Quiz: Scope Of Economics Quiz Questions!

18 Questions | Total Attempts: 903

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Economics Quizzes & Trivia

If you’re studying the topic of economics, then you know just how complex the social science of analyzing the production, distribution, and consumption of goods and services can be. That being said, there’s a tremendous amount of scope with the topic and the information garnered from the study can be used a plethora of ways. Do you know them? Take the quiz to find out!


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    • A. 

      The average cost declines as output increases

    • B. 

      The average cost increases as output increases

    • C. 

      The average cost remains constant as output increases

    • D. 

      The average costs are cheaper when a firm produces a wider variety of goods

    • E. 

      The average cost curve takes the form of a U-shape

  • 2. 
    What is the minimum efficient scale (MES) of production?
    • A. 

      The point on an average cost curve where the cost per unit begins to decline more rapidly

    • B. 

      The minimum point on a U-shaped average cost curve

    • C. 

      The minimum level of production at a plant for it to be considered profitable

    • D. 

      The level of production for a small sized plant

    • E. 

      The threshold at which capacity is constraining for a firm's production

  • 3. 
    Which of the following best describes economies of scope?
    • A. 

      The average cost declines as output increases

    • B. 

      The average cost increases as output increases

    • C. 

      The average cost remains constant as output increases

    • D. 

      Savings are achieved when a firm produces a wider variety of goods

    • E. 

      Savings are achieved when a firm produces a decreased variety of goods

  • 4. 
    Which of the following is not a major source of scale or scope economy?
    • A. 

      Indivisibilities and the spreading of fixed costs

    • B. 

      Increased productivity of variable inputs (mainly having to do with specialization)

    • C. 

      Movement of production from smaller to larger facilities

    • D. 

      Inventories

    • E. 

      Engineering principles associated with the "cube-square rule"

  • 5. 
    Which of the following is not a product specific fixed cost?
    • A. 

      The cost to manufacture a special die to make an aircraft fuselage

    • B. 

      The cost of developing graphics software to facilitate video game development

    • C. 

      The cost of a one-week training program preceding the implementation of a specific management initiative

    • D. 

      The time and expense required to set up a textbook before printing it

    • E. 

      The cost of administrative expenses

  • 6. 
    What kind of economies come from reductions in cost due to adoption of technology that has high fixed costs, but lower variable costs?
    • A. 

      Short-run economies of scale

    • B. 

      Short-run economies of scope

    • C. 

      Long-run economies of scale

    • D. 

      Long-run economies of scope

    • E. 

      Partially automated economies

  • 7. 
    What kind of economies come from reductions in average costs due to increases in capacity utilization?
    • A. 

      Short-run economies of scale

    • B. 

      Short-run economies of scope

    • C. 

      Long-run economies of scale

    • D. 

      Long-run economies of scope

    • E. 

      Fully automated economies

  • 8. 
    What are economies of density as reffered to in the airline industry?
    • A. 

      Reducing the size of an aircraft used to increase load factor

    • B. 

      Economies achieved by an airline flying from spoke to spoke in a hub-and-spoke network

    • C. 

      Economies of scope along a given route

    • D. 

      Economies of scale along a given route

    • E. 

      Reductions in average cost as traffic volume decreases

  • 9. 
    What term for production describes a situation where factories and assembly lines represent a significant percentage of total costs?
    • A. 

      Materials intensive

    • B. 

      Labor intensive

    • C. 

      Capital intensive

    • D. 

      Research intensive

    • E. 

      Time intensive

  • 10. 
    According to Smith's theorem which of the following statements would be true in medical markets for thoracic surgery?
    • A. 

      When demand for thoracic surgery is high, the market will not support a specialized surgeon

    • B. 

      When demand for thoracic surgery is low, the market will not support a specialized surgeon

    • C. 

      The average cost curves for thoracic and general surgeons are both upward sloping

    • D. 

      The cost curve for a thoracic surgeon will start out lower than the cost curve for a general surgeon due to the greater investment of time

    • E. 

      General surgeons incur lower training costs than do thoracic surgeons and are thus more efficient in performing thoracic surgery

  • 11. 
    How does carrying inventories contribute to economies of scale?
    • A. 

      Increases the interest on the expenses to produce the inventory

    • B. 

      Inventory depreciates in value while waiting to be used or sold

    • C. 

      Increases the storage facilities necessary

    • D. 

      Increases competition with rivals for customers

    • E. 

      Minimizes the chance of stock-out

  • 12. 
    Which of the following does not benefit from the cube-square rule's contribution to economies of scale?
    • A. 

      Automotive production

    • B. 

      Oil pipelines

    • C. 

      Warehousing

    • D. 

      Brewing beer

    • E. 

      Boiler energy production

  • 13. 
    Which of the following is not a benefit Ace captures through a cooperative of stores while maintaining independent store ownership?
    • A. 

      Access to same distribution channels as large retailers

    • B. 

      No central office providing direction

    • C. 

      Quantity discounts

    • D. 

      Local tailored product offerings

    • E. 

      Location in Small neighborhoods

  • 14. 
    Which of the following is not a reason a supplier might seek to sell in bulk?
    • A. 

      Each sale incurs a fixed cost in writing a contract

    • B. 

      The purchaser is likely to switch over a small due to the gains over the large number of units ordered

    • C. 

      Each sale involves setting up a different production run

    • D. 

      The cost of delivery is a fixed on a per unit basis

    • E. 

      The supplier fears uneven sales

  • 15. 
    How does umbrella branding aid economies of scale and scope?
    • A. 

      Increases effectiveness of advertising due to a greater presence

    • B. 

      Increases effectiveness of advertising due to national advertising

    • C. 

      Increases effectiveness of advertising due to offering a broad product line under one name

    • D. 

      Increased cost effectiveness through purchasing as a cooperative

    • E. 

      Increased cost effectiveness through bulk purchasing

  • 16. 
    Which of the following practices does not contribute to the strategic fit of Southwest Airlines?
    • A. 

      No in-flight catering

    • B. 

      Use of multiple types of planes

    • C. 

      No use of congested airports

    • D. 

      Re-engineered boarding process

    • E. 

      No first class section on plane

  • 17. 
    Which of the following is a source of diseconomies of scale at a large firm?
    • A. 

      Labor costs

    • B. 

      Spreading specialized resources too thin

    • C. 

      Conflicts of interest

    • D. 

      Incentive processes

    • E. 

      All of the above

  • 18. 
    Why might a large firm actually be at an advantage over a smaller firm with respect to labor?
    • A. 

      Large generally pay a compensating differential to attract workers

    • B. 

      Worker turnover is generally lower

    • C. 

      Large firms enjoy better scale economies when negotiating with health insurance companies for health benefits

    • D. 

      Large firms are generally less attractive to qualified, upward mobile workers

    • E. 

      Large firms often have to draw workers from a greater distance to fill their ranks