European History Quiz: Austria In 19th Century

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European History Quiz: Austria In 19th Century - Quiz

What do you know about European history in the 19th century? Austria is a republic in central Europe, and its official language is German. In the 19thcentury, nationalist activities within the empire became apparent, and the German aspect became progressively weakened. At the same time, most of Austria's Italian-speaking lands were secured by Italy's new kingdom. This quiz will cover European history in 19th century Austria.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    What was unique about the Austrian Empire?

    • A.

      It was controlled by France

    • B.

      It was a direct democracy

    • C.

      It was a multi-national state

    • D.

      None of the above

    Correct Answer
    C. It was a multi-national state
    Explanation
    The Austrian Empire was unique because it was a multi-national state. Unlike many other empires or countries at the time, the Austrian Empire consisted of various different nationalities and ethnic groups. This diversity posed challenges in terms of governance and maintaining unity within the empire. However, it also allowed for a rich cultural exchange and the coexistence of different languages, traditions, and customs within the empire.

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  • 2. 

    Which of the following would be MOST interested in the ideas of the Enlightenment?

    • A.

      Conservatives

    • B.

      Liberals

    • C.

      Anarchists

    • D.

      Nationalists

    Correct Answer
    B. Liberals
    Explanation
    Liberals would be most interested in the ideas of the Enlightenment because the Enlightenment was a period of intellectual and philosophical movement that emphasized reason, individualism, and progress. Liberals share similar values and beliefs, such as the importance of individual rights, freedom of thought and expression, and the belief in the power of reason and science to improve society. The Enlightenment's emphasis on equality, democracy, and the separation of powers also aligns with liberal ideals. Therefore, liberals would be most interested in the ideas and principles put forth during the Enlightenment.

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  • 3. 

    Which of the following dominated the Congress of Vienna?

    • A.

      Louis-Philippe

    • B.

      Charles X

    • C.

      Prince Klemens von Metternich

    • D.

      Lord Nelson

    Correct Answer
    C. Prince Klemens von Metternich
    Explanation
    Prince Klemens von Metternich dominated the Congress of Vienna. He was an influential Austrian statesman and diplomat who played a key role in shaping the outcome of the Congress. Metternich was known for his conservative views and his desire to restore stability and order in Europe after the Napoleonic Wars. He advocated for the principle of legitimacy, which aimed to restore the old monarchies and suppress revolutionary movements. Metternich's ideas and influence had a significant impact on the decisions made at the Congress of Vienna, making him the dominant figure in the negotiations.

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  • 4. 

    What was the purpose of the Congress of Vienna?

    • A.

      To eliminate the country of France

    • B.

      To restore the old powers

    • C.

      To create a Constitution for all of Europe

    • D.

      To eliminate all monarchies

    Correct Answer
    B. To restore the old powers
    Explanation
    The purpose of the Congress of Vienna was to restore the old powers in Europe. After the Napoleonic Wars, the Congress aimed to establish a new balance of power and stability by restoring the monarchies that had been overthrown during the French Revolution and Napoleonic era. The Congress sought to prevent further revolutions and maintain the status quo by reinstating the traditional ruling elites and territories that existed prior to the French Revolution.

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  • 5. 

    The leaders at the Congress of Vienna were mostly

    • A.

      Liberals

    • B.

      Conservatives

    • C.

      Nationalists

    • D.

      Anarchists

    Correct Answer
    B. Conservatives
    Explanation
    The leaders at the Congress of Vienna were mostly conservatives because their main goal was to restore stability and maintain the traditional order in Europe after the Napoleonic Wars. They believed in preserving the monarchy, aristocracy, and the established social hierarchy. These leaders sought to prevent the spread of revolutionary ideas and maintain a balance of power among the major European powers. Their conservative approach aimed to avoid further conflicts and revolutions, making them the most suitable choice for the leaders of the Congress of Vienna.

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  • 6. 

    The idea that the powers of Europe had the right to use military force to put down revolutions and restore monarchies in Europe was called the

    • A.

      Right to intervene

    • B.

      Principle of multi-nationality

    • C.

      Concert of Europe

    • D.

      Principle of intervention

    Correct Answer
    D. Principle of intervention
    Explanation
    The principle of intervention refers to the belief held by the powers of Europe that they had the right to use military force in order to suppress revolutions and reinstate monarchies within Europe. This principle allowed for external intervention in the affairs of other nations, with the aim of maintaining stability and preserving the existing order. It was a key aspect of the political landscape during the 19th century, particularly in the aftermath of the Napoleonic Wars, as the powers sought to prevent the spread of revolutionary ideas and maintain their own influence and control.

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  • 7. 

    Which of the following would a liberal NOT support

    • A.

      A constitutional monarchy

    • B.

      A Bill of Rights

    • C.

      Freedom of the press

    • D.

