Chapter 20 Microbiology Final Summer 2009
_______________ is the use of
drugs to treat a disease.
_______________ is a substance
produced by a microbe that, in small amounts, inhibits another microbe.
_______-________ antibiotics are
effective against a wide range of both gram-positive and gram-negative
The three specific mode of action
for protein synthesis inhibition are inhibiting nucleic acid synthesis,
inhibiting the synthesis of essential metabolites, and injuring the _________
Natural penicillin’s prevent
cross-linking of _______ and _______.
Penicillin works against _______
First gram-negative antibiotic:
discoloration of teeth, and liver damage in pregnancy.
__________________ inhibits fatty
Sulfa drugs inhibit _______
_______ synthesis, which can result in spina bifida in infants.
Last chance drug for fungal
infections is _______________
Echinocandins bind to
The disk-diffusion method is used
to determine how well the ___________ works.
_________________ occurs when the
effect of two drugs are less effective than either one alone.
_________________ are more
difficult to treat with antibiotics, because they live inside the host and use
Name the drug that was discovered
in Borneo, and is the “last line” against antibiotic resistant S. aureus: