the most fitting answer based on the given explanation.

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  • 23. 

    He was an Italian physicist mathematician and astronomer he is called the father of modern as observational astronomy and the father of modern science his achievements include improvements to the telescope and astronomical observation

    Explanation
    Galileo Galilei was an Italian physicist, mathematician, and astronomer who is known as the father of modern observational astronomy and the father of modern science. He made significant contributions to the field of astronomy by improving the telescope and making groundbreaking astronomical observations. Galileo's achievements revolutionized our understanding of the universe and laid the foundation for future scientific discoveries.

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  • 24. 

    He was an English physicist mathematician astronomer and natural philosopher he is considered the greatest and most influential scientist who ever lived he is well known for his work on gravitation and motion

    Explanation
    Isaac Newton was an English physicist, mathematician, astronomer, and natural philosopher. He is widely regarded as the greatest and most influential scientist in history. Newton is particularly famous for his groundbreaking work on gravitation and motion, which laid the foundation for classical mechanics. His laws of motion and the law of universal gravitation revolutionized our understanding of the physical world and are still used today. Newton's contributions to science have had a lasting impact and continue to shape our understanding of the universe.

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  • 25. 

    He was a Greek mathematician physicist engineer and astronomer he is considered one of the greatest mathematician of all time

    Explanation
    Archimedes was a Greek mathematician, physicist, engineer, and astronomer who is widely regarded as one of the greatest mathematicians of all time. He made significant contributions to various fields, including mathematics, physics, and engineering. Archimedes is known for his discoveries and inventions, such as the principle of buoyancy (Archimedes' principle) and the concept of the lever. His mathematical achievements include the development of integral calculus and the estimation of pi. Archimedes' work had a profound impact on the scientific community and laid the foundation for many subsequent advancements in mathematics and physics.

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  • 26. 

    He was an English mathematician invented an engineer who originated the concept of a Programmable computer he is widely considered the father of a computer

    Explanation
    Charles Babbage was an English mathematician and engineer who is widely considered the father of the computer. He invented and originated the concept of a programmable computer. Babbage's designs and ideas laid the foundation for modern computers and his work greatly influenced the development of the computer industry. His inventions and contributions to the field of computing make him the correct answer to this question.

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  • 27. 

    He was a French mathematician physicist inventor and writer he was a child of Prodigy who was educated by his father when he was still a teenager he started some pioneering work and after 3 years he invented the mechanical calculator

    Explanation
    Blaise Pascal was a French mathematician, physicist, inventor, and writer. He was a child prodigy who received education from his father. At a young age, he began conducting groundbreaking work, and within three years, he invented the mechanical calculator. Pascal's contributions to mathematics and physics, including his work on probability theory and hydraulic press, cemented his place as one of the most influential figures in scientific history.

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  • 28. 

    He was an Indian physicist his work in the field of Physics and him Nobel Prize in 1930

    Explanation
    Sir CV Raman was an Indian physicist who made significant contributions to the field of Physics. His most notable achievement was the discovery of the Raman Effect, which explained the scattering of light and earned him the Nobel Prize in Physics in 1930. Raman's work had a profound impact on the understanding of light and its interaction with matter, and he is considered one of the greatest scientists in Indian history.

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  • 29. 

    He was it true mathematical genius he was a self taught mathematician who made extraordinary analysis in number theory apart from his published and non works he left Behind many notebooks which mathematician are still working on his birthday is celebrated as the National mathematics day every year on December 22

    Explanation
    Srinivasa Ramanujan was a true mathematical genius who made extraordinary contributions to number theory. He was a self-taught mathematician and despite not having a formal education, he produced remarkable analysis in the field. In addition to his published works, Ramanujan left behind numerous notebooks that mathematicians are still studying today. His birthday, December 22, is celebrated as National Mathematics Day in recognition of his significant contributions to the field.

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  • 30. 

    He was a great mathematician and astronomer of Ancient India he was the first to claim that the Earth rotates on its axis and the movement of the stars is just felt by the rotation of the earth he believed that the planets orbits are elliptical rather than circular

    Explanation
    Aryabhata was a renowned mathematician and astronomer from Ancient India. He made significant contributions to the field by proposing that the Earth rotates on its axis and that the movement of the stars is caused by the rotation of the Earth. Additionally, he believed that the orbits of planets are elliptical rather than circular. Aryabhata's theories were groundbreaking for his time and laid the foundation for modern understanding of celestial mechanics.

