Atoms & Molecules Quiz: Atomic Theory - 8th Grade Science

Approved & Edited by ProProfs Editorial Team
The editorial team at ProProfs Quizzes consists of a select group of subject experts, trivia writers, and quiz masters who have authored over 10,000 quizzes taken by more than 100 million users. This team includes our in-house seasoned quiz moderators and subject matter experts. Our editorial experts, spread across the world, are rigorously trained using our comprehensive guidelines to ensure that you receive the highest quality quizzes.
Learn about Our Editorial Process
| By Hot2datxreme
H
Hot2datxreme
Community Contributor
Quizzes Created: 1 | Total Attempts: 14,806
Questions: 15 | Attempts: 14,814

SettingsSettingsSettings
Atoms & Molecules Quiz: Atomic Theory - 8th Grade Science - Quiz

Welcome to the Atoms & Molecules Quiz: Atomic Theory - 8th grade Science. Science is a fun subject to learn, and it gives us a clear picture of what goes on in the world today and the processes behind it. It may not look easy to understand as you keep going from grade to grade, but with proper practice, you may get to understand it better. Please find out how much you know about 8th-grade Science and how it helps you too. Take this science quiz now!


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Elements with atomic numbers higher than 92 are not natural but can be created by man or____________, by crashing nuclear particles into each other.

    • A.

      Pounded

    • B.

      Combined by radioactivity

    • C.

      Synthesized

    • D.

      A particle accelerator

    • E.

      Compounded

    Correct Answer
    C. Synthesized
    Explanation
    Elements with atomic numbers higher than 92 are not natural but can be created by man or synthesized, by crashing nuclear particles into each other. This process is often carried out in particle accelerators, where high-energy collisions between atomic nuclei result in the formation of new, heavier elements. These synthesized elements do not occur naturally on Earth but can be produced through artificial means.

    Rate this question:

  • 2. 

    All semimetals are solids at room temperature, however, nonmetals tend to be ________.

    • A.

      Liquids

    • B.

      Gases

    • C.

      Melting

    • D.

      Decaying

    • E.

      Solid but soon turn into gas

    Correct Answer
    B. Gases
    Explanation
    Nonmetals tend to be gases at room temperature. Unlike semimetals, which are solids, nonmetals have low melting and boiling points, causing them to exist in a gaseous state at normal room temperatures. This is due to their weak intermolecular forces and the fact that they have fewer valence electrons, making it easier for them to transition into a gas phase.

    Rate this question:

  • 3. 

    Which part of the periodic table is the diatomic molecules, or molecules that have two atoms found?

    • A.

      Right

    • B.

      They are scattered all over the periodic table

    • C.

      Left

    • D.

      They are not on the periodic table

    • E.

      Undetermined

    Correct Answer
    A. Right
    Explanation
    Diatomic molecules, or molecules that have two atoms, are found scattered all over the periodic table. This means that they can be located in different groups and periods of the table, depending on the elements involved in the molecule.

    Rate this question:

  • 4. 

    What is a beta particle?

    • A.

      A fully charged particle with two protons and two neutrons.

    • B.

      A particle, which is broken into four slices, and they recombine after photosynthesis.

    • C.

      A fast moving electron that is given off from the nucleus during radioactive decay.

    • D.

      The amount of particles total in an atom.

    Correct Answer
    C. A fast moving electron that is given off from the nucleus during radioactive decay.
    Explanation
    Beta particles are fast-moving electrons that are emitted from the nucleus during radioactive decay. During this decay process, a neutron in the nucleus is converted into a proton and an electron. The electron, known as a beta particle, is then ejected from the nucleus. Beta particles can penetrate matter to a certain extent and are commonly used in medical imaging and radiation therapy.

    Rate this question:

  • 5. 

    If a metal reacts violently with water, it is most likely in group _____ of the periodic table.

    • A.

      1

    • B.

      7

    • C.

      6

    • D.

      17

    • E.

      14

    Correct Answer
    A. 1
    Explanation
    Group 1 elements in the periodic table are known as alkali metals, which are highly reactive. They react vigorously with water, often producing hydrogen gas and forming alkaline solutions. Therefore, if a metal reacts violently with water, it is most likely in group 1 of the periodic table.

    Rate this question:

  • 6. 

    What are the elements in groups 3-12 called?

    • A.

      Atomic metals

    • B.

      Alkaline earth metals

    • C.

      Alkali metals

    • D.

      Transition metals

    • E.

      Semi metals

    Correct Answer
    D. Transition metals
    Explanation
    The elements in groups 3-12 are called transition metals. These elements are characterized by their ability to form stable ions with variable oxidation states and their ability to form colored compounds. They are also known for their high melting and boiling points, as well as their good conductivity of heat and electricity. Transition metals play a crucial role in various industrial processes and are widely used in the production of alloys, catalysts, and electronic devices.

    Rate this question:

  • 7. 

    Most of the metals that surround the zigzag line on the periodic table are?

    • A.

