Chapter 9 Online Study Guide

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Study Guide Quizzes & Trivia

Read the chapter before you start the study guide! You have 45 minutes and 1 attempt. Do not give or recieve answers.
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Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Which of the following is one of the sea urchin's favorite food?

    • A.

      Abalone

    • B.

      Crabs

    • C.

      Mussels

    • D.

      Kelp

    Correct Answer
    D. Kelp
    Explanation
    Sea urchins are known to feed on kelp, making it one of their favorite foods. Kelp is a type of large brown seaweed that grows in underwater forests. It provides a rich source of nutrients for sea urchins, and they are adapted to graze on the kelp blades. This relationship is important for the ecosystem as sea urchins help control the growth of kelp, preventing it from overgrowing and maintaining a healthy balance in the marine environment.

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  • 2. 

    Which of the following patterns of disperion is exemplified by dandelions?

    • A.

      Clumped

    • B.

      Uniform

    • C.

      Random

    • D.

      Equilibrium

    Correct Answer
    C. Random
    Explanation
    Dandelions exemplify a random pattern of dispersion. This means that they are distributed in a way that is not clumped or uniform, but rather scattered randomly throughout their habitat. This could be due to factors such as wind dispersal of their seeds or the presence of suitable conditions for growth in various areas.

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  • 3. 

    Which of the following consists of all the factors acting jointly to limit the growth of a population?

    • A.

      Intrinsic rate of increase

    • B.

      Carryin capacity

    • C.

      Environmental resistance

    • D.

      Population dynamics

    Correct Answer
    C. Environmental resistance
    Explanation
    Environmental resistance refers to all the factors that act together to limit the growth of a population. These factors can include availability of resources, predation, competition, disease, and other environmental conditions. These factors create a balance between birth and death rates in a population, preventing it from exceeding the carrying capacity of its environment. Intrinsic rate of increase, carrying capacity, and population dynamics are related concepts but do not encompass the full range of factors that make up environmental resistance.

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  • 4. 

    Which of the following types of growth invovles exponential population growth when the population is small and a steady decrease in population growth with time as the population encounters environmnetla resistance and approaches the carrying capacity of its environment?

    • A.

      Linear

    • B.

      Logistic

    • C.

      Negative

    • D.

      Positive feedback

    Correct Answer
    B. Logistic
    Explanation
    The correct answer is logistic. Logistic growth involves exponential population growth when the population is small, but as the population encounters environmental resistance and approaches the carrying capacity of its environment, the population growth rate decreases steadily. This type of growth is often observed in natural populations where resources become limited, causing the population to stabilize and reach a balance with its environment.

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  • 5. 

    When the book discusses exponential growth and overshooting carrying capacity with reindeer - the population went from 2,000 to how many by 1950?

    • A.

      500

    • B.

      75

    • C.

      1000

    • D.

      8

    Correct Answer
    D. 8
  • 6. 

    Which of the following is a density-independent control?

    • A.

      Predation

    • B.

      Parasitism

    • C.

      Disease

    • D.

      Fire

    Correct Answer
    D. Fire
    Explanation
    Fire is considered a density-independent control because it affects populations regardless of their size or density. Unlike predation, parasitism, and disease, which tend to have a greater impact on larger, more densely populated areas, fire can spread and impact populations regardless of their density. Fire can quickly consume vegetation, destroy habitats, and disrupt ecosystems, affecting all organisms within the affected area. Therefore, fire is not influenced by population density and can act as a density-independent control.

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  • 7. 

    Which of the following would be considered an r-selected species?

    • A.

      Cockroach

    • B.

      Lion

    • C.

      Human

    • D.

      Koala bear

    Correct Answer
    A. Cockroach
    Explanation
    The cockroach would be considered an r-selected species because it exhibits characteristics typically associated with r-selection. R-selected species are known for their high reproductive rate, short lifespan, and ability to produce a large number of offspring. Cockroaches have a short lifespan, reproduce quickly, and can produce a large number of offspring in a short period of time, making them a good example of an r-selected species.

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  • 8. 

    Which of the following would be considered a k-selected species?

    • A.

      Rabbits

    • B.

      Mice

    • C.

      Rats

    • D.

      Giraffes

    Correct Answer
    D. Giraffes
    Explanation
    Giraffes would be considered a k-selected species because they have a low reproductive rate, long gestation period, and provide extensive parental care to their offspring. K-selected species typically have a longer lifespan, slower growth rate, and invest more resources into each individual offspring, ensuring their survival and success.

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  • 9. 

    Which of the following animals would have an early loss survivorship curve? (use the graph for help)

    • A.

      Dog

    • B.

      Fish

    • C.

      Rhinoceros

    • D.

      Bald eagle

    Correct Answer
    B. Fish
    Explanation
    An early loss survivorship curve indicates that the mortality rate of a species is highest early in life. Fish typically have a large number of offspring, and many of them die at a young age due to predation, disease, or other factors. This results in a steep decline in the number of individuals surviving to older ages. Therefore, fish would have an early loss survivorship curve.

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  • 10. 

    Read the connections on page 208. Answer the critical thinking question with a complete paragraph.

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  • Mar 18, 2023
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