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  • 31. 

    What is the scientific study of animals called

    Explanation
    Zoology is the scientific study of animals. It involves the study of their behavior, anatomy, physiology, classification, and distribution. Zoologists observe and analyze animals in their natural habitats or in controlled environments to understand their characteristics and interactions with their environment. They also study the evolutionary history of animals and their relationships with other organisms. Through zoology, scientists gain valuable insights into the diversity and complexity of the animal kingdom, which aids in conservation efforts and the understanding of our own place in the natural world.

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  • 32. 

    What is the scientific study of relations of plants and animals to each other and to their surroundings called

    Explanation
    Ecology is the scientific study of the relationships between plants, animals, and their environment. It focuses on understanding how organisms interact with each other and with their surroundings, including the physical and biological factors that influence these interactions. By studying ecology, scientists gain insights into the complex web of connections and dependencies that exist in ecosystems, helping to inform conservation efforts and understand the impacts of human activities on the natural world.

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  • 33. 

    What is the scientific study of living things called

    Explanation
    Biology is the scientific study of living things, including their structure, function, growth, evolution, and distribution. It encompasses various disciplines such as botany, zoology, microbiology, and genetics. Through the study of biology, scientists aim to understand the complexities of life on Earth, from the smallest microorganisms to the largest ecosystems. This field of study plays a crucial role in advancements in medicine, agriculture, environmental conservation, and many other areas that impact our daily lives.

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  • 34. 

    What is the scientific study of plants called

    Explanation
    Botany is the scientific study of plants. It involves the examination of their structure, growth, reproduction, metabolism, and classification. Botanists study various aspects of plants, including their physiology, ecology, genetics, and evolution. They also investigate the interactions between plants and their environment, as well as the practical applications of plants in fields such as agriculture, medicine, and conservation. By understanding plants and their characteristics, botany plays a crucial role in advancing our knowledge of the natural world and finding solutions to various environmental and societal challenges.

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  • 35. 

    What is the scientific study of insects called

    Explanation
    Entomology is the scientific study of insects. It involves the identification, classification, and understanding of the biology, behavior, ecology, and evolution of insects. Entomologists study various aspects of insects, including their anatomy, physiology, development, and interactions with other organisms and their environment. They also investigate the impact of insects on human health, agriculture, and ecosystems. By studying insects, entomologists contribute to our knowledge of biodiversity, pest management, conservation, and the understanding of fundamental biological processes.

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  • 36. 

    What is the scientific study of characteristics and composition of substances and the way they react with the other substance is called

    Explanation
    Chemistry is the scientific study of the characteristics and composition of substances, as well as the way they react with other substances. It explores the properties, structure, and behavior of matter, and how different substances interact and transform. Chemistry plays a crucial role in understanding the world around us, from the composition of elements and compounds to the reactions that occur in everyday life and in various industries. It encompasses various branches such as organic chemistry, inorganic chemistry, physical chemistry, and analytical chemistry, each focusing on different aspects of the field.

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  • 37. 

    What is the scientific study of birds called

    Explanation
    Ornithology is the scientific study of birds. It involves the observation, classification, and understanding of bird species, their behavior, physiology, ecology, and evolution. Ornithologists study various aspects of birds, including their anatomy, migration patterns, breeding habits, and conservation. They use scientific methods and tools such as field observations, banding, DNA analysis, and remote sensing to gather data and expand our knowledge about birds. Ornithology plays a crucial role in understanding bird populations, their role in ecosystems, and the conservation of bird species and their habitats.

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  • 38. 

    What is the scientific study of properties of light called

    Explanation
    Optics is the scientific study of properties and behavior of light, including its interactions with matter and the instruments used to detect and measure it. This field explores phenomena such as reflection, refraction, diffraction, and polarization, and is crucial in understanding the nature of light and its applications in various fields such as physics, engineering, and medicine.

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  • 39. 

    This disease is caused by the fungal infection of the skin in human and domestic animals

    Explanation
    Ringworm is a fungal infection that affects the skin of both humans and domestic animals. It is caused by various types of fungi called dermatophytes. These fungi thrive in warm and moist environments, making the skin an ideal target. Ringworm is highly contagious and can be transmitted through direct contact with an infected person or animal, or by touching contaminated objects. The infection usually appears as a red, circular rash with raised edges, hence the name "ringworm." It can be treated with antifungal medications to relieve symptoms and prevent further spread.