      Semimetals

    • B.

      Transition metals

    • C.

      Alloys

    • D.

      Acids

    • E.

      Bases

    Correct Answer
    A. Semimetals
    Explanation
    Most of the metals that surround the zigzag line on the periodic table are semimetals. Semimetals, also known as metalloids, have properties that are intermediate between metals and nonmetals. They have characteristics of both metals and nonmetals, such as being able to conduct electricity but not as well as metals. The zigzag line on the periodic table separates metals from nonmetals, and the elements that surround this line are semimetals. Transition metals, alloys, acids, and bases are not specifically located around the zigzag line.

    Rate this question:

  • 8. 

    What are  the major differences between the halogen family and the inert gases?

    • A.

      Halogen is reactive, whereas inert gases are not.

    • B.

      They do not have any differences

    Correct Answer
    A. Halogen is reactive, whereas inert gases are not.
    Explanation
    The major difference between the halogen family and the inert gases is their reactivity. Halogens are highly reactive elements, known for their ability to easily form compounds with other elements. In contrast, inert gases, also known as noble gases, are extremely stable and do not readily react with other elements. This is due to their full outer electron shells, which make them chemically unreactive. Therefore, halogens and inert gases differ in terms of their reactivity, with halogens being reactive and inert gases being non-reactive.

    Rate this question:

  • 9. 

    True or False:sodium and potassium are the two most important alkali metals

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Sodium and potassium are indeed the two most important alkali metals. They are both highly reactive and essential for various biological processes. Sodium is crucial for maintaining proper fluid balance in the body and transmitting nerve impulses, while potassium plays a vital role in muscle contractions, nerve function, and maintaining a healthy heartbeat. Both elements are widely used in industry and have numerous applications, making them significant alkali metals.

    Rate this question:

  • 10. 

    True or False:the chemical symbol of an element is the number of neutrons the element has.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    The chemical symbol of an element is not the number of neutrons the element has. The chemical symbol represents the element itself, and it is usually derived from either the element's English name or its Latin name. The number of neutrons in an element can vary, and it is determined by the atomic mass of the element.

    Rate this question:

  • 11. 

    True or False:The atomic number is the number of protons an atom has.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    The atomic number of an atom is indeed the number of protons it has. Protons are positively charged particles found in the nucleus of an atom. The atomic number determines the element to which the atom belongs. Each element has a unique atomic number, and changing the number of protons would result in a different element. Therefore, the statement is true.

    Rate this question:

  • 12. 

    True or False:nonmetals are bad conductors of electricity.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Nonmetals are bad conductors of electricity because they do not have free electrons that can move easily through the material to carry an electric current. In nonmetals, the valence electrons are tightly bound to the atoms and are not free to move. This lack of free electrons makes nonmetals poor conductors of electricity compared to metals, which have delocalized electrons that can easily flow and carry a current.

    Rate this question:

  • 13. 

    True or False:semiconductors can only conduct electricity under certain conditions.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Semiconductors can only conduct electricity under certain conditions. This is because semiconductors have a specific energy band structure, where there is a forbidden energy gap between the valence band and the conduction band. In order for a semiconductor to conduct electricity, this energy gap needs to be overcome. This can be achieved by applying an external electric field, increasing the temperature, or introducing impurities into the semiconductor material. Without these specific conditions, semiconductors behave as insulators and do not conduct electricity effectively.

    Rate this question:

  • 14. 

    Which group of metals reacts violently with the metals from group one?

    • A.

      14

    • B.

      15

    • C.

      3

    • D.

      17

    • E.

      3-12

    Correct Answer
    D. 17
    Explanation
    Group 17 elements, also known as halogens, react violently with group one metals. Halogens have a high electronegativity and easily gain an electron to achieve a stable electron configuration. Group one metals, on the other hand, have low electronegativity and readily lose an electron to achieve a stable configuration. When halogens come in contact with group one metals, they readily accept the electron, resulting in a violent reaction. This reaction releases a large amount of energy in the form of heat and light.

    Rate this question:

  • 15. 

    Which is an example of a semiconductor?

    • A.

      Rubber

    • B.

      Silicon

    • C.

      Plastic

    • D.

      Wood

    Correct Answer
    B. Silicon
    Explanation
    Silicon is an example of a semiconductor because it has properties that allow it to conduct electricity under certain conditions. Semiconductors have a conductivity between that of an insulator, like rubber or plastic, and a conductor, like metal. Silicon is widely used in electronic devices such as transistors and diodes because its conductivity can be controlled and manipulated, making it an essential material in the field of electronics.

    Rate this question:

Quiz Review Timeline +

Our quizzes are rigorously reviewed, monitored and continuously updated by our expert board to maintain accuracy, relevance, and timeliness.

  • Current Version
  • Mar 22, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Jan 03, 2009
    Quiz Created by
    Hot2datxreme
Back to Top Back to top
Advertisement
×

Wait!
Here's an interesting quiz for you.

We have other quizzes matching your interest.