Theory Of Pain Quiz Questions

25 Questions | Total Attempts: 1602

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Theory Of Pain Quiz Questions - Quiz

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Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    Many people imagine that a life without pain is desirable. Evidence from people with chronic pain insensitivity indicate that
    • A. 

      Those people are correct

    • B. 

      Pain insensitivity is a disadvantage for children but an advantage for adults

    • C. 

      Pain insensitivity is an advantage for children but a disadvantage for adults

    • D. 

      Pain insensitivity is dangerous

  • 2. 
    The substantia gelatinosa is
    • A. 

      In the dorsal horns of the spinal cord

    • B. 

      In the midbrain region, adjacent to the thalamus

    • C. 

      Composed of a gelatin-like material that surrounds the lower portion of the brain

    • D. 

      A hypothetical structure that has not yet been confirmed

  • 3. 
    Which structure is most capable of modulating sensory input?
    • A. 

      Primary afferents

    • B. 

      Secondary afferents

    • C. 

      Substantia gelatinosa

    • D. 

      Primary efferents

  • 4. 
    Neurotransmitters like ___ decrease pain, but those like ___ increase the experience of pain.
    • A. 

      Serotonin...dynorphin

    • B. 

      Endorphin...substance P

    • C. 

      Substance P...serotonin

    • D. 

      Endorphin...enkephalin

  • 5. 
    Victoria has just cut her hand with a sharp knife. The pain she feels can best be described as
    • A. 

      Acute

    • B. 

      Prechronic

    • C. 

      Chronic intractable

    • D. 

      Chronic

  • 6. 
    Henry Beecher reported that soldiers wounded at the Anzio beachhead during WWII experienced __ pain.
    • A. 

      Chronic intractable

    • B. 

      Stress-related

    • C. 

      Severe, excruciating

    • D. 

      Very little

  • 7. 
    What is the relationship between the experience of pain and some types of psychopathology?
    • A. 

      People with personality disorders have heightened pain perceoption

    • B. 

      People iwth pain-prone personalities tend to have borderline personality disorder

    • C. 

      People with pain-resistant personalities tend ot have bipolar disorder

    • D. 

      It is not clear whether psychopathology makes one vulnerable to pain or whether being in pain produces psychopathology

  • 8. 
    Specificity theory hypothesizes that
    • A. 

      A person's interpretation of pain is more important than tissue damage in determing the intensity of pain

    • B. 

      Acute pains intensify over time

    • C. 

      The experience of pain is approximately equal to the amoung of tissue damage or injury

    • D. 

      Chronic pain can become acute pain over time

  • 9. 
    According to the gate control theory of pain, ___ close the gate.
    • A. 

      High activity levels of A-delta fibers

    • B. 

      Distraction and relaxation

    • C. 

      Hormones

    • D. 

      Fear & anxiety

  • 10. 
    Melzack proposed the ___ theory, which is an extension of the gate control theory.
    • A. 

      Sensory decision

    • B. 

      Specificity

    • C. 

      Neuromatrix

    • D. 

      Cerebellar

  • 11. 
    Which of these methods have been used to measure pain?
    • A. 

      Self-reports

    • B. 

      Behavioral assessments

    • C. 

      Physiological measures

    • D. 

      All of these

  • 12. 
    The most widely used pain questionnaire was developed by Ronald Melzack and is known as the
    • A. 

      Melzach and Wall Pain Questionnaire

    • B. 

      Visual Analog Scale

    • C. 

      Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory

    • D. 

      McGill Pain Questionnaire

  • 13. 
    The Multidimensional Pain Inventory was designed to yield three clusters of pain patients. Which of these was NOT a cluster?
    • A. 

      Functional

    • B. 

      Adaptive copers

    • C. 

      Interpersonally distressed

    • D. 

      Dysfunctional

  • 14. 
    With regard to the measurement of pain, research has demonstrated that
    • A. 

      Electromyography correlates highly with self-reports of pain

    • B. 

      Emotional arousal correlates highly with self-reports of pain

    • C. 

      Heart rate correlates highly with self-reports of pain

    • D. 

      None of these

  • 15. 
    Rosa suffers from recurrent attacks of pain that are accompanied by exaggerated sensitivity to light, loss of appetite, and nausea. From these characteristics, you would diagnose Rosa as having
    • A. 

      Migraine headaches

    • B. 

      Tension headaches

    • C. 

      Cancer pain

    • D. 

      Phantom limb pain

  • 16. 
    What type of pain has a gradual onset, sensations of tightness around the neck and shoulders, and a steady ache on both sides of the head?
    • A. 

      Low back pain

    • B. 

      Migraine headache

    • C. 

      Cluster headache

    • D. 

      Tension headache

  • 17. 
    The two most common types of pain are
    • A. 

      Cancer and headache

    • B. 

      Arthritis and low back

    • C. 

      Headache and low back

    • D. 

      Cancer and low back

  • 18. 
    Approximately ___% of all terminal cancer cases expeirence pain.
    • A. 

      20-30

    • B. 

      40-50

    • C. 

      55-90

    • D. 

      98-99

  • 19. 
    With regard to phantom limb pain, which statement is true?
    • A. 

      Women who have undergone breast removal do not perceive painful sensations at the site of amputation

    • B. 

      With time, the pain increases in frequency

    • C. 

      The organic bases of phantom limb pain are well understood

    • D. 

      Phantom limb sensations are more common than phantom limb pain

  • 20. 
    Medical procedures used in pain management have traditionally included
    • A. 

      Cognitive therapy

    • B. 

      Drugs

    • C. 

      Surgery

    • D. 

      Both drugs & surgery

  • 21. 
    The tolerance and dependence properties of the opiate drugs restrict their safe use to
    • A. 

      Severe acute pain

    • B. 

      Severe chronic pain

    • C. 

      Terminal cancer patients

    • D. 

      No one--these drugs are too dangerous for safe use

  • 22. 
    Systems of self-paced administration of analgesic drugs
    • A. 

      Overcome the problem of undermedication

    • B. 

      Increase the probability of addiction

    • C. 

      Lead ot a situation in which about 45% of patients overmedicate themselves

    • D. 

      All of these

  • 23. 
    Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs)
    • A. 

      Are powerful prescription drugs used to treat rheumatoid arthritis

    • B. 

      Include ibuprofen and naproxen sodium

    • C. 

      Are realted to the development of chronic pain through their action on the neurotransmitters invovled in pain

    • D. 

      Are safer and more effective than other drugs that are used for pain control

  • 24. 
    Bailey has tried many treatments for chronic back pain. His treatment of last resort would probably be
    • A. 

      Surgery

    • B. 

      TENS

    • C. 

      Opium-based drugs

    • D. 

      Acupuncture

  • 25. 
    Researchers have found that transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS)
    • A. 

      Is effective for acute but not chronic pain

    • B. 

      Increases pain during stimulation, but patients report less pain after stimulation

    • C. 

      Is not very effective in relieving pain

    • D. 

      Relieves pain but has no advantage over other medical methods.

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