Characteristics Of Matter Quiz: Chemistry Trivia!

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Characteristics Of Matter Quiz: Chemistry Trivia! - Quiz

This Basic Chemistry quiz has been designed for students to test their knowledge and understanding of the concepts involved with the matter, including states of matter, changes in matter, mass, volume, density, etc. There is a list of 10 questions. Read the questions carefully and answer.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Which is an example of a physical change?

    • A.

      Burning paper

    • B.

      Melting an ice cube

    • C.

      A car that is rusting

    • D.

      Mixing baking soda with vinegar

    Correct Answer
    B. Melting an ice cube
    Explanation
    Melting an ice cube is an example of a physical change because it involves a change in the state of matter from solid to liquid, but the chemical composition of the ice remains the same. The molecules in the ice cube gain enough energy to break their rigid arrangement and move more freely, resulting in the formation of liquid water. This change can be reversed by cooling the water, indicating that it is a physical change rather than a chemical one.

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  • 2. 

    What happens when water freezes?

    • A.

      A liquid becomes a gas

    • B.

      A gas becomes a liquid

    • C.

      A liquid becomes a solid

    • D.

      A solid becomes a liquid

    Correct Answer
    C. A liquid becomes a solid
    Explanation
    When water freezes, it undergoes a phase change from a liquid state to a solid state. The molecules in the water slow down and arrange themselves into a rigid structure, forming ice. This process is characterized by a decrease in temperature, causing the water molecules to lose energy and become tightly packed together, resulting in the solidification of water.

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  • 3. 

    Which is an example of a chemical change?

    • A.

      Tearing paper

    • B.

      Melting glass

    • C.

      Mixing chloring gas and sodium to make salt

    • D.

      Making lemonade

    Correct Answer
    C. Mixing chloring gas and sodium to make salt
    Explanation
    Mixing chlorine gas and sodium to make salt is an example of a chemical change because it involves a reaction where the chlorine gas and sodium atoms combine to form a new substance, which is salt. Chemical changes involve the formation of new substances with different chemical properties from the original substances. In this case, the chlorine gas and sodium undergo a chemical reaction to produce salt, indicating a chemical change.

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  • 4. 

    The matter has three states. Which of the following is not one of those states?

    • A.

      Density

    • B.

      Solid

    • C.

      Gas

    • D.

      Liquid

    Correct Answer
    A. Density
  • 5. 

    Which of the following properties can only be determined through a chemical change?

    • A.

      Explosiveness

    • B.

      Melting point

    • C.

      Colour

    • D.

      Mass

    Correct Answer
    A. Explosiveness
    Explanation
    Explosiveness is a property that can only be determined through a chemical change because it refers to the ability of a substance to undergo a rapid and violent transformation, releasing a large amount of energy in the process. This property is not observable by simply examining the physical characteristics of the substance, such as its melting point, color, or mass. Instead, it requires the substance to undergo a chemical reaction, such as combustion or decomposition, to determine its explosiveness. Therefore, explosiveness is a property that can only be determined through a chemical change.

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  • 6. 

    The matter is defined as anything that:

    • A.

      Has a fixed volume and weight

    • B.

      Has energy

    • C.

      Has mass and takes up space

    • D.

      Can be weighed on a balance

    Correct Answer
    C. Has mass and takes up space
    Explanation
    The answer is "has mass and takes up space" because matter refers to anything that has mass and occupies space. This definition includes both solid objects and substances in various states such as liquids and gases. The other options mentioned in the question, such as having a fixed volume and weight or being able to be weighed on a balance, are characteristics of matter but do not encompass the complete definition.

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  • 7. 

    Which of the following is true for all chemical reactions?

    • A.

      The total mass of the products decreases

    • B.

      The total mass of the reactants equals the total mass of the products

    • C.

      The total mass of the reactants increases

    • D.

      The total mass of the products is greater than the total mass of the reactants

    Correct Answer
    B. The total mass of the reactants equals the total mass of the products
    Explanation
    In a chemical reaction, mass is conserved according to the law of conservation of mass. This means that the total mass of the reactants before the reaction is equal to the total mass of the products after the reaction. This is because atoms are neither created nor destroyed during a chemical reaction, they are simply rearranged. Therefore, the correct answer is that the total mass of the reactants equals the total mass of the products.

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  • 8. 

    Which of the following is NOT an example of matter?

    • A.

      Smoke

    • B.

      Heat

    • C.

      Water

    • D.

      Water vapour

    Correct Answer
    B. Heat
    Explanation
    Heat is not an example of matter because it is a form of energy rather than a physical substance. Matter refers to anything that has mass and takes up space, such as smoke, water, and water vapor. Heat, on the other hand, is a transfer of energy between objects or systems. It is the result of the movement of particles within matter, but it is not matter itself.

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  • 9. 

    All of the following changes to a substance are chemical changes EXCEPT:

    • A.

      Reacting

    • B.

      Tarnishing

    • C.

      Burning

    • D.

      Boiling

    Correct Answer
    D. Boiling
    Explanation
    Boiling is not a chemical change because it is a physical change. During boiling, a substance changes from a liquid to a gas due to the absorption of heat energy. However, the chemical composition of the substance remains the same. In contrast, reacting, tarnishing, and burning all involve a chemical reaction where the composition of the substance is altered.

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  • 10. 

    Which of the following is a valid difference between a mixture and a compound? 

    • A.

      A compound is made up of more than one phase

    • B.

       A mixture can only be separated into its components by chemical means

    • C.

      A mixture must be uniform in composition

    • D.

      A compound can only be separated into its components by chemical means.

    Correct Answer
    D. A compound can only be separated into its components by chemical means.
    Explanation
    A compound can only be separated into its components by chemical means because it is a substance made up of two or more elements that are chemically bonded together. The chemical bonds between the elements in a compound are strong, requiring a chemical reaction to break them and separate the components. In contrast, a mixture is a combination of substances that are physically mixed together, and can be separated into its components by physical means such as filtration or distillation.

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