Latin American Revs And ISMS Practice Quiz

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Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    The independence movement in Latin America was spearheaded by

    • A.

      The peninsulares.

    • B.

      Creoles

    • C.

      The Spanish.

    • D.

      The mulattos.

    Correct Answer
    B. Creoles
    Explanation
    The correct answer is creoles. The independence movement in Latin America was spearheaded by the creoles, who were people of European descent born in the Americas. They were frustrated with the political and economic dominance of the peninsulares (people from Spain) and sought to gain independence from Spanish rule. The creoles played a significant role in organizing and leading revolts, as well as advocating for independence and self-governance in Latin America.

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  • 2. 

    José de San Martín was a military officer from _____________ who liberated parts of Spanish-speaking South America.

    • A.

      Mexico

    • B.

      Brazil

    • C.

      Argentina

    • D.

      USA

    Correct Answer
    C. Argentina
    Explanation
    José de San Martín was a military officer from Argentina who played a crucial role in the liberation of parts of Spanish-speaking South America. He is considered one of the most important figures in South American history, leading successful military campaigns in Argentina, Chile, and Peru. San Martín's leadership and strategic abilities were instrumental in achieving independence for these countries and establishing them as sovereign nations.

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  • 3. 

    The independence movement in Mexico was led, in part, by

    • A.

      Miguel Hidalgo.

    • B.

      Dom Pedro.

    • C.

      Simón Bolívar.

    • D.

      Sam Orviedo

    Correct Answer
    A. Miguel Hidalgo.
    Explanation
    Miguel Hidalgo is the correct answer because he was a key figure in the Mexican independence movement. He was a Catholic priest who called for the revolt against Spanish rule in 1810, known as the Grito de Dolores. Hidalgo's leadership and influence played a significant role in rallying the Mexican people and initiating the fight for independence. Dom Pedro was a leader in Brazil's independence movement, Simón Bolívar was a leader in South America's independence movements, and Sam Orviedo is not a historically significant figure in relation to the Mexican independence movement.

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  • 4. 

    Nationalism was a force that

    • A.

      Stank.

    • B.

      Was used to hold together centuries-old empires.

    • C.

      Was supported by conservatives.

    • D.

      Gave rise to the nation-state.

    Correct Answer
    D. Gave rise to the nation-state.
    Explanation
    Nationalism is a powerful force that emerged during the 19th century, leading to the formation of nation-states. It fueled the desire for self-determination and the creation of independent states based on shared language, culture, and history. Nationalism challenged the existing empires, which were often composed of diverse ethnic and cultural groups. It provided a sense of identity and unity to people, leading to the formation of new nations and the restructuring of political boundaries. Therefore, the correct answer is that nationalism gave rise to the nation-state.

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  • 5. 

    In the 1860s, the expansion of Prussia was achieved under the leadership of

    • A.

      King Victor Emmanuel II

    • B.

      Otto von Bismarck

    • C.

      Napoleon III

    • D.

      Henry the Navigator

    Correct Answer
    B. Otto von Bismarck
    Explanation
    Otto von Bismarck is the correct answer because he was the leader of Prussia during the 1860s and played a crucial role in the expansion of Prussia. Bismarck implemented a policy of realpolitik, which involved using diplomacy and military force to achieve Prussian dominance in Germany. Through a series of wars and alliances, Bismarck successfully unified the German states under Prussian leadership and established the German Empire in 1871. His leadership and political strategies were instrumental in shaping the course of German history and solidifying Prussia's position as a major European power.

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  • 6. 

    Which of the following men led a revolt of enslaved Africans in Saint -Domingue (Haiti)?

    • A.

      José de San Martín

    • B.

      José Maria Morelos

    • C.

      Toussaint L'Ouverture

    • D.

      Napoleon II

    Correct Answer
    C. Toussaint L'Ouverture
    Explanation
    Toussaint L'Ouverture led a revolt of enslaved Africans in Saint-Domingue (Haiti). He was a prominent leader of the Haitian Revolution, which began in 1791. L'Ouverture played a crucial role in organizing and leading the enslaved population in their fight for freedom against the French colonial rulers. His military skills and strategic leadership were instrumental in the success of the revolution, ultimately leading to the establishment of Haiti as the first independent black republic in the Americas.

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  • 7. 

    Which of the following is true about nationalism?

    • A.

      One's greatest loyalty should be to a nation of people who share a common culture.

    • B.

      The nation of people should have several kings.

    • C.

      A person’s loyalty should be to a king.

    • D.

      Option 4

    Correct Answer
    A. One's greatest loyalty should be to a nation of people who share a common culture.
    Explanation
    Nationalism is a political ideology that emphasizes the loyalty and devotion of individuals to their nation. It promotes the idea that one's greatest loyalty should be to a nation of people who share a common culture. This means that individuals should prioritize the well-being and interests of their nation over other affiliations, such as loyalty to a king or multiple kings. Nationalism fosters a sense of unity and identity among people who share a common language, history, traditions, and values, promoting a strong bond and collective pride within the nation.

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  • 8. 