      An absolute monarchy

    Correct Answer
    D. An absolute monarchy
    Explanation
    A liberal would not support an absolute monarchy because it goes against the principles of liberalism. Liberals generally advocate for limited government power and believe in the importance of individual rights and freedoms. An absolute monarchy, where a single ruler holds complete and unrestricted power, contradicts these values. Liberals typically support systems that have checks and balances, such as constitutional monarchies or democratic republics, where power is distributed and individual rights are protected.

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  • 8. 

    Which of the following would agree with this statement:  "people owe their chief political loyalty to their nation, not to a dynasty, city-state, or other political units."

    • A.

      A Nationalist

    • B.

      A Conservative

    • C.

      A Liberal

    • D.

      An Anarchist

    Correct Answer
    A. A Nationalist
    Explanation
    A nationalist would agree with the statement that people owe their chief political loyalty to their nation, not to a dynasty, city-state, or other political units. Nationalists prioritize the interests and well-being of their own nation above all else. They believe in the importance of national identity, unity, and sovereignty. Therefore, they would advocate for individuals to be loyal to their nation rather than any other political entities such as a dynasty or city-state.

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  • 9. 

    Why were Conservatives against nationalism?

    • A.

      It threatened to take away civil liberties

    • B.

      It threatened to expand the powers of the monarchs

    • C.

      It threatened to upset the balance of power created at the Congress of Vienna

    • D.

      It was against the law under the Constitution of Europe

    Correct Answer
    C. It threatened to upset the balance of power created at the Congress of Vienna
    Explanation
    Conservatives were against nationalism because it threatened to upset the balance of power created at the Congress of Vienna. The Congress of Vienna, held in 1814-1815, aimed to restore stability and maintain the existing order in Europe after the Napoleonic Wars. Nationalism, on the other hand, emphasized the interests and aspirations of specific nations or ethnic groups, potentially leading to the breakup of established empires and the reconfiguration of borders. This would have disrupted the carefully crafted balance of power established at the Congress of Vienna, which sought to prevent any one nation from becoming too dominant.

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  • 10. 

    The Revolutions of 1848 ended with which group in power?

    • A.

      Liberals

    • B.

      Nationalists

    • C.

      Conservatives

    • D.

      Socialists

    Correct Answer
    C. Conservatives
    Explanation
    The Revolutions of 1848 were a series of uprisings and protests across Europe, driven by demands for political and social change. These revolutions were largely led by liberals and nationalists who sought to establish constitutional governments and unify their respective nations. However, the revolutions ultimately failed to achieve their goals, and power largely shifted back to the conservative ruling elites who sought to maintain the status quo. Therefore, the correct answer is Conservatives.

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  • 11. 

    In both Germany and Italy, Revolutions of 1848

    • A.

      Were successful

    • B.

      Attempted to unify each of the divided countries

    • C.

      Were dominated by Socialists

    • D.

      Were crushed by Great Britain

    Correct Answer
    B. Attempted to unify each of the divided countries
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "attempted to unify each of the divided countries." The Revolutions of 1848 in both Germany and Italy were popular uprisings that aimed to unite the fragmented states within each country into a single, unified nation. These revolutions were driven by nationalist sentiments and a desire for political and social reforms. However, despite initial successes and widespread support, both revolutions ultimately failed to achieve their goals and were suppressed by conservative forces.

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  • 12. 

    Which of the following was a goal of the Congress of Vienna?

    • A.

      To grant Austria all of the power

    • B.

      To divide total power between Great Britain and Russia

    • C.

      To destroy France

    • D.

      To create a balance of power where no one country could become dominant

    Correct Answer
    D. To create a balance of power where no one country could become dominant
    Explanation
    The goal of the Congress of Vienna was to create a balance of power where no one country could become dominant. This was done in order to prevent any one nation from gaining too much power and potentially causing another major war. The Congress aimed to establish a system of checks and balances between the major European powers, ensuring stability and peace in the region. By distributing power among multiple countries, it was believed that conflicts could be minimized and a lasting peace could be maintained.

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  • 13. 

    Meetings of the European powers to take steps to maintain the peace of Europe became known as

    • A.

      The Congress of Vienna

    • B.

      The Concert of Europe

    • C.

      The Revolutionary Court

    • D.

      The Principle of Intervention

    Correct Answer
    B. The Concert of Europe
    Explanation
    The correct answer is the Concert of Europe. The Concert of Europe refers to a series of meetings held by the European powers after the Napoleonic Wars to maintain peace and stability in Europe. These meetings aimed to establish a balance of power and prevent any one country from dominating the continent. The Concert of Europe involved regular diplomatic negotiations and cooperation among the major powers, including Austria, Russia, Prussia, and the United Kingdom. It was an important mechanism for resolving conflicts and preventing major wars in Europe during the 19th century.

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  • Current Version
  • Jan 10, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Jan 17, 2010
    Quiz Created by
    Kevhugh
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