Chapter 20 Microbiology Final Summer 2009

16 Questions

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Microbiology Quizzes & Trivia

Microbiology Final for Chapter 20.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    _______________ is the use of drugs to treat a disease.
  • 2. 
    _______________ is a substance produced by a microbe that, in small amounts, inhibits another microbe.
  • 3. 
    _______-________ antibiotics are effective against a wide range of both gram-positive and gram-negative bacteria.
  • 4. 
    The three specific mode of action for protein synthesis inhibition are inhibiting nucleic acid synthesis, inhibiting the synthesis of essential metabolites, and injuring the _________ __________.
  • 5. 
    Natural penicillin’s prevent cross-linking of _______ and _______.
  • 6. 
    Penicillin works against _______ _______ synthesis.
  • 7. 
    First gram-negative antibiotic: _________________
  • 8. 
    __________________ causes discoloration of teeth, and liver damage in pregnancy.
  • 9. 
    __________________ inhibits fatty acid synthesis
  • 10. 
    Sulfa drugs inhibit _______ _______ synthesis, which can result in spina bifida in infants.
  • 11. 
    Last chance drug for fungal infections is _______________
  • 12. 
    Echinocandins bind to _________________
  • 13. 
    The disk-diffusion method is used to determine how well the ___________ works.
  • 14. 
    _________________ occurs when the effect of two drugs are less effective than either one alone.
  • 15. 
    _________________ are more difficult to treat with antibiotics, because they live inside the host and use host mechanisms.
  • 16. 
    Name the drug that was discovered in Borneo, and is the “last line” against antibiotic resistant S. aureus: ___________________