    By 1871 there was a shift in power in Europe, which nation changed?

    • A.

      Britain became Germany.

    • B.

      Prussia became Germany.

    • C.

      Germany became France.

    • D.

      Italy became Prussia.

    Correct Answer
    B. Prussia became Germany.
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Prussia became Germany. In 1871, a significant shift in power occurred in Europe when the German states, led by Prussia, united to form the German Empire. This unification was largely driven by the leadership of Otto von Bismarck, the Chancellor of Prussia. Through a series of successful wars and diplomatic maneuvers, Bismarck was able to consolidate power and create a unified German state under Prussian dominance. This marked the end of Prussia as an independent kingdom and the birth of modern Germany.

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  • 9. 

    A key characteristic of nationalism is

    • A.

      A soccer team.

    • B.

      Food.

    • C.

      A flag.

    • D.

      A shared language.

    Correct Answer
    D. A shared language.
    Explanation
    Nationalism is a concept that emphasizes the identity and unity of a nation. While a soccer team, food, and a flag can be symbols of national identity, a shared language is a key characteristic of nationalism because it allows for effective communication and shared cultural understanding among the members of a nation. Language plays a crucial role in shaping and preserving national identity, as it enables individuals to express their thoughts, values, and cultural heritage, fostering a sense of belonging and unity within the nation.

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  • 10. 

    Which of the following issued the Edict of Emancipation?

    • A.

      Nicholas I

    • B.

      Napoleon Bonaparte

    • C.

      Alexander II

    • D.

      Abraham Lincoln

    Correct Answer
    C. Alexander II
    Explanation
    Alexander II issued the Edict of Emancipation. This edict, issued in 1861, abolished serfdom in Russia, freeing millions of serfs from their bondage. Alexander II recognized the need for social and economic reforms in order to modernize Russia and strengthen its position internationally. The Edict of Emancipation was a significant step towards these reforms and marked a major turning point in Russian history.

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  • 11. 

    Rome became the capital of the Kingdom of _______ in 1870 after the joining of forces from Northern and Southern Italy and the conquest of the Papal States.

    • A.

      Italy

    • B.

      Germany

    • C.

      England

    • D.

      France

    Correct Answer
    A. Italy
    Explanation
    Rome became the capital of the Kingdom of Italy in 1870 after the joining of forces from Northern and Southern Italy and the conquest of the Papal States. Italy is the correct answer because it is the country in which Rome is located and the Kingdom of Italy was established after the unification of various Italian states.

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  • 12. 

    Which of the following was the leader of the Red Shirts who conquered Southern Italy?

    • A.

      King William I

    • B.

      Czar Nicholas II

    • C.

      Queen Elizabeth

    • D.

      Giuseppe Garibaldi

    Correct Answer
    D. Giuseppe Garibaldi
    Explanation
    Giuseppe Garibaldi was the leader of the Red Shirts who conquered Southern Italy. He was an Italian nationalist and military leader who played a crucial role in the unification of Italy. Garibaldi's Red Shirts were a volunteer army that fought for the liberation and unification of Italy. They successfully conquered various territories in Southern Italy, including Sicily and Naples. Garibaldi's military campaigns and leadership were instrumental in the establishment of a unified Italy under King Victor Emmanuel II.

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  • 13. 

    The ruler of the new, unified German empire was given the title of

    • A.

      Kaiser.

    • B.

      Reich.

    • C.

      Czar.

    • D.

      Dude.

    Correct Answer
    A. Kaiser.
    Explanation
    The correct answer is kaiser. The term "kaiser" was used to refer to the ruler of the new, unified German empire. This title was adopted by Wilhelm I, the first emperor of Germany, in 1871. The term "Reich" refers to an empire, but it does not specifically denote the ruler. "Czar" is a title used for the ruler of Russia, and "dude" is a colloquial term that does not hold any significance in this context.

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  • 14. 

    He was known as Libertador from Venezuela.

    • A.

      Simón Bolívar

    • B.

      Toussaint L’Ouverture

    • C.

      Peninsulares

    • D.

      Creoles

    Correct Answer
    A. Simón Bolívar
    Explanation
    Simón Bolívar was known as Libertador from Venezuela because he played a crucial role in leading the South American countries to independence from Spanish colonial rule. Bolívar was a Venezuelan military and political leader who fought against the Spanish forces and successfully liberated several countries, including Venezuela, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, and Bolivia. His efforts and leadership in the fight for independence earned him the title of "Libertador," meaning "Liberator." Bolívar's legacy as a revolutionary and visionary leader in Latin American history is widely recognized and celebrated.

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  • 15. 

    This term was used in Latin America to describe Spaniards born in Latin America.

    • A.

      Creoles

    • B.

      Peninsulares

    • C.

      Mulattos

    • D.

      Mestizos

    Correct Answer
    A. Creoles
    Explanation
    Creoles were used to describe Spaniards born in Latin America. This term differentiated them from the peninsulares, who were Spaniards born in Spain and living in Latin America. The creoles played a significant role in the fight for independence in Latin America, as they had a unique understanding of the local culture and grievances against the Spanish colonial rule. They were often wealthier and more influential than other groups, such as mulattos and mestizos, who had mixed European and indigenous or African heritage.