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  • 40. 

    This disease is transmitted by mad dogs early stage symptoms of this disease are headache and fever

    Explanation
    Rabies is a viral disease that is transmitted through the bite or scratch of an infected animal, typically a mad dog. In the early stages of the disease, symptoms such as headache and fever may occur. Therefore, based on the given information, it can be inferred that the correct answer is rabies.

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  • 41. 

    It is a parasitic disease of humans and other animals it is transmitted by 6 fly it is estimated that 50000 to 70000 people are currently infected with this disease

    Explanation
    Sleeping sickness, also known as African trypanosomiasis, is a parasitic disease that affects humans and animals. It is transmitted by the tsetse fly. The given information states that an estimated 50,000 to 70,000 people are currently infected with this disease, which aligns with the prevalence of sleeping sickness in certain regions of Africa. Therefore, the correct answer is sleeping sickness.

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  • 42. 

    It is an infection of small intestine its main symptoms are watery diarrhoea and vomiting it is transmitted through flies and contaminated food and water

    Explanation
    Cholera is a bacterial infection that primarily affects the small intestine. Its main symptoms include watery diarrhea and vomiting. The infection is commonly transmitted through flies and contaminated food and water. Cholera is caused by the bacterium Vibrio cholerae and can lead to severe dehydration and even death if left untreated.

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  • 43. 

    It is a mosquito borne disease of humans and animals it is transmitted by the bite of an infected Anopheles Mosquito

    Explanation
    Malaria is a mosquito-borne disease that affects both humans and animals. It is transmitted through the bite of an infected Anopheles mosquito. When an infected mosquito bites a person or animal, it injects the malaria parasite into their bloodstream. The parasite then travels to the liver and multiplies, eventually infecting red blood cells and causing symptoms such as fever, chills, and flu-like illness. Malaria can be a severe and life-threatening disease if left untreated, but it can also be prevented and treated with various medications and mosquito control measures.

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  • 44. 

    This disease is transmitted by the bite of certain species of sand fly the symptoms of this disease our skin sores which erupt weeks to a month after the person affected is bitten by a sandfly

    Explanation
    Kala-azar, also known as visceral leishmaniasis, is a disease that is transmitted through the bite of certain species of sand flies. The symptoms of this disease include the development of skin sores, which typically appear several weeks to a month after a person is bitten by an infected sand fly.

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  • 45. 

    It is also known as breakdown fever it is primarily transmitted by Adis mosquito

    Explanation
    Dengue fever is a viral infection that is commonly transmitted by the Aedes mosquito. It is sometimes referred to as "breakbone fever" due to the severe joint and muscle pain it causes. The virus is primarily transmitted through the bite of an infected mosquito, which becomes a carrier after biting an infected person. Symptoms of dengue fever include high fever, severe headache, joint and muscle pain, rash, and in severe cases, bleeding. It is important to take preventive measures such as using mosquito repellents and eliminating breeding sites to reduce the risk of dengue fever.

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  • 46. 

    Milkha Singh

  • 47. 

    Dhyan Chand

    Explanation
    Dhyan Chand is often referred to as "The Wizard of Hockey" because of his exceptional skills and mastery in the sport. He was a legendary Indian field hockey player who played during the 1920s and 1930s. Chand's extraordinary ball control, dribbling techniques, and goal-scoring abilities set him apart from his contemporaries. His performances in international tournaments, including the Olympics, were nothing short of magical, earning him the title of "The Wizard of Hockey." Chand's contributions to the sport and his impact on Indian hockey are unparalleled, making him a true legend in the history of hockey.

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  • 48. 

    Sarojini Naidu

  • 49. 

    Rabindranath Tagore

    Explanation
    "Gurudev" is a term often used to refer to Rabindranath Tagore, an Indian poet, philosopher, and polymath. It is a respectful title given to him by his followers and admirers, highlighting his role as a spiritual leader and mentor. Tagore's contributions to literature, music, and art, as well as his efforts in promoting education and social reforms, have earned him the revered title of "Gurudev" among his followers.

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  • 50. 

    APJ Abdul Kalam

    Explanation
    APJ Abdul Kalam is often referred to as the "Missile Man" due to his significant contributions to India's missile development program. He played a crucial role in the development of various missiles, including the Agni and Prithvi missiles. Kalam's expertise and leadership in the field of missile technology earned him this title and recognition both within India and internationally.

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