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  • 16. 

    This term was used in Latin America to describe people of mixed European and Indian ancestry.

    • A.

      Mulattos

    • B.

      Mestizos

    • C.

      Peninsulares

    • D.

      Americans

    Correct Answer
    B. Mestizos
    Explanation
    The term "mestizos" was used in Latin America to describe people of mixed European and Indian ancestry. This term refers to individuals who have a combination of European and Indigenous American heritage. It was commonly used to categorize individuals who were born from relationships between Spanish colonizers and Indigenous populations in Latin America. The term "mulattos" refers to individuals of mixed European and African ancestry, while "peninsulares" refers to people who were born in Spain and later migrated to Latin America. "Americans" is too broad and does not specifically refer to individuals of mixed European and Indian ancestry in Latin America.

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  • 17. 

    This term was used in Latin America to describe Latin Americans born in Spain.

    • A.

      Protestants

    • B.

      Communists

    • C.

      Mulattos

    • D.

      Peninsulares

    Correct Answer
    D. Peninsulares
    Explanation
    The term "peninsulares" refers to Latin Americans who were born in Spain. This term was used specifically in Latin America to describe this group of people. It distinguished them from other groups such as Protestants, Communists, and mulattos, who were not born in Spain.

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  • 18. 

    ________________ ideas inspired Latin American revolutionaries.

    • A.

      Enlightenment

    • B.

      Communist

    • C.

      Protestant

    • D.

      Brazil

    Correct Answer
    A. Enlightenment
    Explanation
    The Enlightenment ideas inspired Latin American revolutionaries. The Enlightenment was an intellectual and philosophical movement that emerged in Europe during the 17th and 18th centuries. It emphasized reason, science, and individual rights, challenging traditional authority and promoting ideas of liberty, equality, and democracy. These ideas were influential in inspiring Latin American revolutionaries who sought to overthrow colonial rule and establish independent nations based on these principles. The Enlightenment provided the intellectual foundation for the independence movements in Latin America, shaping the political and social ideologies that guided the revolutionaries in their fight for freedom.

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  • 19. 

    Portuguese Prince Dom Pedro became the king of _____________.

    • A.

      England

    • B.

      France

    • C.

      Brazil

    • D.

      Italy

    Correct Answer
    C. Brazil
    Explanation
    Portuguese Prince Dom Pedro became the king of Brazil. This occurred in 1822 when Brazil declared its independence from Portugal and Dom Pedro became the first Emperor of Brazil.

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  • 20. 

    Throughout this period the French were ________________.

    • A.

      Famous for great government

    • B.

      Totally crazy

    • C.

      Orderly

    • D.

      Like the English

    Correct Answer
    B. Totally crazy
    Explanation
    The given answer, "totally crazy," implies that the French during this period were known for their eccentric or unpredictable behavior. This suggests that they were not known for having a stable or conventional society, but rather for being unconventional or unpredictable in their actions and attitudes.

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  • 21. 

    What is Russification?

    • A.

      When steel corrodes

    • B.

      Forcing others to accept Russian culture

    • C.

      Scientific method of government

    • D.

      Talent

    Correct Answer
    B. Forcing others to accept Russian culture
    Explanation
    Russification refers to the policy or process of imposing Russian culture, language, and customs on non-Russian ethnic groups or territories. It involves the forced assimilation of these groups into the dominant Russian culture, often through the suppression of their own languages and traditions. This term is commonly associated with the historical efforts of the Russian Empire and the Soviet Union to homogenize their diverse populations and maintain control over their territories.

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  • 22. 

    Who was the king of Piedmont-Sardinia?

    • A.

      King Victor Emmanuel II

    • B.

      Napoleon III

    • C.

      A powerful army

    • D.

      Nicholas

    Correct Answer
    A. King Victor Emmanuel II
    Explanation
    King Victor Emmanuel II was the king of Piedmont-Sardinia. Piedmont-Sardinia was a kingdom in northern Italy, and Victor Emmanuel II played a crucial role in the unification of Italy. He became the first king of a united Italy in 1861 after leading successful military campaigns against other Italian states and foreign powers. His reign marked a significant turning point in Italian history, as he laid the foundation for the creation of a modern, unified Italian state.

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  • 23. 

    Who were conservative wealthy landowners who supported King Wilhelm I?

    • A.

      Communists

    • B.

      Creoles

    • C.

      Junkers

    • D.

      English

    Correct Answer
    C. Junkers
    Explanation
    Junkers were conservative wealthy landowners who supported King Wilhelm I. They were a powerful group in Prussia and played a significant role in supporting the monarchy and maintaining the traditional social order. They were influential in politics and held significant control over agriculture and landownership. Their support for King Wilhelm I was based on their shared conservative values and desire to preserve the existing social and political structure.

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  • Current Version
  • Oct 12, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Feb 13, 2015
    Quiz Created by
    Coacharns
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